0
votes
1answer
34 views

Distance to the galaxy which has velocity which is perpendicular to the point of view of the static observer

Let's have the galaxy which has velocity which is perpendicular to the point of view of the static observer in the FLRW universe. It emits the light. There is a given redshift $z_{0}$. It will be easy ...
4
votes
5answers
419 views

How is distance measured to far away stars and galaxies?

What I need is an accurate description of the methods used to determine the distance to Andromeda. The Parallax method is for nearby objects as I presume. The red shift method applies, but how do you ...
1
vote
1answer
922 views

Relation between comoving distance and conformal time?

In cosmology, we have two quantities and I want to understand the physical relation between these two : $\chi = \int_{t_e}^{t_0}c\frac{dt'}{a(t')}$ : the comoving distance with $t_e$ the time at ...