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1answer
23 views

Can someone explain effects of time dilation on expansion of universe

I'm not a physics guy, but this is something I have always wondered about. If a clock flown by an object of high mass runs slower, what is the effect of this in regards to the density of the universe. ...
4
votes
1answer
539 views

Does dark energy annihilate energy?

Antimatter and matter particles annihilate. But does dark energy annihilate energy? We consider energy to be photons, and such, correct? So when we say energy, we're actually talking about some ...
0
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0answers
40 views

What is the scalar field mediated force?

I'm working on a paper about symmetron cosmology. Symmetron is a scalar field that by its symmetry breaking can explain the dark energy. the action is: ans A , V are assumed to be: where M ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Can an underdensity in space act as a negative matter density powering a warp drive?

Consider a homogeneous isotropic universe filled with a perfect fluid with density $\rho$ and pressure $P = \rho/w$. E.g. for $w=-1$ we get a universe equivalent to one with "vacuum energy" or with ...
2
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2answers
52 views

In a Big Crunch, would there be more mass than at the Big Bang?

I found multiple questions where it is stated that dark energy increases as the universe expands. Assuming a big crunch scenario, will this dark energy "go away" again as the size of the universe ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Cosmic Expansion - Why aren't we ripped off yet? [duplicate]

According to Hubble's law, the universe expands exponentially ever since the big bang. If the space-time expands, what effects does it have upon us, (1.Earth, 2.solar system and 3. Milky Way). ...
0
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2answers
79 views

Could anti matter collisions be or make dark matter?

I've recently seen that space is or could be a quantum vacuum full of particles like matter and anti matter appearing and possibly colliding causing in theory the same effects that dark energy has. My ...
1
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0answers
27 views

What actually Dark energy is ? [duplicate]

I recently read an article on dark matter and I could understand this things given as follows All the ordinary matter we can find accounts for only about 4 percent of the universe. We know this by ...
2
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2answers
35 views

Big Bang Question

In the early Universe it it's believed that matter and anti-matter annihilated one another till there was but a remaining 1% left. In a matter/anti-matter collision, is there not an explosion of ...
3
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1answer
84 views

If dark energy is accelerating the expansion of the universe, why can't I feel it?

Based on the Lambda-CDM cosmological model, our universe is not only expanding, but is accelerating in its expansion. However, the Equivalence Principle would suggest that inertia manifests itself in ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Dark energy vs. gravity

If dark energy is everywhere around us, then why don't we get separated? For example why don't I get separated from the pen kept in front of me? Or take a similar example in free space. Is dark ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Is the expansion accelerating or decelerating? [duplicate]

I have already asked this on Astronomy.SE but I couldn't understand the answer there. According to Hubble's Law, the farther a galaxy is, the farther it is moving away. But do we take into account ...
3
votes
3answers
67 views

If empty space has energy, and space is expanding, is this energy equally distributed as space expands?

The cosmological constant (dark energy) is often described in terms of empty space having a non 0 energy value and this energy being the source of the accelerated expansion of the universe. If space ...
11
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1answer
258 views

What are the alternative theories of dark energy? ($w \neq -1$)

There has been a lot of related questions about dark energy around here but these are usually 2-4 years old and the closest question to mine hasn't really been answered, so I am going to proceed. ...
9
votes
2answers
678 views

Does dark energy have gravity?

So I keep running into this idea on the Internet that only mass has gravity, but isn't mass simply contained energy? Energy bounces around, or travels at the speed of light, because it is not in the ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

What is the significance of supernova imaging in the DES' hunt for dark energy?

Why may supernovae reveal the dark energy responsible for the accelerating expansion of the universe? More specifically why supernovae opposed to other cosmological species?
4
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2answers
86 views

Can the cosmological constant change with time?

This post is a specialization of the post: Can the proportion of dark energy change? Can the cosmological constant change with time? If so, is there a measurement of this evolution up to now, ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Can the proportion of dark energy change?

This post generalizes the posts: - Proportion of dark matter/energy to other matters/energy at the beginning of the universe? - How do people calculate proportions of dark matter, dark energy ...
7
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3answers
596 views

Dark Energy / Accelerating universe: naive question

Folks, I have a naive question regarding the subject of dark energy and an accelerating universe: From what I understand/read, it seems that the further we look out into deep space, the faster the ...
11
votes
1answer
443 views
+100

Justification for new theories of Particle Physics and General Relativity

In reference to arxiv:1212.4893v3 and arxiv:1206.5078v2 papers of Ma and Wang, they have proposed new theories in particle physics, the weakton model where quarks and leptons are formed using these ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Modified gravity and dark energy

Is there a model of modified gravity that either was close to or have succeeded in modelling the problem of dark energy, and suffers from no instabilities and explains the observational data. Also has ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

Cosmological constant doubts

I have read about cosmological constant given by einstein in universe in nutshell as well as in general and special relativity. But still I am not able to understand the aim to use it or to introduce ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Instabilities in the CDMT

Could anyone explain or refer to references on why the CDMT f(R) gravity model suffers from Instabilities any why the sign of ${\mu}^{4}$ matters.
1
vote
1answer
21 views

galaxies fading away after time [duplicate]

Dark energy is constantly pulling all objects away from each other with increasing speed. This in turn causes a red-shift of the light from the most distant object where this effect is most profound. ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

gravity cancelling dark energy

Say there were 2 objects with certain masses (e.g. $m_1$ and $m_2$). If they were close together gravity would attract the 2 objects. If they were a large distance apart the expansion of the universe ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Gravity force and dark energy [duplicate]

If gravity is a fundamental force which bends spacetime and dark energy is energy which stretches spacetime, what is the difference between the terms force and energy?
2
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2answers
120 views

Why “Dark Energy” is called energy instead of force?

The overly simplified explanation I'm giving myself right now is dark energy causes the opposite of what gravity does, that's why the universe is expanding. Now where gravity is a force, why dark ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Dark energy and conservation of energy [duplicate]

With accelerated expansion of universe which is same in all direction we know that dark energy increase with time because space between any two point in space time increases with time. So after some ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Is Dark Energy Pushing Us Or Pulling Us? [duplicate]

This may seem silly, but how do they know that the effects we are seeing from dark energy, (which we only assume must be there due to observed acceleration), are not from gravity pulling us out from ...
1
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3answers
145 views

Is the universe flat?

There are more than one way to view the description of the universe as flat. There is the description of an open, flat or closed universe in terms of it's fate, expansion forever away from gravity, or ...
-2
votes
1answer
65 views

Is Dark Energy A Constant?

My understanding of dark energy is that it's like hot air bouncing around in a balloon, except the air is tiny subatomic particles that can't be seen or even detected in any way except for their ...
6
votes
4answers
189 views

Do photons make the universe expand?

I have a problem understanding the ideas behind a basic assumption of cosmology. The Friedmann equations follow from Newtonian mechanics and conservation of Energy-momentum $(E_{kin}+E_{pot}=E_{tot})$ ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Object that causes spacetime to expand?

Is there any thing that will cause spacetime to expand, so that particles are pushed away from them rather than pulled towards it. I know things such as black holes and planets causes dips and curve ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Seesaws and Dark Energy

Lawrence Krauss and James Dent recently proposed a mechanism for producing the observed scale of dark energy. This proposal was inspired by the see-saw mechanism that produces light yet non-zero ...
19
votes
2answers
530 views

Why does dark energy produce positive space-time curvature?

My understanding is that dark energy, or equivalently a positive cosmological constant, is accelerating the expansion of the universe and I have read that this gives empty space-time positive ...
1
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1answer
95 views

How is dark energy calculated

This should be a very simple question. What would be the proper way to calculate Dark Energy in Joules at any point in history and that is consistent with the Standard Model? I'm thinking that ...
0
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0answers
121 views

Repulsive forces at large distances

I'm currently writing a 3D $n$-body simulator (similar to what you see here to simulate the evolution of a system of n particles under the force of gravity. It works fine for "smaller" scale ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Metric expansion of space - past, present and future

Scientists say that out universe is expanding faster and faster. This was detected via the red-shift effect. Farther galaxies are moving from us faster than those that are more closely. But how can ...
0
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0answers
106 views

What causes there to be an offset between the light lensing through the space neighboring galaxy clusters and the galaxy clusters themselves?

http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2013/01/musket-ball-dark-force/ The reason this is strange is that dark matter is thought to barely interact with itself. The dark matter should just coast ...
6
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3answers
261 views

If the universe is full of dark matter, why is it only 2.73 K cold?

people! I am just a physics layman, but I recently watched a documentary about the universe and it was told that the universe is full of dark matter and energy and the universe is empty, so that ...
-4
votes
1answer
85 views

Is the standard model so full of holes it is time to start again? [closed]

I have read a lot about dark matter and dark energy, the fact that we are spending a small fortune trying to detect their presence, but the only reason they have been postulated it is an effort to ...
2
votes
1answer
377 views

Does time expand with space? (or contract)

Einstein's big revelation was that time and space are inseparable components of the same fabric. Physical observation tells us that distant galaxies are moving away from us at an accelerated rate, and ...
-1
votes
1answer
112 views

Why isn't renormalization called dark physics?

In QED there is extra energy that has to be gotten rid of to match observations. Kind of the opposite to GR/ND where you have to add extra energy/matter to match observations. Why isn't ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Quantum fluctuations and expanding universe

As far as I understand, Hawking radiation is formed at the edge of a black hole, when a particle/anti particle pair is formed and one of the particles falls into the black hole before the particles ...
6
votes
1answer
126 views

Could dark energy make a large black hole less black?

Theoretically, if a black hole grew to a huge scale such that the effect of dark energy was large, could the black hole become 'normal' space again (i.e. no horizon or singularity)? What I'm trying ...
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

Dark Energy Explanation Found [closed]

It's my sincere request to this Physics forum that if i am wrong (which has the least possibility atleast from my side) just reply "wrong" so that i can move on futher. I know personal theories are ...
0
votes
2answers
290 views

Expansion of the Universe: Conversion of gravitational potential energy to kinetic energy?

Suppose there is an object floating in space which over time begins to fall toward the source of a gravitational field. As it falls, its motion happens to be such that it gets locked in orbit around ...
-2
votes
1answer
158 views

Does the Casimir effect give the correct value for Dark Energy?

My understanding is that the Casimir Effect is caused by vacuum energy. Quantum mechanics (QED) predicts vacuum energy, but gets the value grossly wrong, by a factor of $10^{120}$. On the other hand, ...
0
votes
0answers
151 views

Dark energy and zero point energy are the same thing?

According to Quantum Mechanics is it possible that the famous "Dark energy" and "zero point energy" are the same thing that drives the accelerated expansion of the universe or maybe related to each ...
3
votes
3answers
233 views

How much of the universes mass is bound up in photons traveling between stars?

I was watching a Scott Manley video on youtube and he mentioned that the Sun was loosing 4 million tons of mass a second as it converts to energy. With a few trillion trillion stars also converting ...