The force on a body resulting from it's motion through a fluid (gas or liquid). This force is directly opposed to the direction of travel.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
2answers
109 views

Fired a bullet upwards, can it fall down and kill me?

I know that if something is thrown up with a velocity v, it comes down with the same velocity as long as its motion faces no resistance. So is it possible for me to fire a bullet and be killed if it ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Heat loss by gas compression - reversible vs. irreversible

I just solved a problem involving the following scenario: A gas following the van der Waals equation of state (not an ideal gas) is placed in a cylinder and undergoes isothermal compression. The ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Application of Stoke's Law

I was looking at Stoke's law and it says that you use it to calculate the drag force on a sphere passing through a fluid. Can i also use this equation to calculate the drag force on a car going ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Are raindrops actually “shaped like tears” when they fall?

Raindrops are always pictured like this, people imagine they have this shape when they fall, but is this true? Doesn't this shape create too much drag? What shape do they really have? It would also be ...
3
votes
3answers
112 views

How does mass affect the distance a ski jumper travels

I did an experiment to explore this. My results found that their is an optimum mass of a ski jumper. I am unsure about the maths behind this. Can anyone help.
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Terminal velocity of mentos [closed]

If somebody throws a mentos downwards (vertically) faster than the terminal velocity of a mentos, from the height at which the terminal velocity is reached from a falling mentos, will the mentos hit ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Derive drag coefficient of plate

There is any analytical way to derive drag coefficient of flat plate aligned perpendicular to the flow? Wikipedia says it's between 1.98~2.05 but I want to get this value in calculation, not ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

How does the height reached by a projectile of given flight time depend on air resistance?

Suppose we fire a cannonball straight up. We measure the duration of its flight and use that to estimate the height it reached. Does including air drag increase or decrease the estimated height, ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Ratio of force of resistance due to liquid to that due to gravity

What is ratio of force of resistance due to liquid to that due to gravity? For any object for example a ball falling in a liquid with constant velocity, what will be the ratio?
2
votes
2answers
79 views

Air drag on a vertically thrown object

Air drag on a vertically thrown object is given directly propotional to its the square of its instantaneous velocity. But shouldn't it be linearly associated as air drag depends on amount of air ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Effect of air resistance on maximum height of thrown stone

Suppose a stone is thrown upwards from the surface of the Earth in a (very large) vacuum chamber and reaches a maximum height of 1km. If the same stone is thrown upwards at the same velocity outside ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Projectile motion and drag problem [closed]

I am currently working on an artillery simulation but I came across a problem: I require an equation that will give me the required initial angle when given a velocity the range and elevation, ...
2
votes
2answers
35 views

How to calculate drag forces on an object

Previously, I theoretically calculated the velocity of a bb, accelerated by air pressure, when it exits a barrel. In short, I calculated my velocity to be about 150m/s. However, I wanted a more ...
0
votes
4answers
123 views

Driving on the moon

I think that a car which is applying its max force on Earth stops accelerating (as in, stops increasing in speed) because of air resistance. But on the moon there is none so I think the car would ...
6
votes
0answers
95 views

Is drag force on an oscillating sphere an effective model for a swimmer?

I saw the latest video from Sixty Symbols Little Swimmers. At the end of the videos he says that we do not know how to calculate the movement of the little swimmers. He says(6:14-6:40 in video) that ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Calculate velocity with acceleration caused by drag

Maybe someone can help me with calculating the velocity of a sphere falling down. Initial: Acceleration is $10 ~\rm \mathrm{m/s^2}$. Timestep is $1 ~\rm s$. Approximation of drag = ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Which formula is correct to find the terminal velocity of a sphere falling through a liquid?

Consider a sphere of radius $R$ & density $\rho_s$, falling through a liquid having density $\rho_l$, attains a constant terminal velocity $V_t$ then in this case the net force acting on the ...
-1
votes
1answer
34 views

what are the assumptions for the drag force equation to work?

We know that the force of drag $F_{d}=\frac{1}{2}\rho u^{2}C_{D}A$. I can't find a list of the assumptions for it to work. What are the assumptions for it to work?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Drag force and Stokes' force

The drag force equation is, $$F=1/2pAV^2$$ which means that it's proportional to the square of velocity. For Stokes' law, the drag force equation is, $$F=6\pi\mu RV$$ which is proportional to the ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Calculating speed of satellite in vacuum?

Satellite speed is $35\ \mathrm{km/s}$ after burn for $500\ \mathrm{ sec}$ and after some days or months this speed is reduced automatically $34$, $33$, $32$ respectively. Questions: How the ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Friction in a fluid

when an object is moving in a fluid(air for example), the air will resist the object's movement: molecules of the air will collide with the surface of the object (no slip condition) and then we will ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

How drag force relates to velocity in the air?

As you know in the formula of drag $$F=0.5 *d*A*C*v^2$$ in different velocities we have different Reynolds number. and the Reynolds number relates to coefficient of drag. my question is how can we ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

How to determine when to decelerate to reach a destination at 0 velocity?

(Sorry, not sure whether this belongs here on the Physics StackExchange or the Math StackExchange.) I'm creating a computer game in which there is a computer-controlled car that needs to travel along ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Terminal Velocity of 100lb Hail [closed]

In the Apocalypse there is meant to be hail weighing 100 pounds or 45 kg. What would the terminal velocity be, assuming the hailstones are perfect spheres of solid ice? Also, is there a way to guess ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Does air resistance give a falling skydiver weight?

An observer in free fall is weightless as he is accelerating at 9.8 m/s^2. However, when a skydiver jumps from a high plane, his acceleration gradually slows until becoming 0 m/s^2 at terminal ...
10
votes
5answers
898 views

Do objects have a tendency to fall in their most aerodynamic position?

In one of my physics classes, we are using slow motion video to analyze the falling motion of an object and then find out the drag coefficient of that object etc. I noticed while doing this that if I ...
14
votes
7answers
3k views

What does an undefined formula in physics mean?

I am trying to figure out how undefined formulas in mathematics relates to physics. Take the following formula for terminal velocity. $$V_\text{terminal} = \sqrt{ mg \over{c \rho A}} $$ Say we have ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Comparing atmospheric drag in different atmospheres

The book and film The Martian begins with a dust storm on Mars. Is it possible to calculate and compare the effects of a 150mph wind on Mars with winds on Earth? How fast would the wind need to be on ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

A question on Newton's laws of motion [closed]

A force of $50N$ is required to push a car on a level road with constant velocity of $10m/s$. The mass of the car is $500kg$. What force should be applied to make the car accelerate at $1m/s^2$? I ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Throwing an object with air resistance

say I were to throw a 1 kg ball vertically upwards 100 m/s, with g=10 and also air resistance $0.01v^2$ . By considering the forces I can determine that the speed at which it lands is less than the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Clarify throwing an object [closed]

Say I were to throw a 1 kg ball vertically upwards 100 m/s, with g=10 and also air resistance $0.01v^2$. By considering the forces I can determine that the speed at which it lands is less than the ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Drag Force on a cylinder with its long axis aligned with the flow

yesterday I started looking into equations that link a cylinders diameter $r$ and length $L$ to the force experienced in a highly viscous medium ($Re<<1$). I found the onseen-approximation but ...
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Terminal velocity of a sky-diver [closed]

A $75~\text{kg}$ skydiver can be modelled as a rectangular "box," with dimensions $20~\text{cm} \times 40~\text{cm} \times 180~\text{cm}.$ Given the conditions we may use $F_\text{drag}= ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Whether a large or a small ball fall faster in the air?

Given a ball falling under gravity is subjected to air resistance, after performing a differential to the drag equation, I get: $$g-Z(v^2)/r = a = v',$$ (where $Z$ is a constant.) How can I know ...
0
votes
3answers
136 views

Deceleration of a bullet [closed]

Taking into account gravity, air resistance, and wind velocity and direction. (And also temperature if it's actually relevant.) I know the muzzle velocity, the total distance the bullet traveled, its ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Approximation for rotational drag on a box?

The drag equation gives us an approximation for the drag on an object caused by its velocity in a fluid: $F = \frac{1}{2} \rho A v^2 C_d$ Is there any similar approximation for the rotational drag ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Maximum displacement of a projectile with $x$ initial velocity and drag resistance

So, as a personal project, I imagined a scenario where a projectile with an initial velocity $x$ is affected by air resistance (drag) but not gravity, and I wanted to find out the distance it would ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Stokes law in 2-dimensions

Stokes' law states that force on slow moving sphere (i.e. $Re\ll1$) in liquid is $$ F_d = 6 \pi \mu R V $$ In two dimensions we are in trouble (flow around disk in 2d or around cylinder in 3d), ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

How much power is needed to drive two times faster?

Suppose a cyclist riding at speed $v$ decides to accelerate to speed $2v$. Does she have to generate $8$ times more power to sustain that speed? $P_1=F_dv$ If we double the speed, (it usually ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the difference between damping and friction?

What is the difference between damping and friction? Both of them slows down any moving system. So whats the conceptual difference between them?
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Lift and drag coefficients on other planets

The question I'm trying to answer seemed simple: how hard would it be to fly on a planet with lower gravity but also thinner atmosphere compared to Earth. If the answer could hint me at how much ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Air friction at supersonic velocities

I know that if an object moves in the air, it can experience two types of drag, laminar and turbulent. For instance, I have a meteor of ideal spherical shape falling from edge of space, say, 100 km up ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Free-fall with linear drag

The standard first-course free-fall with linear drag situation posits a particle falling with a constant acceleration (typically due to approximation of gravity), but with a retarding force that is ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Why is drag neglected while dealing with kinematic problems?

Why is drag neglected while dealing with kinematic problems? While dealing with problems related to finding velocity, acceleration and other kinematic problems, it is mentioned to "neglect drag". ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Will there be a drag for a solid body already dragged due to reaction?

By learning Fluid Structure Interaction tutorials, I managged to simulate a 2d transient fsi simulation using Comsol fsi fully coupled module. A solid body due to motion in vertical direction ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Looking at a falling person (vertically) from 60m to the surface, how much wind effect is going to be felt?

I am trying to work out horizontal ranges for a falling person from height (in 10m steps from 0m to 60m). I have used this site http://www.convertalot.com/ballistic_trajectory_calculator.html to ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

Splitting up a force into horizontal and vertical components?

My Bedford and Fowler textbook (4th edition) has a chapter on numerical solutions. I'm having trouble understanding how the textbook splits up the components of force in the $x$ and $y$ directions to ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How to calculate the thermoelastic energy loss when applying displacing force

I'm trying to calculate the motion of an arrow (or similar shape) in orbit. My understanding has taken me to the following assumptions: There will be drag on the arrow (the drag in low earth orbit ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Why are racing catamarans' hulls not teardrop shaped? [closed]

Looking at the America's Cup 72 class catamarans, I was wondering about their hull shape, which has a sharp wave piercing bow. My question is: since an airfoil shape experiences less drag than a sharp ...
1
vote
1answer
406 views

How is the fall time for a parachute affected by the mass of the load?

Why do parachutes with a heavier load fall faster than a parachute with a lighter load?