Matter not observed directly but inferred to exist based upon its gravitational effects

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559 views

What is the formal definition of spin-independent vs. spin-dependent scattering?

In the search for WIMPs as the dark matter particle, there is an important distinction between spin-independent and spin-dependent scattering. Roughly, WIMPs scattering from nucleons through a ...
8
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3answers
130 views

What's dark matter and who discovered it?

I have heard about dark matter that's called the Master Of The Universe. What's this and is the dark matter the reason galaxies exist?
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3answers
1k views

How do people calculate proportions of dark matter, dark energy and baryonic matter of the universe?

The Wikipedia page on dark matter mentions that the Planck mission had revealed that in our universe ordinary baryonic matter, dark matter and dark energy are present in the ratio: 4.9%, 26.8% and ...
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1answer
69 views

Elastic vs Inelastic vs isospin violating scattering particle physics models

I'm looking for a nice paper that explains the difference between three particle physics models for spin-independent dark matter interaction with nuclei: elastic, inelastic and isospin violating ...
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3answers
244 views

Assuming SUSY is found to be incorrect, what would then be the most compelling candidates for dark matter?

From what I've read, the only remaining candidates appear to be either sterile neutrinos or MOND (MOdified Newtonian Dynamics -- it does seem to keep changing.) Did I miss anything else plausible?
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140 views

Proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the beginning of the universe?

What was the proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the moments after the beginning of the universe (standard Big Bang model)?
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3answers
243 views

Could some Red and Blue shifts be the result of light passing through “dark matter”? [closed]

As i see it, light behaves in certain ways, as the Double Slit experiement shows, So when light comes into contact with dark matter, it becomes both a wave and a particle, the wave is bent around the ...
3
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2answers
133 views

Orbits within a $-\vec{r}$ field

Let's say that we have a cold dark matter theory, so we imagine weakly interacting particles. Now, let's say that one of those dark-matter particles has a rare interaction while traveling through the ...
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1answer
56 views

Is dark matter expanding the universe, and creating the structures within it?

If dark matter repelled other dark matter, as well as regular matter(atomic or celestial), and regular matter were repelled by other regular matter "less" than by the dark matter, would not this ...
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2answers
263 views

Can dark matter be relativistic dust?

As far as I know the mass of an observed object increases as it approaches the speed of light. Is it possible that the excess mass called "dark matter" is due to relativistic dust? Surely, stars ...
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2answers
117 views

can we have a parallel earth made of dark matter?

In the sense that the two planets move together and has intelligent beings with their own forces and particles, but they just do not interact with (are invisible to) us?
9
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1answer
290 views

What dark matter can AMS currently find (or exclude)?

The rumor mill is running again, this time it's about the AMS experiment (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer) that's going to make a major announcement soon. I suppose they are looking for peaks in gamma ...
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1answer
181 views

Does Dark Matter have more space-time or particle characteristics?

Dark Matter appears to have more in common with phenomena related to spatial geometry then a particle. I thought in General Relativity, space can be curved without the presence of matter so ...
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2answers
398 views

Sparticles: Relationship to supersymmetry and dark matter?

I was attempting to read this paper after watching a show with Brian Greene. As I understand it, sparticles are a prediction of supersymetry, so I was wondering: Wouldn't the discovery of ...
3
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2answers
312 views

Why is the dark matter density profile within the solar radius (and local density) uncertain?

It seems that we know the rotation curve inside the sun's galactic orbit fairly accurately. Then wouldn't we be able to just take the derivative* of this to get the DM density profile at smaller ...
2
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2answers
218 views

Dark matter and QFT

My understanding is that the particle is a somewhat artificial notion in QFT (see: Quantum Mechanics: Myths and Facts), and that in general it is possible for a quantum field to have unstable ...
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2answers
142 views

following up dark matter accretion in supermassive black holes

A while ago, there was some conspicuous evidence that supermassive black holes didn't seem to be eating dark matter at the expected rate of 70%-30%, in fact, only 10% of the black hole mass increase ...
0
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1answer
630 views

Could Dark Matter be a manifestation of tachyons tunnelling between black holes? [closed]

Among the many Dark Matter candidates, I wondered if there are any along the lines of the title. The inner horizon of a black hole, with its mass inflation, and/or the high spacetime curvature, seems ...
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2answers
302 views

Is cosmic background radiation dark-matter and/or dark-energy?

Dumb question alert: Is it possible that the cosmic background radiation might be the source of dark-matter and/or dark-energy? What is the mass of the background radiation in the known universe?
3
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2answers
332 views

Dark Matter 'Stars'

I'm aware that the Milky Way has a dark matter 'halo' around it, presumably a spherically symmetric distribution. But I'm completely ignorant regarding the theories explaining dark matter... Is there ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Dark energy before radiation or after?

In the cosmic history of the universe, does the dark energy comes before the radiation epoch, or only now, in the 'matter' universe (matter dominated era)? Because, we now know that like 75% of our ...
6
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1answer
331 views

Does conformal gravity explain the Bullet cluster lensing effects?

Conformal gravity is an "alternative" theory of gravity, where instead of using the Einstein-Hilbert action composed of the Ricci scalar, the square of the conformal Weyl tensor is used. It was ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Neutrino mass as counted in Dark Matter

If I try to add up neutrino masses (let's assume 1 eV rest mass equivalent each) to count as DM, do I use the rest mass or relativistic mass?
2
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2answers
562 views

Dark matter and dark energy [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Dark matter references I have recently read about dark matter and dark energy, and why physicists think it must exist (dark matter: mass of galaxies are far bigger than ...
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2answers
322 views

Could dark energy be heat? Could dark matter be stuff that is not seen because of its refraction limits?

Heat has to go somewhere. Would the light and heat of the stars in the universe amount up to being dark matter ...and dark energy ... Dark matter would just be small pieces of stuff. Dark energy ...
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1answer
344 views

What exactly are super WIMPs?

I recently got confused (and slightly annoyed by the lack of technical details) when reading a popular article (authored by Jonathan Feng and Mark Trodden) introducing the concept of super WIMPs. The ...
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2answers
418 views

Has Bose-Einstein theory been considered for dark matter?

Has Bose-Einstein theory been considered for dark matter? The theory would explain why no measurable radiation is emitted due to zero temperature--its lack of interaction with other matter and its ...
2
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1answer
121 views

Dark Matter and Rotational Velocity Curves of Galaxies and Stellar Systems

The way dark matter is introduced to documentary watchers such as myself is to account for the difference between the rotational velocity of the stars in a galaxy compared to that of planets in ...
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1answer
148 views

Why doesn't the dark matter halo co-rotate with the luminous disk?

What keeps it from falling into the center if not angular momentum?
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1answer
74 views

Böotes Void and Dark Galxies

Wouldn't it be possible that Böotes Void, a space we generally consider to be "empty" be filled with a number of undetectable dark galaxies?
6
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4answers
567 views

How do we know that dark matter is dark?

How do we know that dark matter is dark, in the sense that it doesn't give out any light or absorb any? It is impossible for humans to be watching every single wavelength. For example, what about ...
6
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1answer
235 views

Experimental foundations of the “otherwise galaxies would not hold together” argument for dark matter

On the question of motivation and evidence for dark matter, there are some illuminating (so to speak) answers on this site. I'd like to understand in detail the foundations of one of the lines of ...
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2answers
177 views

Dark matter: degrees of freedom

I'm afraid this question could sound a little too vague. I don't even know if dark matter (DM) can be genuinely described by quantum field theory, or if quantum field theory should be somehow ...
0
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1answer
116 views

Why the world is so deep and dark?

We live in a dark world, and the light is results of big bang. The world is really made mostly of dark matter and dark energy? Why the world is so deep and dark?
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4answers
220 views

Possibility for radiation in dark matter that is not interactive with regular matter?

Definition: Radiation in this case does not refer to electromagnetic radiation. It refers to any kind of emission of energy, even energy that does not interact with regular matter. Just like dark ...
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2answers
216 views

Possibility of making dark energy equivalent with dark matter

I was curious whether it is possible to make dark energy equivalent to dark matter. Can this unification be done? If it can, why do scientists prefer to separate dark energy from dark matter?
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1answer
371 views

Does dark matter have to be matter?

There is a very similar question to this one: Is dark matter really matter?. But the particular aspect I'm asking about seems not to be mentioned there. So, here we go: Does dark matter have to exist ...
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1answer
252 views

Distribution of Dark Matter around galaxies

It is well-known that measurements of the velocity profile in galaxies are not compatible with Newtonian laws. A way to circumvent the problem is to assume that galaxies are surrounded by a spherical ...
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2answers
403 views

Is dark matter really present around the sun?

Recently I read an article that there is dark matter around the sun but if it is so, than why can we see it clearly. If it is called matter than it shall show some hindrance in radiation we receive ...
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0answers
85 views

Remaining Potential Experimental Particle Physics Discoveries at the TeV Scale?

With the discovery of the Higgs Boson, some have been calling it the end of experimental particle physics for our generation, due to the fact that all of the particles predicted by the standard model ...
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2answers
350 views

How convincing is the evidence for dark matter annihilation at 130 GeV in the galactic center from the Fermi Satellite data?

I listened to Christoph Weniger present his results at SLAC today. See his paper is here: http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.2797 and also see a different analysis here: http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.1045. The ...
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2answers
1k views

Does Dark Matter interact with Higgs Field?

Dark matter does have gravitational mass as we know from its discovery. Does it have inertial mass?
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1answer
244 views

The role of dark matter in black holes and star formation

In my understanding, there exists a critical mass for which a star needs to be in order for it to collapse into a black hole. This also applies to a certain critical density of gas in order for stars ...
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1answer
101 views

missing dark matter?

A recent arXiv article measures the variation of gravitational potential in a local region around the solar system, and from that it tries to infer the mass density. Are there any valid ...
4
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2answers
720 views

What is currently incomplete in M-theory?

As it is, what is currently and seemingly incomplete in M-theory? One example I can give is explaining dark matter proportions and.. how do we perceive the world as 4-dimensional. Thanks everyone.
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1answer
183 views

Understanding particle's space travel

Before the discovery of dark matter, the prevailing popular understanding of Space content is that of celestial bodies (planets, stars..etc) floating in 'void' and emitting particles and waves ...
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2answers
580 views

Is dark matter really matter?

Is dark matter really a form of matter? We know it has a gravitional attraction and we know that everything that has a gravitional force is made by matter. But maybe this is an exception? And if ...
5
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1answer
151 views

Can dark matter and energy be formulated as local perturbations of the metric

Note, my formal physics education ended over ten years ago so I may be missing some obvious piece of understanding. The relationship between space-time and matter/energy distribution is described by ...
4
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1answer
261 views

Does the dark matter halo rotate with the galaxy?

If the dark matter halo is stationary related to the arms of the galaxy then tidal effects should slow the galaxy rotation. If it rotates with the normal matter in the galaxy then shouldn't it ...
8
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5answers
424 views

How Does Dark Matter Form Lumps?

As far as we know, the particles of dark matter can interact with each other only by gravitation. No electromagnetics, no weak force, no strong force. So, let's suppose a local slight concentration ...