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-1
votes
1answer
47 views

What's the difference between wave equation in PDE form and wave equation in normal form?

What's the difference between "wave equation in partial derivative form" and "wave equation in y(x,t) form" ? Are they both same? And why "wave equation in in y(x,t) form" is the solution of "wave ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Help recognizing partial differential equation

I would be very grateful if someone could tell me something about the following partial differential equation: $$ \frac{\partial U}{\partial t} = K * (\frac{\partial^2 U}{\partial r^2} + ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Initial conditions for second order ODE with complex stiffness

I tried this on Math Stack Exchange. I'm trying to find initial conditions to ensure systems of the form stay bounded $$\ddot{x}_i+\sum_{j=1}^N k_{ij} x_j = 0, \quad k_{ij} \in \mathbb{C}.$$ For ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Derivation of the Stuart Landau time dependent amplitude time evolution equation for Hopf or Pitchfork bifurcations

I am studying the Hopf / Pitchfork bifurcations, the ordinary differential equation of which is: $$\dot x = x \ (\rho - x^2)$$ Which is a cubic order equation which describes the time evolution of ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Integrating Factor Solution for Plasma Wave Equation

As part of a derivation in Bernstein '58 [1] a linear first-order (eqn. (9) in the image) appears: But the general solution I would usually take (as appears in Gradshteyn and Ryzhik and checked in ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Non-Linear O.D.E

I have reached a set of ODE as \begin{align} &\ddot{\vec{a}}(t)+\omega_0^2\frac{\cos{(b(t))}\sin{(a(t))}}{a(t)}\vec{a}(t)=0\\ &\ddot{b}(t)+\omega_0^2\cos{(a(t))}\sin{(b(t))}=0 \end{align} ...
-1
votes
0answers
12 views

Integro-Differential Equations [migrated]

I was looking for elementary examples of integro-differential equations, and I wondered would the following equation, $\frac{d^{2}x}{dt^{2}} = \frac{GM}{x^{2}}$ qualify as a valid example? Because it ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Energy Oscillations in a One Dimensional Crystal?

Can anyone help me find articles on similar topics "Energy Oscillations in a One Dimensional Crystal" (I have links to one article on this subject)? article, that I have Especially interested in ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

Does spatial coupling prohibit resonances due to an external source field?

The harmonic oscillator coupled to a sinodial external source $$\frac{\partial^2 x(t)}{\partial t^2}+\omega_0^2 x(t)=F_0\sin(\omega_\text{ext}\ t),$$ has the solution $$x(t)=x(0)\cos(\omega_0 t)+C ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Is there any physically relevant example of constructing series solution about infinity of an ordinary differential equation?

I was reading about how to test if a given second order ordinary differential equation has singularity at infinity from Arfken and Weber. I understood the steps mathematically but I could not find its ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

What discrete form of the wave equation do you need to use to make a wave simulation?

I'm working my way through these blog posts about the wave equation. All has made sense up until now. The wave equation is $$ \frac{\partial^2h}{\partial t^2} = c^2 \frac{\partial^2h}{\partial x^2} ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

What is meant by “method of approximate numerical method” or “method of digital computer” for solving the differential equation of resistive force?

I was reading "motion against resistive forces" in Newtonian Mechanics by A.P. French; here is the excerpt: [...] In general, the resistive force $\mathbf{R}$ is is a function of speed, so that ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Causality and natural modeling of physical systems using integral forms [closed]

I posed a closely related question here but it received a tumbleweeds award. So I thought I would post it from a different angle to see if I can illicit at least some thoughtful comments if not ...
-2
votes
1answer
38 views

Do delay differential equations (DDEs) ever describe real-world phenomena? [closed]

I've recently become interested in DDEs, but I don't know much about them. A DDE has the form $$\begin{align*}\dot{x}(t) = f(t, x(t - \tau)) && \tau > 0\end{align*}$$ My understanding ...
3
votes
2answers
63 views

Numerical modelling of a step function in time in a hydrodynamic system. (Runge Kutta fourth order)

So I'm trying to model a hydrodynamic system that introduces a sudden "jump" in the value of a function at a specific time. The system is solved with a Runge-Kutta fourth order method. I have a ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

What are maximally dissipative boundary conditions?

I ran into this term when reading about the initial boundary value problem in general relativity. They seem to be relevant when you need to impose boundary conditions on a timelike boundary, for ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Recurrence differential equations

We all know recurrence equations like e.q. Fibonacci relation $$F_{n} = F_{n-1} + F_{n+1}$$ In order to find general expression for any $n$, we can use generating function method $$G(x) = ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Time responses (position and speed) of system

This is a basic question regarding state space representation and differential equations. I want to find the time response of states $x_{1} = x$ and $x_{2} = \dot{x}$ of the following system: $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Accuracy of differential equations [closed]

We use differential equations to model the world around us. For example, the logistic differential equation $$\frac{dx}{dt} = rP\left(1-\frac PK\right)$$ is used to model population. However, it ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Heat Equation with In-Depth Radiation Exact Solution [closed]

I am looking to solve the heat conduction equation in a semi-infinite solid with in-depth radiation on the domain $-\infty < x < 0$. The governing equation of this problem is: $$\rho c ...
1
vote
3answers
50 views

General solution to the wave equation proving dependence on $x \pm vt$

I am trying to solve for a general solution to the wave function and demonstrate any solution has the form $f(x,t) = f_L (x+vt) + f_R (x-vt)$ I have used separation of variables f(x,t)=X(x)T(t) to ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

How to solve highly oscillating differential equation [closed]

The equation looks like: $$x''(t)+bx'(t)+c x(t)+dx^3(t)=0.$$ This is the motion of a particle in a potential $cx^2/2+dx^4/4$ with friction force $bx'$. In my case, the friction term is very small and ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Modifying differential equations representing a projectile system to account for an arbitrary force

The following series of differential equations represents a projectile's path when solved (g=9.81): Here is some sample output from this system (with initial values x,y=0, v=1500, theta=1.33): I ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Could you give boundary conditions to the gravitational potential given the density distribution?

We´re doing a project that's all about solving differential equations with separation of variables. We´re trying to find the gravitational potential given the density distribution (that has azimuthal ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Galerkin-type weak formulation for electrokinetics

I am currently working on finite element simulations about electrokinetics. My solver (getdp) accepts directly galerkin-type weak formulation of equations. I am thus trying to write my equations in ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Is the diffusion coefficient time-dependent?

It is known that in the partial differential equation: $$u_t=au_{xx} $$ within the limits $0<x<1$ and $a>0$, the diffusion coefficient, arises in the mathematical modelling of a process of ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

What is the relationship between the Boltzmann Transport Equation and the Navier-Stokes Equation?

What is the relationship between the Boltzmann transport equation and the Navier-Stokes equation? Can the Navier-Stokes equation be derived from a moment of the Boltzmann transport equation?
1
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0answers
27 views

Physical explanation for dependence of initial conditions when solving differential equations using NDSolve

I'm checking some results in this [paper] and I'm currently having some issues with solving a set of differential equations (section 2 and 3.1-3.2 in the paper). I'm finding values to depend on an ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

What is the essential concept behind the difference in the fundamental solutions of the Stokes and Poisson equations?

The fundamental solutions, i.e., the solution with a point source, of the Poisson's equation and the Stokes equations in 3D are: $$\nabla^2 f=\delta(\boldsymbol x) \ \Longrightarrow\ G(\boldsymbol ...
3
votes
4answers
174 views

How do I correctly introduce time into this equation?

So, for the past few years it's been my goal to create an equation that would give me the position of an object in a gravitational field at time $t$, given it's initial position and velocity. At first ...
0
votes
1answer
295 views

Solution of a partial differential heat equation with derivative and boundary conditions

I want to solve the following partial different equation. Find $u(x, t)$, satisfying $u_t = u_{xx}$ , $u(x, 0) = x − x^2$ , $u(0, t) = T_0$ , $u_x (1, t) = 0$ and $|u|$ is bounded. Using separation ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Schrodinger equation, commutative operators, and Symmetry

When solving Schrodinger's equation in 3D with a spherical laplacian you reach a point at which you introduce a separation constant and can see that the same eigenvalue satisfies the radial and ...
5
votes
2answers
106 views

Poisson equation in 2D and 3D: geometrical reason for the difference

The Poisson equation in 3D shows a fundamental solution in 3D which decays with $\sim 1/r$, whilst in 2D it shows a much different decay $\sim -\ln r$. While in 3D not only the solution, but also its ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Laplace equation between circles [closed]

I need to solve the simple Laplace equation $$\nabla^2f(r,\theta)=0$$ with boundary conditions: $$f(a,0)=g(\theta)$$ $$\lim_{A\rightarrow\infty}f(A,\theta)=1$$ what would be a straightforward way to ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

General boundary condition for 1D heat equation

I'm studying from Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations by K.W.Morton and D.F.Mayers (Amazon link). I'm confused with general boundary conditions. Could someone give me a clue? For ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

What dynamical system could this $\dot y = \alpha(y-\lambda), y\geq \lambda$ equation describe?

Just out of curiosity, can anyone identify electrical, mechanical, chemical, etc process that is governed by a differential equation of the form $$\dot y = \alpha(y-\lambda), y\geq \lambda$$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

How to determine sign of coefficients in simple spring, damper, mass system?

For a system of the sort shown below: I have come to realize that I continuously make mistakes when it comes to determining the signs (or specifically the direction of the forces) of the ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Concentration distribution in a phase separated mixture. Can't get the correct ODEs and boundary conditions

I wish to compute the equilibrium concentration distribution of a binary mixture that has phase separated. I start with writing the free energy as a functional depending of the concentration. I use ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Describe Ising model dynamics in stochastic differential equation or stochastic process

The Ising model is described by the Hamiltonian $$ H(\sigma) = - \sum_{<i~j>} J_{ij} \sigma_i \sigma_j -\mu \sum_{j} h_j\sigma_j, $$ and is treated extensively by equilibrium statistical ...
5
votes
1answer
338 views

Solving Special Function Equations Using Lie Symmetries

The lie group + representation theory approach to special functions & how they solve the ode's arising in physics is absolutely amazing. I've given an example of it's power below on Bessel's ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Simulating Phase Space Evolution

I am interested in modeling the time evolution of phase-space $\rho(\vec{q},\vec{p},t)$. I have attempted to use Liouville's theorem $\partial_t\rho=-\sum_{i=1}^{3}(\partial_{q_i}\rho)\dot ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

field solutions for covariant derivative of vector field constrained to zero

Question: What do the solutions of $\nabla_\mu A^\nu = 0 $ look like? And is it possible for spacetime curvature to somehow restrict the solution to $A^\nu = 0$? Here is my current ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Minimizing a damping constant in order to minimize the amplitude of oscillations

How can I determine the damping coefficient that minimizes the amplitude of vibrations? This is an extension of Coupled ODEs that model a quad rotor \begin{align} ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Heat equation with heat radiation and heat transfer

If I want to calculate steady temperature distribution on a one-dimensional stick, and I need to consider both the heat radiation and heat transfer, then my equation will be in the form: $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Locus of a moving mass point

Two very small mass particles $m_1$, $m_2$ are connected by a $2l$ long, infinitely soft and inelastic thread without mass. The initial condition of the system before being freely released is as in ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Calculate the potential induced by beam

This exercise is from Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy by Freidberg. A cylindrical conducting vacuum chamber of radius $r=a$ is filled with a uniform plasma of density $n_0$ and temperature ...
16
votes
1answer
875 views

Does the heat equation violate causality?

I've ran across the idea that, besides simply writing partial differential equations in covariant form, they need to be hyperbolic with all characteristic speeds less than the speed of light. A ...
1
vote
2answers
598 views

Geometrical interpretation of complex eigenvectors in a system of differential equations

Let's consider a system of differential equations in the form $$\dot{X} = M X$$ in two dimensions ($X = (x(t), y(t))$). In the case that $M$ has real values, it is easy to give a geometric ...
5
votes
0answers
83 views

What physical phenomena are modelled by Chebyshev equation?

What physical phenomena are modeled by Chebyshev equation? The equation is below $$(1-x^2) {d^2 y \over d x^2} - x {d y \over d x} + p^2 y ~=~ 0 .$$ I could not find it in Wikipedia or in Google (at ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Physical interpretation related to a non-linear partial differential equation

I am doctoral student in pure mathematics working on a particular problem. My question is if this problem has applications to real world phenomena. I will try to explain the direct problem starting ...