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0answers
30 views

What discrete form of the wave equation do you need to use to make a wave simulation?

I'm working my way through these blog posts about the wave equation. All has made sense up until now. The wave equation is $$ \frac{\partial^2h}{\partial t^2} = c^2 \frac{\partial^2h}{\partial x^2} ...
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1answer
19 views

What is meant by “method of approximate numerical method” or “method of digital computer” for solving the differential equation of resistive force?

I was reading "motion against resistive forces" in Newtonian Mechanics by A.P. French; here is the excerpt: [...] In general, the resistive force $\mathbf{R}$ is is a function of speed, so that ...
-2
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1answer
37 views

Do delay differential equations (DDEs) ever describe real-world phenomena? [closed]

I've recently become interested in DDEs, but I don't know much about them. A DDE has the form $$\begin{align*}\dot{x}(t) = f(t, x(t - \tau)) && \tau > 0\end{align*}$$ My understanding ...
3
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2answers
54 views

Numerical modelling of a step function in time in a hydrodynamic system. (Runge Kutta fourth order)

So I'm trying to model a hydrodynamic system that introduces a sudden "jump" in the value of a function at a specific time. The system is solved with a Runge-Kutta fourth order method. I have a ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Nonlinear matrix differential equation [migrated]

I am working with the following differential equation: $$\dot{x_i} = \sum_j A_{ij} x_j + x_i \sum_j B_{ij}x_j$$ which is essentially in matrix notation: $$\dot{\mathbf{x}} = A\mathbf{x} + ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Causality and natural modeling of physical systems using integral forms [on hold]

I posed a closely related question here but it received a tumbleweeds award. So I thought I would post it from a different angle to see if I can illicit at least some thoughtful comments if not ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Modified Bessel equation with Gaussian source [migrated]

I'm studying a system in which a neutral particle beam with a Gaussian profile of known width $w$ enters a plasma. The beam produces secondary particles, which diffuse and are ionised through a ...
0
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0answers
12 views

What are maximally dissipative boundary conditions?

I ran into this term when reading about the initial boundary value problem in general relativity. They seem to be relevant when you need to impose boundary conditions on a timelike boundary, for ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Recurrence differential equations

We all know recurrence equations like e.q. Fibonacci relation $$F_{n} = F_{n-1} + F_{n+1}$$ In order to find general expression for any $n$, we can use generating function method $$G(x) = ...
2
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0answers
14 views

Time responses (position and speed) of system

This is a basic question regarding state space representation and differential equations. I want to find the time response of states $x_{1} = x$ and $x_{2} = \dot{x}$ of the following system: $$ ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Accuracy of differential equations [closed]

We use differential equations to model the world around us. For example, the logistic differential equation $$\frac{dx}{dt} = rP\left(1-\frac PK\right)$$ is used to model population. However, it ...
1
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3answers
45 views

General solution to the wave equation proving dependence on $x \pm vt$

I am trying to solve for a general solution to the wave function and demonstrate any solution has the form $f(x,t) = f_L (x+vt) + f_R (x-vt)$ I have used separation of variables f(x,t)=X(x)T(t) to ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

How to solve highly oscillating differential equation [closed]

The equation looks like: $$x''(t)+bx'(t)+c x(t)+dx^3(t)=0.$$ This is the motion of a particle in a potential $cx^2/2+dx^4/4$ with friction force $bx'$. In my case, the friction term is very small and ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Modifying differential equations representing a projectile system to account for an arbitrary force

The following series of differential equations represents a projectile's path when solved (g=9.81): Here is some sample output from this system (with initial values x,y=0, v=1500, theta=1.33): I ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Could you give boundary conditions to the gravitational potential given the density distribution?

We´re doing a project that's all about solving differential equations with separation of variables. We´re trying to find the gravitational potential given the density distribution (that has azimuthal ...
0
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0answers
9 views

Galerkin-type weak formulation for electrokinetics

I am currently working on finite element simulations about electrokinetics. My solver (getdp) accepts directly galerkin-type weak formulation of equations. I am thus trying to write my equations in ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Is the diffusion coefficient time-dependent?

It is known that in the partial differential equation: $$u_t=au_{xx} $$ within the limits $0<x<1$ and $a>0$, the diffusion coefficient, arises in the mathematical modelling of a process of ...
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0answers
34 views

What is the relationship between the Boltzmann Transport Equation and the Navier-Stokes Equation?

What is the relationship between the Boltzmann transport equation and the Navier-Stokes equation? Can the Navier-Stokes equation be derived from a moment of the Boltzmann transport equation?
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0answers
25 views

Physical explanation for dependence of initial conditions when solving differential equations using NDSolve

I'm checking some results in this [paper] and I'm currently having some issues with solving a set of differential equations (section 2 and 3.1-3.2 in the paper). I'm finding values to depend on an ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

What is the essential concept behind the difference in the fundamental solutions of the Stokes and Poisson equations?

The fundamental solutions, i.e., the solution with a point source, of the Poisson's equation and the Stokes equations in 3D are: $$\nabla^2 f=\delta(\boldsymbol x) \ \Longrightarrow\ G(\boldsymbol ...
3
votes
4answers
169 views

How do I correctly introduce time into this equation?

So, for the past few years it's been my goal to create an equation that would give me the position of an object in a gravitational field at time $t$, given it's initial position and velocity. At first ...
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1answer
96 views

Schrodinger equation, commutative operators, and Symmetry

When solving Schrodinger's equation in 3D with a spherical laplacian you reach a point at which you introduce a separation constant and can see that the same eigenvalue satisfies the radial and ...
5
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2answers
95 views

Poisson equation in 2D and 3D: geometrical reason for the difference

The Poisson equation in 3D shows a fundamental solution in 3D which decays with $\sim 1/r$, whilst in 2D it shows a much different decay $\sim -\ln r$. While in 3D not only the solution, but also its ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Laplace equation between circles [closed]

I need to solve the simple Laplace equation $$\nabla^2f(r,\theta)=0$$ with boundary conditions: $$f(a,0)=g(\theta)$$ $$\lim_{A\rightarrow\infty}f(A,\theta)=1$$ what would be a straightforward way to ...
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2answers
40 views

What dynamical system could this $\dot y = \alpha(y-\lambda), y\geq \lambda$ equation describe?

Just out of curiosity, can anyone identify electrical, mechanical, chemical, etc process that is governed by a differential equation of the form $$\dot y = \alpha(y-\lambda), y\geq \lambda$$ where ...
0
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0answers
56 views

General boundary condition for 1D heat equation

I'm studying from Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations by K.W.Morton and D.F.Mayers (Amazon link). I'm confused with general boundary conditions. Could someone give me a clue? For ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

How to determine sign of coefficients in simple spring, damper, mass system?

For a system of the sort shown below: I have come to realize that I continuously make mistakes when it comes to determining the signs (or specifically the direction of the forces) of the ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Concentration distribution in a phase separated mixture. Can't get the correct ODEs and boundary conditions

I wish to compute the equilibrium concentration distribution of a binary mixture that has phase separated. I start with writing the free energy as a functional depending of the concentration. I use ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Integrating Factor Solution for Plasma Wave Equation

As part of a derivation in Bernstein '58 [1] a linear first-order (eqn. (9) in the image) appears: But the general solution I would usually take (as appears in Gradshteyn and Ryzhik and checked in ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Simulating Phase Space Evolution

I am interested in modeling the time evolution of phase-space $\rho(\vec{q},\vec{p},t)$. I have attempted to use Liouville's theorem $\partial_t\rho=-\sum_{i=1}^{3}(\partial_{q_i}\rho)\dot ...
6
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1answer
322 views

Solving Special Function Equations Using Lie Symmetries

The lie group + representation theory approach to special functions & how they solve the ode's arising in physics is absolutely amazing. I've given an example of it's power below on Bessel's ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Minimizing a damping constant in order to minimize the amplitude of oscillations

How can I determine the damping coefficient that minimizes the amplitude of vibrations? This is an extension of Coupled ODEs that model a quad rotor \begin{align} ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Heat equation with heat radiation and heat transfer

If I want to calculate steady temperature distribution on a one-dimensional stick, and I need to consider both the heat radiation and heat transfer, then my equation will be in the form: $$ ...
1
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0answers
24 views

Locus of a moving mass point

Two very small mass particles $m_1$, $m_2$ are connected by a $2l$ long, infinitely soft and inelastic thread without mass. The initial condition of the system before being freely released is as in ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

field solutions for covariant derivative of vector field constrained to zero

Question: What do the solutions of $\nabla_\mu A^\nu = 0 $ look like? And is it possible for spacetime curvature to somehow restrict the solution to $A^\nu = 0$? Here is my current ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Calculate the potential induced by beam

This exercise is from Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy by Freidberg. A cylindrical conducting vacuum chamber of radius $r=a$ is filled with a uniform plasma of density $n_0$ and temperature ...
16
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1answer
856 views

Does the heat equation violate causality?

I've ran across the idea that, besides simply writing partial differential equations in covariant form, they need to be hyperbolic with all characteristic speeds less than the speed of light. A ...
1
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1answer
134 views

Heat Equation with In-Depth Radiation Exact Solution [closed]

I am looking to solve the heat conduction equation in a semi-infinite solid with in-depth radiation on the domain $-\infty < x < 0$. The governing equation of this problem is: $$\rho c ...
5
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0answers
74 views

What physical phenomena are modelled by Chebyshev equation?

What physical phenomena are modeled by Chebyshev equation? The equation is below $$(1-x^2) {d^2 y \over d x^2} - x {d y \over d x} + p^2 y ~=~ 0 .$$ I could not find it in Wikipedia or in Google (at ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Non-deterministic particle system

This question is in the spirit of Norton's dome, an example of an apparently non-deterministic system in Newtonian mechanics. Under certain restrictions, the Picard–Lindelöf theorem guarantees the ...
1
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1answer
169 views

Describe Ising model dynamics in stochastic differential equation or stochastic process

The Ising model is described by the Hamiltonian $$ H(\sigma) = - \sum_{<i~j>} J_{ij} \sigma_i \sigma_j -\mu \sum_{j} h_j\sigma_j, $$ and is treated extensively by equilibrium statistical ...
30
votes
6answers
749 views

Motion described by $m \frac{\mathrm{d}^2 x}{\mathrm{d}t^2}=-k\frac{\mathrm{d}^{\frac12 }x}{\mathrm{d}t^{\frac12}}$

What kind of motion would a (preferably dimensionless for simplicity) body do if the force acted on it was proportional to the semi-derivative of displacement, i.e. $$m \frac{\mathrm{d}^2 ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

What happens to the position function when an oscillator is overdamped and does not have angular frequency?

My question is simple: What happens to the behavior of the position function, $x(t)$, when an oscillator is overdamped and $\omega$ does not exist? Here's the background on why I'm confused: For an ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Modeling wall's behaviour

Sorry if the quesiton is inconvenient, but I judged the physics forum would be the best place to go. My house is divided in two parts by a wall, and there's some tree pushing it, so the wall is about ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Simple modelling of seasonal variation of temperature?

I'm really curious about this: What is the simplest (or most simplified) differential equation that accounts for the variations of temperature throughout the year at some point on the northern ...
3
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3answers
108 views

Solving differential equations without approximations?

In physics, many problems start with a mathematical relationship of the physical phenomenon at hand, and then, in many occasion, always only leave whatever in the first order to get a nice and ...
3
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0answers
66 views

Non-linear Wave Equation - Numerical Methods

Motivation: I'm working with a highly non-linear spherical wave-like equation (second order PDE). The equation can be written on the form $$\ddot{u} = f(t, \dot{u},\dot{u}',u',u'')$$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Kirchhoff current loop in Resistor Diode Ladder network

I am looking for an approach on how to apply Kirchhoff current / voltage law in the infinitely long diode ladder network. Can anyone help me with this ? I am looking for 1D differential equation or ...
10
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6answers
1k views

Why is it natural to look for solutions involving dimensionless quantities?

While studying the Heat Equation, I got stuck in a statement in my book. It says: We have seen that the combination of variables $\displaystyle \frac{x}{\sqrt{Dt}}$ is not only invariant with ...
2
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0answers
95 views

Physical interpretation related to a non-linear partial differential equation

I am doctoral student in pure mathematics working on a particular problem. My question is if this problem has applications to real world phenomena. I will try to explain the direct problem starting ...