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1answer
57 views

Exact solution of Qubit Decoherence using Transfer Matrix

I'm going through a particular paper on decoherence: Exact Solution of Qubit Decoherence models by a transfer matrix method I'm having trouble understanding a particular step in the mathematics ...
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0answers
75 views

How does time get on our clocks? [closed]

I am referring to the theories of timelessness of the universe. I would like to know if these theories have an explanation how finally something can be read on our clocks which is strongly resembling ...
9
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1answer
213 views

Did Leggett and Caldeira solve the measurement problem?

In 1983 Leggett and Caldeira published a paper (see also here) that shows the evolution of the density matrix in a dissipative system. Follow-up work by Zurek and others shows the relevance to ...
3
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2answers
117 views

When does the world split in MWI

I've been reading Eliezer Yudkowsky's blog post regarding decoherence and many worlds, and although he is not a physics but a strong proponent of MWI, I can basically see why he feels that MWI is a ...
6
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1answer
50 views

If all the particles of a Bose-Einstein condensate become entangled with each other,does the system still remain a Bose-Einstein condensate?

I know that an entangled system is found in a single entangled state and that when you try to observe the individual state of a particle from an entangled system using a reduced density matrix, you ...
4
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1answer
274 views

Transition from one state to another in Quantum Mechanics

When we measure an electron's position we know that the wave function $\psi$ peaks at the measured position and the wave function as a function of momentum is a harmonic function. When it makes the ...
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1answer
29 views

Modelling the onset of decoherence in a subspace as a transition out of the subspace

http://arxiv.org/pdf/0903.3297v1.pdf I am currently reading papers discussing the Zeno Effect. The linked paper discusses modelling a transition out of a wanted subspace as the onset of decoherence. ...
3
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1answer
59 views

Decoherence Free Subspaces and how they stay this way, using the Zeno Effect

I am currently reading papers discussing the Zeno Effect, which discuss how measuring a system at high frequencies can almost freeze the state of a system, or keep the system in a specific subspace of ...
2
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2answers
135 views

Meaning of “realism” in quantum mechanics

When physicists doing work in quantum measurement, decoherence, Bells' inequalities etc. use the term "realism" what exactly do they mean? I'm looking for answers targeted towards, say, someone whose ...
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5answers
1k views

Is the wave function of a particle re-created after a measurement stops?

Yeah, I haven't quite understood, or been told, what happens to, for example an electron and its wavefunction, when you stop to measure it. I mean, an electron has a wave function describing its ...
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3answers
61 views

Einselection locality in decoherence theory

Consider two polarity-wise entangled photons A and B in an EPR experiment. The process of measuring the polarization of photon A by Alice is described by the decoherence of the 2-photons system ...
2
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2answers
49 views

Can decoherence occur just by simple reflection?

I create an entangled photon pair. One photon is sent inside a resonant cavity which reflects the photon many number of times. Will there be decoherence between photon in the resonant cavity and its ...
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0answers
18 views

Can particles recohere after measurement?

I try to elaborate the relation between decoherence and the ouputs problem. Talking about the Stern-Gerlach experiment Caldeira writes here: "Recovery of coherence should be achieved simply by ...
5
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2answers
373 views

How is decoherence due to the environment compatible with the Copenhagen interpretation?

Let's say that "decoherence" is that transition from a pure quantum state to a mixed state due to interactions with the environment. (A reasonable definition?) How is that compatible with the ...
2
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2answers
137 views

Conservation of quantum coherence?

Is coherence conserved under unitary transformation? As we saw in the process of generating entanglement, coherence between states of the subsystem is transferred to quantum correlations (related to ...
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0answers
21 views

Finding the dependence of dephasing time on flux noise in Transmon Qubits

Before introducing some relevant concepts I'll begin by stating my question. What I am looking for is the connection between the noise the flux through the SQUID in my transmon qubit (related to the ...
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5answers
620 views

How does a Wavefunction collapse?

I have been wondering and researching... How does a wavefunction collapse into one state?More specifically, what conditions cause a wavefunction for a quantum particle to collapse? Does this have to ...
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0answers
39 views

Continuous spectra and quantum decoherence

Suppose that some quantum wave function $\psi = \int a_i \,i\rangle \,\,di$ where pseudo-spanning ket "vectors" of $\psi$, $i \rangle$, are continuous. (thus the use of integral.) By normalization, ...
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1answer
222 views

Reason for decoherence time's dependence on variables?

Zurek 2001 is a review article on decoherence in quantum mechanics. Equation 5.36 on p. 24 gives an estimate of the decoherence time, which I'll paraphrase as follows: $ \frac{t_D}{t_R} = ...
3
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0answers
70 views

Decoherence and interpretations

With quantum decoherence, are there still any "gaps" in our knowledge of quantum mechanics that hint (either in terms of the physics, philosophy, or otherwise) at the need for further interpretation? ...
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0answers
15 views

Resources on estimation of environment model for environemnt induced quantum decoherence

I am curious to see what literature exists about estimation of a quasi-classical environment interacting with a quantum system causing decoherence in system states. There has been in general a lot ...
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0answers
32 views

What factors affect decoherence times? [closed]

The question say it all. For example is it the mass of the system? The amount of energy? The species of atom? The electric charge?
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0answers
15 views

Data: decoherence time

Searching for experimental data on decoherence time. For example, this type of data can look like (but is not limited to): atomic species (eg. Carbon) vs. decoherence time. Physics stackexchange ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Re-entering superposition

I've realized that I'm somewhat familiar with what happens when an system in a superposition is "measured". But not at all with what happens after. Example: If there is an electron in a ...
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2answers
149 views

Why doesn't gravity mess up the double slit experiment?

So let's say you are doing a double slit experiment. Also, let's use electrons. My question is, won't the gravity of the electron affect the earth, thereby causing it decoherence and its wave ...
2
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1answer
136 views

are there known fundamental limits of quantum computer scaling?

Quantum computers provide exponential speedup relative to classical computers. However, it is empirical fact that increasing of number of qubits makes the the computer harder and harder to keep ...
2
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0answers
44 views

How does gravity affect entanglement?

Hypothetically an entangled pair of atoms are placed inside two similar satellites orbiting at the same altitude, one of the satellite will then slow its speed and descend towards the surface of ...
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0answers
27 views

Collisional decoherence and trajectories

The density matrix of a mesoscopic particle subjected to collisional decoherence satisfies the equation $$ i\frac{\partial \rho(x,x',t)}{\partial t}= \frac{1}{2m}\left (\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...
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0answers
59 views

Decoherence in the long time limit of density matrix elements

For a state $$ |\Psi(t)\rangle = \sum_{k}c_k e^{-iE_kt/\hbar}|E_k\rangle, $$ the density matrix elements in the energy basis are $$ \rho_{ab}(t) = c_a c^*_be^{-it(E_a -E_b)/\hbar} $$ How is it that ...
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0answers
38 views

Why decoherence?

Why do we study decoherence? I mean the postulates of quantum mechanics agree with experiments perfectly and we all know how a superposition state looks like, for example the spin-z up state is ...
2
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3answers
176 views

Wave function collapse and Schrodinger's equation without measurement

Will wave function collapse without measurement? Since all matters are described by wave functions, then in principle, I should be able to describe wave function collapse by Schrodinger's equation. ...
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0answers
34 views

Is the wavefunction of particles inside a gas spread or localized?

For an individual free particle that starts localized, the wave function packet spreads over time, so the particle becomes less localized. Suppose now that we have a gas of those particles inside a ...
1
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2answers
93 views

Theoretically, how does quantum decoherence induce noise?

The decoherence process has allowed us to explain various (classical and decoherence) sources of measurement noise in quantum systems. I intuitively understand this physical concept of ...
13
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2answers
653 views

Are Thomas Breuer's subjective decoherence and Scott Aaronson's freebits with Knightian freedom the same things in essence?

In his remarkable works (1,2 and their recent development 3) Thomas Breuer proves by diagonalization the phenomenon that the observer cannot distinguish all phase space states of a system where he is ...
4
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3answers
799 views

Does decoherence explain all instances of wave function collapse?

Specifically, how can decoherence explain the appearance of flecks of metallic silver on a photographic plate when exposed to the very weak light of a distant star? EDIT: Perhaps the advocates of ...
1
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2answers
288 views

Atomic natural line width

In laser cooling, with a model of a 2-level atomic system, spontaneous emission is stated to be dependent on the "natural line width" of the excited state of the atom. This width is defined as the ...
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0answers
38 views

Derivation of the dynamical master equation for collisional decoherence of a massive particle

I'm working on the problem of collisional decoherence of a massive particle interacting with an environment of light particles. The problem. I have some confusion regarding the derivation of the ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Eigenvalues of density operator under quantum channel

Consider a 2x2 density operator $\rho$ with eigenvalues $\lambda_{1},\lambda_{2}$ (where $\lambda_{1}\geq\lambda_{2}$) evolving into a 4x4 density operator $\rho'$ (with eigenvalues ...
2
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4answers
249 views

What does quantum phenomena exist as prior to observation?

It's been said that according to the Schrodinger equation, independent of observation, particles exist in a state of a wave function, which is a series of potentialities rather than actual objects. ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Problem with tracing over the environment and obtaining reduced density operator [closed]

I'm reading an article by Bas Henson given here. On page 25 he deals with the double slit experiment Given the wavefunction which is his equation 1.75, he claims he has traced over the environment ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

What causes continuous errors in a qubit?

I read that due to decoherence a qubit in a superpositon gets destroyed or put into one definite eigenstate. This kind of error seems to occur due to interactions with other stuff like the environment ...
2
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4answers
162 views

Do the interference terms disappear really after decoherence?

I was reading decoherence from this site, where I found the following bold words which states that the out-of-phase components do not really get dissappear after decoherence: What happens to a ...
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0answers
26 views

Why is it necessary for all the component-states to have same phase for interference?

I am currently reading Decoherence. In this site, it is written : Now here is the absolutely key point: every component eigenstate has an associated phase . It is this phase$^1$ which gives the ...
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0answers
25 views

decoherency of number states

The meaning of decoherency is: When a nonclassical state, transitions to a classical state. It means that the state lost it's phase information. I can't understand how it happens in number states.
3
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2answers
263 views

What makes quantum decoherence different from dissipation?

From my understanding quantum decoherence and dissipation are completely different ways of modelling information loss to the environment. Dissipation can be modeled using the Caldeira-Leggett model ...
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0answers
71 views

Why isn't everthing in a superposition state? [duplicate]

I know that a superposition is a state in which there are 50% and 50% (other % also) chances of two things to happen so why am I not in a superposition state? Example, I am at rest and i now choose to ...
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7answers
760 views

Born's rule and Schrödinger's equation

In non-relativistic quantum mechanics, the equation of evolution of the quantum state is given by Schrödinger's equation and measurement of a state of particle is itself a physical process. Thus, ...
5
votes
1answer
256 views

Why is the dephasing time T2* gaussian?

In MRI dephasing is characterized by $T_2^*$. $T_2^*$ is measured by performing a Ramsey experiment and is defined as the 1/e decay time of the measured oscillation. I have read, in Universal ...
0
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1answer
113 views

Why is the distance in non-local entanglement for teleportation limited by time

In a recent paper, researchers described a system that can teleport a quantum state without the need for the entangled particles to actually "meet" each other. I'm reading, in particular, ...
1
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1answer
95 views

Solving for the density operator in the quantum Brownian motion master equation

I want to solve for the density operator in the quantum Brownian motion master equation, \begin{align} \begin{aligned} ...