The Doppler effect refers to change in the observed frequency of a wave if the observer and source are in relative motion.

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Acoustic beats interference vs. path difference interference

I'm trying to understand the differences between two kinds of waves interference. The first one is a time-interference, only due to frequency difference of the two waves with the same amplitude, which ...
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59 views

Effect of motion of medium on frequency

Will the frequency observed by a stationary observer will remain same if only the medium between the source and observer is moving?(ie. both source and observer are at rest and wind is blowing from ...
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Doppler shift and Galilean relativity

Doppler shift has different forms if the observer or the source are in motion. I consider Doppler shift in the case of sound. I tried to find an answer on the non symmetry of Doppler effect, ...
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159 views

Calculate velocity based on Doppler shift

I have a bicycle with a truck horn on it. I want to figure out how fast the bike is based on the reference frame of a stationary object watching the bike. I can use software to determine the pitch ...
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What are the factors that could make the theoretical frequency different from the measured frequency [closed]

Measure the frequency of received ultrasound wave for velocities of the train and for both directions of motion I'm trying to make a conclusion on my lab report but I would like to know what are the ...
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Can redshift occur from relative velocity or just from expanding space

With sound the Doppler effect is caused by the wavelength of the sound being affected by the relative velocity between the observer and emitter, eg. If they are moving toward each other the observed ...
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15 views

How to calculate doppler shift in mobile communication system?

I want to know how the following equation comes from. $$f_D=\frac{1}{2\pi} \frac{\Delta\phi}{\Delta t}=\frac{v}{\lambda}\cos\theta$$ The picture above is drawn by me in mspaint (sorry for bad ...
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Is the rate of light emissions actually the frequency of the light?

I am confusing with the concept of frequency in the context of Doppler effect studying SR. The Schutz says, if the source emits pulses more frequently, then the observer would see the lights not only ...
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Relativistic Doppler effect derivation

This is about a step in a derivation of the expression for the relativistic Doppler effect. Consider a source receding from an observer at a velocity $v$ along the line joining the two. Light is ...
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Why Doppler shift is applicable to spectral lines alone?

In astronomical spectroscopy, Doppler shift is an important parameter. But why is it applicable to spectral lines alone, and not to the continuous spectrum in the background? Shouldn't the motion of ...
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32 views

Why does the classical Doppler formula make a distinction between movement of the source and movement of the receiver?

I've tried rewriting the Doppler formula to include only the relative velocity between the source and the receiver of sound waves. However, when I compare the results with the results of the formula ...
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The reason for the fading of galaxies?

Galaxies that are greater than a distance of c/H metres from Earth have recessional velocities exceeding the speed of light and begin to fade. Thus, theoretical astronomers 3 trillion years the future ...
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233 views

Doppler effect of matter waves

We all know that the relativistic mass of a moving object in Special relativity increases for an observer who is measuring it for a moving object. We also know the the concept of particle-wave ...
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According to the doppler effect , if my source is faster than sound , will I hear the sound backwards? [duplicate]

In a hypothetical situation,say I have a sound box with a very large volume and let's say it is placed pretty far away from me. If it travels towards me at a speed higher than that of sound in the ...
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186 views

Is it better to call the doppler effect a change in wavelength or frequency?

Why is it preferable to say that the doppler effect causes a shift in frequency rather than a shift in wavelength? I often read on websites that they define the doppler effect as a change in ...
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386 views

How is the Photoelectric Effect affected by Blue-Shifting

I was thinking about the Photoelectric Effect and Blue-Shifting when I came up with a thought experiment that I couldn't think of an answer for. The thought experiment is as follows: A metal plate is ...
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44 views

Time domain representation of a waveform from an accelerating source (doppler effect)

Consider the scenario where a stationary observer observes a source moving in 3 dimensions, emitting a signal $s(t)$. I would assume only the distance between the source and the observer, $x(t)$, has ...
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232 views

Doppler Effect: What is formula for Rate of Change of Period observed by accelerating receiver?

(I have looked at other questions relating to Doppler Effect with acceleration but none seem to provide the formula in question.) Edit: I wish to avoid using the Einsteinian relativity model. So ...
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Doppler shift of light from stars and galaxies [duplicate]

I was reading about how we can ascertain whether a cosmic object is receding from or approaching us by studying the doppler shift of its spectrum- I mean the redshift and blue-shift. But we have no ...
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1answer
176 views

Influence of acceleration in acoustic doppler's effect experiment

Recently I've done an acoustic doppler's effect experiment for physics lab assignment. The setup was two microphones in a straight line, movable object with sound source and a pc with the usual sound ...
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Could I see the cosmic microwave background if it were Doppler shifted enough?

If I traveled fast enough, my current understanding is that visible light would be blueshifted to the blue/UV range, but also that microwaves and longer wavelength waves would be blueshifted into the ...
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58 views

Can Doppler Shift be used to calculate speed of an observed object?

Thanks for looking. Just musing over an idea this afternoon: if I had a radio controlled plane, I could obviously calculate its airspeed based on pings and the known speed of sound if it was ...
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How'd you explain Red shift and Blue shift with respect to Doppler Effect

I understand Doppler effect in Sound and Water because there we can observe relative speeds. But in case of light, the speed is same in all references so is the change in relative wavelength due to ...
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43 views

Time-dependent time dilation for circular orbits around a Schwarzschild black hole?

Take two clocks, one in a circular orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole and another with a distant observer. The time dilation factor between the two clocks is said (at ...
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320 views

Doppler shift for a uniformly accelerating observer

This was given in textbook as an example. An observer on a spaceship with a four velocity $u$ is approaching from $x = +\infty$ a star at rest in the reference frame $S$ while undergoing constant ...
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166 views

Why would a sweeping LIDAR or RADAR beam not produce an artificial Doppler shift?

Assuming a bi-static Radar or LIDAR with a stationary transmitter and a stationary target and a stationary receiver, with a sweeping RADAR/LIDAR beam reflecting off a stationary target: Why would the ...
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Tired light red shift hypothesis

Have there been any recent attempts to falsify the tired light hypothesis alternative to the Doppler shift explanation for the red shift, or is it simply ignored like the pilot wave quantum mechanical ...
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281 views

Would cosmological redshift be present in the following situation?

I'm trying to understand if cosmological redshift is just a secondary form of doppler redshift, or something else entirely. Suppose the two galaxies in the picture are receding from each other, but ...
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How can the angle to a pulsar be determined by measuring its redshift?

Suppose we (a spacecraft, probe, or similar) know our location only to within a few billion km (a few Tm) in any direction in 3D space, and we want to determine our location to a higher degree of ...
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Doppler: how to derive formule “source moving” from formule “observer moving”

A question like this has already been asked, with a satisfying explication (the relative motion of the source and the observer with respect to the medium (air) is different), but without a derivation ...
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What are the limitations of velocity selective coherent population trapping?

I'm somewhat familiar with limitations of Doppler cooling, particularly with the one photon recoil limit, but what I was curious about was what is the next barrier to cooling approaching absolute ...
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Ultrasonic Transducer Spacing

Given a SCH 40 steel pipe of diameter D and length L, what is the proper spacing for ultrasonic transducers in a Doppler Shift setup assuming the transducers are angled at 45 degrees? The reason for ...
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110 views

Curious question about light and photons

If a photon wavelength (e.g., yellow) is isolated from the other wavelengths that the sun emits (once it gets to earth), can that particular particle/photon be distorted slightly into a wavelength ...
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Is absorption imaging in ultracold gases (BEC) a method destructive of the system?

As of title, I wonder whether this imaging method heats the gas up to the loss of quantum coherence. Let's consider a specific example, a gas of 87Rb (Rubidium) and its D2 line. I might be wrong in ...
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Is there a doppler effect on the images of stars around rotating black holes?

I'm an illustrator working on a project involving rotating black holes like those discussed in "Gravitational Lensing by Spinning Black Holes in Astrophysics, and in the Movie Interstellar" by James, ...
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Coulomb excitation of a heavy nucleus

In Coulomb excitation measurements involving a stationary target getting excited, why do the de-excitation $\gamma$-rays get Doppler shifted and Doppler broadened as well? How can these be corrected ...
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Redshift of distant galaxies: why not a doppler effect?

How can I explain to my 17 year old pupils that the observed redshift of distant galaxies cannot be interpreted as a doppler effect and inescapably leads to the conclusion that space itself is ...
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1answer
63 views

How to explain Doppler redshift of light?

For other waves like water or sound, it is easy to understand Doppler effect, because for those waves, the speed of wave in different inertia reference frames changes. But for light wave, the speed ...
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97 views

Does a spaceship travelling at near lightspeed see the universe aging slow or fast?

Now I know this probably is well trodden territory, but this question has bugged me for some time, and I couldn't find a similar question in the archives (although plenty about relativistic time ...
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'Doppler redshift' Vs 'Cosmological redshift'

It is not difficult to understand the differences between 'Doppler redshift' and 'Cosmological redshift' conceptually. But how do astronomers distinguish them when doing observations?
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When a photon escapes a black hole, why is it red shifted? [duplicate]

I think that is how astronomers hunt for these elusive objects using radio telescope and also gravitational lensing, I'm wondering how these photons lose their energy while encountering black hole or ...
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Crest in Light Doppler Effect

The way it is explained in wiki Doppler effect in sound happens because waves of particles with biggest density called crest hits our eardrums more often if object is moving towards us (increased ...
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100 views

Bouncing sound off a wall

Let's say I am moving at a velocity $v$ away from a wall, and emitting a sound toward a wall. Is it true that I hear the sound at the same frequency that I emit it?
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218 views

What does the ratio $\frac{x-ct}{x'-ct'}$ signify?

$(x,t)$ being coordinates of any event in an inertial frame $A$ and $(x',t')$ being the coordinates of the same event in another frame moving with uniform velocity $v$ along the same direction in ...
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128 views

Is the amplitude proportional to frequency in electromagnetic waves?

In Einstein's 1905 paper, under the section: § 7. Theory of Doppler’s Principle and of Aberration Einstein derived the relativistic Doppler effect: $$f'=f\dfrac{1-\cos\phi \cdot ...
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Hearing sound when going supersonic

Suppose we are travelling supersonic along a straight line. Further up along the line, there is a stereo, that's emitting sound at a frequency that changes in such a way that the Doppler shift caused ...
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99 views

How is the speed in Hubble's law determined, if not from the Doppler shift?

Hubble's law originally mentions the speed (i.e. proper motion) of a receding galaxy, as calculated via the Doppler effect from the observed redshift. However, the observed redshift is today explained ...
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271 views

What are the characteristics of light entering a disk spinning at near $c$?

If I were to spin a translucent disk so that the edge is spinning at .9c and shoot a laser beam at it perpendicular to the edge, what would happen to the light as it travels in one end of the disc and ...
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Doppler shift from a transversely moving plane mirror

Below is the diagram of the question I have on the Doppler shift of a light emitted from a stationary light source $S$ at an angle $\theta_1$ toward a transversely moving plane mirror $O$ having ...
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Is there a standard of rest in the universe? [duplicate]

If you measure the cosmic background radiation you will find that in any direction it is roughly the same. However, if you were to travel near the speed of light relative to the Earth in a particular ...