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2
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1answer
207 views

Diffracton at the edges of an opaque object?

To understand the phenomenon of diffraction as an interference effects of several dipole oscillators (like in case of several symmetrical, not sawtooth, scratches in a diffraction grating), we ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Reciprocal space maps units

I have seen reciprocal space maps in different units. In some figures, it is represented in delta(l) delta(h) reciprocal space maps units. In some figures it is shown in Q(parallel) and Q(normal) ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Is diffraction through an aperture similar to diffraction by a plane of atoms?

I'm asking because I have a problem asking me what the diffraction pattern would be if instead of spherical atoms I'd have triangular atoms. I can't find anything about this in my X-ray diffraction ...
8
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6answers
1k views

Why does a wave actually diffract?

I know that waves diffract around a slit and this is due to the Huygens-Fresnel principle. But I never understand this in an intuitive wave that why does a wave become a spherical wave front at the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Relationship between slit size and wavelength in diffraction

Almost in every book on physics we can find a statement like "diffraction gets stronger when the size of the slit is comparable to the wavelength". Let's say we have a wall in a bathtub with a slit in ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Is that a result of thin-film interference?

Several years ago, I was laying on my bed and had a CD shaped transparent plastic disk (which was covering a 100 CD stack), basically a transparent CD. I don't know why but I took my phone and took a ...
5
votes
2answers
144 views

Smaller Airy disk with another lens?

Is it possible to reduce the airy disk size produced by one lens with another lens placed after the previous one? For example, parallel ray incident on first lens L1 (without aberration), then there ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

How many atoms does one need to get reliable crystal information with X ray or electron diffraction?

I know that, in theoretical derivations of X ray diffraction (XRD) or electron diffraction (ED), we always assume an infinite lattice, and, as you make the crystal smaller, edge effects start to ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Slit width for minimum spot size in electron slit diffraction if involving uncertainity principle

I don't believe the following is an accurate description of the physical but a homework problem to help understanding. A beam of electron of energy 0.025 eV moving along x-direction, passes ...
8
votes
1answer
285 views

How fat is Feynman’s photon?

According to my calculations, it is a lot skinnier than Airy’s photon, but still a whole lot fatter than a straight line. So, how does a photon get from point A to Point B? The ray optics ...
0
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0answers
62 views

Smallest view-able object by radio wave or UV magnification with metamaterial?

What is the theoretical and in practice microscopic maximum/best resolution of a meta material radio wave XOR UV lens (assuming diffraction or beyond diffraction techniques)? I'd also like to use ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Band-limited double-step Fresnel diffraction for images with radio waves?

Is it possible to use band-limited double-step Fresnel diffraction to assemble a holographic image with radio waves? If not is there a simular principle?
1
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0answers
18 views

Modeling the diffraction of arbitrary electric fields by diffraction gratings

I have read from many sources that the Fraunhoffer diffraction pattern is the Fourier transform of the grating. But I feel like these explanations do not take into account the curvature of the initial ...
0
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0answers
10 views

Transmission of porous membrane with vertical cylindrical pores

There is some porous dielectric membrane with strictly vertical cylindrical pores. I would like to find theoreticaly optical transmission spectra of this membrane, depending on the bulk material ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Single slit diffraction pattern in 2D

I was looking at previous exams and I saw a question with single slit diffraction. Please look at picture on the website: http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?p=4807732#post4807732 So, this ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

If outside a cylindrical solenoid exist an electrical field what does that mean to the Aharonov-Bohm Effect?

To the question "What is the electric field outside a cylindrical solenoid when inside is turned on a magnetic field" the answer is that outside exists a electric field. Does that mean that the ...
16
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4answers
2k views

Trying to combine red, green and blue to produce white

I tried to mimic the mechanism of typical screens to produce white color out of red, green and blue. What I did is displayed the attached image on the screen, and moved far away as to let the ...
21
votes
8answers
1k views

Why does wavelength affect diffraction?

I have seen many questions of this type but I could nowhere find the answer to "why". I know this is a phenomenon which has been seen and discovered and we know it happens and how it happens. But my ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Difference Between Fraunhofer and Fresnel Diffraction

What is the difference between Fraunhofer diffraction and Fresnel diffraction? I mean diffraction is just bending of light waves or waves in general around a point. So how can there be two types of ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Crystal diffraction for waves vs particles

I thought that I understand the "Bragg's Law" understanding of crystal diffraction, but recently I read something that made me confused. I understand that if the planes in the crystal have ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Bandpass of diffraction grating - exit slit width?

I'm supposed to derive a relation for the range of wavelengths that's being transmitted by a spectrometer (bandpass) in terms of the dispersion, focal length and exit slit width. Given grating is ...
1
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3answers
92 views

Is there an atomic level explanation for diffraction of light around opaque aperture?

It has always been a hard time understanding the phenomenon of diffraction of light around opaque objects. Hoe does it happen? Why does transparent objects do not diffract light? What quantum ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

diffraction from sphere solution

I want to solve a problem of plane wave diffraction by a large sphere. There is a formula that I found from papers, but I think needs numerical solution. please help me to solve it The formula is ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Diffraction of electron through graphite film

"Electrons of wavelength 434 nm are directed into a thin film of graphite. Will they diffract?" Ignoring relativistic effects, I used de Brogile's relation, $p = \frac{h}{\lambda}$, to determine ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Fabry Perot Etalon - changing wavelength and plate distance

Given reflectivity $R = 0.75$, an etalon is used as an interference filter, transmitting light of wavelength $4.3\mu m$ at normal incidence. The full width half maximum is about $\Delta \lambda = 0.2 ...
2
votes
3answers
170 views

Young's Double Slit Experiment : What would happen if the “first slit” was too wide?

I was wondering what would happen to the fringe pattern displayed on the screen if the first slit (as shown in the picture), which is also known as "single slit", was made a bit wider. I read it in ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Covering centeremost slit of a N slit diffraction grating - what happens?

For an N-slit diffraction grating, the distance from a maxima to a minima at order p is given by $$\delta \theta = \frac{\lambda}{Np}$$ What happens to this width when the centremost $\frac{N}{2}$ ...
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0answers
32 views

Quick question on convolution - Diffraction through a pair of slits

We know that the fourier transform of the amplitude function (in terms of $y$) gives you the amplitude function (in terms of $\theta$) Consider a pair of triangular slits: Fourier transform of ...
0
votes
0answers
279 views

Simulating the Interference Pattern of Fraunhofer Diffraction by a Single Slit

I'm attempting to simulate the Fraunhofer diffraction pattern due to a single slit. We know that the intensity at an angle $\theta$ is $I(\theta)=I_0 \text{sinc} ^2(\beta)$ where ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Help in understanding the derivation for Fresnel Distance?

An Aperture of size $a$ illuminated by a parallel beam sends diffracted beam (the central maxima) in angular width approximately $λ/a$. Travelling a distance $z$, it aquires the width $zλ/a$ due to ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Diffraction grating zeroth order intensity

I don't understand how the zeroth order intensity maximum works. The intensity of a transmission diffraction grating is: $$I=I_0\sin^2(β/2)/(β/2)^2\sin^2(Nγ/2)/\sin^2(γ/2)$$ Where $γ =kd\sin(θ)$, ...
3
votes
2answers
404 views

White light diffraction

I have a hard time understanding why light waves of different wavelengths diffract in a different manner. According to Huygens' principle, every point on the wavefront is a source of a secondary wave. ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

Interesting relationship between diffraction and Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle?

I recently came across an interesting explanation of diffraction through an aperture which does not use Huygens' Construction but instead relies on Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle: The ...
0
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1answer
235 views

Rayleigh diffraction by circular aperture

I am a beginner to physics and would need an explanation on a statement in a book "Karttunen, Fundamental astronomy". In a section named "Rayleigh diffraction by circular aperture", author states: ...
184
votes
7answers
11k views

How does light bend around my finger tip?

When I close one eye and put the tip of my finger near my open eye, it seems as if the light from the background image bends around my finger slightly, warping the image near the edges of my blurry ...
0
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0answers
26 views

Direct optical observation of the Arago spot: what would one see?

The Arago/Poisson spot is an excellent example of a constructive interference of diffracted light. In the traditional experimental layout, you observe projected light on the screen. The theory in this ...
3
votes
1answer
512 views

Fresnel Diffraction at a circular aperture

In Fresnel Diffraction at a circular aperture the central image according to 'Optics' by brij lal and subramanyam will be bright if odd number of full half-period zones can be ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Optical Spectra and the Diffraction Grating

I'm doing a lab where we are identifying different gases by their diffraction spectra. This what my lab book says: Verify and calibrate your spectrometer, by measuring Hg and Ne. Measure ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Diffraction, wave length

I read that when we want to study the structure of a crystal we have to use an electromagnetic wave which has a wave length of approximately the distance between two consecutive atoms in the crystal. ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Why is a flower shaped diffraction occluder the best solution for controlling diffraction?

According to this TED talk by Jeremy Kasdin, Nasa is planning to spend $1bn on a "Starshade" project, where a giant flower shaped metal eclipser 20 meters wide is placed 50k kilometers in front of a ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

Why are there interference patterns inside a diffraction envelope?

When double-slit diffraction occurs, there are interference patterns inside, say, the central diffraction maxima (or envelope). I am trying to understand how these interference fringes are created. ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Fraunhofer Diffraction using lenses [duplicate]

I've come across a question that I don't know how to tackle: An alternative way of observing Fraunhofer diffraction uses lenses to provide appropriate conditions. Sketch an optical configuration ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Calculating the distance between Detector and Double Slit

I have a little problem that is kind of confusing me at the moment. The following task: Light of the wavelength $\lambda = 500nm$ hits a double slit whose distance is $a = 30\mu m$. Each is $a = ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

Diffraction by a lens

The fraunhoffer treatment of circular apertures yields a diffraction pattern of circles, with the first minimum (dark ring) at an angular radius of $\theta$ where $\sin(\theta)=1.22\lambda/b$, where ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Why does diffraction depend on wavelength? [closed]

We've all heard of the diffraction of radio waves over a mountain and the diffraction of water waves through a gap, but why does this effect depend on wavelength? I'm looking for as simple answer as ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Fraunhofer Diffraction [closed]

A 1-dimensional aperture is illuminated by a parallel beam of light of wavelength $\lambda$ and the diffraction pattern is viewed on a distance screen. Show that the amplitude of the diffraction ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

Huygen's principle in EM waves

In trying to understand diffraction, I keep coming across Huygen's principle as the why behind diffraction, and I think I understand the principle itself all right. However, I was hoping to find an ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Amateur moon laser ranging

Questions first, then my rough estimations: 1) Is it possible to perform moon laser ranging with amateur motorized 114mm telescope? My calculations suggest that for 1mJ laser it should receive ~2 ...
2
votes
2answers
555 views

Fresnel distance and Geometrical limit

I read about the geometrical limit of wave theory. The source from where I read had a slightly different explanation to provide than here(The more rigorous answer is too complicated for me to ...
3
votes
2answers
269 views

Photons-Wave/particle duality

I know that photons and electrons and such are said to have a wave particle duality, but what does that mean for a photon? When light strikes an object, are many photons emitted, enough to draw ...