Matter not observed directly but inferred to exist based upon its gravitational effects

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1answer
42 views

How can the Andromeda Galaxy alone have more mass than the Local Group?

I was reading about the Local Group, and it is stated that the total mass of the group is $1.29±0.14 × 10^{12}$ Solar masses. The number actually felt a bit low to me because I know the Milky Way ...
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2answers
93 views

Is there a binary black hole system in the middle of the galaxy?

We have observed gravity effects from black holes in the center of galaxies, but galactic centers are so dusty that we can’t tell if it’s one black hole or two black holes in a binary system in there. ...
8
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5answers
455 views

What makes the stars that are farther from the nucleus of the galaxy go faster than those in the middle?

It has no sense that stars that have a bigger radius and apparently less angular speed($\omega$) goes faster than the ones near the center.
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3answers
2k views

Why don't stars have Keplerian orbits?

In a comment to Rob Jeffries' answer to this question on spherical galaxies, Incnis Mrsi commented There should exist the entire range of orbits in a spherically symmetric system: near-circular, ...
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1answer
96 views

Has the idea of holeum been debunked?

Here is the wikipedia article. The basic idea is that the primordial density of microscopic black holes was high enough that many were able to form stable bound states before decaying through Hawking ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the correlation between dark matter and Einstein Rings?

I have once heard a TED Talk about Dark Matter, Einstein Rings and gravitation lenses. http://ed.ted.com/lessons/patricia-burchat-sheds-light-on-dark-matter I don't think I understood the talk well. ...
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0answers
23 views

Using GPS Satelites as dark matter detectors

Recently, two scientists have proposed a new way of detecting dark matter, using GPS Satellites. A part of the article is posted online: Hunting for topological dark matter with atomic clocks. Can ...
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1answer
63 views

What is the identity of Dark Matter?

What is the identity of dark matter? Is it a particle? Is it the lightest superpartner (LSP)? Do the phenomena attributed to dark matter point not to some form of matter but actually to an ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Does dark matter in the universe acts as a pulling force or a pushing force?

Scientists have claimed that in this world there are two kinds of forces which help in keeping everything in its place called dark matter and dark energy. But are these two forces act as a pulling ...
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1answer
40 views

What is phantom matter and how is it different from dark matter?

What is phantom matter and how is it different from dark matter? I have googled the term "Phantom Matter" and the results were mostly research papers which assume that the readers already know the ...
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0answers
33 views

Dark matter and Dark energy, is it found in the Milky Way? [duplicate]

I need clarification and, if possible, references to research articles that show whether or not dark matter or dark energy are found in our own galaxy. I have browsed around and have found that it is ...
5
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1answer
43 views

What fraction of baryonic matter is in stars?

We know from big bang nucleosynthesis that baryonic matter accounts for about 5% of the universe's total mass-energy density. What is the current best estimate of how much of this is in the form of ...
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2answers
50 views

Has energy in 'transit' been incorporated into missing matter calcs.?

Has energy in 'transit' been incorporated into missing matter calcs. ?It would seem that, although very small in mass, the sheer number of particles shhoting about from one end of the universe to the ...
11
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5answers
278 views

How does dark matter collapse?: Entropy considerations

Inspired by this question. I believe that the usual explanation that preserves the second law of thermodynamics as an astrophysical gas cloud collapses under gravity is that the gas must heat and ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Spiral Galaxies and Gravity Lenses

Spiral Galaxies must have a great deal more mass than elliptical galaxies of the same size in order to account for the flat velocity curve. I've seen references of eight to ten times the visible ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Did these scientists actually detect dark matter?

I came across an article in The Guardian (definitely not the best source for science, but that's why I'm asking this question) that said that a team of scientists may have detected dark matter ...
30
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2answers
928 views

Are modified theories of gravity credible?

I'm a statistician with a little training in physics and would just like to know the general consensus on a few things. I'm reading a book by John Moffat which basically tries to state how GR makes ...
0
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2answers
72 views

What happens when Antimatter interacts with a photon?

So... I was just pondering the energy and particles in the universe. It makes sense that matter is attracted to it's self by a gravitational force - it clumps and forms some kind of gravity ...
2
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1answer
514 views

Dark matter a medium for light propagation

Is dark matter a candidate to fill void left by luminiferous ether as a medium for light travel?
2
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1answer
138 views

Is there an alternative to dark matter?

I've been reading about dark matter. I understood that its existence is inferred by the discrepancy between the gravity exerted by a galaxy (total mass) and the movement of the stars that compose it. ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Origin of cusps in simulated dark matter halos

I keep reading that cusps are one of the most "robust" predictions of N-body simulations of dark matter halos. But papers I've found on the topic make it sound like these simulations are complicated ...
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0answers
30 views

Invisible stars due to finite photons [duplicate]

When we study black body radiation, we often make calculations assuming a continuum of radiation with some amount of flux. In reality, there is a very very large number of photons being emit per unit ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Is dark matter repulsive to dark matter? Why?

I think I saw in a video that if dark matter wasn't repulsive to dark matter, it would have formed dense massive objects or even black holes which we should have detected. So, could dark matter be ...
2
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1answer
84 views

What is a flat rotation curve?

Was reading about dark matter and the distribution of it throughout the galaxy. it said "For example, if rotation curves are flat this means-" what exactly does this mean?
0
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1answer
34 views

Why does the amount of dark matter increase the further away from the galaxy's center?

Why isn't the dark matter just randomly distributed? How does it know where to go?
2
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1answer
41 views

How is dark matter meant to explain the faster than expected rotation of galaxies? [duplicate]

The stars on the outer edges of galaxies go around faster than they should be. How is dark matter meant to account for this? if you just add more mass wont that just give it a greater gravitational ...
3
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4answers
755 views

why can't the missing mass (evidence for dark matter) be matrioshka brains/dyson spheres?

i know that the claim is that nucleosynthesis models say that the observed abundance of deuterium is too high for dark matter to be baryonic, but couldn't deuterium be a waste product of ...
11
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1answer
284 views

Does it make sense to continue searching for dark matter on Earth?

The Large Underground Xenon Detector (LUX) recently released results1 that they have found no signs of dark matter2 after a ~3 month search this spring and summer. The LUX group plans to spend all of ...
11
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1answer
473 views

Justification for new theories of Particle Physics and General Relativity

In reference to arxiv:1212.4893v3 and arxiv:1206.5078v2 papers of Ma and Wang, they have proposed new theories in particle physics, the weakton model where quarks and leptons are formed using these ...
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1answer
53 views

Dark Matter as possible an explanation for Coronal Heating

It's my understanding that the mechanism behind Coronal Heating - why the Corona is so much hotter (> 1,000,000 K) than the surface of the Sun (6,000 K), and the mechanism by which the energy gets ...
2
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2answers
406 views

Wouldn't the presence of dark matter slow the expansion of the universe?

If there is a huge element of dark matter in the universe, wouldn't this extra gravity prevent the accelerated expansion of the universe?
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1answer
60 views

If MOND theory doesn't explain gravitational lensing, couldn't well placed black holes explain it?

When I first heard about star velocity as a function of its distance from the center of the galaxy and the difference between prediction and observation I immediately thought "there must be a ...
0
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2answers
113 views

Could anti matter collisions be or make dark matter?

I've recently seen that space is or could be a quantum vacuum full of particles like matter and anti matter appearing and possibly colliding causing in theory the same effects that dark energy has. My ...
3
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0answers
38 views

Active-sterile mixing for KeVins

People sometimes talk about KeV mass sterile neutrinos as a warm dark matter candidate. I think they call them KeVins (horrible name btw). Now, In order for it to be a good dark matter candidate it ...
2
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1answer
80 views

What happens when Dark Matter comes in contact with the event horizon of a large Black Hole

Josh Hill, 9, Oakdale Elementary has always talked Theory of Relativity and Astrophysics etc., I can answer most but lately he has stumped me and has been begging me to ask a pro, so here it is.... ...
5
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1answer
259 views

Mass density of dark matter in solar system near us

What is the approximate mass density of dark matter in our solar system at the radius of the Earth's orbit? I would like some idea of the mass of dark matter going through each cubic meter of ...
3
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0answers
49 views

Which cosmological dark matter theory is most compatible with current particle physics?

This occurred to me while I was writing Why hasn't warm dark matter replaced cold dark matter as the standard model of cosmology? but I think this deserves a question of its own. The background ...
5
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0answers
73 views

Why hasn't warm dark matter replaced cold dark matter as the standard model of cosmology?

The $\Lambda\rm CDM$ (cold dark matter with cosmological constant) is the current standard model of cosmology because the model comes with a long list of phenomena successfully explained by it. ...
4
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3answers
225 views

Could Dark Matter particles that don't couple to quarks or leptons have been produced?

With what we know about physics, is it possible that when the universe 'began', around when quarks and leptons were produced, another particle, which doesn't couple to either quarks, leptons or ...
8
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5answers
680 views

Dark matter and dark energy references

I've been looking for questions about dark matter, and I've read some very interesting answers. However, I desire too look into it deeply. This is not actually a question. I'm asking the community ...
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0answers
30 views

What actually Dark energy is ? [duplicate]

I recently read an article on dark matter and I could understand this things given as follows All the ordinary matter we can find accounts for only about 4 percent of the universe. We know this by ...
2
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0answers
28 views

What's the evidence, if any, for some local concentration(s) of dark matter in some region(s) smaller than a galaxy?

What's the evidence, if any, for some local concentration(s) of dark matter in some region(s) smaller than a galaxy? Galactic-sized--or larger--gravitating halos seem to get all the attention. I'm ...
2
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2answers
39 views

Big Bang Question

In the early Universe it it's believed that matter and anti-matter annihilated one another till there was but a remaining 1% left. In a matter/anti-matter collision, is there not an explosion of ...
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0answers
36 views

How does dark matter interact with light?

Most articles I read say that dark matter are weakly interacting particles. Are there any theories on how dark matter may interact with light/electromagnetic radiation?
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2answers
2k views

How do we know Dark Matter is non baryonic?

It seems widely stated, but not thoroughly explained, that Dark Matter is not normal matter as we understand it. Wikipedia states "Consistency with other observations indicates that the vast majority ...
3
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1answer
87 views

Do alternate theories for Dark Matter (like MOND) explain it's effect on gravitational lensing?

For a long time, I was sceptical about the evidence for dark matter. To me, it seemed like a pretty big leap to make when we have no idea whether or not our current models of gravity should apply ...
3
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2answers
121 views

How does the friedmon solution to Einstein's equations resolve paradox of bounded infinities?

This article talks about a potential explanation of dark matter based on something called the "friedmon." I have no interest in the dark matter question, but the article has made me curious about ...
4
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1answer
364 views

Difference between baryonic, inertial and gravitational mass? (and relation to dark matter)

Inertial mass: determined from Newton's f = ma Gravitational mass: determined via Newton's law of gravity Baryonic mass: sum of mass of all baryons. Which ones ...
7
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2answers
708 views

Could Dark Matter form black hole?

Some people speculate that the mysterious dark matter in the universe could be tiny black holes. But on the other side, could dark matter particles attract each other by gravity and finally form a ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Can the proportion of dark energy change?

This post generalizes the posts: - Proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the beginning of the universe? - How do people calculate proportions of dark matter, dark energy ...