Density is defined as the mass per unit volume of a substance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

7
votes
2answers
196 views

What structural or chemical mechanism results in Saturn having a density less than that of water?

According to NASA’s Saturn fact sheet, Saturn has a density considerably less than water and the lowest density of the major planets. What compositional and/or structural mechanisms are theorised to ...
4
votes
3answers
618 views

Is it possible that the force due to gravity varies based on density?

It took a while to find relativity and the various subtle (or unmeasurable) effects it has within our universe. Is it possible that, although Newton's gravitational force equation leaves out any ...
0
votes
1answer
220 views

How to calculate flux density in a toroidal CT that has an electrical line pass through the center?

I have seen the Biot–Savart equation, but I don't know how to apply it. Does the conductor length need to be considered finite and equal to the core length, or will the calculation be for a conductor ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

How can I model a two dimensional and three dimensional equivalents of one dimensional delta dirac (impulse) function?

I just started to read the book 'A Brief History of Time' by Stephen Hawking. Actually When he was talking of the idea of infinite density 'thing' before big bang suddenly the mathematical function ...
0
votes
0answers
266 views

Mass, Volume, Density, and Pressure of Balloon Inside a Balloon

I'm not a physics guy so I'll apologize from the start if I put some erroneous terms. I just want to know the relationship of mass, volume, density and pressure of the two balloons if balloon A is ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Singularity in a black hole [duplicate]

This might be a naive question, but how can an object such as a black hole singularity have infinite density but finite mass? (For example, we can approximate the mass of a black hole based on ...
0
votes
1answer
335 views

Density of Air in a balloon

A balloon with volume 2800 m³ is heated up to 60 °C. If the outer temperature is 12 °C and the air has a pressure of 960 hPa, what is the density of the air inside the balloon and on the ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Besides water, which substances are less dense as solids than as liquids?

You can read everywhere about water's extraordinary property of expanding when frozen, thus the reason ice floats on liquid water. What other substances do this? There are claims of mercury, silica, ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Possibility of determining the mass of the water without a scale?

Possibility of determining the mass of the water by knowing water volume, water temperature and atmospheric pressure. I want to know if I can determine the mass of $V=0.01\,m^3$ of water in ...
6
votes
2answers
149 views

Hollow gold bar

A scammer got a hollow gold bar and fills it with a combination of lead and air, with the same average density as gold. What's the simplest way of discovering the fraud? I know that x-rays will see ...
3
votes
2answers
294 views

Determination of mass density distribution of an object

This is a follow-up to a previous question How can you weigh your own head in an accurate way?. My purpose is not to restart the flurry of more or less humorous jokes (which are not such a bad thing ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

What is electron density and its unit in plasma physics?

I can not find (through Google search engine) that what means electron density and what is its unit? and what is there relation between electron density and electrical conductivity?
1
vote
1answer
209 views

What happens when I increase the density of a stellar object so that its mass surpasses the Schwarzschild limit?

We know that every object that has mass, also has a Schwarzschild radius $r_s$: $$r_s = \frac{2Gm}{c^2}$$ With $G$ being Newton's gravitational constant, $m$ the mass of the object and $c$ the speed ...
1
vote
2answers
196 views

Help with buoyant forces and liquids (high school physics)

I am stuck on this problem. Here is the scenario Suppose you send a balloon (filled with air) from your submersible craft to the surface of the ocean, $10.8 \text{ km}$ above, with the ...
0
votes
3answers
255 views

Possible Rock Density Determination Method

I am trying to do density determinations on a large number of individual rock samples. I know the standard dry weight - wet weight methods but have an idea that might be better. I can buy a ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

is gravitational force dependent on objects radius?

I was told that objects with the same mass but different sizes (or densities) will have a different gravitational pull. Is this true? If so, why?
5
votes
3answers
309 views

Is it possible to have a singularity with zero mass?

A singularity, by the definition I know, is a point in space with infinite of a property such as density. Density is Mass/Volume. Since the volume of a singularity is 0, then the density will thus ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

Calculating Air Density Lapse With Altitude (Specifically, pressures)

This might be a bit more of an engineering question, but I'm calculating air density drop-off with altitude, and I'm having some problems calculating the pressure (I'll run through my method). This ...
20
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there a compound denser than the densest element?

I'm musing about how to give students an intuitive feeling about density by letting them lift a same sized volume of different materials, e.g. 1 liter of water, a 10x10x10 cm cube of iron, lead etc. ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Measure density with the help of buoyancy

I am trying to derive a formula to calculate the density of a irregulary shaped object. I can measure the (false) weight of the object in pure air (of known density), and the (false) weight of the ...
8
votes
1answer
474 views

Do glass panes become thicker at the bottom over time?

Is it true that a glass window, that has been placed in a wall for about 10 years or more, is thicker on the bottom than on the top? I can vaguely remember my physics teacher saying that this was ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Would Oscars made of pure gold bend? [duplicate]

Since gold is often considered "soft": If the Oscars were made of pure gold (instead of gold-plated britannium), would they bend (deform) over time?
2
votes
2answers
738 views

Water vs Milkshake being sucked through a straw

Consider water in a glass being sucked through a straw. The water rises up in the straw because of a pressure gradient introduced by the sucking action. Now, change the liquid from water to something ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Energy transfer by a rotating disk at a constant RPM

Does Energy transfer from a rotating disk at a constant RPM into ambient fluid depend on disk material density? Why?
1
vote
1answer
331 views

Does increasing the density of a solution decrease the rate of temperature change?

I did an experiment to compare whether salt water (5% concentration of salt) or fresh water of the same volume took longer to heat up to a certain temperature. We found that salt water took longer to ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

If hydrogen and helium are lighter than air, why won't liquid hydrogen and liquid helium defy gravity?

Title says it all. If hydrogen and helium are lighter than air, why won't liquid hydrogen and liquid helium defy gravity?
1
vote
1answer
175 views

Is it possible for an object to stop sinking after a while?

Suppose you drop an object into a body of fluid (on a planet with constant gravity). Suppose the fluid is pure (as in, there are no solid granulates or bubbles present in it), and finally suppose that ...
-2
votes
1answer
190 views

Suppose a hollow metal sphere filled with helium is dropped in a body of water

What are the conditions that would cause said sphere to sink or float? What if the sphere was full of ice instead?
3
votes
0answers
43 views

In the αβγ cosmology paper, how do the authors assume the integral of density over time in the early universe?

In the famous Alpher-Bethe-Gamow paper, the authors say: "it is necessary to assume the integral of $\sigma_n dt$ during the building-up period is equal to $5 \times 10^4 \frac{\text{g ...
1
vote
3answers
863 views

charge density in a wire

If we have a infinitely thin and infinitely long straight wire on the $z$-Axis with given current $I(t)$, how can I compute the charge density? I figured out that the current-density is given by ...
4
votes
1answer
629 views

Planetary Gravity and its effects

This is my first question on the Physics portion of Stack Exchange. I was hoping to get some light on the topic of gravity. I don't have much background knowledge of physics so I might as well start ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Delta Dirac Charge Density question

I have to write an expression for the charge density $\rho(\vec{r})$ of a point charge $q$ at $\vec{r}^{\prime}$, ensuring that the volume integral equals $q$. The only place any charge exists is at ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How much lift does the average latex helium filled party balloon produce?

How much lift does the average helium filled party balloon produce? (not including any extras like ribbon string)
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Gaussian integration and dimension argument

I made a mistake recently regarding the Gaussian density, by putting the determinant of the variance to the power $\frac{d}{2}$. Would the following argumentation be valid to highlight it should be to ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

What is the definition of density as a function?

(Before I start, I don't know which tag is suitable for this post. Please retag my post if it bothers you.) Let's say there is a string on $[0,1]$ with a mass given by $m(x)$. ($m(x)$ means the mass ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Is it possible to have a Gas heavier than a liquid?

Does such a pair of substances exist, that in certain physical conditions (temperature, pressure) when both are placed in the same conditions, one will be a liquid, the other - a gas, and the gas ...
0
votes
3answers
199 views

Center Of Mass Troubles

I understand the concept of Center Of Mass(com), but I am having a difficult time interpreting the equation of the simplified case of one-dimension. The book I am reading defines the position of the ...
7
votes
3answers
234 views

How wide does a wall of ice need to be to stay in place?

Let us say that we have unlimited manpower to construct a huge wall of water ice e.g. 200 m tall (700 feet). -and that the wall is placed in a climate, where the temperature never (for your purpose) ...
0
votes
3answers
279 views

Temperature and density

As temperature rise the density become lower,When temperature goes down, density is higher but in higher temperature the body become bigger so why density become lower?
-2
votes
1answer
395 views

Percentage of water that is void or empty space?

At the atomic level, at sea level on earth, what percentage of normal pure drinking water is void or empty space? What percentage of lead (the kind used to insulate from nuclear radiation) is void or ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How can black holes be so dense?

It is said that if the Earth were a black hole, it would be the size of a peanut!? How is this density possible, are atoms really that sparse that they can be compressed so tightly? Is there some ...
0
votes
2answers
422 views

How to correctly solve density tolerance

I want to know if my solution to a textbook problem has any major problems with it. Here is the problem: Ethanol has a given density of 0.789 g/mL at 20 degrees Celsius and isopropanol has a given ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Is ultradense deuterium real?

I've found several articles discussing experimental evidence of a deuterium state of densities over $140 \textrm{ kg}/\textrm{cm}^3$: F. Winterberg. Ultradense Deuterium. arXiv. Shahriar Badiei, ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I determine density of a gas only given temperature?

I have a homework problem where exhaust is traveling through an exhaust system (assumed to be air for simplicity) from and engine and then released into the atmosphere. The exhaust is at a temperature ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Density of a proton

I was doing some exercises the other day, when I came across this question in my book: A proton weighs about 1.66 x 10-24 g and has a diameter of about 10-15 m. What is its density in g/cm3? ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

How to find out the compress happen when some force act on water/oil/air?

I need to do some calculation to find out whether my design works. I may use oil/water/air in my pneumatic cylinder (or you can call it hydraulic cylinder). Assume I have just a cylinder and I put oil ...
5
votes
1answer
634 views

Are coffee's properties different enough from water's to cause increased spillage while walking?

I recently found this article, which describes how... It just so happens that the human stride has almost exactly the right frequency to drive the natural oscillations of coffee, when the fluid is ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Is there anything special about the Sun's photosphere in terms of density?

The Earth has a definite boundary between rocky/ watery surface and gaseous atmosphere. The same cannot be said of the sun. Even though the photosphere gives an apparent "edge" to the sun via the ...
3
votes
2answers
309 views

Density of states via a Laplace transform

Is this formula correct? $$ \frac{-1}{\pi}Im\int_{0}^{\infty}\!dt~\exp(Et)\Theta (t)\exp(i \epsilon t) ~=~ \sum _{n}\delta (E-E_{n}), $$ $$ \Theta (t)~=~ \sum_{n}\exp(-tE_{n}) ,$$ and I have used ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What is the principle behind centrifugation?

What is the principle behind centrifugation? I understand the idea that you spin something around the centripetal force will cause an apparent force on the spinning system. However I don't quite ...