Matter not observed directly but inferred to exist based upon its gravitational effects

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Distribution of dark matter in galactic halos

Often dark matter around galaxies is referred to as a 'halo'. I've seen the galactic rotation curves, but I'm having trouble visualizing how the dark matter is distributed for a typical rotating ...
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1answer
61 views

Is dark matter (if any) the reason why we even exist?

If we were to model a universe without any dark matter in it, would stars and other large scale cosmic structures (galaxies or clusters) form in timescales similar to our universe? Or would they never ...
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376 views

Could dark energy be the effect of gravity at great distances?

This may be a silly question, but is it possible that dark energy and gravity are related to each other? Space-time is deformed everywhere in space by objects with mass. The more massive the object, ...
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58 views

What is the analogous effect of cosmological redshift for particles with mass?

Due to the metric expansion of space, light emitted from earlier times in faraway parts of the universe and travels for a long time to reach us get progressively redshifted, decreasing the energy of ...
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1answer
548 views

Difference between baryonic, inertial and gravitational mass? (and relation to dark matter)

Inertial mass: determined from Newton's f = ma Gravitational mass: determined via Newton's law of gravity Baryonic mass: sum of mass of all baryons. Which ones ...
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74 views

Did LIGO detect dark matter?

Which is the title of this preprint They claim that: We consider the possibility that the black-hole (BH) binary detected by LIGO may be a signature of dark matter. Interestingly enough, there ...
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185 views

What allows us to assume spacetime is flat when no normal matter is present?

Dark matter causes a bend in spacetime. We see this through gravitational lensing. But what allows us to assume spacetime is flat when no normal matter is present? Why can't we say that dark matter ...
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1answer
101 views

Vacuum polarization of dark matter candidates

Can a dark matter particle (axions, for instance, but the question applies to any valid candidate for dark matter) induce QED vacuum polarization effects even if being electrically neutral and with no ...
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1answer
961 views

What is the formal definition of spin-independent vs. spin-dependent scattering?

In the search for WIMPs as the dark matter particle, there is an important distinction between spin-independent and spin-dependent scattering. Roughly, WIMPs scattering from nucleons through a ...
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32 views

Need help with determining the stellar mass using the NFW profile

My review assignment has a question that asks us to use the Navarro–Frenk–White (NFW) profile to find total mass in the galaxy using $$\rho(R)=\frac{\rho_0}{1+\frac{R}{R_c}}$$ then taking a triple ...
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272 views

Relation of General Relativity to Dark Matter and Dark Energy

I was reading an elementary book on dark matter (in fact, a historical perspective) and there were mentioned how the scientific community react to the idea of dark matter proposed as a solution to ...
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81 views

Which cosmological dark matter theory is most compatible with current particle physics?

This occurred to me while I was writing Why hasn't warm dark matter replaced cold dark matter as the standard model of cosmology? but I think this deserves a question of its own. The background ...
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3answers
346 views

How much of the universes mass is bound up in photons traveling between stars?

I was watching a Scott Manley video on youtube and he mentioned that the Sun was loosing 4 million tons of mass a second as it converts to energy. With a few trillion trillion stars also converting ...
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774 views

Dark matter and dark energy [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Dark matter references I have recently read about dark matter and dark energy, and why physicists think it must exist (dark matter: mass of galaxies are far bigger than ...
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841 views

Is Dark Matter evenly spread out in the universe?

Is Dark Matter evenly spread out? If no, could we ever find a correlation between the amount of dark matter and matter in a specific place?
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2answers
242 views

If dark matter is a new type of particle, what does that imply?

My understanding is that dark matter cannot be (or is at least highly unlikely to be) an exotic form of any known particle. On the other hand, articles about particle accelerators seem to say that the ...
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190 views

Dark matter: degrees of freedom

I'm afraid this question could sound a little too vague. I don't even know if dark matter (DM) can be genuinely described by quantum field theory, or if quantum field theory should be somehow ...
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1answer
55 views

What happens when astronomical bodies made up of Dark Matter collapse or collide?

Does dark matter not produce heat or radiation after a collision etc? Or, we detect radiations having no generators?
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1k views

why can't the missing mass (evidence for dark matter) be matrioshka brains/dyson spheres?

i know that the claim is that nucleosynthesis models say that the observed abundance of deuterium is too high for dark matter to be baryonic, but couldn't deuterium be a waste product of ...
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1answer
113 views

Shouldn't dark matter distort light and therefore be directly detectable?

It is an established fact that gravity bends space time and therefore distorts light. We know that Dark matter acts gravitationally. So, just for giggles, lets say I had a sphere of dark matter ...
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70 views

Restrictions on theories which describe particle which is the dark matter candidate

Lets have theory which describes (cold) dark matter candidate. I know two cosmological (not astrophysical) restrictions for particle: its lifetime has to be larger than the lifetime of the Universe, ...
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971 views

How much of a galaxy's mass is in stars?

I have been trying to find an answer for this question for a while without a success, so I guess it might not have a specific answer. But to make things easier, let's take the Milky Way galaxy as an ...
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1answer
642 views

What is a flat rotation curve?

Was reading about dark matter and the distribution of it throughout the galaxy. it said "For example, if rotation curves are flat this means-" what exactly does this mean?
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328 views

Do alternate theories for Dark Matter (like MOND) explain its effect on gravitational lensing?

For a long time, I was sceptical about the evidence for dark matter. To me, it seemed like a pretty big leap to make when we have no idea whether or not our current models of gravity should apply ...
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135 views

Dark Matter and Rotational Velocity Curves of Galaxies and Stellar Systems

The way dark matter is introduced to documentary watchers such as myself is to account for the difference between the rotational velocity of the stars in a galaxy compared to that of planets in ...
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1answer
102 views

How can the Andromeda Galaxy alone have more mass than the Local Group?

I was reading about the Local Group, and it is stated that the total mass of the group is $1.29±0.14 × 10^{12}$ Solar masses. The number actually felt a bit low to me because I know the Milky Way ...
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248 views

Possibility for radiation in dark matter that is not interactive with regular matter?

Definition: Radiation in this case does not refer to electromagnetic radiation. It refers to any kind of emission of energy, even energy that does not interact with regular matter. Just like dark ...
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126 views

How is dark matter detected?

What methods do we use to detect Dark Matter? If I understand correctly, due to lack of electromagnetic interaction it should be able to phase through normal matter nearly like through void - since ...
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195 views

Can we regard dark matter as a special fluid rather than individual particles?

If we assume that dark matter is an $N$-body system of sizeless and collisionless particles which only interact via newtonian gravity, do these huge quantity of particles manifest some collective ...
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198 views

Did dark matter cause the formation of the Solar System?

This question is related to my previous question on Solar System Formation and is a pure thought experiment, with as few as possible assumptions made. From my previous question, I learned that stars ...
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1answer
106 views

Wouldn't dark matter throw off the calculation of Earth's 'light' mass and estimates of its composition?

The Cavendish experiment first determined the mass of the Earth and (arguably) the gravitational constant. However, given the ubiquitous nature of dark matter, it seems reasonable that at least some ...
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99 views

Why is dark matter used to explain big movements but not small ones

Just read that there are perturbations of stuff in the outer solar system that suggest there are Earth sized planets far out from the sun, in the dark. When the same sort of effects are seen at the ...
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1answer
200 views

Is there an alternative to dark matter?

I've been reading about dark matter. I understood that its existence is inferred by the discrepancy between the gravity exerted by a galaxy (total mass) and the movement of the stars that compose it. ...
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1answer
108 views

How much of the mass of a supermassive black hole comes from dark matter?

How much of the mass of a supermassive black hole comes from dark matter? Assuming cold dark matter exists and that it doesn't bank up and get pushed away from black holes like some baryonic matter. ...
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1answer
191 views

What determines the shape of the WIMP cross-section vs mass limit curves?

In figure 5 of http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1310.8214 (PDF: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1310.8214v1.pdf), the experiments all seem to reach the lowest cross-sections when the WIMP is in the $40-100\, ...
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1answer
177 views

Interpretation of the WIMP annihilation cross section graph

I have some trouble in the interpretation of the WIMP cross-section annihilation versus their mass. I understand that the lines represent a upper bound on the cross section from the observation. ...
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179 views

Orbits within a $-\vec{r}$ field

Let's say that we have a cold dark matter theory, so we imagine weakly interacting particles. Now, let's say that one of those dark-matter particles has a rare interaction while traveling through the ...
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1answer
130 views

missing dark matter?

A recent arXiv article measures the variation of gravitational potential in a local region around the solar system, and from that it tries to infer the mass density. Are there any valid ...
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1answer
94 views

Where would dark matter be produced?

There are a zoo of dark matter candidates. Are there any candidates which could be produced in extreme conditions such as black holes/active galactic nuclei/pulsars? After reading an article on WIMPs ...
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1answer
176 views

Could Hyper-Massive Black Holes be due to Dark Matter in the Early Universe?

An interesting discussion started here: Is there a limit as to how fast a black hole can grow? I am curious if Thompson Scattering and Eddington Luminosity have the same effect on Dark Matter (or ...
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1answer
92 views

Why is the rotation curve of a galaxy lower if measured with CO rather than H?

I have a simple question regarding galactic rotation curves. I know they are studied mostly using 21 cm emission of Hydrogen in the outer regions and with CO emissions in the inner regions, but why do ...
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1answer
129 views

Could the estimated stellar mass for the Milky Way galaxy include brown dwarfs?

Trying to find an estimate for the stellar mass of the MW galaxy, I found this paper and the estimated stellar mass is $~6.5 \times 10^{10} M_{\odot}$. I was also trying to understand the methods used ...
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228 views

How does the friedmon solution to Einstein's equations resolve paradox of bounded infinities?

This article talks about a potential explanation of dark matter based on something called the "friedmon." I have no interest in the dark matter question, but the article has made me curious about ...
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200 views

Relation between $\Lambda$ and $\Omega_\Lambda$ in $\Lambda\mathrm{CDM}$

In minimal $\Lambda\mathrm{CDM}$, there is a parameter labeled $\Omega_\Lambda$, and current fits place it at around $\left( \Omega_\Lambda \sim 0.73\right)$. Meanwhile, $\Lambda$ enters the Einstein ...
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717 views

If matter creates space, shouldn't there be experimentally detectable consequences?

Ernst Mach, a man to who influenced Albert Einstein significantly in his approach to relativity, did not quite seem to believe in space as a self-existing entity. I'm pretty sure it would be correct ...
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On non-local physics in cosmology by prof. B.V. Alekseev

Recently I've encountered work by prof. B.V. Alekseev, in which he claims that some physical problems can be easily solved if we consider non-local interactions in kinetic theory (interactions of ...
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571 views

Neutralino Dark Matter Detection

Assuming supersymmetry exists and a neutralino is stable, it's often seen as a leading dark matter candidate. What would be expected from the interaction of a neutralino and its anti-particle? Has ...
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1answer
184 views

Dark matter, dark energy [closed]

As I understand dark matter and dark energy are quite theoretical . That modern theories require the existence of these phenomena. I read a lot of information about this. And I realized that ...
3
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1answer
142 views

Reference request: dark matter and $f(R)$ modified gravity

Could someone please explain briefly or refer me to an article or manuscript that shows how $f(R)$ modified gravity theories can be used to explain the problem of dark matter, particularly the galaxy ...
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161 views

Do WIMPs have to interact non-gravitationally with each other or other particles?

I know many collaborations are attempting to detect the interaction of WIMPs with nucleons or with themselves, with the recent result from Ice Cube ...