The Doppler effect refers to change in the observed frequency of a wave if the observer and source are in relative motion.

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Can gravitational waves be red-shifted?

Whenever the Doppler effect is mentioned, it's typically in the context of sound waves or electromagnetic radiation. On the cosmological scale, red-shifting is also important because of the enormous ...
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Hearing a sound backwards because of Doppler effect

Consider a supersonic plane (mach 2) aproaching a stationary sound source (e.g a fog horn on a boat). If I understand it correctly, the passengers in the plane can hear the sound twice. First at a 3 ...
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How is the Photoelectric Effect affected by Blue-Shifting

I was thinking about the Photoelectric Effect and Blue-Shifting when I came up with a thought experiment that I couldn't think of an answer for. The thought experiment is as follows: A metal plate is ...
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Blue-shifting as opposed to violet-shifting

A recent XKCD comic implies that the sky is blue as opposed to violet due to human physiology, and that animals more sensitive to shorter wavelengths will perceive the Earth's sky as the shortest ...
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In terms of the Doppler effect, what happens when the source is moving faster than the wave?

I'm just trying to understand this problem from a qualitative perspective. The Doppler effect is commonly explained in terms of how a siren sounds higher in pitch as it is approaching a particular ...
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Finding the cosmological redshift of a galaxy in the expanding Universe

Firstly, I understand what the Doppler effect is when it comes to sound or light waves. From everything that I've read, we are told that the universe is constantly expanding since the all the ...
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Meaning of negative frequency of sound wave

Suppose that Alice and Bob are both holding speakers emitting sound at a frequency $f$. Alice is stationary while Bob is moving towards Alice at twice the speed of sound. In the case of Alice, if I ...
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Redshifting of light from a moving light source

We know that the expansion of space causes redshifting of light. I even read somewhere that the Doppler effect also happens in light. So imagine I switch on the headlights of my car in front of a ...
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Question on luminosity of a radiant source and its dependence on temperature, and involvement of Doppler Effect

A few days ago, I happened to go through the chapters on Radiation, and Photometry, studying them at quite an elementary level. I studied Wien's displacement law, and the dependence of luminous flux ...
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How would I perceive a purple ball when traveling at relativistic speeds

I have a 'thought experiment' which I'd like to ask about. I was thinking what speed I would have to drive towards a crossing to see a red light as a green light - pretty easy, using the doppler ...
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Sound frequency of dropping bomb

Everyone has seen cartoons of bombs being dropped, accompanied by a whistling sound as they drop. This sound gets lower in frequency as the bomb nears the ground. I've been lucky enough to not be ...
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Relativistic Doppler effect on gamma rays

I'm trying to solve the following problem : An electron-positron pair annihilates, creating two photons. At what speed must an observer move along the line of the photons in order that the ...
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How do you measure distance to stars within the galaxy?

I know that for close by stars (<50 LY) we can use the parallax effect. And for distant galaxies we use red-shift (& hubble's constant). So how do we measure how far is a star lets say 50,000 ...
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How does the Hubble Redshift work?

I am a little confused about the workings of the Hubble Redshift. I do understand the classical Doppler-effect, however in special relativity the velocity of light c is a natural velocity limit. So ...
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449 views

Why same formula describing Doppler effect in the case of light in different situations?

I made comparison between Doppler effect in light and sound and one interesting thing that I saw was that in the case of sound there are different formulas to find the apparent frequency in different ...
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101 views

If I'm running away from chasing gamma photons, I can see them, right?

Suppose Bruce Banner goes back in time, convinced that the Hulk is a stupid menace. Let's say he also borrows Quicksilver's speed abilities (maybe the Flash is more appropriate, but based on the ...
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139 views

Wave equation for sound waves and moving source

Is there a way to take a moving source already into account when one derives the wave equation for sound waves and derive from that using only math the Doppler effect for moving sources?
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258 views

Bending of light from a moving light source

First I will have to explain my question. Look at the image below. This shows doppler shift when an object is moving horizontally to the direction of the wave. Keep the word 'horizontally' in mind. ...
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quantum explanation of doppler effect

How would quantum mechanics explain doppler effect? And just for curiosity, is there any effect similar to doppler effect occuring at quantum level?
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Is there a way to create a flickering frequency to be dependent on speed of the person looking at it?

Is there a way to make a screen or a road sign flash at different rates, depending on the velocity of the observer looking at it? I would like to achieve a state where two observers going at ...
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102 views

Is it better to call the doppler effect a change in wavelength or frequency?

Why is it preferable to say that the doppler effect causes a shift in frequency rather than a shift in wavelength? I often read on websites that they define the doppler effect as a change in ...
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Why did we need relativity to derive $E=mc^2$?

Okay, so the way I understand one of the "derivations" of $E=mc^2$ is roughly as follows: We observe a light bulb floating in space. It appears motionless. It gives off a brief flash of light. We ...
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Will a warm body naturally slowdown?

Suppose a warm body moving in an empty space with high speed. The body emits radiation based on its temperature. The protons emitted forwards of the body will have higher energy due to Doppler shift ...
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Conservation of energy (or lack thereof) in Doppler cooling [duplicate]

I did not find my question answered elsewhere, so here it is. I'm doing a project in my first optics course, and we are reading a bit about Doppler cooling. I understand that a laser is tuned to a ...
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351 views

Does time dilation correct for the Doppler effect?

Knowing that a body in motion experiences time dilation, "also" knowing when two objects travel at a great speed away from one an other, both observers experience the others clock as moving slower ...
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Doppler cooling limit vs recoil limit

I was discussing laser cooling in class today and I understood that the main principle of the process is to tune a laser to a frequency lower than the absorbtion frequency of the atom and so only the ...
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Doppler effect of sound waves

I am looking for interesting ways to introduce the Doppler effect to students. I want some situations in nature or every day life, where a student is possibly surprised and may ask "how could it be"? ...
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Is the Doppler effect for sound symmetrical for observer or source movement?

It makes intuitive sense to me for the apparent frequency of a sound as modified by the Doppler effect to be based entirely on the speed at which the observer and the source get closer or farther ...
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The Equivalence principle of General Relativity and the Doppler Effect

I am studying General Relativity and am trying to understand the Equivalence Principle more thoroughly. Basically, it is said that if you are in a uniformly accelerated frame of reference in free ...
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A Doppler Effect problem with a moving medium

I tried solving the following question and started having multiple doubts: Two cars A and B are moving towards each other with some speed $25$ m/s. Wind is blowing with speed $5$ m/s in the ...
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107 views

Doppler shift for a uniformly accelerating observer

This was given in textbook as an example. An observer on a spaceship with a four velocity $u$ is approaching from $x = +\infty$ a star at rest in the reference frame $S$ while undergoing constant ...
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Doppler effect and light

Approaching the speed of sound in an aircraft is relatively difficult, because the closer you get to Mach 1, the denser the pressure is around you (sound accumulates causing vibrations). Is there a ...
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Are photons absorbed by expanding space?

Can a photon/EM-field-excitation redshifted by spatial expansion be completely dissipated? Does the energy reach a minimum value (Planck's constant) and continue on as normal? Does expansion also ...
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How many boats does it take to find an acoustic buoy by Doppler shift?

Inspired by this question on the Doppler shift, suppose there is buoy somewhere on the surface of the ocean emitting a pure frequency. You get to place some boats wherever you want on the surface of ...
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With respect to the doppler effect, are pitch changes sudden or gradual?

Before reading the below content, it is important to read the final note at the bottom first. Take this excerpt from Wikipedia regarding the Doppler effect: if the siren approached the observer ...
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About the standard derivation of the gravitational redshift

The objective is to derive the gravitational redshift ONLY from the Einstein's equivalence principle (E.E.P.), without using the whole theory of Relativity. This is the standard "informal" derivation ...
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Doppler effect from an accelerating frame of reference

The standard equation for the doppler effect from a frame of reference with constant velocity is $f_0$ initial frequency; $v$ is the velocity of waves in the medium; $v_r$ is the velocity of the ...
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Doppler shift equation results in inconsistencies

The non-Relativistic Doppler shift equation is $f = \left( \frac{c + v_\text{r}}{c + v_\text{s}} \right) f_0 $ where c is the speed of the medium (346.4 m/s for sound at 25 C temperature). I tried ...
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Can doppler shift be used to find the MH370 black boxes?

The Australian ship Ocean Shield has detected multiple pings from the black boxes onboard the missing Malaysia Airline Flight 370, specifically on 4 lines of bearing according to this article. The ...
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Doppler Shift when Light Travels Through Two Different Mediums

When considering the Doppler shift, the 'canonical equation' is $$f=\frac{c+vr}{c+vs}f_0$$ However, this equation seems to run into trouble in the following situation: A light source inside water is ...
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Doppler effect via reflection

Suppose a police car is standing by a wall. The siren light is rotating and it will hit the wall and reflect back to the car. Does the reflected light show a Doppler effect?
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some questions regarding Doppler shifting versus absorption-emission

I just got in what I thought was a silly exchange where a self-identified physicist states that the difference between "red-shifting" (in the Doppler sense) and the re-emission of light at longer ...
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Doppler effect problem with moving mirror

This was the given question: A light beam of intensity $I$ and frequency $f$, directed along the positive $z$-axis, is reflected perpendicularly from a perfect mirror which itself is moving ...
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Reduction in gravity from photon exchange

Let's say you have two bodies at are held at rest relative to each other exchanging (real, not virtual) photons back and forth. Then we let them go (maybe push them apart slightly), so they will ...
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The Doppler effect in a medium like air (sound) versus the electromagnetic Doppler effect

When you have a listener and a source, and when one of the two move relative to the other, the frequency perceived by the listener will be different. Example: If the listener travels toward the ...
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Is the classical Doopler Effect, for light shift, $1-v/c$, exact? What is it an approximation of?

Is the classical doopler effect for light shift equal to $1-v/c$ exact or an approximation of a classical formula? I know that it is an approximation of the relativistic formula, but what was the ...
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Center of mass of two $\gamma$ rays moving in opposite directions

Suppose there are two $\gamma$ rays with frequencies $\nu_1$ and $\nu_2$ moving in opposite directions according to a reference frame $S$. I want to find the velocity of the center of mass of this ...
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Relativistic Transverse Doppler Effect

In Minkowski spacetime, two observers, A and B, are moving at uniform speeds u and v, respectively, along different trajectories, each parallel to the y-axis of some inertial frame S. Observer A emits ...
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What speed should have an alone planet to have a habitable zone due to relic radiation?

What speed should have an alone planet to have a habitable zone due to relic radiation, without any star involvement? How much time the planet will be able to remain in the habitable zone before the ...
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Manipulating a formula for a relativistic Doppler shift

Lets say we take the standard configuration when $x'y'$ is moving away from system $xy$ (image 1). By knowing that the phase is constant in all frames $\phi=\phi'$ we can derive the Lorenz ...