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0
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1answer
40 views

Can someone explain effects of time dilation on expansion of universe [duplicate]

I'm not a physics guy, but this is something I have always wondered about. If a clock flown by an object of high mass runs slower, what is the effect of this in regards to the density of the universe. ...
3
votes
1answer
683 views

Does dark energy annihilate energy?

Antimatter and matter particles annihilate. But does dark energy annihilate energy? We consider energy to be photons, and such, correct? So when we say energy, we're actually talking about some ...
11
votes
1answer
464 views

Justification for new theories of Particle Physics and General Relativity

In reference to arxiv:1212.4893v3 and arxiv:1206.5078v2 papers of Ma and Wang, they have proposed new theories in particle physics, the weakton model where quarks and leptons are formed using these ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Could anti matter collisions be or make dark matter?

I've recently seen that space is or could be a quantum vacuum full of particles like matter and anti matter appearing and possibly colliding causing in theory the same effects that dark energy has. My ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Can an underdensity in space act as a negative matter density powering a warp drive?

Consider a homogeneous isotropic universe filled with a perfect fluid with density $\rho$ and pressure $P = \rho/w$. E.g. for $w=-1$ we get a universe equivalent to one with "vacuum energy" or with ...
2
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2answers
53 views

In a Big Crunch, would there be more mass than at the Big Bang?

I found multiple questions where it is stated that dark energy increases as the universe expands. Assuming a big crunch scenario, will this dark energy "go away" again as the size of the universe ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Cosmic Expansion - Why aren't we ripped off yet? [duplicate]

According to Hubble's law, the universe expands exponentially ever since the big bang. If the space-time expands, what effects does it have upon us, (1.Earth, 2.solar system and 3. Milky Way). ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

If dark energy is accelerating the expansion of the universe, why can't I feel it?

Based on the Lambda-CDM cosmological model, our universe is not only expanding, but is accelerating in its expansion. However, the Equivalence Principle would suggest that inertia manifests itself in ...
11
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1answer
272 views

What are the alternative theories of dark energy? ($w \neq -1$)

There has been a lot of related questions about dark energy around here but these are usually 2-4 years old and the closest question to mine hasn't really been answered, so I am going to proceed. ...
8
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5answers
599 views

Dark matter and dark energy references

I've been looking for questions about dark matter, and I've read some very interesting answers. However, I desire too look into it deeply. This is not actually a question. I'm asking the community ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What actually Dark energy is ? [duplicate]

I recently read an article on dark matter and I could understand this things given as follows All the ordinary matter we can find accounts for only about 4 percent of the universe. We know this by ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Dark energy vs. gravity

If dark energy is everywhere around us, then why don't we get separated? For example why don't I get separated from the pen kept in front of me? Or take a similar example in free space. Is dark ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Big Bang Question

In the early Universe it it's believed that matter and anti-matter annihilated one another till there was but a remaining 1% left. In a matter/anti-matter collision, is there not an explosion of ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Is the expansion accelerating or decelerating? [duplicate]

I have already asked this on Astronomy.SE but I couldn't understand the answer there. According to Hubble's Law, the farther a galaxy is, the farther it is moving away. But do we take into account ...
3
votes
3answers
69 views

If empty space has energy, and space is expanding, is this energy equally distributed as space expands?

The cosmological constant (dark energy) is often described in terms of empty space having a non 0 energy value and this energy being the source of the accelerated expansion of the universe. If space ...
9
votes
2answers
690 views

Does dark energy have gravity?

So I keep running into this idea on the Internet that only mass has gravity, but isn't mass simply contained energy? Energy bounces around, or travels at the speed of light, because it is not in the ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

What is the significance of supernova imaging in the DES' hunt for dark energy?

Why may supernovae reveal the dark energy responsible for the accelerating expansion of the universe? More specifically why supernovae opposed to other cosmological species?
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Object that causes spacetime to expand?

Is there any thing that will cause spacetime to expand, so that particles are pushed away from them rather than pulled towards it. I know things such as black holes and planets causes dips and curve ...
27
votes
2answers
870 views

Are modified theories of gravity credible?

I'm a statistician with a little training in physics and would just like to know the general consensus on a few things. I'm reading a book by John Moffat which basically tries to state how GR makes ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Modified gravity and dark energy

Is there a model of modified gravity that either was close to or have succeeded in modelling the problem of dark energy, and suffers from no instabilities and explains the observational data. Also has ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

How is dark energy calculated

This should be a very simple question. What would be the proper way to calculate Dark Energy in Joules at any point in history and that is consistent with the Standard Model? I'm thinking that ...
4
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2answers
94 views

Can the cosmological constant change with time?

This post is a specialization of the post: Can the proportion of dark energy change? Can the cosmological constant change with time? If so, is there a measurement of this evolution up to now, ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Can the proportion of dark energy change?

This post generalizes the posts: - Proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the beginning of the universe? - How do people calculate proportions of dark matter, dark energy ...
-1
votes
2answers
247 views

Is Dark Energy converted to Gravitational Potential Energy?

Dark Energy is basically doing work against gravity to accelerate the expansion of universe. So, for time-translational symmetry to be hold, dark energy must be converted to gravitational potential ...
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3answers
610 views

Dark Energy / Accelerating universe: naive question

Folks, I have a naive question regarding the subject of dark energy and an accelerating universe: From what I understand/read, it seems that the further we look out into deep space, the faster the ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Cosmological constant doubts

I have read about cosmological constant given by einstein in universe in nutshell as well as in general and special relativity. But still I am not able to understand the aim to use it or to introduce ...
6
votes
4answers
191 views

Do photons make the universe expand?

I have a problem understanding the ideas behind a basic assumption of cosmology. The Friedmann equations follow from Newtonian mechanics and conservation of Energy-momentum $(E_{kin}+E_{pot}=E_{tot})$ ...
4
votes
2answers
750 views

When will the Hubble volume coincide with the volume of the observable Universe?

The Hubble volume is the volume that corresponds to objects so far from the Earth that the space between us and them is expanding faster than the speed of light. (I.e. objects outside this volume ...
5
votes
1answer
537 views

How the CMB anisotropy is linked to the existence of cold dark matter and dark energy?

After the data from the cosmic microwave background has been collected by WMAP or Planck, what types of analysis is needed to conduct in order to deduce the cold dark matter density and the ...
5
votes
2answers
916 views

How is dark energy consistent with conservation of mass and energy?

I initially thought that dark energy must in some way violate conservation of mass and energy since the component of the energy density of space that comes from dark energy is constant, and space is ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Dark energy and conservation of energy [duplicate]

With accelerated expansion of universe which is same in all direction we know that dark energy increase with time because space between any two point in space time increases with time. So after some ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Instabilities in the CDMT

Could anyone explain or refer to references on why the CDMT f(R) gravity model suffers from Instabilities any why the sign of ${\mu}^{4}$ matters.
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Gravity force and dark energy [duplicate]

If gravity is a fundamental force which bends spacetime and dark energy is energy which stretches spacetime, what is the difference between the terms force and energy?
1
vote
1answer
54 views

gravity cancelling dark energy

Say there were 2 objects with certain masses (e.g. $m_1$ and $m_2$). If they were close together gravity would attract the 2 objects. If they were a large distance apart the expansion of the universe ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

galaxies fading away after time [duplicate]

Dark energy is constantly pulling all objects away from each other with increasing speed. This in turn causes a red-shift of the light from the most distant object where this effect is most profound. ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Why do we need the concept of dark energy to explain the expansion of the universe?

Why can't the expansion of the universe be thought as the Big Bang itself still in progress? Why do we need to introduce dark energy? The Big Bang was powerful, and that explosion itself could still ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Why “Dark Energy” is called energy instead of force?

The overly simplified explanation I'm giving myself right now is dark energy causes the opposite of what gravity does, that's why the universe is expanding. Now where gravity is a force, why dark ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

Could dark energy make a large black hole less black?

Theoretically, if a black hole grew to a huge scale such that the effect of dark energy was large, could the black hole become 'normal' space again (i.e. no horizon or singularity)? What I'm trying ...
8
votes
3answers
274 views

Why doesn't dark energy vary with time?

Trying to teach myself the basics of cosmology. I can see why, in an expanding universe, radiation and matter density, and radiation and matter pressure vary with time. But why is it assumed that dark ...
5
votes
3answers
387 views

Could the acceleration of universe expansion be caused by gravity itself?

Dark energy is suggested to be a repulsive force in the universe causing an accelerated expansion. If the amount of mass outside our observable universe is greater than inside (higher mass density), ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Is Dark Energy Pushing Us Or Pulling Us? [duplicate]

This may seem silly, but how do they know that the effects we are seeing from dark energy, (which we only assume must be there due to observed acceleration), are not from gravity pulling us out from ...
1
vote
2answers
127 views

Cosmological constant of standard model of cosmology and observational data

I am curious whether the current Lambda-CDM model of cosmology matches well with observational data, especially expansion of the universe. How well does Lambda-CDM defend its established status from ...
1
vote
3answers
160 views

Is the universe flat?

There are more than one way to view the description of the universe as flat. There is the description of an open, flat or closed universe in terms of it's fate, expansion forever away from gravity, or ...
-2
votes
1answer
67 views

Is Dark Energy A Constant?

My understanding of dark energy is that it's like hot air bouncing around in a balloon, except the air is tiny subatomic particles that can't be seen or even detected in any way except for their ...
0
votes
2answers
260 views

What are the differences between dark energy and a cosmological constant?

My possibly mistaken understanding is that dark energy changes with time, whereas a cosmological constant is, well, constant. What about gravitational clumping? Detecting relative motion?
0
votes
2answers
298 views

Expansion of the Universe: Conversion of gravitational potential energy to kinetic energy?

Suppose there is an object floating in space which over time begins to fall toward the source of a gravitational field. As it falls, its motion happens to be such that it gets locked in orbit around ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Seesaws and Dark Energy

Lawrence Krauss and James Dent recently proposed a mechanism for producing the observed scale of dark energy. This proposal was inspired by the see-saw mechanism that produces light yet non-zero ...
19
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2answers
558 views

Why does dark energy produce positive space-time curvature?

My understanding is that dark energy, or equivalently a positive cosmological constant, is accelerating the expansion of the universe and I have read that this gives empty space-time positive ...
2
votes
1answer
403 views

Does time expand with space? (or contract)

Einstein's big revelation was that time and space are inseparable components of the same fabric. Physical observation tells us that distant galaxies are moving away from us at an accelerated rate, and ...
0
votes
0answers
126 views

Repulsive forces at large distances

I'm currently writing a 3D $n$-body simulator (similar to what you see here to simulate the evolution of a system of n particles under the force of gravity. It works fine for "smaller" scale ...