3
votes
0answers
48 views

What is the maximum range of a bullet flying through the sky? [closed]

How far would my bullet fly with the following characteristics? 1.2km/second initial velocity 45 degree angle into the sky 'Normal' atmospheric conditions No wind Typical high-powered rifles have ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

What is the speed of a thrown ball [closed]

I would like to know how much speed is loss when a baseball is pitched. When a pitcher hurls the ball, it must lose speed before the catcher catches it because of the air resistance. So, if the ...
12
votes
0answers
131 views

How fast would a truck have to go to pull a pedestrian onto the road?

Let's suppose a pedestrian P is walking or standing next to a highway. Suppose a truck T will drive by the said pedestrian at speed V leaving distance L between the two. How fast would the truck have ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Ice throw from industrial wind turbine

I was watching a documentary where the residents didn't want to have a wind turbine erected nearby. One of the comments from the company was that an ice throw would have very little importance since ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Motorbike with parachute vs normal skydive

Had a strange discussion in the coffeeroom today. The background was a story about a guy that took his motorcycle to transport himself to the airstrip to do a skydive. Since there is no place to put ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Is speed squared constant?

q. A heavy particle is projected at speed $U$ at an angle $\alpha$ to the horizontal. The particle is subject to air resistance which is experimentally found to vary proportionally to the square ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

3D ballistic trajectory with quadratic drag. Calculating position and velocity at time $t$

A particle starts at the origin and has an initial velocity represented by a 3D vector. The particle experiences gravity and air resistance with quadratic drag (based on velocity^2). What I've been ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Bernoulli's principle on a curve ball

I've seen a few excellent answers here on the Magnus force, which explains why balls with a spin will curve. However, my intuition is still telling me that the Bernoulli's principle would push it the ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Obtain rate as a function of position for a force $F=-b\left( \frac{\partial x}{\partial t} \right)^{2}$

I have trouble getting the speed as a function of position for a force of the form: $$F=-b\left( \frac{\partial x}{\partial t} \right)^{2}$$ I had thought to use Newton's second law, so: ...
0
votes
2answers
301 views

How to plot $(x,y)$ coordinate of projectile motion (with air-resistance)? [closed]

I am trying to plot a graph to show the difference in projectile motion when it has air-resistance and when it doesn't have air-resistance. I set the mass, $v_0$ and $\theta$ as constant I can plot ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Modeling with First Order Equations [closed]

A ball with mass 015kg is thrown upward with initial velocity 20m/s from the roof of a building 30m high. There is air resistance of magnitude v^2/1325 directed opposite to the velocity , where the ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Is there a better approximation of drag (other than quadratic drag)?

This is a student inquiry sparked by sheer curiosity. Wikipedia states the drag equation, $F = 1/2v^2pC_dA_c$. (p = mass density of fluid/gas, v = velocity, c_d = drag coefficient, a_c = cross ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Some subtleties in direction of drag force

Consider a body released from a height $h$ and assume a drag force is linearly proportional to the velocity. Then by Newton's Second Law, $$m\mathbf{\dot{v}} = \mathbf{F_g} + \mathbf{F_{drag}} = ...
6
votes
3answers
816 views

Why does tossing a coin in a train and on a train differ?

Suppose that I am inside of a moving train. I have a coin in my hand and I am standing still. If I toss this coin straight up, it will fall back into my hand. Now, suppose that I am on that moving ...
-1
votes
2answers
154 views

Motion of charge in magnetic field with drag force [closed]

Say you have a charged particle in a region that contains a fluid that will produce a drag force that goes as $F=-kv$ where $v$ is the speed and $k$ is some constant. The region also contains a ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Drag force on a cone

I was asked to calculate the drag force on a cone with velocity 10 m/s , everything was okay until i needed to calculate the cross sectional area , the radius of the base was 0.5 m , radius of the top ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Can the phrase “Terminal Velocity” be used to describe non-gravity situations?

According to Wikipedia: [Terminal Velocity] is the velocity of the object when the sum of the drag force (Fd) and buoyancy equals the downward force of gravity (FG) acting on the object. Since ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

Where do the equations for resistive force come from?

I've been watching MIT's Walter Lewin physics lectures. In lecture 12, Lewin pulls, out of nowhere, a couple of equations regarding resistive/drag forces in fluids: $$\begin{align} \vec{F_{res}} ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Terminal Velocity Question [closed]

Question: A ball of mass m is thrown vertically upward with initial velocity $v_0$. Air resistance is proportional to the square of the velocity. If the terminal velocity of the ball is $v_t$, show ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Drag Force per point in the body

Let us consider the common equation for drag force for any body. $F_D = \frac{1}{2}\rho v^2C_dA$ Here the A is the representative area which is the so called area of cross section of the body for ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Drag/air-resistance impulse

I'm simulating snowfall in a discrete-time physics engine, using this formula for the drag force on a snowflake: $F_d=CAv^2$ (where $A$ is the flake's cross-sectional area and $C$ is a catch-all ...
0
votes
3answers
393 views

Resistive force proportional to velocity

Find the displacement and velocity of horizontal motion in a medium in which the retarding force is proportional to the velocity. I kind of understand how to do this problem. We know that the ...
2
votes
2answers
530 views

Conservation of momentum when friction is present

Conservation of momentum applies when net force is zero. Suppose that there is a system of a canon and a canonball. Total momentum of the system is zero before canonball is fired. Now canonball is ...
1
vote
2answers
269 views

$\gamma$ in Newton's Second Law of Motion in Differential Form

I am teaching myself Differential Equations from a website. In the website I am up to Direction Fields and an example of a differential equation is Newton's Second Law of Motion. It is written on the ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

Air resistance of a general shape object

I'm trying to code a simple physics simulator in C++ but I'm stuck on the air resistance issue. Surfing the Internet I only find a drag coefficient for very basical area shapes when the air is ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Does the time to reach the highest point $P$ equal the time to reach the ground from $P$ in a trajectory, taking drag into account?

Assume a very simplified model without Corolis effect, the falloff of the local gravitational field and the like. My answer is no. It is sufficient to look at the vertical velocity of the projectile, ...
4
votes
2answers
492 views

What would a person experience in a free-falling elevator in a shaft long enough to reach terminal velocity?

Assume we had an elevator shaft long enough for a free-falling elevator to reach terminal velocity. As I understand it, when the elevator begins to fall a person inside would experiences ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

Finding the drag force (Air resistance force) for accelerated ball?

As you know if I want to find the force for an accelerated object I will use the law $F_o=ma$ so I can get the affecting force of it. But there is another force affecting against the object. It's the ...
10
votes
4answers
810 views

How do I calculate the distance a ship will take to stop?

I am a River Pilot and drive ships for a living. These ships are very large and range up to 160,000 Metric Tons. I am trying to figure out how to calculate the distance to stopping. I have a basic ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Calculating Mass for a Reduced Trajectory while Keeping Projectile Force Constant

Apologies if this is not a research-specific question, but applied mechanics. A firefighter has to pass a test in which he is to throw a medicine ball a certain distance. The ball is thrown at a 45 ...
0
votes
1answer
268 views

Is there another way to calculate the work done by air resistance?

A ball of mass $0.37\text{ kg}$ is thrown upward along the vertical with a initial speed of $14\text{ m/s}$, and reaches a maximum height of $8.4\text{ m}$. a) What is the work done by air ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

Are the forces I'm using correct? (ball in air) [closed]

I have been working on a program which should simulate all the forces on a spherical object. Right now those are balls, but they can easily be changed to something else. These are the formulas I use ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

How to calculate air resistance of penny dropped from Empire State Building?

If a penny is dropped from the Empire State Building, then its speed, without taking air resistance into consideration, is $\sqrt{\left(32\frac{\textrm{ft}}{\textrm{s}^2}\right)(1454\textrm{ ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

Terminal velocity of all falling objects is same?

Ideally 2 objects of different mass and weight will hit the floor at same time because they face same gravitational pull and accelerate. Will the terminal velocity of both objects be same also? and ...
5
votes
1answer
882 views

In tennis, why does topspin serve bounce higher than flat serve?

When receiving servers (while playing tennis), I've noticed that the tennis ball seems to bounce up higher on me when the server uses a topspin serve than when the server hits a flat serve. Why is ...
0
votes
2answers
168 views

How to calculate time for ball to reach plane while considering mass, gravity and wind resistance?

The scenario that I'm having is such that a ball of radius $15mm$ is thrown from a location point $\vec{p}=(2, 5, 2)$ in a direction of $\vec{d}=(3, 0, 4)$. The initial velocity is $30m/s$. There were ...
0
votes
3answers
304 views

Parachute in vacuum

Consider that the earth is vacuum. Consider a person of weight 100 kg is falling from sky with an parachute . He is free falling at height of 3000 m. When will he reach the ground? What would happen ...
2
votes
0answers
222 views

Why did increasing the Ackermann geometry in my race car make it faster in corners?

Ackermann geometry is used to account for the different radius arcs that the front tires follow when the steering wheel is turned from center. It's often expressed as a percentage: e.g. 25% Ackermann, ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

What causes a soccer ball to follow a curved path?

Soccer players kick the ball in a linear kick, though you find it to turn sideways, not even in one direction. Just mid air it changes that curve's direction. Any physical explanation? Maybe this ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Explanation that air drag is proportional to speed or square speed?

A falling object with no initial velocity with mass $m$ is influenced by a gravitational force $g$ and the drag (air resistance) which is proportional to the object's speed. By Newton´s laws this can ...
2
votes
1answer
376 views

Skiing downhill

The other day on skiing holiday we've been arguing about whether an adult has weight advantage over a child when skiing downhill. I was claiming that gravity is a constant regardless of object's ...
3
votes
2answers
731 views

Finding optimal angle for projectile, taking into account linear (Stokes) drag

If you throw a projectile from the ground at a certain angle, it's not hard to see that, assuming we're in a vacuum, throwing it at 45º from the ground will always make it go farthest before it hits ...
1
vote
2answers
194 views

Estimating atmospheric friction by measuring the change in velocity of a ball thrown straight upwards

Imagine I throw a ball straight upwards with some velocity $v_1$, and filming the ball with a camera, I can estimate a velocity $v_2$ (along the same vector) after the ball has moved a distance $D$. ...
-1
votes
2answers
2k views

Work done by the air resistance [closed]

A ball of mass 0.37 kg is thrown upward along the vertical with a initial speed of 14 m / s, and reaches a maximum height of 8.4 m. a) What is the work done by air resistance on the ball? b) ...
7
votes
1answer
709 views

Equation for the trajectory of a frisbee?

I'm the lead programmer on a FIRST robotics team, and this year's competition is about throwing Frisbees. I was wondering if there was some sort of "grand unified equation" for Frisbee trajectory that ...
0
votes
1answer
339 views

Is resistance to motion directly proportional to the speed of a moving object?

Power is known to be equal to the force x velocity (P=FV). Im solving a question that states the following : Car with engine working at 32 kW, mass of 1 tonne, travels at a constant speed of 40m/s ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Integration question from book “e: The Story of a Number” by Eli Maor [closed]

In the book 'e: The Story of a Number', a derivation of a parachutist problem is given on pg. 109-110. A parachutist jumps from a plane and at $t=0$ opens his chute. At what speed will he reach the ...
1
vote
2answers
159 views

Is air drag equation in term of momentum still valid?

This is the known equation of air drag: $$m{\bf a}=mg-\mathcal D=mg-b{\bf v}.$$ Considering this, is air drag equation in term of momentum still valid? $$m{\bf v}=mv_g-b{\bf r}.$$
4
votes
2answers
285 views

What was the muzzle velocity of a home made gun launch strait in the air if air time was 8.2sec?

I built a potato gun and wanted to calculate the muzzle velocity. I remember from physics that I could run the numbers by calculating time from launch until landing. After pointing strait into the air ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

I'm having trouble understanding the dimensions of this falling body problem

I'm working with this: A 50 kg mass is shot from a cannon straight up with an initial velocity of 10m/s off a bridge that is 100 meters above the ground. If air resistance is given by 5v ...