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0
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2answers
63 views

How does viscosity cause dissipation? [closed]

I am not a physicist so bear with me. I'm trying to understand the mechanism through which energy is dissipated in a fluid or solid. Often the explanation is that it happens due to viscosity or ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Dissipation vs dephasing in master equation

I have a two-dimensional system, with Hamiltonian $H_s=ωσ_x$ which is interacted with the environment through $σ_z$. The decoherence process is described by a master equation like: $$∂ρ/∂t= −iω[σ_x,ρ]...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

DPD weight function

I was wondering about the connection between the weight function of the random force and the conservative force between DPD particles in a standard DPD simulation. Both usually have the form [Groot ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Sound wave dissipation near a solid body

In this answer to a Physics.SE question I found the following intriguing comment: Under typical conditions the sound absorption length is quite long, and not that much heat is produced. A more ...
1
vote
3answers
69 views

Work done in thermodynamics [duplicate]

The work done in thermodynamic process is given by the integral of Pdv and also we can write so assuming a quasi static process between two points. But this work is then non dissipative work or work ...
6
votes
0answers
46 views

Crack pattern of safety glass - what gives rise to spider web-like shape

When (laminated) security or shatter-proof glass fractures, the ensuing crack-pattern is often resembling a spider web, with radial and concentric cracks, see e.g. (Source: http://essentialhommemag....
0
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2answers
58 views

How to calculate energy loss in a rotating shaft?

Please help me with proper formula for below example. Imagine a rotating shaft 'X' with 2 gear wheels 'a' and 'b' of same dimensions. If energy applied to gear 'a' on the shaft through source A ...
7
votes
2answers
257 views

Damped oscillator: time-reversal, time-translation and dissipation

The equation of motion of a damped oscillator $$\frac{d^2x}{dt^2}+\gamma\frac{dx}{dt}+\omega_0^2x=0$$ which is invariant under time-translation $t\rightarrow t+a$, but not under time reversal $t\...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What kind of damping is this $F = -ax|x'|$?

From Applied Mathematics by Logan: A mass hanging on a spring is <...> governed by $$mx'' = -ax|x'| - kx$$ where $-ax|x'|$ is a nonlinear damping force. I looked up "nonlinear damping" ...
47
votes
6answers
6k views

Why does a system try to minimize its total energy?

Why does a system like to minimize its total energy? For example, the total energy of a $H_2$ molecule is smaller than the that of two two isolated hydrogen atoms and that is why two $H$ atoms tries ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Are all forces given by a field conservative forces?

When teaching us electromagnetism, our professor first introduced us to the concept of "field". Several lessons later, he proved that electric field force is a conservative force. But I think the ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Why does a ball eventually stop?

I was wondering, if the force of friction with the ground does not make any work on the ball and just give it the necessary torque to rotate (hence the consideration of static friction coefficient in ...
0
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2answers
121 views

Difference between stiffness and damping?

I understand stiffness as the extent to which an object (e.g. a mass spring) resists deformation from an applied force, or the rigidity of an object. And I understand damping as the energy ...
-5
votes
2answers
95 views

If I spinned a fan in a vacuum it will keep spinning forever. Why can we not make energy out of it? [duplicate]

Suppose we created a vacuum and spinned a turbine inside it with some amount of force. According to newton's second law it will keep spinning as there is no air resistance, so why can we not make ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Quantization of non-variational systems?

In undergraduate courses the introduction to Hamiltonian mechanics usually starts from a Newtonian view point. One has equations of motions of the form (not sure if it is ok to use covariant notation ...
2
votes
3answers
157 views

Where does the energy go when engine braking?

If you're in gear in a car and not accelerating, the car slows down faster than it would from just air resistance and tire deformation. In normal braking, the energy is turned into heat from the brake ...
1
vote
1answer
320 views

Perpetual motion machine with magnets [duplicate]

I have been recently made aware of the following motor, which uses two magnets and a wheel to generate motion, and the creator of this machine claims that this motion is perpetual. Here is a ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Change of energy into friction?

If I am pushing a car and it does not move, I am doing no mechanical work. However, I am changing the energy that was stored in my cells into heat energy (maybe sound energy if my hand slips off the ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Friction in Lagrangian Method [duplicate]

A uniform, flexible chain of length $l$, mass $m$, hangs off a frictionless table-top of height greater than $l$. The length of the part of rope hanging off is $x$. Gravity accelerates the part of the ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

Are gravitational waves dissipated and what is the mechanism? [duplicate]

I was amazed by the fact that we have been able to detect gravitational waves created thousands of year before they were observed. My surprise is that any wave phenomena I know it is always dissipated,...
0
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0answers
40 views

How is Thermal Design Power (TDP) related to Surface Power Density (SPD)

Although this question is kind of IT related I'm interested into the actual physical backgrounds and thus posting it here. I know that TDP is an indicator for dimension of the thermal dissipation ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Wronskian of complex second order linear differential equation

While studying certain analogue gravity models I came across a differential equation of the form: \begin{align} \frac{d^2y}{dz^2} + \omega^2 (z)~ y(z) = 0 \end{align} where $z$ is a complex variable ...
6
votes
5answers
184 views

A conceptual doubt regarding Forced Oscillations and Resonance

While studying about the Resonance and Forced Oscillations, I came across a graph in my textbook that is given below:- Now, the author writes As the amount of damping increases, the peak shifts ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Help with my bouncy ball lab (I know the factors just not how to approach them) [closed]

In my physics lab we need to determine the factors that account for the energy "loss" during a high bounce ball bounce. I know that energy is "lost" (not really) to heat, air resistance, and sound. ...
1
vote
8answers
466 views

Why not use our own light production to produce new energy instead of wasting it?

Why don't we use our own light production at night (I mean home, buildings, streets,..., lighting) to charge photovoltaic panels instead of wasting it?
3
votes
2answers
105 views

Dissipative forces and reversible processes

A book that I have contains the following lines: For a process to be reversible, the dissipative forces such as viscosity and friction should be absent. My question is why?
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Liouville's theorem for systems with dissipation described by a single hamiltonian

Following this link, one can treat dissipation in the lagrangian by using a factor $e^{\frac{t \beta}{ m}}$ in addition to the Lagrangian $L_0$ of a system without disspation: $ L_0[q, \dot{q}] = \...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Intuitive explanation for subsonic Fanno flow

In most situations in physics, the effect of kinetic friction is to reduce the macroscopic kinetic energy of a system and convert it into heat, thereby increasing its temperature. but in the case of ...
0
votes
3answers
108 views

A moving bus suddenly stops. Is its momentum destroyed?

Absolutely not but how does momentum transfer to surrounding (ground, air particles)?
2
votes
4answers
163 views

Why current loses its energy?

Can someone explain or give a link to explanation why current looses its energy? For example in simple circuit with lamp. I understand that the energy is spent for heating and lighting. But how ...
1
vote
0answers
142 views

Friction in Lagrangian formulation

We know the Lagrange equations are: $$\frac{\partial \mathcal{L}}{\partial q_i}-\frac{d}{dt}\left(\frac{\partial \mathcal{L}}{\partial \dot{q_i}}\right)=0.$$ Then, when we add friction in there, we ...
-3
votes
1answer
67 views

Do you know the principle which says that connecting two sources of similar kind produces a waste and destruction? [closed]

There is a great article, called commutation cells, which states that you cannot transfer kinetic energy from one container to another immediately, bypassing the potential energy storage. Otherwise, ...
8
votes
2answers
352 views

A false proof of drag force being conservative

Consider a particle moving along some trajectory in the $x$-$y$ plane, in a viscous medium. Then its equation of motion is given by: $$\mathbf{F}_d = - b \mathbf{v} .$$ it's well-known from the ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Dissipation in hyperbolic and spherical space

Say that we have a point that emits point particles that all travel at the same velocity in a random direction and neither their velocity nor their direction changes and neither does the position of ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

What is the difference between damping and friction?

What is the difference between damping and friction? Both of them slows down any moving system. So whats the conceptual difference between them?
0
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2answers
283 views

Temperature rise during friction

Why does the temperature increase when the load increases during friction? Why does the temperature increase when the contact time increases during friction?
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does friction produce heat?

What causes two objects sliding against each other to produce heat? Why don't they generate visible light or something else?
1
vote
2answers
249 views

Appearance of the Jerk Term in Dynamics of Mass-Spring-Damper System

I am coming from the computer science territory and have not a long trace in mechanics. My background in derivation of the system dynamics could be summarized with utilization of the ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Do time-invariant Hamiltonians define closed systems?

In classical mechanics, every time-invariant Hamiltonian represents a closed dynamical system? Can every closed dynamical system be represented as a time-invariant Hamiltonian? Or are there closed ...
1
vote
5answers
277 views

What happens to the kinetic energy of a dropped ball when it comes to rest on the ground?

If we want to drop a ball from a height, we calculated that potential energy at bottom is zero and we say it is converted into kinetic energy. At that movement, if it is a kind of sand, we find it ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

How is energy dissipated in a travelling em wave

How is energy dissipated in a travelling em wave. Will there be any dissipation if it were to travel trough vaccum ?
1
vote
3answers
192 views

Diffuse laser light in a surface

Im building a laser target. It consists of a box, with a black plexiglass circle in the center of one of its sides, and a larger white circle around it. The black for the inside shots, and the white ...
1
vote
2answers
155 views

Do transformers lose energy?

EDIT: The title should rather be how/why transformers lose energy My idea of a transformer is that it is composed of two separate wire windings around some metal core. The purpose is to increase/...
0
votes
1answer
205 views

Is it possible to formulate a Hamiltonian for a damped system? [duplicate]

I recently found out that it is possible to formulate a Hamiltonian for a system with time-dependent coordinates such that the Hamiltonian is not the same as the energy When is the Hamiltonian of a ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

Lagrangian formalism application on a particle falling system with air resistance

I have this problem, with a first-step resolution: $$...$$ So, I just don't know why they put the term $\frac{\partial F}{\partial \dot{z}}$ in Euler-Lagrange's equations. Why? I know that the ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

General relation between power density of any engine and dissiapation rate and temperature

Many years ago ( before my university studies ) I read that renewable resources are fundamentally limited by laws of thermodynamics to produce energy very slowly (low specific power or power density) ...
4
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2answers
320 views

What makes quantum decoherence different from dissipation?

From my understanding quantum decoherence and dissipation are completely different ways of modelling information loss to the environment. Dissipation can be modeled using the Caldeira-Leggett model ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Lagrangian for second-order system

Given an $n$-dimensional second-order system $$\ddot q^i-\sum_{j=1}^n A^i_j\dot q^j=0,$$ where $A$ is a constant matrix, is it possible to find a Lagrangian such that the above equation is the ...
6
votes
1answer
667 views

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian EOM with dissipative force

I am trying to write the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the forced Harmonic oscillator before quantizing it to get to the quantum picture. For EOM $$m\ddot{q}+\beta\dot{q}+kq=f(t),$$ I write the ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

What is the physical interpretation of the linear coefficient in this ODE for projectile motion?

For the second order ODE governing the position of a projectile subject to air resistance $$ m\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} +k\frac{dx}{dt}+mg=0 \quad k>0, \> x(0)=0, \> x'(0)=V>0 $$ a non-...