The force on a body resulting from it's motion through a fluid (gas or liquid). This force is directly opposed to the direction of travel.

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Modeling with First Order Equations [closed]

A ball with mass 015kg is thrown upward with initial velocity 20m/s from the roof of a building 30m high. There is air resistance of magnitude v^2/1325 directed opposite to the velocity , where the ...
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173 views

Is there a better approximation of drag (other than quadratic drag)?

This is a student inquiry sparked by sheer curiosity. Wikipedia states the drag equation, $F = 1/2v^2pC_dA_c$. (p = mass density of fluid/gas, v = velocity, c_d = drag coefficient, a_c = cross ...
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Some subtleties in direction of drag force

Consider a body released from a height $h$ and assume a drag force is linearly proportional to the velocity. Then by Newton's Second Law, $$m\mathbf{\dot{v}} = \mathbf{F_g} + \mathbf{F_{drag}} = ...
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Why does tossing a coin in a train and on a train differ?

Suppose that I am inside of a moving train. I have a coin in my hand and I am standing still. If I toss this coin straight up, it will fall back into my hand. Now, suppose that I am on that moving ...
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668 views

Nose cone design for minimal drag

What formula defines a curve for a nose cone with the minimal possible drag? The nose cone is attached to a cylinder (assume it goes on forever). The volume of the nose cone is not relevant. The ...
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2answers
251 views

Motion of charge in magnetic field with drag force [closed]

Say you have a charged particle in a region that contains a fluid that will produce a drag force that goes as $F=-kv$ where $v$ is the speed and $k$ is some constant. The region also contains a ...
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3answers
176 views

What exactly is “pressure”, and what's its relation to force?

I have looked around, and I will admit that I'm a bit lost on the definitions. Wikipedia's opening reads: Pressure (symbol: P or p) is the ratio of force to the area over which that force is ...
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1answer
345 views

Using Lagrange's Equations with Generalized forces

I am a bit confused on how this works. For instance if I wanted to look at an object moving in 2 dimensions only subject to gravity (and assuming that the potential is just mgy), I get that my ...
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109 views

Stokes-Einstein's formula results in incorrect units for rotational drag coefficient

The Stokes-Einstein-Sutherland relationship, $$D = \frac{kT}{ 6 \pi \eta a}$$ where $D$ is the translational diffusivity is well known. A similar relationship is used to calculate the rotational ...
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1answer
164 views

Drag force on a cone

I was asked to calculate the drag force on a cone with velocity 10 m/s , everything was okay until i needed to calculate the cross sectional area , the radius of the base was 0.5 m , radius of the top ...
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1answer
104 views

Can the phrase “Terminal Velocity” be used to describe non-gravity situations?

According to Wikipedia: [Terminal Velocity] is the velocity of the object when the sum of the drag force (Fd) and buoyancy equals the downward force of gravity (FG) acting on the object. Since ...
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1answer
372 views

Where do the equations for resistive force come from?

I've been watching MIT's Walter Lewin physics lectures. In lecture 12, Lewin pulls, out of nowhere, a couple of equations regarding resistive/drag forces in fluids: $$\begin{align} \vec{F_{res}} ...
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240 views

Terminal Velocity Question [closed]

Question: A ball of mass m is thrown vertically upward with initial velocity $v_0$. Air resistance is proportional to the square of the velocity. If the terminal velocity of the ball is $v_t$, show ...
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1answer
71 views

Drag Force per point in the body

Let us consider the common equation for drag force for any body. $F_D = \frac{1}{2}\rho v^2C_dA$ Here the A is the representative area which is the so called area of cross section of the body for ...
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2answers
161 views

How does the curve ball drag air around it?

In cricket or baseball there is a type of ball called the curve ball. This is the top spin of the ball.I read that due to spin the ball drags the air around it due to friction in the way shown ...
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1answer
212 views

Drag/air-resistance impulse

I'm simulating snowfall in a discrete-time physics engine, using this formula for the drag force on a snowflake: $F_d=CAv^2$ (where $A$ is the flake's cross-sectional area and $C$ is a catch-all ...
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254 views

How can you calculate air resistances at different speeds?

I've read that at 50mph air resistance to an average car is the equivalent of driving through water and at 80mph it's the equivalent of driving through oil. I can't find any references online to ...
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3answers
699 views

Resistive force proportional to velocity

Find the displacement and velocity of horizontal motion in a medium in which the retarding force is proportional to the velocity. I kind of understand how to do this problem. We know that the ...
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818 views

Conservation of momentum when friction is present

Conservation of momentum applies when net force is zero. Suppose that there is a system of a canon and a canonball. Total momentum of the system is zero before canonball is fired. Now canonball is ...
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309 views

$\gamma$ in Newton's Second Law of Motion in Differential Form

I am teaching myself Differential Equations from a website. In the website I am up to Direction Fields and an example of a differential equation is Newton's Second Law of Motion. It is written on the ...
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2answers
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If starting speed is faster than terminal velocity then what?

If an object is say thrown down (vertically) at an initial speed that is faster than its terminal velocity, what would happen to that objects speed? Would it slow down?
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146 views

Air resistance of a general shape object

I'm trying to code a simple physics simulator in C++ but I'm stuck on the air resistance issue. Surfing the Internet I only find a drag coefficient for very basical area shapes when the air is ...
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2answers
482 views

Example of inviscid flow with drag

This was my engineering viva question and I couldn't think of any example, for I am totally convinced that there cannot be drag in a inviscid flow. It also bothers me whether it is possible, a ...
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1answer
78 views

How FAR would a 100mph wind blow a 71kg, 160cm woman? Is there a formula? [closed]

How far would a 100mph wind blow a 71kg, 160cm woman? Is there a formula?
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1answer
147 views

Does the time to reach the highest point $P$ equal the time to reach the ground from $P$ in a trajectory, taking drag into account?

Assume a very simplified model without Corolis effect, the falloff of the local gravitational field and the like. My answer is no. It is sufficient to look at the vertical velocity of the projectile, ...
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134 views

Torque of Air Resistance on Ellipsoid

Imagine an non-rotating arbitrary free, rigid ellipsoid with in some arbitrary direction with velocity $\vec v$. Assume linear drag ($\vec F=KA\vec v$ for some constant K, where A is the cross section ...
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How long until we fall into the Sun?

As a planet moves through the solar system, a bow shock is formed as the solar wind is decelerated by the magnetic field of the planet. Presumably the creation of this shock wave would cause drag on ...
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What is the drag coefficient of an open wedge?

To check my two dimensional CFD calculation I am looking for reference data on the drag coefficient of an open wedge. The geometry is shown below, together with the flow direction. I have found ...
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2answers
893 views

What would a person experience in a free-falling elevator in a shaft long enough to reach terminal velocity?

Assume we had an elevator shaft long enough for a free-falling elevator to reach terminal velocity. As I understand it, when the elevator begins to fall a person inside would experiences ...
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153 views

What is wrong with this downforce calculcation?

I tried calculating the downforce of a spoiler I need for a robot. I used this formula. $$F = \frac{1}{2}Ac_a\rho v^2$$ Where $\rho$ is air density, $v$ is the speed of my robot, $c_a$ is the lift ...
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5k views

Finding the drag force (Air resistance force) for accelerated ball?

As you know if I want to find the force for an accelerated object I will use the law $F_o=ma$ so I can get the affecting force of it. But there is another force affecting against the object. It's the ...
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4answers
1k views

How do I calculate the distance a ship will take to stop?

I am a River Pilot and drive ships for a living. These ships are very large and range up to 160,000 Metric Tons. I am trying to figure out how to calculate the distance to stopping. I have a basic ...
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523 views

Problem understanding free fall with water resistance

Please take a look at the picture below before read my question: As you see in the picture the object A is floating on the water because the $F_{drag}\gt F_{grav}$ obverse the object B is sinking ...
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1answer
110 views

Calculating Mass for a Reduced Trajectory while Keeping Projectile Force Constant

Apologies if this is not a research-specific question, but applied mechanics. A firefighter has to pass a test in which he is to throw a medicine ball a certain distance. The ball is thrown at a 45 ...
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1answer
123 views

How much energy is consumed by a aircraft to maintain a speed of sound? [closed]

Let's assume that the aircraft is 1000kg and it is flying in a air density of 1.225kg/m^3 at the speed of sound in air. Just how much energy does it require per second to maintain flying at this ...
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154 views

Do celestial objects experience drag from the near vacuum of space?

For instance do the planets around the sun experience drag from the near vacuum of space? Or do the (hydrogen) atoms in interplanetary have a mean velocity near orbital speeds? And if so would (small) ...
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375 views

Is there another way to calculate the work done by air resistance?

A ball of mass $0.37\text{ kg}$ is thrown upward along the vertical with a initial speed of $14\text{ m/s}$, and reaches a maximum height of $8.4\text{ m}$. a) What is the work done by air ...
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421 views

Does the Magnitude of the Drag Coefficient on a Rectangular Prism vary with Rotation?

I have a question about the drag coefficient in the drag equation. Let's say I have a rectangular prism oriented such that, looking down on it, the long side is parallel to the y-axis. Moving forward ...
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1answer
100 views

Are the forces I'm using correct? (ball in air) [closed]

I have been working on a program which should simulate all the forces on a spherical object. Right now those are balls, but they can easily be changed to something else. These are the formulas I use ...
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1answer
504 views

Drag force at high speeds [duplicate]

The drag force on a spherical body according to Stokes' law is given by $$F = 6π\mu rv$$ Where $\mu$ is the dynamic viscosity of the fluid, $r$ is the radius of the spherical object, and $v$ is its ...
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122 views

What processes occur when a meteor enters the atmosphere?

What processes occur when a meteor enters earth's atmosphere and then what will be speed of meteor when it encounters air resistance?
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326 views

How would you swim in inviscid water?

The viscosity of water creates drag on swimmer's body so its effect is to slow down the swimmer. However the viscosity seems to be essential for pushing the water backwards by the swimmer's arms and ...
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2answers
241 views

Aerodynamics drag of hollow cylinder vs solid cylinder of the same cross area?

I wonder how a hollow cylinder at the same cross area perform vs a solid one, i.e the hollow cylinder has larger radius? I guess they have a similar drag, is that true?
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Does fire create air resistance?

Does fire create air resistance/drag? So, for example, would it be harder to swing a flaming sword than a normal one?
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385 views

How to calculate air resistance of penny dropped from Empire State Building?

If a penny is dropped from the Empire State Building, then its speed, without taking air resistance into consideration, is $\sqrt{\left(32\frac{\textrm{ft}}{\textrm{s}^2}\right)(1454\textrm{ ...
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4answers
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Terminal velocity of all falling objects is same?

Ideally 2 objects of different mass and weight will hit the floor at same time because they face same gravitational pull and accelerate. Will the terminal velocity of both objects be same also? and ...
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1answer
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In tennis, why does topspin serve bounce higher than flat serve?

When receiving servers (while playing tennis), I've noticed that the tennis ball seems to bounce up higher on me when the server uses a topspin serve than when the server hits a flat serve. Why is ...
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194 views

How to calculate time for ball to reach plane while considering mass, gravity and wind resistance?

The scenario that I'm having is such that a ball of radius $15mm$ is thrown from a location point $\vec{p}=(2, 5, 2)$ in a direction of $\vec{d}=(3, 0, 4)$. The initial velocity is $30m/s$. There were ...
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Could some design of a propeller be used in both air and water?

Propellers in water are smaller in diameter. They also move more slowly. On the other hand, aircraft propellers are larger in diameter, have narrower blades and operate at very high speeds. An ...
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390 views

Parachute in vacuum

Consider that the earth is vacuum. Consider a person of weight 100 kg is falling from sky with an parachute . He is free falling at height of 3000 m. When will he reach the ground? What would happen ...