Matter not observed directly but inferred to exist based upon its gravitational effects

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21
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6answers
2k views

Why isn't dark matter just matter?

There's more gravitational force in our galaxy (and others) than can be explained by counting stars. So why not lots of dark planetery systems (ie without stars) ? Why must we assume some undiscovered ...
31
votes
2answers
1k views

Are modified theories of gravity credible?

I'm a statistician with a little training in physics and would just like to know the general consensus on a few things. I'm reading a book by John Moffat which basically tries to state how GR makes ...
28
votes
4answers
3k views

How do we know Dark Matter isn't simply Neutrinos?

What evidence is there that dark matter isn't one of the known types of neutrinos? If it were, how would this be measurable?
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Dark matter and dark energy references

I've been looking for questions about dark matter, and I've read some very interesting answers. However, I desire too look into it deeply. This is not actually a question. I'm asking the community ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

How do we know Dark Matter is non baryonic? [duplicate]

It seems widely stated, but not thoroughly explained, that Dark Matter is not normal matter as we understand it. Wikipedia states "Consistency with other observations indicates that the vast majority ...
1
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3answers
289 views

How do we know dark matter isn't curved spacetime?

Could Dark Matter actually just be spacetime with curvature "leftovers" from the big bang or the inflationary epoch?
3
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3answers
539 views

Theory that gets rid of dark matter/energy

Is there any physics theory that either groups together gravity and dark energy/dark matter or eliminates dark energy/dark matter by modifying standard understanding of gravity or any force? If so, ...
2
votes
2answers
628 views

Dark matter and dark energy [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Dark matter references I have recently read about dark matter and dark energy, and why physicists think it must exist (dark matter: mass of galaxies are far bigger than ...
-2
votes
2answers
388 views

why is dark matter the best theory available to explain missing mass problems?

Why is dark matter the best theory to explain the missing mass problem? Why is dark matter mathematically necessary to explain the missing mass problem? On a side not I believe dark matter is ...
19
votes
1answer
926 views

How can dark matter collapse without collisions or radiation?

I understand that dark matter does not collapse into dense objects like stars apparently because it is non-interacting or radiating and thus cannot lose energy as it collapses. However why then does ...
5
votes
2answers
880 views

How much light is there in space and how heavy is it?

Our night sky is filled with stars. On a dark night a significant fraction of the sky is light. This light, we are told, has been in transit for many millions of years. There must therefore be quite a ...
1
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2answers
225 views

Possibility of making dark energy equivalent with dark matter

I was curious whether it is possible to make dark energy equivalent to dark matter. Can this unification be done? If it can, why do scientists prefer to separate dark energy from dark matter?
5
votes
2answers
628 views

Is dark matter really matter?

Is dark matter really a form of matter? We know it has a gravitional attraction and we know that everything that has a gravitional force is made by matter. But maybe this is an exception? And if ...
4
votes
2answers
169 views

can we have a parallel earth made of dark matter?

In the sense that the two planets move together and has intelligent beings with their own forces and particles, but they just do not interact with (are invisible to) us?
3
votes
2answers
172 views

How does the friedmon solution to Einstein's equations resolve paradox of bounded infinities?

This article talks about a potential explanation of dark matter based on something called the "friedmon." I have no interest in the dark matter question, but the article has made me curious about ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

How do people calculate proportions of dark matter, dark energy and baryonic matter of the universe?

The Wikipedia page on dark matter mentions that the Planck mission had revealed that in our universe ordinary baryonic matter, dark matter and dark energy are present in the ratio: 4.9%, 26.8% and ...
6
votes
4answers
582 views

How do we know that dark matter is dark?

How do we know that dark matter is dark, in the sense that it doesn't give out any light or absorb any? It is impossible for humans to be watching every single wavelength. For example, what about ...
8
votes
2answers
534 views

How does dark matter halo outside a galaxy help to explain galaxy rotation curve?

How does a dark matter halo outside a galaxy help to explain a galaxy rotation curve? Suppose for simplicity we use a model of a star rotating about a more massive star in a fixed circular orbit. For ...
9
votes
4answers
904 views

What exactly is 'Dark Matter'? [duplicate]

There are many documentaries, forums, blogs and more dedicated to Dark Matter. I have been frantically searching for an answer to my question however none of my sources have clarity to the matter of ...
13
votes
2answers
372 views

Is there evidence of dark matter in our galaxy?

Is there evidence of dark matter in our galaxy? How can we measure this, say, how many percent of the center of our galaxy is dark matter? I did not find the answer in the question What's Dark ...
8
votes
1answer
389 views

Does dark matter have to be matter?

There is a very similar question to this one: Is dark matter really matter?. But the particular aspect I'm asking about seems not to be mentioned there. So, here we go: Does dark matter have to exist ...
4
votes
2answers
414 views

Dark Matter 'Stars'

I'm aware that the Milky Way has a dark matter 'halo' around it, presumably a spherically symmetric distribution. But I'm completely ignorant regarding the theories explaining dark matter... Is there ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Why can't “missing mass” (=dark matter) be photons?

After a star lives and dies, I assume virtually all of its mass would be photons. If enough stars have already lived and died, couldn’t there be enough photon energy out there to account for all ...
12
votes
1answer
295 views

Distribution of Dark Matter around galaxies

It is well-known that measurements of the velocity profile in galaxies are not compatible with Newtonian laws. A way to circumvent the problem is to assume that galaxies are surrounded by a spherical ...
8
votes
5answers
539 views

What makes the stars that are farther from the nucleus of the galaxy go faster than those in the middle?

It has no sense that stars that have a bigger radius and apparently less angular speed($\omega$) goes faster than the ones near the center.
7
votes
2answers
944 views

Could Dark Matter form black hole?

Some people speculate that the mysterious dark matter in the universe could be tiny black holes. But on the other side, could dark matter particles attract each other by gravity and finally form a ...
6
votes
1answer
583 views

Mass density of dark matter in solar system near us

What is the approximate mass density of dark matter in our solar system at the radius of the Earth's orbit? I would like some idea of the mass of dark matter going through each cubic meter of ...
6
votes
2answers
468 views

Is dark matter really present around the sun?

Recently I read an article that there is dark matter around the sun but if it is so, than why can we see it clearly. If it is called matter than it shall show some hindrance in radiation we receive ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

What fraction of baryonic matter is in stars?

We know from big bang nucleosynthesis that baryonic matter accounts for about 5% of the universe's total mass-energy density. What is the current best estimate of how much of this is in the form of ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Why can't dark matter be baryonic? [duplicate]

Here's what I know about dark matter: Astrophysicists realized the movements of galaxies and other astronomical bodies cannot be explained by the gravitational effects of matter known to be there, so ...
-20
votes
2answers
311 views

When will physics understand it is the 'dark mass' not the 'dark matter'? [closed]

There is new thinking occurring in physics where 'dark matter' is considered to be incorrect. The new thinking is that mass fills 'empty' space. The mass which fill's 'empty' space is being referred ...
8
votes
3answers
135 views

What's dark matter and who discovered it?

I have heard about dark matter that's called the Master Of The Universe. What's this and is the dark matter the reason galaxies exist?
4
votes
2answers
724 views

Is cold dark matter made of Higgs bosons?

"Stable Higgs Bosons - new candidate for cold dark matter", by Yutaka Hosotani Has the hypothesis in the above article been proved? What about WIMPs?
4
votes
2answers
771 views

What is currently incomplete in M-theory?

As it is, what is currently and seemingly incomplete in M-theory? One example I can give is explaining dark matter proportions and.. how do we perceive the world as 4-dimensional. Thanks everyone.
2
votes
1answer
235 views

What is a flat rotation curve?

Was reading about dark matter and the distribution of it throughout the galaxy. it said "For example, if rotation curves are flat this means-" what exactly does this mean?
1
vote
0answers
163 views

Why is “dark matter” a more parsimonious explanation than “more normal matter than we thought”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why isn't dark matter just matter ? The evidence usually presented in support of dark matter is larger-than-expected masses in galaxy clusters: the mass required for ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Could dark matter/dark energy turn out to be tachyonic?

Today, I was watching the Inexplicable Universe with Neil deGrasse Tyson. He spoke about Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and then he spoke about Tachyons. Naively, I thought what if the reason we can't ...
10
votes
2answers
396 views

Does the Milky Way have dark matter satellite galaxies?

This recent paper by Weinberg et al. discusses that one potential problem with our current model of Cold Dark Matter (CDM) is that is predicts a greater number of satellite galaxies for the Milky Way ...
6
votes
0answers
139 views

Why hasn't warm dark matter replaced cold dark matter as the standard model of cosmology?

The $\Lambda\rm CDM$ (cold dark matter with cosmological constant) is the current standard model of cosmology because the model comes with a long list of phenomena successfully explained by it. ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Is dark matter repulsive to dark matter? Why?

I think I saw in a video that if dark matter wasn't repulsive to dark matter, it would have formed dense massive objects or even black holes which we should have detected. So, could dark matter be ...
6
votes
1answer
366 views

Does conformal gravity explain the Bullet cluster lensing effects?

Conformal gravity is an "alternative" theory of gravity, where instead of using the Einstein-Hilbert action composed of the Ricci scalar, the square of the conformal Weyl tensor is used. It was ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Did dark matter cause the formation of the Solar System?

This question is related to my previous question on Solar System Formation and is a pure thought experiment, with as few as possible assumptions made. From my previous question, I learned that stars ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Which cosmological dark matter theory is most compatible with current particle physics?

This occurred to me while I was writing Why hasn't warm dark matter replaced cold dark matter as the standard model of cosmology? but I think this deserves a question of its own. The background ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Why don't stars have Keplerian orbits?

In a comment to Rob Jeffries' answer to this question on spherical galaxies, Incnis Mrsi commented There should exist the entire range of orbits in a spherically symmetric system: near-circular, ...
7
votes
3answers
482 views

What current alternatives are there to the standard concordance model of cosmology?

The current "standard model" or concordance model of cosmology is Lambda CDM which includes late time acceleration due to a cosmological constant, cold dark matter as the missing matter component and ...
4
votes
3answers
376 views

Why is the dark matter density profile within the solar radius (and local density) uncertain?

It seems that we know the rotation curve inside the sun's galactic orbit fairly accurately. Then wouldn't we be able to just take the derivative* of this to get the DM density profile at smaller ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Could the estimated stellar mass for the Milky Way galaxy include brown dwarfs?

Trying to find an estimate for the stellar mass of the MW galaxy, I found this paper and the estimated stellar mass is $~6.5 \times 10^{10} M_{\odot}$. I was also trying to understand the methods used ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

What's the evidence, if any, for some local concentration(s) of dark matter in some region(s) smaller than a galaxy?

What's the evidence, if any, for some local concentration(s) of dark matter in some region(s) smaller than a galaxy? Galactic-sized--or larger--gravitating halos seem to get all the attention. I'm ...
3
votes
3answers
296 views

How much of the universes mass is bound up in photons traveling between stars?

I was watching a Scott Manley video on youtube and he mentioned that the Sun was loosing 4 million tons of mass a second as it converts to energy. With a few trillion trillion stars also converting ...
1
vote
3answers
345 views

Where is all the Dark Matter? Theoretical Question

In my Physics Class we had to look into possible areas where Dark Matter could be "hiding." Such as Black Holes and so on. Dark matter really can be "seen" through its gravitational effects, and we ...