# Tagged Questions

Density is defined as the mass per unit volume of a substance.

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### Why can liquid mercury sit on salt?

A video shows liquid mercury sitting on top of table salt. Even though the mercury is much denser, it does not sink to the bottom. Why does this happen? Is the mercury just so thick that it is like ...
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### Will this balloon rise?

A helium balloon contains mostly helium which is an inert gas that is less dense than the air around it, suppose I drained all the air molecules from the balloon and note that this special balloon can ...
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### How do we measure mass distribution in an object?

Given an object I want to know the mass distribution among different section. What are the inexpensive methods to know this ?
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### Speed of sound in an inifinitely dense medium

Curious thought i just had. The speed of sound is affected by a few factors, but the density plays a large role. As density increases, does this mean that sound could approach the speed of light? If ...
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### Schwarzschild radius in black hole density

The textbook from which I teach physics at the end of secondary school has a question about the density of a non-rotating black hole. Because the density at the singularity is perhaps infinite or ...
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### How much water is needed for Saturn to float in?

Saturn floats because it's density is less than that of water. Just how much water would be needed? Assume a cuboid tank holding it. And when we actually put saturn in that water, how far in the ...
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### Physical Significance of the Planck Density

The Planck density is the Planck mass devided by the Planck volume, approximately 1093 g/cm3. Does this quantity have any known physical relevance? The Planck mass is believed to be the smallest ...
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### Packing Fraction vs. Packing Density

Hello: I am confused if Packing fraction and packing density mean the same thing. I have been led to believe they are different. I would like help in sorting the confusion. Thanks. Also is packing ...
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### Is density of a material related to penetration?

Theoretical question. If you have a standard projectile with mass 1 and velocity 1 and fired it at different materials would the penetration be related to the density of the material? I'm not trying ...
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### Will water in an oil-filled jar sink or float?

If I pour a spoon of oil on a jar full of water no doubt it will float. But if I were to pour a spoon of water on a jar full of oil would it sink? Why or why not?
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### Does increasing the tension on a string also increase the density?

Consider a string under tension, for example, a string on a guitar. When a guitar string is plucked, it vibrates at a certain frequency. When the tension on the string is increased by twisting the ...
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### If we dropped an object into the Pacific Ocean, would it completely sink to the bottom of the ocean floor or not?

Obviously if the density of the object is smaller than the density of water it would not sink at all. But I was thinking that, even if the density of the object is greater than the density of water, ...
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### How do you calculate density if you also account for gravity?

Consider this. I have an Earth-sized quantity of water that I throw into space. Naturally, it will assume the shape of a ball. Now hear me out. Density's definition generally assumes that it will ...
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### Why aren't all black holes the same “size”?

The center of a black hole is a singularity. By definition, a singularity has infinite density. So how can a black hole with a different mass or density be described?
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### Probability flux: spatial variation of the phase equal to momentum?

We can write any wave function as $$\psi(\vec x, t) = \sqrt{\rho(\vec x,t)}\exp{\left[\frac{iS(\vec x,t)}{\hbar}\right]}$$ for $S$ real and $\rho >0$. Here we interpret $\rho$ as the probability ...
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### How can a gas giant be about the same size but six times more massive than Jupiter?

I've just read this article: http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/science-kepler-432b-new-super-jupiter-exoplanet-02490.html And I wondered how this could be possible? Maybe it's because this gas giant ...
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### Relationship between energy density and energy flux

I'm presently working on obtaining conservation laws via symmetries. These conservation laws are written as 2-element vectors where each element is the energy density and energy flux. To proceed in my ...
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### Why does a metal boat float?

I was in class learning about density and stuff. Our teacher told us that things that are denser than water sink in water, and less dense things float. Then, our teacher asked us why metal boats ...
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### Longitudinal Waves - how velocity varies with density

The formula for finding the velocity of a longitudinal wave, such as a sound wave, is: $$v = \sqrt{\frac{E}{\rho}}$$ Where $v$ represents the velocity, $E$ represents the elasticity of the medium, and ...
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### Density depletion for Fermions

In my recent advanced statistical physics class, I read about the density depletion of Fermions, which are "defending" a given volume around them against other Fermions, while the exchange hole ...
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### Relationship between electrical resistivity and density

I just read this answer on EE.SE and that triggered a doubt in me. If I were asked whether there is any relationship between the electrical resistivity and the density of a substance I'd answer ...
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### Strange Airy Black Hole

Imagine a sphere, with a radius about the size of the Solar system. Somehow fill it with air at 100KPa (Earth surface density). $1 km^3$ of air is about 1.25 billion kg. A Solar system radius is about ...
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### Two superimposed sounds traveling through low- and high-density matter: is separation possible?

Two superimposed sounds (at source: $s(t) = s_1(t) + s_2(t)$; the two sound components overlap completely in time, partially in spectra) travel through low- and high-density matter and are recorded ...
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### Can the density of quarks be more than density of black hole? [duplicate]

I have found this list of densities here: http://wiki.chemprime.chemeddl.org/index.php/Density_of_Black_Holes and I am looking for the density of quarks but I have not found it. I was wondering if ...
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### Can a star with a constant density profile be possible?

The equation of states for a star is given by a polytropic equation, where density depends on the $n$th power of $\theta$. Please refer to the literature First, what is this $\theta$? It can't be a ...
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### floating human on gas experiment

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=DzLX96VWTkc&feature=youtu.be I saw this and now I' m wonder is it possible to make this gas to lift human . I read thread about making air dense as water and it is "...
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### What is the definition of density in a relativistic context?

In this question, there seems to be a clear presence of ambiguity, which raises the question: what is density in relativity? First of all, the question asks for the relativistic mass, "the apparent ...
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### What should density of water be to keep box afloat?

I'm writing a platformer game and my physics engine is Box2D. I have successfully implemented buoyancy, but have a question about mass and density. My player is 80kg, a box has a density of 0.5 and ...
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### What is the difference between antiferromagnetism and spin density wave?

It seems that antiferromagnetism can be treated as a special case of spin density wave with wavelength equals to twice of the unit cell. Is that so?
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### Density of a planet

I was wondering, how would you find out about the mass and the density of a planet and what the planet is made of? Finding out about the mass might be possible, because you can observe the movements ...
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### Why does iron sink in molten iron instead of floating?

Why does iron sink in molten iron whereas ice floats on water? Both are solid states of their own form, so why is one floating and the other sinking?
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### Escape velocity to leave the water planet in the movie Interstellar

I saw this question and this question on the site a few days ago. It asks about escape velocity from the water-based planet in Interstellar and whether the black hole had any effect. Now, one question ...
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### Modelling gravitational potential of a galaxy

I am interested in modelling the gravitational potential of a disc-shaped galaxy with radius $R$, i.e. solving the 2D Poisson equation numerically by Gauss-Seidel relaxation: \nabla^2 \phi = 4\pi G ...
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### Force if a diver is lifting a pillar out of the water?(High school physics) [closed]

A diver is searching through the remains of an old shipwreck at a depth of 45 m below the surface of the ocean. The diver finds a marble pillar that is approximately 1.7 m x 0.15 m x 0.15 m in ...
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### Why won't a block less dense than water fully submerge?

Suppose we have an object of volume $1\: \mathrm{m^3}$. Mass of that object is $500\: \mathrm{kg}$, which means that the density of the object is $500\: \mathrm{kg/m^3}$. If the object is in water it ...
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### Definition of torque for a continuous body

I am working on basic physics definitions. Given a particle at position $r$ (in some coorinate reference system) upon which acts a force $F$, the $torque$ $\tau$ is defined by \tau:=r\...
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### Should the answer to Einstein & Quantum gravity be found in conditions of our local observable universe? [duplicate]

It seems like the discourse over a unified Einstein and Quantum Gravity disregards the phenomena encountered in our local observable universe, such as we find throughout the Intergalactic Medium. One ...
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### How can I estimate the density of fog?

I'm working on investigating the effect fog has on drag. I have assumed an air density of $1.225 \frac{\text{kg}}{\text{m}^3}$ for dry air, but I don't know what value for density I could assume that ...
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### Distribution of refractive index of water when applied pressure wave

I was wondering when applying pressure wave, ultrasonic sound waves, under water, how I would be able to measure the distribution of the refractive index.
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### Would you die before reaching the ground?

If you were to jump off a tall building, let's say Burj Khalifa, is it true that the pressure difference would be so strong as to kill you before reaching the ground?
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### In a column of fluid does density vary?

In a column of fluid does density vary?
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### How long did it take for the universe to become 1 one light year?

Given the density, pressure and other cosmological parameters. At this point we're not even thinking of time... But would this have occurred during or post Inflation? Could this be the Expansion ...
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### Milky Way Density Profile

Does anyone know where I can find either a printed version or, better, a downloadable dump of data giving me the density profile of the Milky Way? I'm looking to put together a quick-and-dirty ...
In some quantum text books [1], the tunneling transmission formula depends only on the density of states of 2 regions (DOS) involved in tunneling. ($T(E) = C \times DOS_1(E) \times DOS_2(E)$, where C ...