A measure of the rate at which electric charge is transported (especially through a circuit), it has units of charge/time.

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197 views

Could anyone help explain this current voltage graph for an LED in liquid nitrogen?

I've been doing my coursework investigating LEDs at various temperatures and I've come across an interesting phenomenon which nobody I've asked has been able to explain thoroughly - wheras at room ...
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29 views

Current Density Boundary Conditions and its Implications

According to Ohm's Law, one can say $ \overline{J} =\sigma \overline{E} $ if the field is in a conductor, and $ \overline{J} =0 $ if it's in empty space. Now if we take the surface of a conductor and ...
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47 views

Strength of Magnet in Magnetic Bearings

While reading about magnetic bearings, one reads about passive/active magnetic bearings. By passive, one means no electric current is put into the bearing for attaining magnetic levitation/flux. In ...
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0answers
146 views

The anapole moment, derivation from Dirac current density

Basically I am looking for a way to expand the electromagnetic interaction energy $W = A_{\mu}j^{\mu}$ (both $A$ and $j$ obtained from the Dirac equation) similar to the classical expansion in ...
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49 views

sensitive scale & resistance of analog current meter

Does the resistance of an analog current meter increase or decrease when it is set to a more sensitive scale (lower range)?
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83 views

current density in 1-d

I have a slight problem with the notion of the current density in one dimension. For example the probability current in 1-d given by: $J(x) = -\frac{1}{m} Im(-i\psi^*\partial_x \psi)$ calculation the ...
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594 views

Relationship between current, voltage, magnetic field in a torus

I'm trying to find the relation between current density $\boldsymbol{j}$, voltage $v$, and magnetic field $\boldsymbol{B}$ for the time-harmonic approximation in a cylindrically-symmetric coil (a ...
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81 views

Current between supeconducting rings

How to calculate the current between two superconducting rings with radius r separated by a distance d? Please note that being unfamiliar to the concept of superconducting rings, I can't approach ...
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0answers
111 views

How much current would be generated by polarity reversal of Earth's magnetic field?

Continuing from my previous question Is reversal of magnetic polarity in a planet an instantaneous occurence? A change in magnetic flux is expected to generate an EMF. In the case where the ...
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32 views

Is shaking a phone enough energy to charge a smartphone?

Is shaking a phone enough energy to charge a smartphone? For example I'd like to use some kind of power generator to charge smartphone's battery but I'm wondering if shaking (by hand, or motion when ...
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22 views

Current in discharging capacitor through fixed resistor?

In the textbook I'm using for physics it says that the charge left on the plates of a capacitor after time $t$, that is discharging through a fixed resistor, is $Q=Q_0e^{-t/\tau}$ where $\tau=RC$ is ...
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30 views

Do these symmetrical looking B field problems have the obvious answer?

I am struggling with two questions whose answers both appear to be trivially zero by symmetry arguments, when I was expecting more derivation to be required. Problem A), An infinitely long wire ...
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45 views

How does non-constant conductivity change surface charge on a wire?

Current density is equal to conductivity times electric field. Therefore flux through a cross section of a wire is equal to current over conductivity. Current has to be constant along a wire. This ...
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36 views

Magnetic flux and flow of electrons

What does change in magnetic flux mean? How can you change magnetic flux? How does a change in magnetic flux influence a current of electrons (electricity)?
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43 views

Does the skin effect and the proximity effect cancel each other out?

I'm interested in how the Skin Effect and the Proximity Effect interact with each other. From what I can understand: The Skin Effect is when AC current 'collects' on the skin of conductors due to ...
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24 views

Rapids in a River

Can I expect to have bigger or smaller rapids in a river that has a water level that is higher than average? I am not sure which way this would go. With the lower water, one is closer to the rocks, ...
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42 views

To find the center of charge in current waveform

I have a circuit for which output current waveform has both positive and negative points. Now I want to get a center of the charge for this waveform (means where my net charge is concentrated ?). Is ...
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88 views

Magnetic flux density a small distance off axis from a current loop

I'm currently studying physics at University and struggling with the problem mentioned, it's on a past paper I'm trying to do. I have calculated the B field on axis as (sorry don't know how to format ...
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220 views

Drift velocity of electrons in a superconducting loop

Do electrons travel at the Fermi velocity in a superconducting loop? For metals the Fermi velocity seems to be around $10^6$ m/s. So would electrons (in a Cooper pair) travel around the loop at this ...
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229 views

Effect of Current on spring

When Current passes thru a spring , some books mention that it gets compressed. However, I think due to the heating effect of current, molecules will increase kinetic energy and the spring should get ...
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19 views

What is the physical meaning of $\overline{\Psi} \Psi$ in the Dirac current's “Gordon Decomposition”?

When writing the Dirac (charge) current out in a way that resembles the (charge) current in the Pauli/Schrödinger theories, one obtains the following: $ j^\mu = -\frac{\mathrm{i} e\hbar}{2m} \left[ ...
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10 views

What is the effect of a magnetic field on a plasma speaker?

I have been doing some research for the past couple years investigating the effect of a magnetic field on a plasma speaker. More specifically, if you apply a relatively uniform magnetic field in no ...
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32 views

How to apply voltage source in FEM when solve Maxwell equation?

I need to solve the Maxwell equation of electric field by finite element method. In this function, the right hand side is the current density. However, in my problem, the voltage source with 1 MHz ...
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23 views

Non-abelian current transformation

This is my firs post ever here and I just registered on this site but I want to say that this site has helped me a lot and you guys are great! On to the question: I have the equation of motion that ...
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13 views

How much charge per unit time passes with the Josephson current

I wonder how does the simple defintion of a current $I = \frac{dQ}{dt}$, i.e. charge per unit time which passes through some area, is applied to the Josephson effect. If I have a Josephson junction ...
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16 views

How does the phase of an alternating current change when flowing through a multi-layered material?

I have questions regarding the properties of the alternating electrical current in the following imaginary experiment: There is an AC (sinusoidal wave with frequency $f = 5\ \mathrm{Hz}$). I would ...
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17 views

If we study an electric wire under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), what will be the effect of the current on the microstructure or image?

If we study an electric wire under SEM, what will be the effect of the current on the microstructure or on the image obtained from SEM? I will elaborate it a bit more: if we change the current in ...
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12 views

Induced-EMF in a parallel circuit, vs a series circuit?

I wanted to know the difference between the induced-EMF in a series circuit layout, vs a parallel circuit layout. In a series the current would stay the same,however, the induced-EMF would increase? ...
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10 views

Drift velocity in Silicon wafer

I have been asked the following question in a problem sheet: A $100mm$ diameter, $0.5mm$ thick silicon wafer at room temperature has a charge carrier density of $1.5×10^{10} cm^{-3}$. A potential ...
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307 views

Graph of 1/Current on Y, and R on X axis. What does the intercept represent?

1/I on the Y axis, and Resistance on X. Gradient represents 1/V. Am I right in thinking that the intercept is representative of the Emf of the supply? As I believe the equation would be 1/I=R/V+C, ...
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55 views

Free charge density and current in an ohmic material

I have come across what seems a paradox -or at least an exotic conclusion- regarding current conduction in an ohmic material. It is well known that free charge density can only be zero on an ohmic ...
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14 views

Current flow in a polarized capcitor

What is a polarized capacitor? I have learned that in a polarized capacitor, the negative lead must be connected to the negative terminal of the battery and so the positive. But my doubt is that if ...
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11 views

Magnetic field generated by wires with magnetic cores

Describe the magnetic field generated by alternating current as it passes through a wire's special core of tiny, metal-coated, cylindrical rare earth magnets? Examples of real-world consequences of ...
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15 views

What causes a larger (longer) electrical arc when using a tesla coil

So, I really don't know much about this subject, if any at all, but I'd like to do a project on it. I've done some testing with my tesla coil and there appears to be a trend such that a larger ...
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39 views

Time domain reflectometry (TDR) used on conductive “block”, not wire

What would happen if you tried to use time domain reflectometry (TDR) on a conductive block, opposed to a wire? Using electrodes or something. If you could describe the physical behavior of the ...
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40 views

Li-ion Battery charging

Why are constant current mode and constant voltage mode needed when charging Li-ion batteries? Why do we apply saturation charge even after the cell voltage reaches 4.2V? What exactly is 'I-sense' in ...
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274 views

How are band gap energy, dielectric constant (permittivity) and resistance related to each other?

The following three properties are related to current flow: Band gap energy Dielectric constant Resistance I would expect them all to have the same trend (i.e. higher band gap energy would cause ...
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109 views

Is ohm's law violated in electric transmission lines?

Electricity is generated at a very high voltage say, 11,000 V... Does that voltage refer to the potential difference across the transmission line or does it refer to the electric potential at the ...
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161 views

Photoelectric effect Experiment - What's the voltage bias of the set up?

What's the bias of the setup? Forward / Reverse? I'm doing a photoelectric effect experiment.The experimental setup involves a photocell, which has an emitter (cathode) Potassium and a ...
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35 views

Alternating current means alternating voltage?

We get supply from an AC generator which provides AC current.It is by the way the generator works that the current is alternating. Because of electromagnetic induction and the fact that the coil is ...
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14 views

Field emission beyond Fowler-Nordheim

The Fowler-Nordheim equation describes the emission current accurately in a specific temperature and electric field range [1] and the maximum valid field is about 11 V/nm. Is there a way to find ...
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39 views

How does one find the average relaxation time for a current through a conductor?

For determining the drift velocity of a flow of charge we need to find the average relaxation time for that flow at that specific temperature. My question is, how does one find that? Is there some ...
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40 views

Making elementary guess regarding current in AC circuits

I was just studying the comparisons, between A.C, and D.C, and the effects they can produce in electrical circuits (viz, Joule-heating, Peltier-effect and Seebeck-effect in thermocouples, ...
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44 views

Would a $50\: \mathrm{Hz}$ spinning magnetic plate in front of a human generate harmful current?

We know that spinning magnetic plate will generate current inside any wire. so if we stand before 50Hz spinning magnetic plate, then, does that 50Hz spinning magnetic plate in front of us (human body ...
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47 views

Eddy Currents in Metal Implants

Related: Why is stainless steel a poor conductor of electricity? I recently had a metal implant, and I'm psyching myself out- should I be considered at all with eddy currents in the implant? I feel ...
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353 views

explain how does Rectenna work to someone with some college level physics

I understand that rectifying antenna (rectenna) is supposed to convert electromagnetic energy to electric current however I do not understand how it's really working. I do get that it's kind of like ...
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234 views

Acting on a current density operator in second quantization

I have a current density operator in second quantization in the form: $\hat{J} = -i\left(\psi^\dagger \partial_x \psi - (\partial_x \psi^\dagger) \psi \right) $ operating on some state: $|\phi ...
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342 views

Current Carrying Wire Loop near Current Carrying Long Wire

A rectangular wire loop of (width $a$ and height $b$) carrying clockwise current $I_1$ is a distance $d$ below a horizontal infinitely long wire carrying a current $I_2$ to the right. What is the ...
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79 views

Current density in phase space

I have a question which arises from looking at the impact free Boltzmann equation. Let $(\vec{x},\vec{v})$ be a vector in our phase space $\Gamma^N = \mathbb{R}^{6N}$. The dynamics of a state are ...
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251 views

What happens if torque = 0?

I am trying to understand torque on a current loop which is placed in a uniform $\vec{B}$-field. (http://i.stack.imgur.com/oNO8a.jpg) It says that $\vec{F}_2$ and $\vec{F}_4$ have the same ...