The force on a body resulting from it's motion through a fluid (gas or liquid). This force is directly opposed to the direction of travel.

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2
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2answers
46 views

Where does the loss of kinetic energy of the wind flowing over an airfoil go?

When an airfoil is tested in a wind tunnel the speed of the wind behind the airfoil is less than speed of the wind in front of it. That means the wind loses kinetic energy. The reason for that is drag ...
2
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0answers
43 views

How can we theoretically calculate the number of balloons needed to stop a bullet?

After watching this video, I am interested in proving it mathematically. The problem is that how can we apply the conservation of momentum here to find the velocity of the bullet while we don't know ...
1
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1answer
62 views

How size of objects lifted by the wind depends on the speed of the wind?

What are the sizes of the objects that could be picked up and flown by tornados, depending on the tornado's speed? To put it another way, assuming turbulent flow and object density much higher than ...
0
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2answers
111 views

A big cannon to match a ballistic missile? [closed]

During the last years of WW2 the Germans used ballistic missiles V-2 (with payload mass ~1,000 kg) to bombard London, from a distance about 300 km away. Suppose the British could respond by building a ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

If an object falls - regarding air resistance - does the Potential or Kinetic energy get converted into thermal energy as it is falling?

I read a paragraph on the transfer of potential energy to kinetic energy and heat from this website: Even if air resistance slows down the ball, the potential energy is the same (Mb x g x H). ...
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1answer
40 views

How do I do non constant acceleration questions?

Okay, so there is a type of question that keeps coming up in past papers and I can't seem to crack it. The one I'm doing now is: A skier initially travelling at $50~\text{m/s}$ along a ...
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3answers
62 views

Reason for motion after terminal velocity

Let some object hang by a string. So no motion since weight was counter balanced no net force. Now string is cut. Object is falling under gravity and experiences air resistance. Terminal velocity is ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Space and motion

When we throw a ball upwards sitting in a running bus or train it directly comes to our hands but when we do the same sitting on a moving motorcycle the ball falls backwards. Why?
2
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1answer
79 views

Why doesn't a parachutist, according to Newton, “fall” upwards (because drag is larger than gravity)?

Part of the second law states that an object will accelerate in the direction of the unbalanced force. However, I've been thinking about parachuting and skydiving a bit lately, and I know that when ...
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2answers
38 views

What are the major differences in group-skydiving as opposed to “single” skydiving?

Surface area/the cross-sectional area is greatly increased, so my thinking is it should decrease terminal velocity as well as a couple of other factors. But mass changes too (since there would be more ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Calculate a drag force on a sphere?

Objective Work out a drag force for a unit sphere traveling through air at velocity. Values for formulae are below. The context of this question is that I am calculating this in an atmospheric ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Which ball falls faster, the cool one or the hot one?

Suppose we're on the top of the Tower of Pisa (or a larger version of it) with two identical cannonballs. We heat one up (say, to 200 degrees Celsius, or some other high temperature before it starts ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Wind resistance on moving body

Suppose that a vehicle is traveling 60 km/h north, and the wind speed is also 60 km/h going the same direction, would there be wind resistance, and to what extent? Also, if I put my hand outside the ...
4
votes
2answers
71 views

Reasons for decaying orbit for satellites and spacecrafts

As per newton's law, unless a force is applies, moving objects will continue to move in a straight line. A satellite which speeds at around 17.5k mph would be travelling in a straight line considering ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Drag versus centripetal force

I'm trying to see how extensive a gaming engine's physics are. Consider a spinning disc with a box on it which is free to spin around a vertical pole connecting it to the disc. The pole is more ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

How to actually account for air resistance?

What's interested me in my studies thus far is that in a lot of beginner undergrad mathematics and physics courses we're often told to calculate trajectories, velocities, etc. by "ignoring air ...
1
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2answers
63 views

Will terminal velocity exist on this imaginary planet?

If the atmosphere of an imaginary planet is really thin like 100 particles per cubic centimeter (density of the closest resemblance of vacuum made on Earth) and has mass say, 15 times than that of ...
6
votes
2answers
984 views

Will a bullet dropped and a bullet fired from a gun horizontally REALLY hit the ground at the same time when air drag is taken into account?

In a world without air, I understand they definitely would. However, with drag taken into account, I think they wouldn't. Since the drag force varies proportional to the square of speed (ignoring the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Simple air resistance experiment

I have a paper plate, and I'm taping paper streamers to it. I have 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 streamers. I tried to place the streamers at places equidistant from the next. 2mm are attached to the plate and ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Newton's law of resistance [closed]

Anyone can give me some clues on how this can be proved? What kind of drag force is used? A particle is projected vertically upward with an initial speed $v_0$ near the Earth's surface. Show that ...
0
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0answers
24 views

How to model drag coefficient during initial acceleration

Using a $0.4\text{ m}$ cubic parachute (cruciform design with holes in the corners for stability), a drag coefficient of about $1$ is expected for Reynolds numbers about $10^4$ (velocities about $1 ...
5
votes
5answers
551 views

Force required to drive car

From what I know of Newtonian Mechanics, if an object is moving at a constant velocity, the net force acting on that object is equal to zero. If there is friction, then the applied force required to ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Does drag produce heat?

When a solid object moves through a fluid drag is produced. Does this drag produce heat? I believe drag should produce heat as it is the friction between fluid and surface of object. Is this true or ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Work due to air resistance

I was trying to find the distance a machine system I designed would potentially go. The machine works like this: A mass $M$ drops down and through a system of pulleys, pulls a wheel wound with the ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Friction because of Earth's rotation

Is there some force of friction that acts on bodies due to rotation of Earth. We all know earth is an non inertial frame. If there is some frictional force is there some way to prove it. What i mean ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Is there a difference between “No Air Resistance” and "Constant Air Resistance''?

Is there a difference between "No Air Resistance" and "Constant Air Resistance''? Like for example if we have two identical objects with different masses and we drop them from the same height. Will ...
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2answers
74 views

Does a ball spin more from left to right than it does from right to left?

I swear that in a manual on tennis published by the German Tennis Association (Deutscher Tennis Bund) it stated as fact that all things being equal a ball will move more from left to right than from ...
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votes
1answer
50 views

Explain the terminal velocity equation [closed]

As explained by Method 1 on WikiHow, the equation for Terminal Velocity is: $$ V_T = \sqrt{2 \times m \times g \over ρ \times A \times C} $$ Some parts of this equation are self explanatory, and ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Do wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of air?

It is often said that wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of the wind into electricity. But in respect to horizontal wind turbines with airfoil shaped blades this is imho not the case. Wind ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

How can I estimate the density of fog?

I'm working on investigating the effect fog has on drag. I have assumed an air density of $1.225 \frac{\text{kg}}{\text{m}^3}$ for dry air, but I don't know what value for density I could assume that ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Projectile motion, solved with perturbation theory [closed]

A ball is dropped from rest, the initial height is $h_1$. There is air resistance given by $-mkv$. In the downward motion, the equation of motion can by written as $$\dot v = -g-kv$$ with the y ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Which moves faster in a time $t$: $A$ or $B$? [closed]

Suppose we have two objects, $A$ and $B$, both made of the same substance. They also have the same shape (e.g. two spheres), but $A$ is larger and therefore more massive than $B$. Both $A$ and $B$ ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Equation for Terminal Velocity on an inclined plane and the time it takes to reach it

Now I'm doing a research on the matter similar to this thread : Terminal Velocity of identical shape/size objects which is very self explanatory and very helpful. However in my case, the objects will ...
5
votes
3answers
827 views

Benefits of rear spoiler in cars

What would be the benefits of rear spoilers in cars, like this one:
1
vote
3answers
190 views

Two bodies of equal mass thrown from a height-Practical physics question

I have a doubt about this question: Two bodies of masses $M$ and $m$ are allowed to fall from the same height. If the air resistance be the same for each of the bodies, will the two bodies reach ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

How to find the maximum height with a loss of 5 J of energy due to air drag [closed]

Can someone please help me to figure out how to use the 5J of energy into my equation for the maximum height. I know that the maximum height is given by, $$h_{max}={(v_f-v_i)^2 \over 2g}$$ but I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Who feel more impact of fall

A person jumping from a higher building is likely to suffer less injury than the person jumping from a short building as the person from large building fall long enough to attain drag force which ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Projectile motion with drag force of the form $\vec f =-k \vec v$ [closed]

An object is fired with initial velocity $v_0$ at inclination angle $\theta$ above the horizontal. Drag force in the air is taken into account and is of the form $\vec f =-k \vec v$. Knowing that the ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

What is the physical interpretation of the linear coefficient in this ODE for projectile motion?

For the second order ODE governing the position of a projectile subject to air resistance $$ m\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} +k\frac{dx}{dt}+mg=0 \quad k>0, \> x(0)=0, \> x'(0)=V>0 $$ a ...
0
votes
1answer
272 views

Drag force on a flat plate

The solution for this apparently is $\frac{1}{2}C \rho A V^{2}$ where $C$ is the drag coefficient, $A$ is the area and $\rho$ and $V$ are the wind density and velocity. Let's do it without the drag ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

Why do we use less fuel by driving at constant speed?

It is common practice to drive at constant speed as much as possible to reduce fuel consumption, or at least to avoid "pumping" on the throttle (at frequencies high enough that the lowpass filter does ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

Why doesn't a tied balloon behave like a pendulum?

It is well known that a tied weight will oscilate under the effect of gravity if left from aside, like a pendulum. However, if we tie a helium balloon to the ground from and left it form the floor ...
2
votes
3answers
84 views

The effect of windspeed on a car

I've worked problems in the past in trig class concerning the effect of wind on the speed of a plane and it's flight path and was wondering if a similar thing occurs with a car. First off, I'm ...
0
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0answers
71 views

How to calculate the ship resistance caused by water viscosity

If there is a ship going in the sea at 50km/h, and a length of 5m, width of 2m, how do I calculate the ship resistance caused by water viscosity? in other words I want to calculate the drag Force that ...
3
votes
1answer
633 views

Calculating time to reach certain velocity with drag force

I was given a problem for homework where we needed to calculate the time for a falling object to reach a certain velocity when accounting for drag force. I did it by setting up acceleration as a ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Drag - Dimensional Analysis / Buckingham Pi

Dimensional Analysis / Buckingham Pi Theorem I'm working on dimensional analysis and I'm having trouble. Here's a problem from my book I'm working on for practice. I'm suppose to consider a small ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Buoyancy / Drag Problem

Buoyancy / Drag Problem Just a little bit of help would be nice. I have a spherical particle of radius $R$ and density $\rho$, surrounded in a fluid of density $\phi$ and viscosity $\eta$. I'm ...
0
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0answers
91 views

Projectile under quadratic air resistance force

So here's the problem background: A projectile of mass m is shot straight up with initial velocity $v_0$ and feels a quadratic air resistance force of the form $F = −kv^2$, where $k ≡ mg/u^2$. ($k$ ...
0
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1answer
149 views

Is air resistance affected by both mass and surface area?

If so, which has the biggest impact?
-2
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1answer
74 views

Projectile with air resistance [duplicate]

If you have a projectile with these variables. $x_0 = 1v_{0x} = 70, y_0 = 0, v_{0y} = 80, a_x = 0, a_y = -9.8$ I know how to plot these points with this equation. $$ x = x0 + (v_{0x})t + 1/2((a_x)t^2) ...