Density is defined as the mass per unit volume of a substance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
320 views

How to calculate flux density in a toroidal CT that has an electrical line pass through the center?

I have seen the Biot–Savart equation, but I don't know how to apply it. Does the conductor length need to be considered finite and equal to the core length, or will the calculation be for a conductor ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Finding the weight of wood in composite mass [closed]

A 600N ship's anchor, which is made of steel, is fastened with a block of wood and the composite mass is immersed in fresh water. If one-fourth of the volume of the composite mass extends above the ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

How does water pressure manifest itself on the molecular level?

Second, related question: does water density relate to, or cause, water pressure? Everyone I talk to dismisses the idea that water density substantially affects pressure, and emphasizes that water is ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

2 different density liquids in space

Lets say you are in deep space with basically zero gravity. You have a ball of water floating in front of you. If you carefully injected that ball with a syringe filled with vegetable oil, what ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Does tunneling transmission probability depend on the density of states or velocity?

In some quantum text books [1], the tunneling transmission formula depends only on the density of states of 2 regions (DOS) involved in tunneling. ($T(E) = C \times DOS_1(E) \times DOS_2(E)$, where C ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Why is the matrix representation in the same basis not same for a density operator?

I have a $\rho : V \to V$ density operator of a $n$ dimensional space $V$ and $\{i\}=\{i_1,i_2..i_n\}$ is an orthonormal basis of this space. The density operator is defined as $$\rho=\sum ...
1
vote
4answers
130 views

Why does a metal boat float?

I was in class learning about density and stuff. Our teacher told us that things that are denser than water sink in water, and less dense things float. Then, our teacher asked us why metal boats ...
0
votes
3answers
48 views

Will water in an oil-filled jar sink or float?

If I pour a spoon of oil on a jar full of water no doubt it will float. But if I were to pour a spoon of water on a jar full of oil would it sink? Why or why not?
0
votes
4answers
68 views

Does increasing the tension on a string also increase the density?

Consider a string under tension, for example, a string on a guitar. When a guitar string is plucked, it vibrates at a certain frequency. When the tension on the string is increased by twisting the ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

If we dropped an object into the Pacific Ocean, would it completely sink to the bottom of the ocean floor or not?

Obviously if the density of the object is smaller than the density of water it would not sink at all. But I was thinking that, even if the density of the object is greater than the density of water, ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

How do you calculate density if you also account for gravity?

Consider this. I have an Earth-sized quantity of water that I throw into space. Naturally, it will assume the shape of a ball. Now hear me out. Density's definition generally assumes that it will ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Why aren't all black holes the same “size”?

The center of a black hole is a singularity. By definition, a singularity has infinite density. So how can a black hole with a different mass or density be described?
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Probability flux: spatial variation of the phase equal to momentum?

We can write any wave function as $$\psi(\vec x, t) = \sqrt{\rho(\vec x,t)}\exp{\left[\frac{iS(\vec x,t)}{\hbar}\right]}$$ for $S$ real and $\rho >0$. Here we interpret $\rho$ as the probability ...
0
votes
3answers
260 views

Center Of Mass Troubles

I understand the concept of Center Of Mass(com), but I am having a difficult time interpreting the equation of the simplified case of one-dimension. The book I am reading defines the position of the ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How can a gas giant be about the same size but six times more massive than Jupiter?

I've just read this article: http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/science-kepler-432b-new-super-jupiter-exoplanet-02490.html And I wondered how this could be possible? Maybe it's because this gas giant ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Relationship between energy density and energy flux

I'm presently working on obtaining conservation laws via symmetries. These conservation laws are written as 2-element vectors where each element is the energy density and energy flux. To proceed in my ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Longitudinal Waves - how velocity varies with density

The formula for finding the velocity of a longitudinal wave, such as a sound wave, is: $$v = \sqrt{\frac{E}{\rho}}$$ Where $v$ represents the velocity, $E$ represents the elasticity of the medium, and ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Density depletion for Fermions

In my recent advanced statistical physics class, I read about the density depletion of Fermions, which are "defending" a given volume around them against other Fermions, while the exchange hole ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Relationship between electrical resistivity and density

I just read this answer on EE.SE and that triggered a doubt in me. If I were asked whether there is any relationship between the electrical resistivity and the density of a substance I'd answer ...
11
votes
5answers
4k views

Why does a black hole have a finite mass?

I mean besides the obvious "it has to have finite mass or it would suck up the universe." A singularity is a dimensionless point in space with infinite density, if I'm not mistaken. If something is ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Strange Airy Black Hole

Imagine a sphere, with a radius about the size of the Solar system. Somehow fill it with air at 100KPa (Earth surface density). $1 km^3$ of air is about 1.25 billion kg. A Solar system radius is about ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Two superimposed sounds traveling through low- and high-density matter: is separation possible?

Two superimposed sounds (at source: $s(t) = s_1(t) + s_2(t)$; the two sound components overlap completely in time, partially in spectra) travel through low- and high-density matter and are recorded ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I determine density of a gas only given temperature?

I have a homework problem where exhaust is traveling through an exhaust system (assumed to be air for simplicity) from and engine and then released into the atmosphere. The exhaust is at a temperature ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Can a star with a constant density profile be possible?

The equation of states for a star is given by a polytropic equation, where density depends on the $n$th power of $\theta$. Please refer to the literature First, what is this $\theta$? It can't be a ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Can the density of quarks be more than density of black hole? [duplicate]

I have found this list of densities here: http://wiki.chemprime.chemeddl.org/index.php/Density_of_Black_Holes and I am looking for the density of quarks but I have not found it. I was wondering if ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

What is the principle behind centrifugation?

What is the principle behind centrifugation? I understand the idea that you spin something around the centripetal force will cause an apparent force on the spinning system. However I don't quite ...
9
votes
3answers
963 views

What is the relationship between Maxwell–Boltzmann statistics and the grand canonical ensemble?

In the grand canonical ensemble one derives the expectation value $\langle \hat n_r\rangle^{\pm}$ for fermions and bosons of sort $r$: $$ \langle \hat n_r\rangle^{\pm} \ \propto \ ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

floating human on gas experiment

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=DzLX96VWTkc&feature=youtu.be I saw this and now I' m wonder is it possible to make this gas to lift human . I read thread about making air dense as water and it is ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

Why does iron sink in molten iron instead of floating?

Why does iron sink in molten iron whereas ice floats on water? Both are solid states of their own form, so why is one floating and the other sinking?
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is the definition of density in a relativistic context?

In this question, there seems to be a clear presence of ambiguity, which raises the question: what is density in relativity? First of all, the question asks for the relativistic mass, "the apparent ...
1
vote
3answers
63 views

What should density of water be to keep box afloat?

I'm writing a platformer game and my physics engine is Box2D. I have successfully implemented buoyancy, but have a question about mass and density. My player is 80kg, a box has a density of 0.5 and ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Escape velocity to leave the water planet in the movie Interstellar

I saw this question and this question on the site a few days ago. It asks about escape velocity from the water-based planet in Interstellar and whether the black hole had any effect. Now, one question ...
2
votes
2answers
732 views

What would happen to a teaspoon of neutron star material if released on Earth?

I've read on NASA's page on neutron star that one teaspoonful of that star would weigh over 20 billion tonnes on Earth. If it was somehow possible to bring it to earth would it: Burn and disappear ...
9
votes
4answers
14k views

Why does ice have a lower density than water?

Can someone explain me why is ice lighter than water? As I know, all solids are usually heavier than the liquids (correct me if I am wrong).
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What is the difference between antiferromagnetism and spin density wave?

It seems that antiferromagnetism can be treated as a special case of spin density wave with wavelength equals to twice of the unit cell. Is that so?
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Density of a planet

I was wondering, how would you find out about the mass and the density of a planet and what the planet is made of? Finding out about the mass might be possible, because you can observe the movements ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Modelling gravitational potential of a galaxy

I am interested in modelling the gravitational potential of a disc-shaped galaxy with radius $R$, i.e. solving the 2D Poisson equation numerically by Gauss-Seidel relaxation: $$\nabla^2 \phi = 4\pi G ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Force if a diver is lifting a pillar out of the water?(High school physics) [closed]

A diver is searching through the remains of an old shipwreck at a depth of 45 m below the surface of the ocean. The diver finds a marble pillar that is approximately 1.7 m x 0.15 m x 0.15 m in ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Why won't a block less dense than water fully submerge?

Suppose we have an object of volume $1\: \mathrm{m^3}$. Mass of that object is $500\: \mathrm{kg}$, which means that the density of the object is $500\: \mathrm{kg/m^3}$. If the object is in water it ...
6
votes
3answers
217 views

Hollow gold bar

A scammer got a hollow gold bar and fills it with a combination of lead and air, with the same average density as gold. What's the simplest way of discovering the fraud? I know that x-rays will see ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

Definition of torque for a continuous body

I am working on basic physics definitions. Given a particle at position $r$ (in some coorinate reference system) upon which acts a force $F$, the $torque$ $\tau$ is defined by \begin{equation} ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Should the answer to Einstein & Quantum gravity be found in conditions of our local observable universe? [duplicate]

It seems like the discourse over a unified Einstein and Quantum Gravity disregards the phenomena encountered in our local observable universe, such as we find throughout the Intergalactic Medium. One ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

How can I estimate the density of fog?

I'm working on investigating the effect fog has on drag. I have assumed an air density of $1.225 \frac{\text{kg}}{\text{m}^3}$ for dry air, but I don't know what value for density I could assume that ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Weight of a material

I'm dealing with a problem here. Does a material lose weight when it transforms from solid to liquid? I believe it does. It loses weight because some of it becomes gas. Can anyone help me? Thank ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Would you die before reaching the ground?

If you were to jump off a tall building, let's say Burj Khalifa, is it true that the pressure difference would be so strong as to kill you before reaching the ground?
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Distribution of refractive index of water when applied pressure wave

I was wondering when applying pressure wave, ultrasonic sound waves, under water, how I would be able to measure the distribution of the refractive index.
0
votes
1answer
782 views

Density of Air in a balloon

A balloon with volume 2800 m³ is heated up to 60 °C. If the outer temperature is 12 °C and the air has a pressure of 960 hPa, what is the density of the air inside the balloon and on the ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

How long did it take for the universe to become 1 one light year?

Given the density, pressure and other cosmological parameters. At this point we're not even thinking of time... But would this have occurred during or post Inflation? Could this be the Expansion ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views
2
votes
2answers
436 views

Calculating air density lapse with altitude (specifically, pressures)

This might be a bit more of an engineering question, but I'm calculating air density drop-off with altitude, and I'm having some problems calculating the pressure (I'll run through my method). This ...