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Postulate of Quantum Mechanics on Wavefunction collapse [on hold]

There is a postulate in quantum mechanics about wavefunction collapse. Can anyone provide me some intuitive perspective into it along with the concept of projection (I mean mathematical treatment).
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1answer
34 views

How does a system interact with environment in quantum mechanics? When would this interaction occur? What is it?

As title says, how does a system interact with environment? I realize that this interaction can lead to interference terms and non-diagonal terms in density matrix being reduced (quantum decoherence). ...
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1answer
49 views

How can we “know” that system interacted with another system or environment in quantum mechanics/decoherence?

I might be raising measurement problem in quantum physics in different words, but I will ask the question. Quantum decoherence has been proposed by proponents as a theory that eliminates all weird ...
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0answers
35 views

Non-unqiue basis sets of reduced density matrix in quantum mechanics/decoherence

In Why decoherence solves the measurement problem by Art Hobson: $|\psi \rangle _{SA} = c_1|s_1 \rangle |a_1 \rangle + c_2 |s_2\rangle |a_2 \rangle$ which is a wavefunction that describes non-local ...
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3answers
120 views

When you measure position of an electron in a energy pure state, what happens to the energy?

When you measure the position of an electron that is in a pure energy state, what happens the energy becomes non-deterministic. That is future measurements of energy can only be predicted with respect ...
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1answer
74 views

Decoherence in Everett quantum mechanics

Take an initial state and its environment, $E$, as follows, $$ |\psi\rangle_i = |0\rangle |E\rangle + \sqrt{2}|1\rangle |E\rangle. $$ Suppose that I've written it already in the basis in which the ...
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0answers
25 views

What are the requirements on conditional unitaries for overcomplete bases?

On way to describe "pure" decoherence (that is, decoherence with respect to a basis that doesn't involve transitions between basis states) between a system $\mathcal{S}$ and an environment ...
2
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0answers
48 views

Coherences in the density matrix

It is said that the off-diagonal elements of density matrix are coherence. When a system interacts with its environment the off-diagonal elements decay and the ...
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0answers
60 views

Does quantum mechanics require classical measurement apparatus?

I am trying to learn quantum mechanics and I have a question. Landau, in his quantum mechanics book says that it is in principle impossible to formulate basic concepts of quantum mechanics without ...
3
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1answer
118 views

Schrödinger's cat and the difficulty of macroscopic superposition state

The Schrödinger's cat was regarded as peculiar since we seldom encounter a superposition state in macroscopic scale: $$ | \mathrm{dead \,\,cat} \rangle + | \mathrm{alive \,\, cat}\rangle $$ We more ...
9
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1answer
232 views

Are Thomas Breuer's subjective decoherence and Scott Aaronson's freebits with knightian freedom the same things in essence?

In his remarkable works (1,2 and their recent development 3) Thomas Breuer proves by diagonalization the phenomenon that the observer cannot distinguish all phase space states of a system where he is ...
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2answers
90 views

What does quantum phenomena exist as prior to observation?

It's been said that according to the Schrodinger equation, independent of observation, particles exist in a state of a wave function, which is a series of potentialities rather than actual objects. ...
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3answers
244 views

Is the Copenhagen interpretation merely an approximation to quantum mechanics?

So, I'm reading Max Tegmark's Our Mathematical Universe (Knopf edition, p. 229). He's discussing Everett/MWI for a bit and I'm not really paying attention and then I wake up to this: [I]t's time ...
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4answers
328 views

Why doesn't a typical beam splitter cause a photon to decohere?

In many experiments in quantum mechanics, a single photon is sent to a mirror which it passes through or bounces off with 50% probability, then the same for some more similar mirrors, and at the end ...
2
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1answer
97 views

Quantum fluctuations in a classical domain?

"In the presence of chaos, even small fluctuations (including quantum fluctuations) can be amplified to produce large uncertainties in later behavior"(http://arxiv.org/pdf/gr-qc/9210010v2.pdf) Is there ...
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4answers
459 views

How is it possible that quantum phenomenons (e.g. superposition) are possible when all quantum particles are being constantly observed?

I don't understand how quantum mechanics (and therefore also quantum computers) can work given that while we work with quantum states, particles that this quantum state consist of cannot be observed, ...
2
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2answers
137 views

Without apparatus can we say that the system is measured(decohered) by the environment?

"Einselection" and "tridecompositional uniqueness theorem" seem to resolve the preferred basis problem. But the premise is that there are three parts in discussion.(system, apparatus, environment) ...
2
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0answers
98 views

How can the pre-measurement be fulfilled?

In the decoherence program, the pre-measurement refers to the evolution in which the system and apparatus form a Schmidt state. In Maximilian Schlosshauer's review article(2005), I read "the linearity ...
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0answers
39 views

What events lead to quantum decoherence?

Is there a very specific definition for all types of events where quantum decoherence occurs? Is it merely any event that is "thermodynamically irreversible" and/or "causes entropy to increase"? Is it ...
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3answers
407 views

Is the wave function of a particle re-created after a measurement stops?

Yeah, I haven't quite understood, or been told, what happens to, for example an electron and it's wavefunction, when you stop to measure it? I mean, an electron has a wave function describing it's ...
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0answers
53 views

What exactly constitutes a measurement? [duplicate]

As far as I understand it, quantum mechanics only predicts the probabilities of finding a system in some state of some observable when we make a measurement. So, what exactly constitutes a ...
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2answers
225 views

Are quantum decoherence and Everettian approaches to the measurement problem necessarily distinct?

As I understand it, there is a large contingent of physicists who believe that the measurement problem is "solved" by decoherence, without, for example, needing to postulate the existence of "many ...
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2answers
122 views

How does interaction of a system with the environment lead to the damping of interference terms?

A general way to describe a system $S$ that is entangled with an environment $E$ is $\rho_{S}=Tr(\rho_{SE})=\sum\limits_{m,n}c_mc^*_n |s_m\rangle \langle s_n| \langle e_n|e_m\rangle$ with ...
4
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1answer
76 views

Local decoherence and entropy

Consider a quantum system consisting of two subsystems, $A$ and $B$. Let $\rho$ be the density matrix of the whole system $A\cup B$. Let $|\alpha\rangle$, $\alpha = 1,2\cdots d_B$, be the states of ...
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2answers
137 views

The irreducible observer

This question probably verges on pseudo-science and probably sounds like gibberish, so please pardon me. But I'll ask it anyway. In an ideal lab experiment there is generally a separation between the ...
1
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1answer
253 views

What is the preferred basis objection to the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics?

I've seen the preferred basis problem referred to in many places, but have not seen a clear explanation of what the problem is. For example, this question asks whether the problem has been solved, but ...
7
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1answer
162 views

Reason for decoherence time's dependence on variables?

Zurek 2001 is a review article on decoherence in quantum mechanics. Equation 5.36 on p. 24 gives an estimate of the decoherence time, which I'll paraphrase as follows: $ \frac{t_D}{t_R} = ...
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3answers
207 views

How can the quantum state of the universe decohere

Decoherence explains how a classical state appears once quantum information in a quantum state leaks out. But presumably that environment has its own quantum state which then leaks out to a larger ...
6
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2answers
142 views

Can an observer be the observed?

As a supplement to this question as to whether particles can be observers, supposing that the answer is yes. One could suppose a setup where particle A is observing particle B, but what to stop us ...
10
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1answer
232 views

Can observers be particles?

Generally Quantum mechanics divides a system what is to be observed and an observer. This is generally taken to be some human being. But why restrict it to such? Why not a particle? Is there a good ...
0
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0answers
66 views

fast quantum random number generator + limited decoherence rate => Schrödinger cat state?

Suppose that fast quantum random number generator (QRNG, https://qrng.physik.hu-berlin.de/) is placed in a subsystem which has limited interaction with the rest of the world. What would happen if ...
10
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2answers
832 views

Is the preferred basis problem solved?

Once and for all: Is the preferred basis problem in the Everettian Interpretation of QM considered solved by decoherence or not? THere are a few people who claim that it's not, but it seems the vast ...
3
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1answer
372 views

The effect of Quantum Decoherence on density operators

Suppose we have a qubit in state $| \Psi \rangle = \alpha | 0 \rangle + \beta | 1 \rangle$ Suppose we expose this to decoherence, which we will express as the state $| R \rangle$ such that $$| 0 ...
0
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1answer
163 views

Books to study quantum thermodynamics and quantum decoherence [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Book recommendations My friend is having a hard time finding books to self-study quantum thermodynamics and quantum decoherence. (search on amaxon would bring almost no ...
2
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3answers
498 views

Decoherence and collapse

It is said that the decoherence does not solve the problem of measurement and/or the emergence of classicality, can somebody explain it with simple analogies or in a manner accessible to a ...
2
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1answer
494 views

What is quantum decoherence?

There is some part called quantum decoherence, and I am not sure why it is so sophisticated area. (according to the definition I see, what it seems to say is some probability turning into what we ...
4
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1answer
212 views

quantum field theoretic models of decoherence

I am interested in whether there is a field theoretic description (there is, so what is it?) of the tensor product (aka density matrix) model of open quantum systems. In particular, I am interested in ...
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4answers
2k views

Can the Montevideo interpretation of quantum mechanics do what it claims?

Partly inspired by the great responses to a my previous physics.SE question about "reversing gravitational decoherence, today I was rereading the intriguing papers by Gambini, Pullin, Porto, et al., ...
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8answers
2k views

Reversing gravitational decoherence

[Update: Thanks, everyone, for the wonderful replies! I learned something extremely interesting and relevant (namely, the basic way decoherence works in QFT), even though it wasn't what I thought I ...
2
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3answers
251 views

Quantum Decoherence and Macroscopic Phenomena

I don't really know what quantum decoherence is, but I have heard that it is used to explain why macroscopic objects do not seemingly follow quantum dynamics. Could someone please give a simple ...
2
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1answer
100 views

How are quantum phenomena in atoms and molecules protected against decoherence?

It became widely accepted that quantum effects don't show up in macroscopic objects due to the process of decoherence, in which the interaction with the enormous number of degrees of freedom of the ...
1
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1answer
50 views

In which way is decoherence not symmetric between the two considered systems?

If a quantum system interacts with a "big" quantum system, you have dephasing. The models of decoherence all have this atog aproach to them, about what is to understood of the interaction of the ...
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3answers
240 views

At what time exactly does decoherence happen? and retrodating

Take a qubit initialized to $|0\rangle$. Apply a Hadamard transform to it. Measure it with an apparatus along the $|0\rangle,\, |1\rangle$ basis. If zero, spare a living cat. If 1, kill the cat. ...
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4answers
374 views

Can a super-positioned human be used to differentiate between the Copenhagen interpretation and many-worlds?

I'm pretty new to quantum physics, so there's a good chance that I have this all backwards. However, by my understanding of the Copenhagen interpretation, the wave function 'collapses' upon ...
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2answers
194 views

What is behind recoherence?

I am quite familiar with the concept of decoherence, and I heard that a system that has decohered could recohere after that, I was wondering what could cause the the coherences that have leaked into ...
7
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1answer
202 views

Any link between decoherence and renormalization?

I have been studying decoherence in quantum mechanics (not in qft, and don't know how it is described there) and renormalization in QFT and statistical field theory, I found at first a similarity ...
8
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2answers
510 views

Is the collapse of the wave function inherently time asymmetric?

Schroedinger's equation, as we all know, is time symmetric. In quantum field theory, we have to come up with a more sophisticated CPT reversal, but the essential point remains unchanged. However, the ...
4
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1answer
187 views

Do black holes play a role in quantum decoherence?

Sorry for such a vague question but I could have sworn I read somewhere that Hawking proposed the reason we might see a classically appearing universe is due to the possible role of black holes in ...
4
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3answers
256 views

Subjectivity of decoherence

I read that quantum decoherence is subjective, in the sense that two observers may not have the same "environment" and after each one has traced over those degrees of freedom they will end up with a ...
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3answers
1k views

Is decoherence even possible in anti de Sitter space?

Is decoherence even possible in anti de Sitter space? The spatial conformal boundary acts as a repulsive wall, thus turning anti de Sitter space into an eternally closed quantum system. Superpositions ...