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4
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2answers
535 views

What is currently incomplete in M-theory?

As it is, what is currently and seemingly incomplete in M-theory? One example I can give is explaining dark matter proportions and.. how do we perceive the world as 4-dimensional. Thanks everyone.
4
votes
1answer
136 views

What are wimpy particles?

Can anyone give a brief overview of what a wimpy particle is?
4
votes
1answer
203 views

How much does electromagnetic radiation contribute to dark matter?

EM radiation has a relativistic mass (see for instance, Does a photon exert a gravitational pull?), and therefore exerts a gravitational pull. Intuitively it makes sense to include EM radiation ...
4
votes
2answers
390 views

Is dark matter really matter?

Is dark matter really a form of matter? We know it has a gravitional attraction and we know that everything that has a gravitional force is made by matter. But maybe this is an exception? And if ...
4
votes
4answers
199 views

Could dark energy be the effect of gravity at great distances?

This may be a silly question, but is it possible that dark energy and gravity are related to each other? Space-time is deformed everywhere in space by objects with mass. The more massive the object, ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Does the dark matter halo rotate with the galaxy?

If the dark matter halo is stationary related to the arms of the galaxy then tidal effects should slow the galaxy rotation. If it rotates with the normal matter in the galaxy then shouldn't it ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

Can dark matter and energy be formulated as local perturbations of the metric

Note, my formal physics education ended over ten years ago so I may be missing some obvious piece of understanding. The relationship between space-time and matter/energy distribution is described by ...
4
votes
1answer
250 views

What is the formal definition of spin-independent vs. spin-dependent scattering?

In the search for WIMPs as the dark matter particle, there is an important distinction between spin-independent and spin-dependent scattering. Roughly, WIMPs scattering from nucleons through a ...
4
votes
1answer
313 views

How the CMB anisotropy is linked to the existence of cold dark matter and dark energy?

After the data from the cosmic microwave background has been collected by WMAP or Planck, what types of analysis is needed to conduct in order to deduce the cold dark matter density and the ...
4
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0answers
38 views

What do the latest FERMI results say about dark matter?

There was an announcement at a recent UCLA symposium on dark matter by the FERMI collaboration which hints at some evidence of dark matter. The results aren't yet published, but the symposium news ...
4
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0answers
32 views

Need help on Springel model for galaxy dynamics

I would like to have help about the response of the dark matter profile in the Springel galaxy dynamics model ( from the paper Tidal tails in CDM cosmologies(NB: Arxiv pre-print)) Here's the part of ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

What are the reasons why dark matter above the TeV scale appears to be ignored experimentally?

I understand that sub-TeV-scale dark matter would fit nicely with TeV-scale SUSY, but are there any other reasons for the large experimental blind spot between TeV-scale WIMPs and the much larger ...
3
votes
3answers
215 views

How much of the universes mass is bound up in photons traveling between stars?

I was watching a Scott Manley video on youtube and he mentioned that the Sun was loosing 4 million tons of mass a second as it converts to energy. With a few trillion trillion stars also converting ...
3
votes
2answers
215 views

If dark matter is a new type of particle, what does that imply?

My understanding is that dark matter cannot be (or is at least highly unlikely to be) an exotic form of any known particle. On the other hand, articles about particle accelerators seem to say that the ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What happens when astronomical bodies made up of Dark Matter collapse or collide?

Does dark matter not produce heat or radiation after a collision etc? Or, we detect radiations having no generators?
3
votes
3answers
227 views

Assuming SUSY is found to be incorrect, what would then be the most compelling candidates for dark matter?

From what I've read, the only remaining candidates appear to be either sterile neutrinos or MOND (MOdified Newtonian Dynamics -- it does seem to keep changing.) Did I miss anything else plausible?
3
votes
2answers
167 views

Dark matter: degrees of freedom

I'm afraid this question could sound a little too vague. I don't even know if dark matter (DM) can be genuinely described by quantum field theory, or if quantum field theory should be somehow ...
3
votes
2answers
259 views

Why is the dark matter density profile within the solar radius (and local density) uncertain?

It seems that we know the rotation curve inside the sun's galactic orbit fairly accurately. Then wouldn't we be able to just take the derivative* of this to get the DM density profile at smaller ...
3
votes
4answers
216 views

Possibility for radiation in dark matter that is not interactive with regular matter?

Definition: Radiation in this case does not refer to electromagnetic radiation. It refers to any kind of emission of energy, even energy that does not interact with regular matter. Just like dark ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

What determines the shape of the WIMP cross-section vs mass limit curves?

In figure 5 of http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1310.8214 (PDF: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1310.8214v1.pdf), the experiments all seem to reach the lowest cross-sections when the WIMP is in the $40-100\, ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Orbits within a $-\vec{r}$ field

Let's say that we have a cold dark matter theory, so we imagine weakly interacting particles. Now, let's say that one of those dark-matter particles has a rare interaction while traveling through the ...
3
votes
3answers
108 views

Proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the beginning of the universe?

What was the proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the moments after the beginning of the universe (standard Big Bang model)?
3
votes
2answers
102 views

can we have a parallel earth made of dark matter?

In the sense that the two planets move together and has intelligent beings with their own forces and particles, but they just do not interact with (are invisible to) us?
3
votes
1answer
275 views

Difference between baryonic, inertial and gravitational mass? (and relation to dark matter)

Inertial mass: determined from Newton's f = ma Gravitational mass: determined via Newton's law of gravity Baryonic mass: sum of mass of all baryons. Which ones ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

missing dark matter?

A recent arXiv article measures the variation of gravitational potential in a local region around the solar system, and from that it tries to infer the mass density. Are there any valid ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Do WIMPs have to interact non-gravitationally with each other or other particles?

I know many collaborations are attempting to detect the interaction of WIMPs with nucleons or with themselves, with the recent result from Ice Cube ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Vacuum polarization of dark matter candidates

Can a dark matter particle (axions, for instance, but the question applies to any valid candidate for dark matter) induce QED vacuum polarization effects even if being electrically neutral and with no ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Neutrino Nuclei Coherent scattering and the Dark Matter lower wall

Suppose that current and new forthcoming dark matter direct detection experiments find no evidence of Dark matter events and exclude interactions of hypothetical DM particles (like LSP or similar) in ...
2
votes
4answers
119 views

Dark matter and tides

As I understand, "dark matter" is what they call a theoretical substance which is only known by it's influence upon velocity curve of the galaxy. If indeed the gravity of "dark matter" is so strong ...
2
votes
2answers
287 views

Is Dark Matter evenly spread out in the universe?

Is Dark Matter evenly spread out? If no, could we ever find a correlation between the amount of dark matter and matter in a specific place?
2
votes
2answers
255 views

Dark Matter 'Stars'

I'm aware that the Milky Way has a dark matter 'halo' around it, presumably a spherically symmetric distribution. But I'm completely ignorant regarding the theories explaining dark matter... Is there ...
2
votes
2answers
269 views

Could dark energy be heat? Could dark matter be stuff that is not seen because of its refraction limits?

Heat has to go somewhere. Would the light and heat of the stars in the universe amount up to being dark matter ...and dark energy ... Dark matter would just be small pieces of stuff. Dark energy ...
2
votes
3answers
282 views

Theory that gets rid of dark matter/energy

Is there any physics theory that either groups together gravity and dark energy/dark matter or eliminates dark energy/dark matter by modifying standard understanding of gravity or any force? If so, ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Relation between $\Lambda$ and $\Omega_\Lambda$ in $\Lambda\mathrm{CDM}$

In minimal $\Lambda\mathrm{CDM}$, there is a parameter labeled $\Omega_\Lambda$, and current fits place it at around $\left( \Omega_\Lambda \sim 0.73\right)$. Meanwhile, $\Lambda$ enters the Einstein ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Neutrino mass as counted in Dark Matter

If I try to add up neutrino masses (let's assume 1 eV rest mass equivalent each) to count as DM, do I use the rest mass or relativistic mass?
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Relativistic Mass and Dark Matter

In a question here Ron Maimon comments that "relativistic mass makes gravity, not rest mass." If so, does that mean that the faster that stars orbit the galaxy the larger the relativistic mass of the ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

The role of dark matter in black holes and star formation

In my understanding, there exists a critical mass for which a star needs to be in order for it to collapse into a black hole. This also applies to a certain critical density of gas in order for stars ...
2
votes
2answers
157 views

Dark matter and QFT

My understanding is that the particle is a somewhat artificial notion in QFT (see: Quantum Mechanics: Myths and Facts), and that in general it is possible for a quantum field to have unstable ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Dark matter detection

In the detection of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), which is the basis of dark matter, what is the use of the tank filled with liquid xenon? I mean, how does the releasing of photons ...
2
votes
2answers
391 views

Neutralino Dark Matter Detection

Assuming supersymmetry exists and a neutralino is stable, it's often seen as a leading dark matter candidate. What would be expected from the interaction of a neutralino and its anti-particle? Has ...
2
votes
3answers
145 views

Ability to detect pulsars

Am I correct it remembering that unless a pulsars beams plane faces earth we can not detect them. And that similarly inbetween the pulses we can't see them either? If so how does this differ from ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Elastic vs Inelastic vs isospin violating scattering particle physics models

I'm looking for a nice paper that explains the difference between three particle physics models for spin-independent dark matter interaction with nuclei: elastic, inelastic and isospin violating ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

If matter creates space, shouldn't there be experimentally detectable consequences?

Ernst Mach, a man to who influenced Albert Einstein significantly in his approach to relativity, did not quite seem to believe in space as a self-existing entity. I'm pretty sure it would be correct ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Dark energy before radiation or after?

In the cosmic history of the universe, does the dark energy comes before the radiation epoch, or only now, in the 'matter' universe (matter dominated era)? Because, we now know that like 75% of our ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

On non-local physics

Recently I've encountered work by prof. B.V Alekseev, in which he claims that some physical problems can be easily solved if we consider non-local interactions in kinetic theory (interactions of ...
2
votes
2answers
353 views

Has Bose-Einstein theory been considered for dark matter?

Has Bose-Einstein theory been considered for dark matter? The theory would explain why no measurable radiation is emitted due to zero temperature--its lack of interaction with other matter and its ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Partial waves and the velocity expansion of a scattering cross section

I'm confused about the relation between the velocity expansion of a scattering cross section and the angular momentum (partial wave) expansion. For example, for dark matter annihilation, we write ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Remaining Potential Experimental Particle Physics Discoveries at the TeV Scale?

With the discovery of the Higgs Boson, some have been calling it the end of experimental particle physics for our generation, due to the fact that all of the particles predicted by the standard model ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

Particle dark matter coherent scattering?

Particle dark matter coherent scattering direct searches rely on the scattering of the DM particle off a nucleus (Xe, Si, Ge, NaI etc). The wisdom is this is coherent scattering: so the rate ~atomic ...
2
votes
2answers
274 views

Is it possible for dark matter to somehow turn into regular matter?

Is it possible for dark matter to create the regular matter that we, the stars, and the galaxies are made of? The reason I'm asking this is because I have a hard time imagining how something can ...