3
votes
1answer
38 views

In 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional universes, stellar systems and galaxies are flat and disky. But what about in 4-dimensional universes?

I just watched that interesting video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tmNXKqeUtJM In 2 dimensions a cloud of particles rotating in a plane is flat by definition since it's in 2 dimensions. ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Instantons as a -1 dimensional object

I don't know much about Instantons, and looking through the Wiki page it seems like one must have a lot of knowledge about QFT to understand them. However recently I've encountered a statement (which ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Coordinates of the extra dimensions

If we live in more than three spatial dimensions, is it not right to conclude that all matter observable to us shares almost the same coordinates of extra dimensions. Or is it just that ordinary ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Can the compactified dimensions of M-Theory/String Theory become uncurled?

Is it possible for the curled dimensions described in superstring theories to become uncurled and open up. I have read that the big bang could have been the uncurling over 3 dimensions through ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

If QFT is a sum over 1-D topologies and String Theory over 2-D topologies, what is the corresponding theory for N-D topologies?

My understanding is that perturbative QFT can essentially be described as a weighted sum over 1-D topologies (ie Feynman graphs), and String theory is essentially the generalization to a sum over 2-D ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

Does string/M-theory address higher-dimensional membrane vibration modes?

A loop is a 1-sphere that can vibrate in increasingly complex ways as it is embedded in higher dimensional spaces. Does string theory assume that 1-spheres are the only possible vibrating ...
2
votes
0answers
274 views

Tree level and loop level

I'm trying to read through a paper which explains the following about Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) vs ADD models: The new feature of the UED scenario compared to the brane world is that ...
3
votes
2answers
330 views

String theory: why not use $n$-dimensional blocks/objects/branes?

I have a basic question: if we use 1d string to replace 0d particle to gain insight of nature in string theory, and advanced to use 2d membranes, can we imagine that using $3$- or $n$-dimensional ...
6
votes
1answer
170 views

Critical dimension in quantization of p-branes

So I have what might be a fairly basic question, but my understanding that in the quantization of the the string, or the 1-brane, there are conditions on the number of spacetime dimensions to ensure ...
12
votes
2answers
700 views

Why one-dimensional strings, but not higher-dimensional shells/membranes?

One way that I've seen to sort-of motivate string theory is to 'generalize' the relativistic point particle action, resulting in the Nambu-Goto action. However, once you see how to make this ...