Tagged Questions

A measure of the rate at which electric charge is transported (especially through a circuit), it has units of charge/time.

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0answers
14 views

Could you explain me how 'I*dl x r' from Biot-Savart Law works for finite long wire?

http://cnx.org/contents/416f27b6-e016-47c5-b1f1-01f470fd2907@10/Magnetic_field_due_to_current_ I am studying this problem right now but can't move forward. Biot savart law shows that dB= [μ(Iđ x ...
2
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2answers
47 views

What causes a resistor to heat up?

In the following video clip at 2:10, http://www.youtube.com/v/YslOUw5oueQ , Professor Walter Lewin talks about a misconception people have that the energy going through a wire to a resistor is in ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Magnetic interaction of wire and rectangular loop

In this video, Prof. Lewin shows an infinitely long wire and a rectangular loop at a distance $r_1$ from each other, each carrying a current. He then calculates the magnetic field resulting from the ...
4
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1answer
56 views

Distribution of current of a rotating cone

If I have a hollow cone (surface with no bottom cover ) as the one in the picture. The cone has surface charged density $\sigma$. It rotates around the symmetry axis with an angular velocity ...
1
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1answer
21 views

What is the magnetic field on surface of a current carrying conductor?

Biot Savart's law says there should be none as the current element is along the displacement vector, hence as $\sin \theta = 0$, so, the magnetic field must be zero. But, as per Ampere's loop rule ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Does alternating current come from DC?

I wonder whether alternating current is produced from DC current or whether AC and DC are entirely different concepts. Is there any relationship between AC and DC?
2
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3answers
64 views

The Difference Between voltage and current

I know that this question has been asked many times before, and I have read over several of the threads asking this question, but they do not include the gripe I have with my problem of understanding ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Transmission lines…which one is high? potential or potential difference?

The electric potential at generating station is 11,000 V...why such high potential is generated there? From generating station it is transferred to local station...is there any electric potential at ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Is ohm's law violated in electric transmission lines?

Electricity is generated at a very high voltage say, 11,000 V... Does that voltage refer to the potential difference across the transmission line or does it refer to the electric potential at the ...
0
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2answers
47 views

Is it possible for electrons to carry more than one charge?

Sorry if this has been asked before. Could also be a really basic question (new to electrical study). I am a bit confused about the relationship between electrons and charges. So what I understand is ...
0
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1answer
16 views

Can a current source provide Voltage to a resistor?

We know that the tension between a perfect current source is 0 We have Va-Vb= 0 but we also have by ohm's law Va-Vb=RI=5V so 5 = 0?
1
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1answer
27 views

Photoelectric effect stopping potential

$q_eV_s = hf - \phi$ My question is... suppose we are testing the photoelectric effect. One plate is illuminated. We have applied the stopping potential. Suppose an electron leaves one plate with $KE ...
1
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1answer
16 views

Variation of Peak Current and Peak Voltage with Capacitance in an AC circuit

The relation of Peak current, Peak voltage and Capacitive Reactance in Alternating Current is given by: $$i_m=\frac{v_m}{X_c}$$ and $$X_c=\frac{1}{C\omega }$$ So if we have a circuit with a ...
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0answers
28 views

How does grounding work in details

How does grounding work exactly? Let's assume there is a wire with bad insulation and some conductor that is attached to this wire (from one end) and unattached on the other end. Current will not ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Photoelectric effect Experiment - What's the voltage bias of the set up?

What's the bias of the setup? Forward / Reverse? I'm doing a photoelectric effect experiment.The experimental setup involves a photocell, which has an emitter (cathode) Potassium and a ...
4
votes
3answers
174 views

Is it possible to prove conventional current is always equivalent to actual current?

I understand how the conventional current is logically equivalent to the actual current of electrons in a circuit. However, whenever I'm studying some new concept, and things are assumed as working ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Foucault currents with a simple pendulum

I have this diagram : It's a kind of pendulum; when it swings, it passes through a small aera where there is a magnetic field. Therefore, the electrons moves towards the bottom because of a Lorentz ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Mechanism of Current flow in Metals [duplicate]

I do not fully understand the mechanism of current flow in conductors. It cannot be that a current starts only when an electron from one terminal of the electric supply physically reaches the other ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Propagation of Error Formula

I did a lab, and found the Hall voltage for different currents. From these, I was also given the direction, and magnitude of the magnetic field. I need to find the number of charge carriers per ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Alternating current means alternating voltage?

We get supply from an AC generator which provides AC current.It is by the way the generator works that the current is alternating. Because of electromagnetic induction and the fact that the coil is ...
2
votes
3answers
64 views

Electron flow in a wire [duplicate]

How do electrons that constitute a current flow move in a wire? Some say it's like a wheel.If you give it a push,every part of the wheel moves instantly. Is that what happens to electrons?Do they ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Strength of Magnet in Magnetic Bearings

While reading about magnetic bearings, one reads about passive/active magnetic bearings. By passive, one means no electric current is put into the bearing for attaining magnetic levitation/flux. In ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Using Ampere's Law without Right-Hand-Rule to derive an expression for the magnetic field around a current

I'm a little confused over the textbook example of applying Amperians to get the magnetic field around a current. I understand we take a loop which shares the rotational symmetry of the wire (a ...
1
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1answer
50 views

2 simple Generators = Im lost (intensity) [closed]

What happens? we have 2 Generators and 2 intensities, when I2 and I3 come together (they have opposite sides ) what happens? I tried writing down the voltage relations but I'm stuck because I don't ...
1
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3answers
73 views

How can there be a voltage when there is no current?

I'm told at school that the Electromotive Force (e.m.f) of a battery equals the potential difference between the terminals of the battery when there is no current. How is that possible? How can there ...
1
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0answers
24 views

Magnetic flux and flow of electrons

What does change in magnetic flux mean? How can you change magnetic flux? How does a change in magnetic flux influence a current of electrons (electricity)?
0
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2answers
25 views

Direction of current in concentric cylinders

Example 7.2 in David Griffiths E & M book (3rd edition) has a side view of 2 concentric cylinders, with smaller radius $a$ and larger radius $b$. The region in between $a$ and $b$ has ...
1
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2answers
39 views

Why is Lightning referred to as High frequency source?

Lightning strike is categorized as DC because of its electrostatic nature. The negative flash/stroke is found to have 200KA of current with a voltage close to 300KV (cloud to ground). But why is it ...
2
votes
6answers
158 views

Do electrons flow only on the surface of a wire?

Since the $\vec{E}$ field inside a "perfect" conductor is zero, do the electrons(the current) flow only on the outer surface? This has bothered me since I studied electromagnetism. Thank you for ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Ampere's circuital law for finite current carrying wire

When I was studying about Ampere's circuital law. Then there comes a question in my mind that "whether this law is applicable for finite current carrying wire or not"
0
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1answer
39 views

Why does a motor draw more current stopped or under load? [duplicate]

I have a small motor connected to DC source, and use the ampere meter to survey the current through the motor. While the motor is rotating, I hold the motor by hand so that it stop. I see the current ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Would a 9v battery be able to produce gas bubbles by water electrolysis at 1000 meters?

I'm currently working on an underwater robot and was hoping to use the gas bubbles for buoyancy control .
1
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3answers
52 views

Energy stored in a capacitor

Suppose we have a capacitor connected in series with a resistor and this is connected to a cell. So would the voltage across the capacitor be less than the the emf of the cell? And hence the energy ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

relation between current,voltage and resistance

i want to know the relation between voltage,current & resistance , apart from this ohm's law V=IR.Because in zener diodes,current does not increase accordingly with the voltage.At BREAKDOWN POINT, ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

How is Magnetic force on a current carrying conductor $Blb$

I was reading an answer about torque acting on a rectangular current carrying loop kept in a uniform magnitude field B. Force acting on each sides is $F_1$, $F_2$, $F_3$, $F_4$. It's written here : ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Can current and resistance result in establishing voltage?

I want to know whether current & resistance can cause a voltage across the circuit, according to Ohm's Law $V=IR$. Is it possible to use a low current to produce a high voltage?! How can this be, ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Ambiguity on the notion of potential in electrical circuits?

As everybody else I have been taught elementary electrical circuits from secondary school to engineering level in analog electronics at university. Invariably, the notion of potential used to ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Does the skin effect and the proximity effect cancel each other out?

I'm interested in how the Skin Effect and the Proximity Effect interact with each other. From what I can understand: The Skin Effect is when AC current 'collects' on the skin of conductors due to ...
0
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1answer
60 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
0
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0answers
9 views

Field emission beyond Fowler-Nordheim

The Fowler-Nordheim equation describes the emission current accurately in a specific temperature and electric field range [1] and the maximum valid field is about 11 V/nm. Is there a way to find ...
0
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1answer
54 views

On the power in AC circuits

Say I have an AC circuit with rms voltage $\mathcal{E}_{rms}$, reactance $X$ and resistance $R$. We may say that the average power dissipated in the circuit is as follows: $$P_{avg} = ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Repulsion and attraction of electric currents

Now, I understand that when a an electron travels, it creates a magnetic field. If you put two wires with current traveling in the same direction they repel, and current traveling in opposite ...
5
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4answers
498 views

How does the speed of electrons change around a circuit?

I have been thinking about ways of teaching electronics and I'm wondering if the following is true... For starters, when we talk about voltage as energy per unit charge, is this energy manifest ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

Heat loss using alternating current

I am looking for somebody who can explain this to me. As I have read in physics books, the Joule-Lenz Law (Joule effect of heating) is represented by the formula: $$ W = I^2Rt $$ which can be ...
1
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0answers
30 views

ODE envolving current [closed]

I have to do this exercise: 9. The current $I(t)$ at time $t$ flowing in an electric circuit obeys the differential equation $$I''(t) + RI'(t) + I(t) = \sin \omega t$$ where $R$ and ...
1
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2answers
63 views

Current in a strip - Scalar or vector [duplicate]

In certain books like David Griffiths electrodynamics , he treats current as a vector in some places. Moreover certain problems like current in a strip are often dealt with by taking current ...
6
votes
2answers
876 views

Does the photoelectric effect obey Ohm's law?

So, I've been reading about the photoelectric effect for my modern physics class, and I was confused about how Ohm's law works in relation to it. Say we have a photoelectric apparatus that simply ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Rapids in a River

Can I expect to have bigger or smaller rapids in a river that has a water level that is higher than average? I am not sure which way this would go. With the lower water, one is closer to the rocks, ...
-1
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1answer
48 views

What happens when a battery is in space? [closed]

What would happen If you take a battery in a space ? Would the current flow between terminals being it in vacuum of space?
2
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1answer
29 views

Cooling induction current generation

We know that conducting materials can be heated by electromagnetic induction. Is it possible to generate current using a cooling process?