When we talk about a medium with dispersion, we can define the phase velocity $v_\phi = \omega/k$ and the group velocity $v_g = d\omega/dk$. Likewise the phase index $n = c/v_\phi$ and the group index ...
1) I understand light dispersion. But, I wonder what happens if I used a lens to focus it into a small point. Would it be a white point (would it reverse dispersion) or would I have a multicolored ...
I am somewhat puzzled by a common formulation of the Fermat principle (light travel time), because it contains index of refraction related to phase velocity while light travel time through a slab of ...