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1answer
54 views

How can we be Certain that Dark Matter Exists if we Cannot See it or Directly Detect It? [duplicate]

It seems very certain that dark matter exists and that it makes up 26.8% of the Universe today (along with 68.3% Dark Energy and 4.9% Atoms), but how can this be if we cannot see it or directly detect ...
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2answers
67 views

Can Einstein's constant explain expansion?

I read somewhere that Einstein or Newton believed that the universe was completely static, where it neither expanded nor contracted, but simply remained fixed. It was concluded that due to attraction ...
5
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1answer
44 views

Can the inflaton be detected? Does it interact with the other fields?

In a recent article it is claimed that dark energy can actually be a new manifestation of the inflaton field at electroweak scales. This subject is pretty far from my area of expertise (if there is ...
2
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1answer
48 views

What does it mean to say that “6 tons of dark energy would be found within the radius of Pluto's orbit”?

What does it mean to say that "6 tons of dark energy would be found within the radius of Pluto's orbit"? Does it mean that the dark energy is orbiting the solar system? Or does it mean a flow of ...
3
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0answers
17 views

What will happen to a naked singularity during the Big Rip? [duplicate]

I apologize in advance if some concepts I use are vague, but I am just an enthusiast. I have read that the Big Rip will not rip off black holes because the event horizon will become equal to something ...
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1answer
45 views

Does dark matter in the universe acts as a pulling force or a pushing force?

Scientists have claimed that in this world there are two kinds of forces which help in keeping everything in its place called dark matter and dark energy. But are these two forces act as a pulling ...
4
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2answers
479 views

What type of energy is Dark Energy?

What type of energy is Dark Energy? Just as the title says. Is it kinetic/potential or some other type?
2
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1answer
106 views

The 3rd derivative of the size of the universe?

We know the size of observable universe, that it is expanding, that expansion is accelerating. Does sufficiently precise data exist to determine at least the SIGN of the next (the 3rd) derivative? ...
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2answers
76 views

What happens when Antimatter interacts with a photon?

So... I was just pondering the energy and particles in the universe. It makes sense that matter is attracted to it's self by a gravitational force - it clumps and forms some kind of gravity ...
0
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1answer
80 views

dark energy and expansion definition [closed]

I am trying to get a few key points correct regarding expansion and dark energy... Expansion: the Universe has been expanding continuously at different rates since the singularity that caused the ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Can someone explain effects of time dilation on expansion of universe [duplicate]

I'm not a physics guy, but this is something I have always wondered about. If a clock flown by an object of high mass runs slower, what is the effect of this in regards to the density of the universe. ...
3
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1answer
704 views

Does dark energy annihilate energy?

Antimatter and matter particles annihilate. But does dark energy annihilate energy? We consider energy to be photons, and such, correct? So when we say energy, we're actually talking about some ...
3
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1answer
109 views

Can an underdensity in space act as a negative matter density powering a warp drive?

Consider a homogeneous isotropic universe filled with a perfect fluid with density $\rho$ and pressure $P = \rho/w$. E.g. for $w=-1$ we get a universe equivalent to one with "vacuum energy" or with ...
2
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2answers
67 views

In a Big Crunch, would there be more mass than at the Big Bang?

I found multiple questions where it is stated that dark energy increases as the universe expands. Assuming a big crunch scenario, will this dark energy "go away" again as the size of the universe ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Cosmic Expansion - Why aren't we ripped off yet? [duplicate]

According to Hubble's law, the universe expands exponentially ever since the big bang. If the space-time expands, what effects does it have upon us, (1.Earth, 2.solar system and 3. Milky Way). ...
0
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2answers
128 views

Could anti matter collisions be or make dark matter?

I've recently seen that space is or could be a quantum vacuum full of particles like matter and anti matter appearing and possibly colliding causing in theory the same effects that dark energy has. My ...
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0answers
30 views

What actually Dark energy is ? [duplicate]

I recently read an article on dark matter and I could understand this things given as follows All the ordinary matter we can find accounts for only about 4 percent of the universe. We know this by ...
2
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2answers
42 views

Big Bang Question

In the early Universe it it's believed that matter and anti-matter annihilated one another till there was but a remaining 1% left. In a matter/anti-matter collision, is there not an explosion of ...
3
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1answer
105 views

If dark energy is accelerating the expansion of the universe, why can't I feel it?

Based on the Lambda-CDM cosmological model, our universe is not only expanding, but is accelerating in its expansion. However, the Equivalence Principle would suggest that inertia manifests itself in ...
2
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2answers
125 views

Dark energy vs. gravity

If dark energy is everywhere around us, then why don't we get separated? For example why don't I get separated from the pen kept in front of me? Or take a similar example in free space. Is dark ...
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0answers
32 views

Is the expansion accelerating or decelerating? [duplicate]

I have already asked this on Astronomy.SE but I couldn't understand the answer there. According to Hubble's Law, the farther a galaxy is, the farther it is moving away. But do we take into account ...
3
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3answers
76 views

If empty space has energy, and space is expanding, is this energy equally distributed as space expands?

The cosmological constant (dark energy) is often described in terms of empty space having a non 0 energy value and this energy being the source of the accelerated expansion of the universe. If space ...
12
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1answer
334 views

What are the alternative theories of dark energy? ($w \neq -1$)

There has been a lot of related questions about dark energy around here but these are usually 2-4 years old and the closest question to mine hasn't really been answered, so I am going to proceed. ...
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2answers
744 views

Does dark energy have gravity?

So I keep running into this idea on the Internet that only mass has gravity, but isn't mass simply contained energy? Energy bounces around, or travels at the speed of light, because it is not in the ...
1
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1answer
24 views

What is the significance of supernova imaging in the DES' hunt for dark energy?

Why may supernovae reveal the dark energy responsible for the accelerating expansion of the universe? More specifically why supernovae opposed to other cosmological species?
4
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2answers
116 views

Can the cosmological constant change with time?

This post is a specialization of the post: Can the proportion of dark energy change? Can the cosmological constant change with time? If so, is there a measurement of this evolution up to now, ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Can the proportion of dark energy change?

This post generalizes the posts: - Proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the beginning of the universe? - How do people calculate proportions of dark matter, dark energy ...
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3answers
633 views

Dark Energy / Accelerating universe: naive question

Folks, I have a naive question regarding the subject of dark energy and an accelerating universe: From what I understand/read, it seems that the further we look out into deep space, the faster the ...
11
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1answer
478 views

Justification for new theories of Particle Physics and General Relativity

In reference to arxiv:1212.4893v3 and arxiv:1206.5078v2 papers of Ma and Wang, they have proposed new theories in particle physics, the weakton model where quarks and leptons are formed using these ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Modified gravity and dark energy

Is there a model of modified gravity that either was close to or have succeeded in modelling the problem of dark energy, and suffers from no instabilities and explains the observational data. Also has ...
3
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2answers
186 views

Cosmological constant doubts

I have read about cosmological constant given by einstein in universe in nutshell as well as in general and special relativity. But still I am not able to understand the aim to use it or to introduce ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Instabilities in the CDMT

Could anyone explain or refer to references on why the CDMT f(R) gravity model suffers from Instabilities any why the sign of ${\mu}^{4}$ matters.
1
vote
1answer
25 views

galaxies fading away after time [duplicate]

Dark energy is constantly pulling all objects away from each other with increasing speed. This in turn causes a red-shift of the light from the most distant object where this effect is most profound. ...
1
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1answer
59 views

gravity cancelling dark energy

Say there were 2 objects with certain masses (e.g. $m_1$ and $m_2$). If they were close together gravity would attract the 2 objects. If they were a large distance apart the expansion of the universe ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Gravity force and dark energy [duplicate]

If gravity is a fundamental force which bends spacetime and dark energy is energy which stretches spacetime, what is the difference between the terms force and energy?
2
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2answers
134 views

Why “Dark Energy” is called energy instead of force?

The overly simplified explanation I'm giving myself right now is dark energy causes the opposite of what gravity does, that's why the universe is expanding. Now where gravity is a force, why dark ...
0
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1answer
130 views

Dark energy and conservation of energy [duplicate]

With accelerated expansion of universe which is same in all direction we know that dark energy increase with time because space between any two point in space time increases with time. So after some ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Is Dark Energy Pushing Us Or Pulling Us? [duplicate]

This may seem silly, but how do they know that the effects we are seeing from dark energy, (which we only assume must be there due to observed acceleration), are not from gravity pulling us out from ...
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3answers
175 views

Is the universe flat?

There are more than one way to view the description of the universe as flat. There is the description of an open, flat or closed universe in terms of it's fate, expansion forever away from gravity, or ...
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1answer
80 views

Is Dark Energy A Constant?

My understanding of dark energy is that it's like hot air bouncing around in a balloon, except the air is tiny subatomic particles that can't be seen or even detected in any way except for their ...
6
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4answers
234 views

Do photons make the universe expand?

I have a problem understanding the ideas behind a basic assumption of cosmology. The Friedmann equations follow from Newtonian mechanics and conservation of Energy-momentum $(E_{kin}+E_{pot}=E_{tot})$ ...
2
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1answer
83 views

Object that causes spacetime to expand?

Is there any thing that will cause spacetime to expand, so that particles are pushed away from them rather than pulled towards it. I know things such as black holes and planets causes dips and curve ...
2
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1answer
130 views

Seesaws and Dark Energy

Lawrence Krauss and James Dent recently proposed a mechanism for producing the observed scale of dark energy. This proposal was inspired by the see-saw mechanism that produces light yet non-zero ...
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2answers
668 views

Why does dark energy produce positive space-time curvature?

My understanding is that dark energy, or equivalently a positive cosmological constant, is accelerating the expansion of the universe and I have read that this gives empty space-time positive ...
1
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1answer
106 views

How is dark energy calculated

This should be a very simple question. What would be the proper way to calculate Dark Energy in Joules at any point in history and that is consistent with the Standard Model? I'm thinking that ...
0
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0answers
128 views

Repulsive forces at large distances

I'm currently writing a 3D $n$-body simulator (similar to what you see here to simulate the evolution of a system of n particles under the force of gravity. It works fine for "smaller" scale ...
1
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1answer
124 views

Metric expansion of space - past, present and future

Scientists say that out universe is expanding faster and faster. This was detected via the red-shift effect. Farther galaxies are moving from us faster than those that are more closely. But how can ...
0
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0answers
106 views

What causes there to be an offset between the light lensing through the space neighboring galaxy clusters and the galaxy clusters themselves?

http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2013/01/musket-ball-dark-force/ The reason this is strange is that dark matter is thought to barely interact with itself. The dark matter should just coast ...
6
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3answers
326 views

If the universe is full of dark matter, why is it only 2.73 K cold?

people! I am just a physics layman, but I recently watched a documentary about the universe and it was told that the universe is full of dark matter and energy and the universe is empty, so that ...
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1answer
90 views

Is the standard model so full of holes it is time to start again? [closed]

I have read a lot about dark matter and dark energy, the fact that we are spending a small fortune trying to detect their presence, but the only reason they have been postulated it is an effort to ...