The force on a body resulting from it's motion through a fluid (gas or liquid). This force is directly opposed to the direction of travel.

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32 views

Why do we use less fuel by driving at constant speed?

It is common practice to drive at constant speed as much as possible to reduce fuel consumption, but why? Obviously accelerating then braking is just a waste of energy through heat, but what about ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Why doesn't a tied balloon behave like a pendulum?

It is well known that a tied weight will oscilate under the effect of gravity if left from aside, like a pendulum. However, if we tie a helium balloon to the ground from and left it form the floor ...
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2answers
38 views

The effect of windspeed on a car

I've worked problems in the past in trig class concerning the effect of wind on the speed of a plane and it's flight path and was wondering if a similar thing occurs with a car. First off, I'm ...
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0answers
25 views

How to calculate the ship resistance caused by water viscosity

If there is a ship going in the sea at 50km/h, and a length of 5m, width of 2m, how do I calculate the ship resistance caused by water viscosity? in other words I want to calculate the drag Force that ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Calculating time to reach certain velocity with drag force

I was given a problem for homework where we needed to calculate the time for a falling object to reach a certain velocity when accounting for drag force. I did it by setting up acceleration as a ...
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0answers
26 views

Drag - Dimensional Analysis / Buckingham Pi

Dimensional Analysis / Buckingham Pi Theorem I'm working on dimensional analysis and I'm having trouble. Here's a problem from my book I'm working on for practice. I'm suppose to consider a small ...
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1answer
29 views

Buoyancy / Drag Problem

Buoyancy / Drag Problem Just a little bit of help would be nice. I have a spherical particle of radius $R$ and density $\rho$, surrounded in a fluid of density $\phi$ and viscosity $\eta$. I'm ...
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0answers
47 views

Projectile under quadratic air resistance force

So here's the problem background: A projectile of mass m is shot straight up with initial velocity $v_0$ and feels a quadratic air resistance force of the form $F = −kv^2$, where $k ≡ mg/u^2$. ($k$ ...
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1answer
31 views

Is air resistance affected by both mass and surface area?

If so, which has the biggest impact?
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1answer
35 views

Projectile with air resistance [duplicate]

If you have a projectile with these variables. $x_0 = 1v_{0x} = 70, y_0 = 0, v_{0y} = 80, a_x = 0, a_y = -9.8$ I know how to plot these points with this equation. $$ x = x0 + (v_{0x})t + 1/2((a_x)t^2) ...
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1answer
116 views

Add air resistance to projectile motion

I am given an initial x and y position and initial velocity and I was asked to graph the trajectory in 1 second intervals. This is what I have so far: If $x_0 = 1, v_{0x} = 70, y_0 = 0, v_{0y} = 80, ...
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3answers
215 views

What factors determine whether wind resistance will have an important effect?

What factors determine whether or not wind resistance will have an important effect on the trajectory of a projectile?
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1answer
27 views

What is the work done below proportional to? [closed]

A raindrop falls from a certain height to the ground, with a terminal velocity u. The viscous force is F = 6*3.14*n*r*v, where n is the coefficient of viscosity, r is the radius of the raindrop, and v ...
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0answers
38 views

Max speed as a function of engine power

My question started out as finding the maximum speed of a go kart, taking into account only the drag forces as force opposing the motor. I've done some investigation to find: $$ F_{drag}=\; ...
2
votes
2answers
256 views

What is the terminal velocity of a sheep?

Inspired by this question on Gaming.SE Using actual in-real-life physics, what would the terminal velocity of a sheep actually be? I would assume it would be around 50m/s, but I might be wrong. ...
2
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2answers
98 views

Confused about the theoretical origin of quadratic air drag [duplicate]

Though the mathematical concepts underlying quadratic air drag are quite straightforward (a single variable differential, just like the linear drag equation), my text book (and online text books) ...
2
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1answer
50 views

How to calculate the drag coefficient using terminal velocity?

I was wondering if it were possible to calculate the drag coefficient by allowing an object to reach terminal velocity. Can you rearrange the terminal velocity formula to give the drag coefficient?
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2answers
1k views

How much more efficient is a road bike than a mountain bike? [closed]

What would be a good estimate on the difference of efficiency between a road bike and a mountain bike? A number of links cite all the usual reasons: thinner tires, better aerodynamics... But I'm ...
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2answers
55 views

Time of flight for a projectile with stated initial velocity and size at various distances

I've been mooching round the internet looking for an answer to this one and can't find a ready resource, hence the question. In short, I'm trying to discover the flight time of a shotgun pellet at ...
29
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5answers
4k views

Which ball touches the ground first?

This is a very well known problem, but I can't find an answer in the specific case I'm looking for. Let's consider two balls : Ball 1 weighs 10 kg Ball 2 weighs 1 kg Balls have identical volumes ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Drag on a conductor moving in a uniform magnetic field

Given a conductor moving through a perfectly uniform magnetic field, what is the drag force experienced by the conductor (due to induced eddy currents, or any other magnetic interactions I may have ...
9
votes
2answers
711 views

Why do co-rotating vortices coalesce, but not counter-rotating ones?

In studying the aerodynamics of modern aircraft equipped with high-lift devices, I have discovered that quite a number of distinct trailing vortices are present in the immediate wake of an airplane in ...
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4answers
104 views

Is it possible to prove that projectiles with drag will not travel in a parabola under the theory of classical mechanics?

Can you prove that projectiles will travel in a parabola, provided the acceleration due to gravity $g$ does not vary significantly along the trajectory? This should take air resistance into account. I ...
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2answers
191 views

How should I throttle my rocket to reach highest altitude? [closed]

"Real world" problem. Suppose we want to launch a rocket equipped with an engine which can be throttled as we prefer. Suppose also that the amount of fuel burnt per time is directly proportional ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Does an object's kinetic energy increase, decrease, or stay constant when it reaches terminal velocity while falling?

Does an object's kinetic energy increase, decrease, or stay constant when it reaches terminal velocity while falling?
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4answers
243 views

Experiment - Measuring final velocity of a parachute

I'm working on a project that involves a scale parachute. It is vital for the project to get a good measurement of the speed it has when it lands. We still haven't built the parachute, but we need a ...
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1answer
68 views

Follow up question regarding: Deceleration rate of objects of different mass but the same otherwise

My first question was answered here: Deceleration rate of objects of different mass but the same otherwise . But based on that, here is a follow-up question (I also edited my first post with the ...
2
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2answers
70 views

Deceleration rate of objects of different mass but the same otherwise

Using a tennis ball as an example object, if one ball weighs 1 ounce and the other is 2 ounces, and both are struck at 100 mph on the same trajectory, would there be any difference in the deceleration ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Uses of the Reynolds number

I have seen a lot of places talking about the Reynolds number and how it is calculated, but I have never seen an equation that actually made use of this number to calculate lift, drag, or other ...
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6answers
3k views

Why do heavier objects fall faster in air?

We all know that in an idealised world all objects accelerate at the same rate when dropped regardless of their mass. We also know that in reality (or more accurately, in air) a lead feather falls ...
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1answer
56 views

Projectile trajectory with linear air resistance [closed]

I have the following equations $$\ x′′(t)=−\frac km x′(t)$$ $$\ y′′(t)=−\frac km y′(t) - g$$ where $k$ is the drag, $m$ is the mass of the object and $t$ is the time. $g$ is the gravity constant. ...
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2answers
81 views

Calculating the rate at which a car turns

This is going to be difficult to describe, as I have no real concept of this sort of physics, so please bear with me. If this is too much or beyond the scope of this website, I apologize. I am making ...
11
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3answers
173 views

Would an airplane flying through superfluid helium experience lift and drag?

Would an airplane flying through superfluid helium experience lift and drag? The airplane is presumed cold enough to not heat up the helium.
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1answer
103 views

Upthrust vs Drag

24: A ball is falling at terminal speed in still air. The forces acting on it are upthrust, viscous drag and weight. What is the order of increasing magnitude of these 3 forces? ...
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1answer
155 views

Small Animal Terminal Velocity

I recently saw a cat fall probably 100 feet like in this video Cat Falls. It seemed as if the cat reached terminal velocity by the time it hit. Does this mean that cats (and other small animals) could ...
6
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1answer
208 views

Why aren't airplanes like golf balls?

Ok this is a silly question but here it goes Although it is good to have a laminar flow of the air around the object for low drag but the laminar flow is prone the phenomena called separation (sounds ...
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0answers
42 views

Relationship between the fall time and projected area

I am investigating the relationship between the fall time of a paper tray and its projected area. In this investigation I have been using the following variables: Controlled Variable: The air ...
2
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2answers
162 views

If the MH370 black box did sink to 15000 ft, how long would it have taken?

I have been following MH370 on the news just as everyone and latest reports seem to indicate that the black-box could be found. A recent info-graphic http://t.co/lyBBE9C2hF shows the insurmountable ...
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0answers
74 views

Finding Time & Required Angle for Projectile Motion with Quadratic Air Resistance

This is a physics/calculus/computer science problem, but I think I'll get better results in the Physics SE. I have a fun little project I've been working on (hobby, not homework/production), that ...
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2answers
114 views

Finding power with Drag Force equation

The mass of the car is 1500 kg. The shape of the body is such that its aerodynamic drag coefficient is $C_D=0.330$ and the frontal area is $2.50 m^2$. Assuming that the drag force is proportional to ...
3
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0answers
61 views

What is the maximum range of a bullet flying through the sky? [closed]

How far would my bullet fly with the following characteristics? 1.2km/second initial velocity 45 degree angle into the sky 'Normal' atmospheric conditions No wind Typical high-powered rifles have ...
1
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0answers
41 views

What is the speed of a thrown ball [closed]

I would like to know how much speed is loss when a baseball is pitched. When a pitcher hurls the ball, it must lose speed before the catcher catches it because of the air resistance. So, if the ...
3
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2answers
55 views

What causes drag in a fluid?

What causes resistance of an object to motion within a fluid like water? Please explain to me the molecular dynamics of the situation.
14
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1answer
243 views

How fast would a truck have to go to pull a pedestrian onto the road? [closed]

Let's suppose a pedestrian P is walking or standing next to a highway. Suppose a truck T will drive by the said pedestrian at speed V leaving distance L between the two. Assuming L is a reasonably ...
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2answers
78 views

Ice throw from industrial wind turbine

I was watching a documentary where the residents didn't want to have a wind turbine erected nearby. One of the comments from the company was that an ice throw would have very little importance since ...
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1answer
243 views

free falling object with air resistance?

we already know that if we plot speed vs time of free falling object it will be y=gx graph because we know the acceleration is gravity. If it have air-resistance acceleration will be change right?. ...
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3answers
106 views

Motorbike with parachute vs normal skydive

Had a strange discussion in the coffeeroom today. The background was a story about a guy that took his motorcycle to transport himself to the airstrip to do a skydive. Since there is no place to put ...
1
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1answer
101 views

Is speed squared constant?

q. A heavy particle is projected at speed $U$ at an angle $\alpha$ to the horizontal. The particle is subject to air resistance which is experimentally found to vary proportionally to the square ...
1
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1answer
262 views

3D ballistic trajectory with quadratic drag. Calculating position and velocity at time $t$

A particle starts at the origin and has an initial velocity represented by a 3D vector. The particle experiences gravity and air resistance with quadratic drag (based on velocity^2). What I've been ...
2
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2answers
135 views

What may be effect of air friction to the velocity of satellite?

What is the effect of air friction to the velocity of satellite? I have heard satellite's speed increases with air friction. But I'm in confusion how is it possible?