# Tagged Questions

Density is defined as the mass per unit volume of a substance.

73 views

### Density as a function of Temperature?

I know that volume = mass/density....and density is the function of temperature. Is there any standard equation that describes density as a function of temperature? The system I am interested in is ...
5k views

### Why does sound travel faster in iron than mercury even though mercury has a higher density?

The speed of sound depends on the density of the medium in which it is travelling and increases when the density increases. For example, in solids sound travels faster than in liquid and even faster ...
3k views

### Compressed air in a volume: Can I determine its temperature?

Using a compressor, I augment the pressure in a volume (using atmospheric air). I only measure the pressure inside. I now that the density will increase however, the temperature decreases. Can any one ...
143 views

### Pressure versus Volume system problem

A rigid air tight container of volume 1.5 m$^3$ is filled with a gas of density 8 kg/m$^3$. The container has a density meter that allows us to watch the changes in density in the gas in the ...
184 views

### Is there a physically motivated “trick” to evaluate this convolution?

I'm working on adapting some of the formalism in this paper to a system I'm working with. The part I'm interested in amounts to convolving a density profile $\rho(r)$ with a smoothing kernel ...
154 views

### What does the absence of hydrodynamic entrance effects do to the momentum conservation Equation?

I am trying to do a homework problem where we re-write the mass, momentum and energy conservation formulas for downward flow in a vertical pipe and it says "where all hydrodynamic entrance effects ...
622 views

### Fluids and density [closed]

Is the answer C? Assume that you look at three objects that all float on water, but have different shapes and sizes. Which one has the greatest density? A.The object that has the largest fraction of ...
34 views

### concept of density in gravitational lensing

I may just be being very dense (no pun intended) but i'm reading up on gravitational lensing and it seems to require a notion of density (e.g. see here) I'm working on a question involving light ...
178 views

### Thermodynamics of thermometer

Mercury is used in thermometers because it increases in length significantly due to rise in temperature, However, mercury has high density relative to water, which means more inter-molecular forces ...
251 views

59 views

### Charge distribution and potential in a 1-dimensional quasistatic system

Suppose you have an 1-dimensional system with a charge distribution $\rho(x)$ (not given) moving with an speed $v(x)$ (not given), calculate the potential $\phi(x)$ and the charge distribution ...
490 views

### How to calculate upward force of a container filled with a less dense gas than the surroundings where it is placed?

I'm trying to determine the calculation which would state the upward force of a container where the density inside the container is less then that in which it sits. Does this calculation change with ...
237 views

### In a glass of water, will an ice cube ever touch the bottom?

No matter the mass of the ice cube or the level of the water, will the ice cube ever touch the bottom of the glass or will there always be a layer of water in between?
1k views

427 views

### Why is gas(oline) in gas stations sold by volume (as opposed to mass)?

Fluids (including natural gasoline/petroleum) have variable volume based on the ambient temperature for the same mass of fluid. So, really, the amount of gas that you're filling your car with depends ...
21k views

### Why does ice have a lower density than water?

Can someone explain me why is ice lighter than water? As I know, all solids are usually heavier than the liquids (correct me if I am wrong).
158 views

### What are the physical limitations on energy density for a useful, safe battery, and are we anywhere near them?

Energy storage seems to be a fairly major bottle neck in technological development at the moment, especially for important things like clean-energy powered transport, but also for consumer goods. Are ...
275 views

### What structural or chemical mechanism results in Saturn having a density less than that of water?

According to NASA’s Saturn fact sheet, Saturn has a density considerably less than water and the lowest density of the major planets. What compositional and/or structural mechanisms are theorised to ...
1k views

### Is it possible that the force due to gravity varies based on density?

It took a while to find relativity and the various subtle (or unmeasurable) effects it has within our universe. Is it possible that, although Newton's gravitational force equation leaves out any ...
370 views

### How to calculate flux density in a toroidal CT that has an electrical line pass through the center?

I have seen the Biot–Savart equation, but I don't know how to apply it. Does the conductor length need to be considered finite and equal to the core length, or will the calculation be for a conductor ...
127 views

### How can I model a two dimensional and three dimensional equivalents of one dimensional delta dirac (impulse) function?

I just started to read the book 'A Brief History of Time' by Stephen Hawking. Actually When he was talking of the idea of infinite density 'thing' before big bang suddenly the mathematical function ...
128 views

### Singularity in a black hole [duplicate]

This might be a naive question, but how can an object such as a black hole singularity have infinite density but finite mass? (For example, we can approximate the mass of a black hole based on ...
956 views

### Density of Air in a balloon

A balloon with volume 2800 m³ is heated up to 60 °C. If the outer temperature is 12 °C and the air has a pressure of 960 hPa, what is the density of the air inside the balloon and on the ...
10k views

### Besides water, which substances are less dense as solids than as liquids?

You can read everywhere about water's extraordinary property of expanding when frozen, thus the reason ice floats on liquid water. What other substances do this? There are claims of mercury, silica, ...
137 views

### Possibility of determining the mass of the water without a scale?

Possibility of determining the mass of the water by knowing water volume, water temperature and atmospheric pressure. I want to know if I can determine the mass of $V=0.01\,m^3$ of water in ...
231 views

### Hollow gold bar

A scammer got a hollow gold bar and fills it with a combination of lead and air, with the same average density as gold. What's the simplest way of discovering the fraud? I know that x-rays will see ...
419 views

### Determination of mass density distribution of an object

This is a follow-up to a previous question How can you weigh your own head in an accurate way?. My purpose is not to restart the flurry of more or less humorous jokes (which are not such a bad thing ...
2k views

### What is electron density and its unit in plasma physics?

I can not find (through Google search engine) that what means electron density and what is its unit? and what is there relation between electron density and electrical conductivity?
327 views

### What happens when I increase the density of a stellar object so that its mass surpasses the Schwarzschild limit?

We know that every object that has mass, also has a Schwarzschild radius $r_s$: $$r_s = \frac{2Gm}{c^2}$$ With $G$ being Newton's gravitational constant, $m$ the mass of the object and $c$ the speed ...
360 views

### Help with buoyant forces and liquids (high school physics)

I am stuck on this problem. Here is the scenario Suppose you send a balloon (filled with air) from your submersible craft to the surface of the ocean, $10.8 \text{ km}$ above, with the ...
600 views

### Possible Rock Density Determination Method

I am trying to do density determinations on a large number of individual rock samples. I know the standard dry weight - wet weight methods but have an idea that might be better. I can buy a ...
168 views

### is gravitational force dependent on objects radius?

I was told that objects with the same mass but different sizes (or densities) will have a different gravitational pull. Is this true? If so, why?
603 views

### Is it possible to have a singularity with zero mass?

A singularity, by the definition I know, is a point in space with infinite of a property such as density. Density is Mass/Volume. Since the volume of a singularity is 0, then the density will thus ...
539 views

### Calculating air density lapse with altitude (specifically, pressures)

This might be a bit more of an engineering question, but I'm calculating air density drop-off with altitude, and I'm having some problems calculating the pressure (I'll run through my method). This ...
16k views

### Is there a compound denser than the densest element?

I'm musing about how to give students an intuitive feeling about density by letting them lift a same sized volume of different materials, e.g. 1 liter of water, a 10x10x10 cm cube of iron, lead etc. ...
136 views

### Measure density with the help of buoyancy

I am trying to derive a formula to calculate the density of a irregulary shaped object. I can measure the (false) weight of the object in pure air (of known density), and the (false) weight of the ...
1k views

### Do glass panes become thicker at the bottom over time?

Is it true that a glass window, that has been placed in a wall for about 10 years or more, is thicker on the bottom than on the top? I can vaguely remember my physics teacher saying that this was ...