1
vote
0answers
16 views

Instabilities in the CDMT

Could anyone explain or refer to references on why the CDMT f(R) gravity model suffers from Instabilities any why the sign of ${\mu}^{4}$ matters.
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Dark energy and conservation of energy [duplicate]

With accelerated expansion of universe which is same in all direction we know that dark energy increase with time because space between any two point in space time increases with time. So after some ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Is Dark Energy Pushing Us Or Pulling Us? [duplicate]

This may seem silly, but how do they know that the effects we are seeing from dark energy, (which we only assume must be there due to observed acceleration), are not from gravity pulling us out from ...
1
vote
3answers
97 views

Is the universe flat?

There are more than one way to view the description of the universe as flat. There is the description of an open, flat or closed universe in terms of it's fate, expansion forever away from gravity, or ...
4
votes
4answers
105 views

Do photons make the universe expand?

I have a problem understanding the ideas behind a basic assumption of cosmology. The Friedmann equations follow from Newtonian mechanics and conservation of Energy-momentum $(E_{kin}+E_{pot}=E_{tot})$ ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Object that causes spacetime to expand?

Is there any thing that will cause spacetime to expand, so that particles are pushed away from them rather than pulled towards it. I know things such as black holes and planets causes dips and curve ...
19
votes
2answers
398 views

Why does dark energy produce positive space-time curvature?

My understanding is that dark energy, or equivalently a positive cosmological constant, is accelerating the expansion of the universe and I have read that this gives empty space-time positive ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

How is dark energy calculated

This should be a very simple question. What would be the proper way to calculate Dark Energy in Joules at any point in history and that is consistent with the Standard Model? I'm thinking that ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Repulsive forces at large distances

I'm currently writing a 3D $n$-body simulator (similar to what you see here to simulate the evolution of a system of n particles under the force of gravity. It works fine for "smaller" scale ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Metric expansion of space - past, present and future

Scientists say that out universe is expanding faster and faster. This was detected via the red-shift effect. Farther galaxies are moving from us faster than those that are more closely. But how can ...
0
votes
2answers
231 views

Expansion of the Universe: Conversion of gravitational potential energy to kinetic energy?

Suppose there is an object floating in space which over time begins to fall toward the source of a gravitational field. As it falls, its motion happens to be such that it gets locked in orbit around ...
-2
votes
1answer
109 views

Does the Casimir effect give the correct value for Dark Energy?

My understanding is that the Casimir Effect is caused by vacuum energy. Quantum mechanics (QED) predicts vacuum energy, but gets the value grossly wrong, by a factor of $10^{120}$. On the other hand, ...
3
votes
3answers
216 views

How much of the universes mass is bound up in photons traveling between stars?

I was watching a Scott Manley video on youtube and he mentioned that the Sun was loosing 4 million tons of mass a second as it converts to energy. With a few trillion trillion stars also converting ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Relation between $\Lambda$ and $\Omega_\Lambda$ in $\Lambda\mathrm{CDM}$

In minimal $\Lambda\mathrm{CDM}$, there is a parameter labeled $\Omega_\Lambda$, and current fits place it at around $\left( \Omega_\Lambda \sim 0.73\right)$. Meanwhile, $\Lambda$ enters the Einstein ...
2
votes
1answer
417 views

What is the geometry of our universe?

I have some questions about the notion of space in current cosmological theories. I have been trying to decipher a few papers written on this topic such as this one, but I keep running into some ...
16
votes
3answers
565 views

How do people calculate proportions of dark matter, dark energy and baryonic matter of the universe?

The Wikipedia page on dark matter mentions that the Planck mission had revealed that in our universe ordinary baryonic matter, dark matter and dark energy are present in the ratio: 4.9%, 26.8% and ...
0
votes
1answer
507 views

Is time slowing down and disappearing from the universe instead of the expansion of universe? [duplicate]

Are we fooled into thinking that expansion of the universe is accelerating, when in fact, time itself is slowing? Or if dark energy does exist?
4
votes
2answers
128 views

Cosmological triangle with PLANCK results

Is there an updated version of the cosmological triangle with recent PLANCK results included?
0
votes
3answers
147 views

Acceleration in the rate of expanansion of the universe due to weakening gravity?

Could the acceleration in the rate of expansion of the universe be due to the weakening of gravitational forces, as the distance between objects continues to increase?
4
votes
1answer
317 views

How the CMB anisotropy is linked to the existence of cold dark matter and dark energy?

After the data from the cosmic microwave background has been collected by WMAP or Planck, what types of analysis is needed to conduct in order to deduce the cold dark matter density and the ...
6
votes
2answers
111 views

Why are *high redshift* measurements of supernovae required to measure dark energy?

Why are high redshift measurements of supernovae required... in order to measure the equation of state parameter of dark energy? The luminosity distance can be written as \begin{equation} d_{L}(z) = ...
5
votes
4answers
644 views

Why is it important that the equation of state parameter of dark energy is measured?

The equation of state for a perfect fluid is that $p=\omega \rho c^{2}$, where $p$ is the pressure, $\rho$ is the density, $c$ is the vacuum speed of light, and $\omega$ is called the equation of ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

Our Universe in collision with another one

This question is related to the possibility that there are many other universes in the UNIVERSE,the multiverse, that were created during collisions between membranes, according to string theories. The ...
-4
votes
1answer
656 views

Is antigravity the source of accelerating expansion (dark energy)?

Is antigravity the source of accelerating expansion(dark energy)? From the observation of 1998, we found that our universe has been continuing accelerating expansion, and the unknown cause for this ...
1
vote
2answers
232 views

Is cosmic background radiation dark-matter and/or dark-energy?

Dumb question alert: Is it possible that the cosmic background radiation might be the source of dark-matter and/or dark-energy? What is the mass of the background radiation in the known universe?
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Dark energy before radiation or after?

In the cosmic history of the universe, does the dark energy comes before the radiation epoch, or only now, in the 'matter' universe (matter dominated era)? Because, we now know that like 75% of our ...
-1
votes
2answers
198 views

Is Dark Energy converted to Gravitational Potential Energy?

Dark Energy is basically doing work against gravity to accelerate the expansion of universe. So, for time-translational symmetry to be hold, dark energy must be converted to gravitational potential ...
1
vote
2answers
312 views

Dark matter and dark energy [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Dark matter references I have recently read about dark matter and dark energy, and why physicists think it must exist (dark matter: mass of galaxies are far bigger than ...
1
vote
2answers
246 views

Cosmology questions from a novice

These ideas/questions probably represent a lack of understanding on my part, but here they are: 1) Cosmologists talk about the increasing speed of expansion of the universe and talk of dark energy as ...
2
votes
2answers
269 views

Could dark energy be heat? Could dark matter be stuff that is not seen because of its refraction limits?

Heat has to go somewhere. Would the light and heat of the stars in the universe amount up to being dark matter ...and dark energy ... Dark matter would just be small pieces of stuff. Dark energy ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Is a new universe created when dark energy rips open a singularity?

Dark energy will tear everything apart, even black holes. Is a new universe created when dark energy rips open the singularity of a black hole ? And does the topology of the universe depend on the ...
0
votes
2answers
225 views

What are the differences between dark energy and a cosmological constant?

My possibly mistaken understanding is that dark energy changes with time, whereas a cosmological constant is, well, constant. What about gravitational clumping? Detecting relative motion?
4
votes
3answers
209 views

Could dark energy be powered by force particles that obey quantum mechanics?

From what (little) I know about physics, I understand that the universe is expanding due to dark energy, and I understand that no one quite understands it yet. I also understand that the cosmic ...
2
votes
0answers
394 views

Is large-scale “time reversal” (Poincaré recurrence) possible given infinite time?

The following are some assumptions I'm basing my question on, from what (little) I understand of physics. I list them so an expert can (kindly) tell me where I'm going wrong. There is a probability ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

Cosmological constant of standard model of cosmology and observational data

I am curious whether the current Lambda-CDM model of cosmology matches well with observational data, especially expansion of the universe. How well does Lambda-CDM defend its established status from ...
1
vote
2answers
171 views

Possibility of making dark energy equivalent with dark matter

I was curious whether it is possible to make dark energy equivalent to dark matter. Can this unification be done? If it can, why do scientists prefer to separate dark energy from dark matter?
4
votes
1answer
716 views

How is dark energy consistent with conservation of mass and energy?

I initially thought that dark energy must in some way violate conservation of mass and energy since the component of the energy density of space that comes from dark energy is constant, and space is ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

squeezed radiation astronomy

Squeezed electromagnetic vacuum does have a renormalized energy density smaller than the vacuum. So it makes it in my opinion a inconspicuous candidate for a dark energy carrier. Are there ...
1
vote
1answer
254 views

What exactly are super WIMPs?

I recently got confused (and slightly annoyed by the lack of technical details) when reading a popular article (authored by Jonathan Feng and Mark Trodden) introducing the concept of super WIMPs. The ...
3
votes
3answers
108 views

Proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the beginning of the universe?

What was the proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the moments after the beginning of the universe (standard Big Bang model)?
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Proportion of energy compared to mass in universe

In Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter), there is a picture that shows us the proportion of matter and energy in the current universe - CMB. It seems to suggest there is nothing that ...
1
vote
1answer
262 views

What allows us to infer the existence of dark energy?

A recent Indian examination asked: how do we infer dark energy is there? It gave as options: rotation curves of galaxies, accelerated expansion of the universe, existence of microwave background ...
8
votes
3answers
260 views

Why doesn't dark energy vary with time?

Trying to teach myself the basics of cosmology. I can see why, in an expanding universe, radiation and matter density, and radiation and matter pressure vary with time. But why is it assumed that dark ...
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Why is it concluded that the cosmos is expanding when in fact the observations are for events further back in time?

Why is it concluded that the cosmos is expanding at an ever increasing rate when looking further out and therefore further back in time? Surely, if the time were reversed to play forwards, the ...
5
votes
3answers
343 views

Could the acceleration of universe expansion be caused by gravity itself?

Dark energy is suggested to be a repulsive force in the universe causing an accelerated expansion. If the amount of mass outside our observable universe is greater than inside (higher mass density), ...
1
vote
0answers
201 views

Why do galaxies collide? Reconciling dark energy and an expanding universe with the fact that some galaxies are on a collision course

My layman understanding of cosmology is: galaxies are uniformly (more or less) spread throughout the universe, per the Big Bang and the fact that in a central explosion, all dispersed points are ...
-4
votes
2answers
182 views

Could dark matter be expanded atoms, and dark energy expanded radiation? [closed]

After watching Lawrence Krauss' lecture 'life, universe, and nothing', an interesting idea lighted up in my mind. Is it possible that dark matter is just spread out matter waves and dark energy ...
4
votes
1answer
562 views

When will the Hubble volume coincide with the volume of the observable Universe?

The Hubble volume is the volume that corresponds to objects so far from the Earth that the space between us and them is expanding faster than the speed of light. (I.e. objects outside this volume ...
0
votes
1answer
518 views

Lawrence Krauss' Theory of Origin

I don't understand how a vacuum, the absence of matter, can hold energy. How can it hold energy when Einstein proved that matter is energy? And a second related question; how does the energy in a ...
21
votes
3answers
761 views

Are modified theories of gravity credible?

I'm a statistician with a little training in physics and would just like to know the general consensus on a few things. I'm reading a book by John Moffat which basically tries to state how GR makes ...