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1answer
847 views

What is the apparent diameter of the sun as seen from earth?

I know this may not be physically accurate. For my purposes, basically 3D renders, I am assuming the sun rays are parallel rays from an infinitely far lamp. If the sky is clear, what size would that ...
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2answers
98 views

Speed of light and distance

Our measure of distance (the meter) is defined in terms of how far light in a vacuum travels in a specific time. When light travels through another medium, we say it travels at a different speed. Why ...
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2answers
96 views

How Far Does Gravity Extend? [duplicate]

How far does gravity's influence extend? I've recently (re-)seen 'The Universe' season 1 where it's said that 'take these two dice, place them perfectly still in empty space 1 inch apart and within ...
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2answers
95 views

How far do we need to be removed from the earth to show the curvature with a viewing angle between 42 and 48 degrees? [duplicate]

I have seen already a couple of answers but none of them give an exact number of what should be the minimum height where we would be able to record the curvature of the earth All I could find is ...
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2answers
180 views

Is it possible to calculate the dimensions of ANY object in a picture having at some known distance an object on know dimensions?

Is it possible to calculate the dimensions of ANY object in a picture having at some known distance an object on know dimensions? I'm thinking about the scenario where someone is holding a smartphone ...
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2answers
158 views

Force when distance between charge is zero

According to coulomb law $$ F = \frac{q_1q_2}{r^2} $$ I want to know what happens to force when $r=0$. If $F \to \infty$ then the charges can't be separated! But if an unlike charge of higher ...
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1answer
50 views

Is there an underlying reason why some forces are inversely proportional to the square of the distance? [duplicate]

This is the first time I'm studying those subjects (I'm still in high school) and my teacher couldn't give me an answer. I'm referring specially to Newton's law of gravitation and Coulomb's law of ...
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4answers
66 views

Distance can be zero

Can a distance between two particles can be exactly zero? Example: If I have two opposite charged particles having uniform charge. They will attract each other and the distance between them will ...
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1answer
35 views

When measuring distance how do we know when supernova comes from binary star and not single one?

The way I understand distance is measured for far out objects is by binary star supernova, since at the point of explosion there's is always same amount of energy released. But then supernova can ...
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1answer
68 views

Luminosity distance from angular diameter distance

Consider that I know the cosmological angular diameter distance at a given redshift : $$D_{A}\left(z\right)=\frac{x_{object}}{\theta_{observer}}$$ Is there a general formula to compute the ...
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1answer
54 views

How does one calculate how big something has to be, to be seen at a given distance? [closed]

Ignoring curvature of the Earth. How do I calculate the size an object would need to be in order to appear to be approx 1cm tall at a given distance?
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1answer
21 views

Distance formula using initial velocity and acceleration

we know $S=ut+1/2at^2$. Now lets say my initial velocity $u=10m/s$ and acceleration be $a=5m/s^2$. In first second distance traveled $S^{_t=1}=10m$ as my speed is $10m/s$ and time is $1s$. In next ...
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1answer
88 views

Distance from Earth where gravity becomes negligible

This is a basic little problem I thought up when trying to remember some physics, and I wanted to see if it's at all correct: trying to figure out the distance from earth where gravity becomes ...
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1answer
56 views

Difference between Distance and Space

So I take particle A and place it in space, then I place particle B 1,000,000 light years away from particle A. I strike a line between the two, and measure that line as having a length of 1,000,000 ...
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1answer
208 views

Is displacement in circular motion a chord or an arc?

When taking the displacement between two points along a circular path to calculate its velocity, do you take the length of a chord connecting the two points or do you take the length of the arc ...
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3answers
93 views

Would a giant see our year as a second? [closed]

If there were an enormous being whose arm span is one light year across, how would that being perceive time? Wouldn't what we perceive as a year be virtually nothing to that being? Explanation: ...
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1answer
364 views

How to calculate distance travelled while car is rolling, given start and end speed?

I'm trying to calculate the distance travelled by my Formula Student racecar if it starts at a certain speed, goes into Neutral (no acceleration, no brakes, just rolling on its wheels), and ends at ...
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1answer
296 views

How can we see objects that are so far away? [duplicate]

The HUDF used to be the deepest image of the universe ever taken by the Hubble telescope, the furthest star in this image is 59000 light years away. The star in question: Now Imagine a light ...
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1answer
186 views

How do I graph acceleration?

I have written some java code for the calculation of some various acceleration and etc. type data. I am now trying to graph that data so I can pull specific data over a time line. The values I have ...
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2answers
55 views

Time, distance perception [duplicate]

If photons going c have no local time or distance 'perception' why isn't the same true for us as we're going c relative to them?
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2answers
1k views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
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1answer
1k views

Relation between comoving distance and conformal time?

In cosmology, we have two quantities and I want to understand the physical relation between these two : $\chi = \int_{t_e}^{t_0}c\frac{dt'}{a(t')}$ : the comoving distance with $t_e$ the time at ...
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0answers
24 views

The angular diameter distance for a radiation dominated universe

I'm attempting to work out the angular diameter distance for a radiation dominated universe, with $k=0$ and $\Lambda=0$. I have gotten myself to this point: $$ ...
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0answers
39 views

Measuring distance in a spaceship moving with 0.5c [closed]

If there are a spaceship moving at a speed of 0.5c that sent a photon when an asteroid was exactly $3\times 10^8$ m away, will the distance between the spaceship and the asteroid when the photon hits ...
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0answers
46 views

Can a photon be captured in a grid space representation at a fractional Planck position?

Consider a photon, positioned in space in a finite portion of a grid. Any point of the grid is vertically or horizontally aligned, each distanced by a Planck unit. $l_P = 1.616 199(97) × 10−35 m$ ...
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0answers
54 views

Finding the distance a spring travels [closed]

So you hold a spring in your hand. You know that if you attach a 0.100 kg object that it will stretch the spring 0.05 m. The spring is launched off your hand(1.25 m off the ground) at a 35 degree ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Distance between two charged particles [closed]

Is there a way I can find a function $r(t)$ that gives me the distance that separates a charge $q$ and another charge $Q$ knowing the initial velocity of both $v_{01}$ and $v_{02}$ and the initial ...
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0answers
44 views

Help with finding an equation to work out the length of cable required to produce loss of colour on an analogue video signal

When I briefly taught Broadcast Engineering I set up an experiment in order to demonstrate the effect of signal reflections along coaxial cable on an analogue PAL waveform. It involved getting the ...
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0answers
48 views

What technologies are available to measure distance? [closed]

I'm a programmer, I really lack of physics knowledge, I'm trying to make some basic design for a distance measuring simple system, for a social project I'd take as hobby. Basically I would have many ...
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0answers
94 views

Which physical entities equal “distance times time”?

Are there useful physical quantities with dimensions of distance-time? The background for this question is a differential equation which I try to make sense of: ...
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2answers
64 views

Perspective Redux (why objects seem smaller as the distance increases) [duplicate]

Last time I brought this up, the best answer featured an image that looked something like this: The argument here is that as the distance increases between the eye and the object, the angle gets ...
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3answers
109 views

Why is there a contradiction in this Newton's equations of motion related question? [closed]

One second after being thrown straight down, an object is falling with a speed of 20 m/s. How much distance does the object travel in the first second? We took: $$v = 20\,{\rm m/s}$$ $$u = 0\,{\rm ...
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4answers
82 views

Using formula for work with distance of 0m [duplicate]

Consider this: Wind is pushing a huge rock towards me at with massive force at 2m/s. I push against the rock at equal force so the rock stays still. I am clearly "working" very hard, using a lot of ...
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1answer
164 views

If there is a boson that carries mass, why not space, or time? [closed]

If the Higgs Boson carries mass, why doesn't there exist more bosons that carry other fundamental properties such as volume/distance (space), time, or even spacetime? Also if bosons carry force, but ...
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2answers
47 views

Packets of information in the real world

Please excuse this apparently naive question. no one appears to have the answer. If a standard packet of data is travelling down a standard fibre, what is the physical time taken between the first ...
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2answers
209 views

Solving distance with acceleration and velocity given and getting two different answers using two different equations [closed]

Frictional forces from brake pads are responsible for stopping an automobile. A car is moving at $35.0 \:\mathrm{m/s}$. If the car's brakes are capable of generating a deceleration rate of $6.00 ...
0
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1answer
119 views

How to measure distances to stars by means of spectroscopic parallaxes?

How to measure distances to stars by means of spectroscopic parallaxes on practice? What is the accuracy of measuring distances using this method compared with distances based on HIPPARCOS ...
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2answers
163 views

Distance travelled in spaceship Newton vs Einstein

If you get in the canonical 1G windowless spaceship and accelerate for 5 years as determined by your trusty wristwatch, then decelerate for 5 years, then decide its time to see where you are would the ...
0
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1answer
37 views

What determines the color of photon that is emitted from an exited atom?

I understand the principle of how light is emitted from an atom. What I don't know is why neon atom is red and copper is green when exited? Is is the distance between the electron to protons or the ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Why is the potential energy minimal when the repulsion and attraction force between molecules is 0?

According to this potentialcurve and the other curve(?) the potential energy is minimal when the intermolecular forces equal zero. Why? How should I interprete negative potential energy in this ...
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2answers
61 views

Can meters measure a distance in higher dimensions?

Consider meters as a unit of measurement. Meters can, of course, be used to express distance across a two-dimensional plane. E.g. The distance from your chair to the door is 2 meters. Meters can also ...
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2answers
87 views

Gravity Vs Distance [closed]

What is the relationship between the magnitude of Earth's gravity and the distance away from the Earth's surface? Or at what rate does gravity decrease as one moves away from Earth?
0
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3answers
158 views

How to tell if area is displacement or distance?

why is it not called "velocity v. time"? how do you know? If the y-value can be either positive or negative, the direction is then indicated. i think this is why it should be called velocity but ...
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2answers
329 views

Finding acceleration and distance when velocity given

I am trying to do the following question for practice (it is an interview question), and I don't know if my methods and answer are correct. Given a velocity $v=2+3t^2$, find acceleration after 3 ...
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1answer
44 views

Distance to the galaxy which has velocity which is perpendicular to the point of view of the static observer

Let's have the galaxy which has velocity which is perpendicular to the point of view of the static observer in the FLRW universe. It emits the light. There is a given redshift $z_{0}$. It will be easy ...
0
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1answer
117 views

How do we know that time and distance are not discrete?

I know that it is believed that energy is discrete, in that it travels in quanta. I was wondering if there is any evidence which either proves or disproves something similar with both time and ...
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2answers
41 views

Distances between stars and their sizes

At the begining I wish to apologise for naive question, but one thing puzzles me. Let's say we observe two stars that have average brightness. One can easily see that they are not points, but those ...
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1answer
29 views

How to calculate the diameter of a moving circle from afar while lacking and knowing some information?

Let's say there is a solid wood wheel with two tires attached at the bottom travelling on a level road towards me while facing me width-wise (as in, the side of it from which you can see its ...
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2answers
83 views

Derivation of a kinematical equation [duplicate]

My question is, we can calculate distance of free falling objects with the equation of $d = \frac{1}{2}gt^2$ where $d$ is distance in meter, $t$ is time in seconds, but I wonder how we achieved this ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Beginner wondering about displacement

At the moment I am going to a physics camp. I also do vex robotics. I am trying to use the equations to help me build my robot perfectly. Right now I'm working on how fast the throwing wheels should ...