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5
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1answer
187 views

Integrating Factor Solution for Plasma Wave Equation

As part of a derivation in Bernstein '58 [1] a linear first-order (eqn. (9) in the image) appears: But the general solution I would usually take (as appears in Gradshteyn and Ryzhik and checked in ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Massless limit to massive scalar in AdS space

I was trying to solve massive scalar wave equation in AdS spacetime (or rather in BTZ). I noticed few funny things : The $m\to 0$ limit to the solution is subtle. One of the two independent ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Could you give boundary conditions to the gravitational potential given the density distribution?

We´re doing a project that's all about solving differential equations with separation of variables. We´re trying to find the gravitational potential given the density distribution (that has azimuthal ...
7
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0answers
65 views

Can one classify partial differential equations according to the causality properties of their solutions (and if yes, then how)?

Recently, I bumped into this interesting comment by Valter Moretti which made me wonder about the following, more general question (to which I suspect the answer is affirmative): Can we easily tell, ...
5
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0answers
139 views

on fundamental 2D conductivity equation boundary value problem

Consider the following homogeneous boundary value problem for a function/potential $u(x,y)$ on the infinite strip $[-\infty,\infty]\times[0,\pi/4]$ w/positive periodic coefficient/nductivity ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

Is there a proof that the number of eigenstates is countable for a bound system?

When you solve Schrödinger equation for a free particle with no boundary conditions your eigen states are indexed by quantum number $k \in \mathbb R $ and $\mathbb R$ isn't countable but if you add a ...
4
votes
0answers
177 views

Naive questions on the classical equations of motion from the Chern-Simons Lagrangian

Consider a Chern-Simons Lagrangian $\mathscr{L}=\mathbf{e}^2-b^2+g\epsilon^{\mu \nu \lambda} a_\mu\partial _\nu a_\lambda$ in 2+1 dimensions, where the 'electromagnetic' fields are $e_i=\partial ...
4
votes
0answers
118 views

Solution of QM tasks by using asymptotics

When we solve QM tasks by solving Schrodinger equation, such as tasks about particle in Morse potential, Poschl-Teller potential and many others, we usually find an approximations (lets call them as ...
3
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0answers
64 views

Linear KDV eq. asymptotics

The question arises from the book Solitons by P. G. Drazin about the linearized KDV eq. $$ u_t+u_{xxx}=0 $$ My first step was to take a Fourier transform of the equation, find that the dispersion ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Non-linear Wave Equation - Numerical Methods

Motivation: I'm working with a highly non-linear spherical wave-like equation (second order PDE). The equation can be written on the form $$\ddot{u} = f(t, \dot{u},\dot{u}',u',u'')$$ where ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Wronskian of complex second order linear differential equation

While studying certain analogue gravity models I came across a differential equation of the form: \begin{align} \frac{d^2y}{dz^2} + \omega^2 (z)~ y(z) = 0 \end{align} where $z$ is a complex variable ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Transform QM radial equation to spherical Bessel equation

I'm currently learning about spherical potentials (ex. hydrogen and hydrogen-like systems) and am trying to work through the problem of a generic spherical potential well such as: $$V(r) = ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Non-Linear O.D.E

I have reached a set of ODE as \begin{align} &\ddot{\vec{a}}(t)+\omega_0^2\frac{\cos{(b(t))}\sin{(a(t))}}{a(t)}\vec{a}(t)=0\\ &\ddot{b}(t)+\omega_0^2\cos{(a(t))}\sin{(b(t))}=0 \end{align} ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Time responses (position and speed) of system

This is a basic question regarding state space representation and differential equations. I want to find the time response of states $x_{1} = x$ and $x_{2} = \dot{x}$ of the following system: $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Is the diffusion coefficient time-dependent?

It is known that in the partial differential equation: $$u_t=au_{xx} $$ within the limits $0<x<1$ and $a>0$, the diffusion coefficient, arises in the mathematical modelling of a process of ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

What is the essential concept behind the difference in the fundamental solutions of the Stokes and Poisson equations?

The fundamental solutions, i.e., the solution with a point source, of the Poisson's equation and the Stokes equations in 3D are: $$\nabla^2 f=\delta(\boldsymbol x) \ \Longrightarrow\ G(\boldsymbol ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Locus of a moving mass point

Two very small mass particles $m_1$, $m_2$ are connected by a $2l$ long, infinitely soft and inelastic thread without mass. The initial condition of the system before being freely released is as in ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Regular initial data

I have a very basic question. What exactly is meant by "regular" initial data in general relativity? Does it mean smooth? at least $C^{2}$? All literature on the subject just uses this term without ...
2
votes
0answers
213 views

Solving the equation of relativistic motion

How does one solve the tensor differential equation for the relativistic motion of a partilcle of charge $e$ and mass $m$, with 4-momentum $p^a$ and electromagnetic field tensor $F_{ab}$ of a constant ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Cooling of a surface due to fluid passing over it

I am working on a project that requires me to measure the cooling effect of a liquid flowing through a surface. In order for me to effectively calculate the cooling effect, the solution of the below ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Contradictory argument to continous energy spectrum in quantum mechanics

The Schrodinger equation can be formulated as a regular Sturm-Liouville problem along with proper boundary conditions. Now the solution of regular Sturm Liouville problems with suitable boundary ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Existence of a solution for geodesic differential equations for a singular metric

In order to determine the geodesics, one must solve the following set of differential equations \begin{align} \frac{d^2 x^j}{ds^2} + {j\brace h\,\,k}\frac{dx^h}{ds}\frac{dx^k}{ds} = 0, \end{align} ...
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vote
0answers
14 views

Attractors in Duffing equation

The Duffing equation in its full form is $$\ddot{x} + \delta \dot{x} -ax + \beta x^3 = \gamma \cos(\omega t)$$ Now for specific values of the parameters several attractors exist (or not). Let's ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Steady-state solution of Fokker-Planck DE

I have this differential equation: $$\frac{\partial f}{\partial t} = \frac{1}{\tau_s v^2} \frac{\partial}{\partial v}(v^3+v_c^3)f + S$$ It is a Fokker-Planck equation that describes collisional ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Physical explanation for dependence of initial conditions when solving differential equations using NDSolve

I'm checking some results in this [paper] and I'm currently having some issues with solving a set of differential equations (section 2 and 3.1-3.2 in the paper). I'm finding values to depend on an ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Is there a second order differential wave equation that only allows a finite set of discrete eigenvalues?

I tried constructing a second order differential wave equation that only allows a finite set of discrete eigenvalues by using the power series expansion such as \begin{align} A_{j+2} = ...
1
vote
0answers
425 views

A general solution to continuity equation

Let us write the standard continuity equation $$\frac{\partial \rho}{\partial t} + \vec{\nabla} \cdot \vec{\jmath} = 0.$$ Should the relation $\vec{\jmath} = \rho \vec{v}$ be considered as a general ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Derivation of cylindrical line heat source problem?

I have a line heat source embedded inside a cylinder and I am trying to find the temperature distribution T(r,t). By using the similarity variable, the solution to the differential equation is ...
1
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0answers
98 views

coordinate change differential equation polar

I noticed that v [in step (2.5)] is not the same as the terms from the first formula, even if they are related.. I tried to understand how did he reach to this ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Reattachment of differential equation in Physics

The following differential equation: $$xf'(x) + f(x) = 2x$$ Has solutions on the intervals $]-∞;0[$ and $]0;+∞[$ : $$f(x) = x + a/x$$ $$f(x) = x + b/x$$ I obtained the only common to the two ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Is there a “natural” way to interpolate between a set of bound state wave functions?

Consider for example the Coulomb potential, $-Z/r$, for which there exist a set of bound states with energy $\epsilon_n := {-Z^2 \over 2 n^2}$ (in Hartree). If I want the "wavefunctions" for some ...
0
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0answers
31 views

How to solve numerically or analytically this Partial Differential Equation?

:D I'm modeling a problem of ecology with PDEs, So I gotta solve numerically this Reaction-Diffusion Partial Differential Equation $$ \frac{\partial u(t,x,y)}{\partial t}=D\Big( ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

IBP Identities to solve differential equation

I am wondering if anyone has experience in using IBP( Integration by parts) identities in the evaluation of Feynman diagrams via differential equations? My question is that I can't seem to understand ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Physical background to the ODE $y'(x) + \frac{1}{x} = y(x)$

Most books on asymptotic methods start with a discussion on the ODE $y'(x) + \frac{1}{x} = y(x)$, which has solution $$y(x) = \int_0^{\infty} \frac{e^{-xt}}{1+t} \,dt. $$ A discussion on the ...
0
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0answers
71 views

Lang-Kobayashi rate equation derivation

The Lang-Kobayashi rate equations of a semiconductor laser experiencing feedback are as follows: \begin{align*} \frac{d}{dt}\left(E(t)e^{i\omega t}\right) &= \left[\omega_N(n) + \frac{1}{2}(G(n) ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

How can I get the boundary and initial conditions of the convection–diffusion equation consistant?

I want to solve the 1D convection–diffusion equation. The boundary conditions are a flux in from the bottom and a flux out on the top. Furthermore I want no concentration inside at the beginning. I ...
0
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0answers
95 views

Spring-mass system with variable stifness $m \ddot{x}+k(x)x=0$, time period is known, stifness is unknown

This question is somewhat related to my previous question: What is the time period of an oscillator with varying spring constant? In that question, time period of mass-spring system with variable ...
0
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0answers
38 views

What is the scale factor of a hyperbolic universe?

I wanted to derive the solution to this question from the Friedmann equations myself but I ran into some trouble. I was working in natural units where $c=G=1$, then, for brevity, I defined ...
0
votes
0answers
110 views

1D drift-diffusion equation with single absorbing boundary

If we have just the simple diffusion equation (in 1D): $$ \frac{\partial P(x,t)}{\partial t} = D \frac{\partial^2 P(x,t)}{\partial x^2} $$ with an absorbing boundary at x=0 and initial condition ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Example of a physically motivated jerk equation

When I say jerk equation, I mean a differential equation of the form: $\frac{d^{3}x}{dt^{3}} = f\big( x(t), \frac{dx}{dt}, \frac{d^{2}x}{dt^{2}} \big) $ I am doing some work in dynamical systems, ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Initial conditions for second order ODE with complex stiffness

I tried this on Math Stack Exchange. I'm trying to find initial conditions to ensure systems of the form stay bounded $$\ddot{x}_i+\sum_{j=1}^N k_{ij} x_j = 0, \quad k_{ij} \in \mathbb{C}.$$ For ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Derivation of the Stuart Landau time dependent amplitude time evolution equation for Hopf or Pitchfork bifurcations

I am studying the Hopf / Pitchfork bifurcations, the ordinary differential equation of which is: $$\dot x = x \ (\rho - x^2)$$ Which is a cubic order equation which describes the time evolution of ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Energy Oscillations in a One Dimensional Crystal?

Can anyone help me find articles on similar topics "Energy Oscillations in a One Dimensional Crystal" (I have links to one article on this subject)? article, that I have Especially interested in ...
0
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0answers
36 views

What discrete form of the wave equation do you need to use to make a wave simulation?

I'm working my way through these blog posts about the wave equation. All has made sense up until now. The wave equation is $$ \frac{\partial^2h}{\partial t^2} = c^2 \frac{\partial^2h}{\partial x^2} ...
0
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0answers
30 views

What are maximally dissipative boundary conditions?

I ran into this term when reading about the initial boundary value problem in general relativity. They seem to be relevant when you need to impose boundary conditions on a timelike boundary, for ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Galerkin-type weak formulation for electrokinetics

I am currently working on finite element simulations about electrokinetics. My solver (getdp) accepts directly galerkin-type weak formulation of equations. I am thus trying to write my equations in ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

General boundary condition for 1D heat equation

I'm studying from Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations by K.W.Morton and D.F.Mayers (Amazon link). I'm confused with general boundary conditions. Could someone give me a clue? For ...
0
votes
0answers
552 views

Coupled mass spring system with damping and initial values

After researching through the web, I can't figure out how to express into a differential equation a coupled mass spring system with damping and initial values. Two masses and two springs, no external ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

Boundary conditions for 2D helical waveguide

I'm interested in looking at standing wave solutions for the wave equation on a 2D annulus, with the twist that the annulus is "streched" in to a helix in 3D, but so that the rings themselves are ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

What's the physical interpretation of constants in Laplace equation and diffusion equation?

What's the physical interpretation of constants in wave equation and diffusion equation? $$u_{tt}=c^2u_{xx},$$ $$u_{t}=ku_{xx}.$$ Please introduce some reference about mathematical modeling of ...