Matter not observed directly but inferred to exist based upon its gravitational effects

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284 views

Relation of General Relativity to Dark Matter and Dark Energy

I was reading an elementary book on dark matter (in fact, a historical perspective) and there were mentioned how the scientific community react to the idea of dark matter proposed as a solution to ...
-1
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4answers
270 views

Why is “dark matter” theory accepted? Why wasn't general relativity rejected?

Dark matter was made up to account for unexplained effects such as gravitational lensing, the speed of expansion of the universe, or the rate of rotation of certain galaxies. However, as Feynman ...
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1answer
67 views

What is the DAMA dark matter detector reporting and why does no-one else believe them?

I understand DAMA is a dark matter detector but I don't understand how it works, and what it's seeing. They claim to have a seasonal variation in their signal which is supportive of a certain type of ...
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0answers
28 views

Does matter shrink due to energy radiation and does it have anything to do with dark matter and dark energy?

Is matter shrinking? Is shrinking the cause of concentrated dark matter that makes up matter moving from concentration to unconcentration. Does dark energy and expansion of the universe come from this ...
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1answer
67 views

Looking for a specific theory concerning Dark Matter [closed]

I am looking for the name of a theory positing that "empty" space itself is not empty, but has substance, and that "fabric" or "substance" is actually what we call Dark Matter. In theory, dark matter ...
2
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0answers
49 views

How sensitively can we detect a moon-sized mass of dark matter?

Suppose there is an object with the mass of the moon made entirely of dark matter. Suppose that somehow, it has the same mass density as the moon. By dark matter I mean matter that does not interact ...
3
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0answers
36 views

Why is the galaxy's dark matter halo a sphere instead of a disk? [duplicate]

I understand that the galaxy is disk shaped because it has a substantial total angular momentum (if that's the right term). If the dark matter halo is a sphere, does that mean that its total angular ...
2
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2answers
190 views

Does Newtonian physics work on a galactic scale?

I'm currently working on a simulation that aims to use Newton's Law of Gravitation to simulate how a galaxy behaves gravitationally. While I haven't gotten the simulation finished yet, I have had a ...
2
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2answers
104 views

ΧΕΝΟΝ1Τ: Will it fail to discover DM? Why is it necessary? What benefits for society?

Since a new experiment (ΧΕΝΟΝ1Τ) will take place in Italy to directly detect WIMPs and since there are already many experiments trying to do the same or something similar (e.g. CERN LHC, LUX, CoGent, ...
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1answer
244 views

Gravitational constant, $G$, What if it is not Constant?

The question is on title; What if Gravitational Constant, $G$, is not constant? Let's skip all the local consequences if it would suddenly change, like asked here; Can gravitational constant be ...
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0answers
44 views

Direct vs indirect detection of dark matter

Background There are two categories of searches for dark matter. Direct Detection via reproducible experiments Indirect detection Detection of e.g. annihilation signal from astrophysical sources ...
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0answers
24 views

Do clouds of dark matter cool and contract?

If dark matter participates in the weak interaction, clouds could cool via thermal neutrino radiation...? And even if does not participate in the weak interaction, clouds should contract via ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Why should we expect dark matter with weak scale masses?

The WIMP "miracle" is often used to motivate WIMPs: that a WIMP with a weak-scale mass naturally freezes out of thermal equilibrium after the big bang with the right relic abundance. I understand the "...
2
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2answers
183 views

Magnetic monopole bound state

Magnetic monopole (mm) bound states Background: I'm an experimentalist, simple equations are appreciated. (Complicated equations are fine, as long as I can ask questions.) This is one of many ...
2
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0answers
283 views

What would happen if all dark matter disappeared?

This is related to this question which provided evidence about dark matter, and this question which asked what would happen if dark energy started disappearing. This question assumes that dark matter ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Can Dark Matter be light and cold at the same time?

In most of the papers that I encounter, the mass range for Dark matter is generally taken to be 1-1000 GeV. Is it possible that dark matter is of the order of few MeV? What observation is violated in ...
59
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5answers
6k views

If dark matter only interacts with gravity, why doesn't it all clump together in a single point?

I'm a complete layperson. As I understand, dark matter theoretically only interacts with the gravitational force, and doesn't interact with the other three fundamental forces: weak nuclear force, ...
2
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0answers
64 views

Bulge-Disk decomposition in galaxies

I'm starting a new project on dark matter astrophysics in which I have to extract from some data (I will write some below) the surface brightness, to later construct the mass density profiles of de ...
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0answers
64 views

Does this phrase in “Knocking On Heaven's Door”, refer to gravitons?

This is an extract from Knocking On Heaven's Door, by Randall (2011) The suprising fact is that if you have a stable particle whose mass corresponds to the weak energy scale that the LHC will ...
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0answers
37 views

Can the newly discovered mass of the neutrino explain in part, the missing matter [duplicate]

This question is related to the recent discovery of the neutrino mass 0.320 ± 0.081 eV/$c^2$. Could this account for at least some of the Dark Matter/Missing matter of the universe?
0
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1answer
135 views

Dark Matter - Why no strong interaction?

Dark Matter shows up in cosmological observations as deviation of velocity of e.g. spiral galaxy arms and so on, so we know it interacts gravitational. We cannot see it, and in the Bullet Cluster you ...
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4answers
255 views

Bullet Cluster and MOND

Apparently the Bullet Cluster is some slam-dunk proof of ΛCDM. The argument seems to be that most (>90%) of the baryonic mass in these clusters is in the form of X-ray emitting gas. Therefore the ...
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0answers
27 views

Dark matter = neutral matter? [duplicate]

Could dark matter be a neutral form of matter between antimatter and matter, much like how neutrons are neutrally charged particles that keep protons and electrons stable within an atom?
3
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1answer
201 views

Can we regard dark matter as a special fluid rather than individual particles?

If we assume that dark matter is an $N$-body system of sizeless and collisionless particles which only interact via newtonian gravity, do these huge quantity of particles manifest some collective ...
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0answers
27 views

Recommendation: “Does dark matter form planets?” [duplicate]

My knowledge about dark matter is pretty slim and I am likely to not acquire a decent grasp of the subject anytime soon. Therefore I ask: Does anyone know any good reads or sources to look into to see ...
5
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1answer
111 views

Relation between dark matter and supermassive black holes located in the center of galaxies

This research (see press article and technical paper), conducted on 3000 elliptical galaxies (which are typically galaxy merger results), reports finding "distinct relationship between the mass of the ...
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1answer
594 views

Are black holes in a binary system with white holes, and are they both wormholes? [closed]

What is a black hole? The general explanation is that a black hole is small region in space with such strong gravitational effects that nothing can escape and even light is trapped inside of the event ...
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2answers
112 views

WIMP dark matter annihilation rate equation (approximation)?

WIMP is a possible dark matter candidates, which self-annihilates. What is the WIMP annihilation rate, as a function of density? Most sources state this scales as $\rho^2$, (density squared), but ...
3
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1answer
118 views

Shouldn't dark matter distort light and therefore be directly detectable?

It is an established fact that gravity bends space time and therefore distorts light. We know that Dark matter acts gravitationally. So, just for giggles, lets say I had a sphere of dark matter ...
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2answers
166 views

Dark Energy and Wormhole stability

Is it possible that the "negative energy" needed to create stable wormholes as theorized by Morris and Thorne (?) could be dark energy? Could this be the "exotic" negative energy matter referred to?
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2answers
118 views

Could black holes interact with dark matter at distances far greater than matter?

I watched this Nova episode on super massive black holes and learned that the speed at which the outer stars in a galaxy orbit correspond to the size of the black hole at the galaxy's center. They ...
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0answers
47 views

Can photons be converted to dark matter in black holes? [duplicate]

I'm a pharmacy student so if it's not a good theory let's just not laugh at me :) I was wondering if it is possible that when the light enters a black hole and gets trapped in its gravity, its energy ...
0
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1answer
26 views

What is our confidence with respect to the critical density of the universe? [closed]

How can scientists speak confidently about the critical density of the universe while knowing the majority of matter and energy is foreign and not well understood. Shouldn't more knowledge about dark ...
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1answer
54 views

Evolution of dark matter and gas temperature

So I have recently watched a simulation of dark matter density and gas temperature evolution in a universe. However I couldn't find description of under what assumptions it was was made and what it is ...
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1answer
126 views

Why standard model particles cannot be dark matter particles

I'm interested if any of the particles in the standard model could be potential candidates for dark matter? I know that we do not see dark matter, therefore dark matter does not interact ...
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0answers
33 views

What does “fully depleted” mean?

In many papers/articles on CCDs, particularly those used for dark energy surveys and dark matter detection, the term "fully depleted CCD" is used. What does this mean? References: http://arxiv.org/...
4
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1answer
60 views

What is the analogous effect of cosmological redshift for particles with mass?

Due to the metric expansion of space, light emitted from earlier times in faraway parts of the universe and travels for a long time to reach us get progressively redshifted, decreasing the energy of ...
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2answers
70 views

Restrictions on theories which describe particle which is the dark matter candidate

Lets have theory which describes (cold) dark matter candidate. I know two cosmological (not astrophysical) restrictions for particle: its lifetime has to be larger than the lifetime of the Universe, ...
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1answer
43 views

Is Dark Matter accounted for in early universe inflationary models?

In the early universe there must have been an abundance of dark matter unless it formed by some unknown process later on. If it were present, is this significant and factored into our models?
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2answers
489 views

Is most of the matter in the observable universe within galaxies?

Do we know, either through observations or through theory driven computer simulations, the location of the majority of the visible matter in the observable universe? That is, is it located within ...
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1answer
69 views

Does this analogy with matter and energy hold? [duplicate]

Matter is to energy as dark matter is to dark energy. Is that statement correct? If not, is there any relationship, that we know of, between dark matter and dark energy? When I say there is an ...
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1answer
21 views

What is the ratio of cosmic ray energy to dark matter energy in our solar system?

In any cubic meter of space in our solar system there is predicted to be some amount of dark matter. Also in a cubic meter of space is a known average amount of cosmic ray energy. What is the ratio of ...
4
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1answer
77 views

How dark matter makes ordinary matter far from the center of a disc galaxy rotate faster?

I was reading several questions on this subject, incluiding duplicates, and even received the very useful help of Kyle Oman in this question to understand the behavior and distribution of DM. But I'm ...
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2answers
190 views

Is there a possibility of anti-dark matter?

Based on Galactic Gamma Ray Emission My question is simply put. Although dark matter itself is almost a complete mystery, has anything been published which postulates the existence of anti-dark ...
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1answer
66 views

Dark matter configuration

We live in a 3D world comprised of 4 dimensions, if you include time. The unit of spacetime as we "see" it is the proton, comprising of 6 quarks, fermions. Hence since these quarks cannot occupy the ...
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1answer
59 views

Is Dark Energy and or Dark Matter directly proportional to EMR? [closed]

Is Dark Energy directly proportional to Electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR)?
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1answer
149 views

Density of dark matter along the galaxy [duplicate]

I was reading these 2 interesting articles about dark matter inside the solar system: Does Dark Matter affect the motion of the Solar System? The Incredible Dark Matter Mystery: Why Astronomers Say ...
4
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4answers
303 views

How can I add dark matter to my $N$-body simulation?

I've written a simple non-scientific N-body simulation for fun: http://magwo.github.io/fullofstars/ I expected to create something looking like spinning galaxies (there are two invisible very heavy ...
2
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1answer
60 views

What $f(R)$ models pass most of the known constraints? [closed]

In most papers and talks about $f(R)$ gravity authors repeatedly state that the model proposed by Starobinsky 2007 $$ f(R)=R+\lambda\,R_{0} \bigg[\bigg(1+\frac{R^{2}}{R_{0}^{2}}\bigg)^{-n}-1\bigg] $$...
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1answer
95 views

Where would dark matter be produced?

There are a zoo of dark matter candidates. Are there any candidates which could be produced in extreme conditions such as black holes/active galactic nuclei/pulsars? After reading an article on WIMPs ...