A measure of the rate at which electric charge is transported (especially through a circuit), it has units of charge/time.

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4
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3answers
296 views

Is it possible to prove conventional current is always equivalent to actual current?

I understand how the conventional current is logically equivalent to the actual current of electrons in a circuit. However, whenever I'm studying some new concept, and things are assumed as working ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Foucault currents with a simple pendulum

I have this diagram : It's a kind of pendulum; when it swings, it passes through a small aera where there is a magnetic field. Therefore, the electrons moves towards the bottom because of a Lorentz ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Mechanism of Current flow in Metals [duplicate]

I do not fully understand the mechanism of current flow in conductors. It cannot be that a current starts only when an electron from one terminal of the electric supply physically reaches the other ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Alternating current means alternating voltage?

We get supply from an AC generator which provides AC current.It is by the way the generator works that the current is alternating. Because of electromagnetic induction and the fact that the coil is ...
2
votes
3answers
150 views

Electron flow in a wire [duplicate]

How do electrons that constitute a current flow move in a wire? Some say it's like a wheel.If you give it a push,every part of the wheel moves instantly. Is that what happens to electrons?Do they ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Strength of Magnet in Magnetic Bearings

While reading about magnetic bearings, one reads about passive/active magnetic bearings. By passive, one means no electric current is put into the bearing for attaining magnetic levitation/flux. In ...
1
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1answer
319 views

Using Ampere's Law without Right-Hand-Rule to derive an expression for the magnetic field around a current

I'm a little confused over the textbook example of applying Amperians to get the magnetic field around a current. I understand we take a loop which shares the rotational symmetry of the wire (a ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

2 simple Generators = Im lost (intensity) [closed]

What happens? we have 2 Generators and 2 intensities, when I2 and I3 come together (they have opposite sides ) what happens? I tried writing down the voltage relations but I'm stuck because I don't ...
0
votes
3answers
126 views

How can there be a voltage when there is no current?

I'm told at school that the Electromotive Force (e.m.f) of a battery equals the potential difference between the terminals of the battery when there is no current. How is that possible? How can there ...
1
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0answers
37 views

Magnetic flux and flow of electrons

What does change in magnetic flux mean? How can you change magnetic flux? How does a change in magnetic flux influence a current of electrons (electricity)?
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2answers
55 views

Direction of current in concentric cylinders

Example 7.2 in David Griffiths E & M book (3rd edition) has a side view of 2 concentric cylinders, with smaller radius $a$ and larger radius $b$. The region in between $a$ and $b$ has ...
1
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2answers
181 views

Why is Lightning referred to as High frequency source?

Lightning strike is categorized as DC because of its electrostatic nature. The negative flash/stroke is found to have 200KA of current with a voltage close to 300KV (cloud to ground). But why is it ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

Do electrons flow only on the surface of a wire?

Since the $\vec{E}$ field inside a "perfect" conductor is zero, do the electrons(the current) flow only on the outer surface? This has bothered me since I studied electromagnetism. Thank you for ...
2
votes
1answer
283 views

Ampere's circuital law for finite current carrying wire

When I was studying about Ampere's circuital law. Then there comes a question in my mind that "whether this law is applicable for finite current carrying wire or not"
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Why does a motor draw more current stopped or under load? [duplicate]

I have a small motor connected to DC source, and use the ampere meter to survey the current through the motor. While the motor is rotating, I hold the motor by hand so that it stop. I see the current ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Would a 9v battery be able to produce gas bubbles by water electrolysis at 1000 meters?

I'm currently working on an underwater robot and was hoping to use the gas bubbles for buoyancy control .
1
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3answers
73 views

Energy stored in a capacitor

Suppose we have a capacitor connected in series with a resistor and this is connected to a cell. So would the voltage across the capacitor be less than the the emf of the cell? And hence the energy ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

relation between current,voltage and resistance

i want to know the relation between voltage,current & resistance , apart from this ohm's law V=IR.Because in zener diodes,current does not increase accordingly with the voltage.At BREAKDOWN POINT, ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

How is Magnetic force on a current carrying conductor $Blb$

I was reading an answer about torque acting on a rectangular current carrying loop kept in a uniform magnitude field B. Force acting on each sides is $F_1$, $F_2$, $F_3$, $F_4$. It's written here : ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Can current and resistance result in establishing voltage?

I want to know whether current & resistance can cause a voltage across the circuit, according to Ohm's Law $V=IR$. Is it possible to use a low current to produce a high voltage?! How can this be, ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Ambiguity on the notion of potential in electrical circuits?

As everybody else I have been taught elementary electrical circuits from secondary school to engineering level in analog electronics at university. Invariably, the notion of potential used to ...
1
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0answers
54 views

Does the skin effect and the proximity effect cancel each other out?

I'm interested in how the Skin Effect and the Proximity Effect interact with each other. From what I can understand: The Skin Effect is when AC current 'collects' on the skin of conductors due to ...
0
votes
1answer
185 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

On the power in AC circuits

Say I have an AC circuit with rms voltage $\mathcal{E}_{rms}$, reactance $X$ and resistance $R$. We may say that the average power dissipated in the circuit is as follows: $$P_{avg} = ...
1
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1answer
156 views

Repulsion and attraction of electric currents

Now, I understand that when a an electron travels, it creates a magnetic field. If you put two wires with current traveling in the same direction they repel, and current traveling in opposite ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How does the speed of electrons change around a circuit?

I have been thinking about ways of teaching electronics and I'm wondering if the following is true... For starters, when we talk about voltage as energy per unit charge, is this energy manifest ...
0
votes
2answers
340 views

Heat loss using alternating current

I am looking for somebody who can explain this to me. As I have read in physics books, the Joule-Lenz Law (Joule effect of heating) is represented by the formula: $$ W = I^2Rt $$ which can be ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

ODE envolving current [closed]

I have to do this exercise: 9. The current $I(t)$ at time $t$ flowing in an electric circuit obeys the differential equation $$I''(t) + RI'(t) + I(t) = \sin \omega t$$ where $R$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Current in a strip - Scalar or vector [duplicate]

In certain books like David Griffiths electrodynamics , he treats current as a vector in some places. Moreover certain problems like current in a strip are often dealt with by taking current ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Does the photoelectric effect obey Ohm's law?

So, I've been reading about the photoelectric effect for my modern physics class, and I was confused about how Ohm's law works in relation to it. Say we have a photoelectric apparatus that simply ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Rapids in a River

Can I expect to have bigger or smaller rapids in a river that has a water level that is higher than average? I am not sure which way this would go. With the lower water, one is closer to the rocks, ...
-1
votes
1answer
70 views

What happens when a battery is in space? [closed]

What would happen If you take a battery in a space ? Would the current flow between terminals being it in vacuum of space?
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Cooling induction current generation

We know that conducting materials can be heated by electromagnetic induction. Is it possible to generate current using a cooling process?
2
votes
2answers
563 views

How does AC current flow in an open circuit?

In common house hold wiring we have the hot lead, neutral and ground. If the hot lead in electrical wiring contacts earth ground (perhaps though a short circuit in the chassis of a device) then the ...
0
votes
3answers
91 views

Alternating Current Inquires [duplicate]

I have been looking in to alternating current and I am confused. If the voltage reverses doesn't the flow of electrons also reverse? I am aware of another fair answer on this site here. That answer, ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Is the field generated by an electromagnet always proportional to its current?

Imagine that I use a long wire to create an electromagnet. Let's also assume that the current flowing along the wire is constant, and that the wire is winded on the vacuumm. Is the magnetic field ...
2
votes
4answers
383 views

Why doesn't current flow when the wire is open?

I realize this may be a hard to answer question but we are currently studying current in our school. One thing that struck me was why the heck doesn't it flow when the wire's closed? When you connect ...
0
votes
1answer
450 views

The Voltage and Current of a Discharged Inductor at the Instant the Switch is Closed

The figure shows an LR circuit with a switch and a 240-volt battery. At the instant the switch is closed the current in the circuit and the potential difference between points a and b, Vab, are ...
1
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0answers
46 views

To find the center of charge in current waveform

I have a circuit for which output current waveform has both positive and negative points. Now I want to get a center of the charge for this waveform (means where my net charge is concentrated ?). Is ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

What is the physical importance of current density?

Why we have used the term current density, Is there any physical significance of it or does it affect anything apart from the drift velocity in equations only. Does it have a major significance like ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

Why does a LED light up in reverse direction at a DC generator worked by a falling object

I have done the following experiment: A DC generator is worked by an object falling and connected to the DC generator via string. The DC generator is coupled to a LED in reverse direction. The ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Why is $I_0\sin\left(\dfrac{\pi}{2}-\omega t\right)$ not used as a solution of the purely capacitive AC circuit?

Why is $I_0\sin\left(\dfrac{\pi}{2}-\omega t\right)$ not used as a solution of the purely capacitive circuit? My Research I've searched on Google, Phys.SE and many school level Physics books ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Charge density of turning object

A charged disk or sphere will create currents around its turning axis if a rotation is added. The total current can then be calculated by adding all concentric currents together. Every current (I take ...
0
votes
2answers
252 views

Does a simple copper wire with an AC current create EM waves?

I want to know if a household AC current flowing through a simple copper wire will radiate EM waves? If yes, up to what range and can they be called radio waves?
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Why is the movement of electrons random in electric field?

Suppose an uncharged conductor is present isolated and there is no net electric field applied. Then by assumption we have the motion of electrons random,i.e. isotropic. But now suppose there is a ...
1
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0answers
102 views

Magnetic flux density a small distance off axis from a current loop

I'm currently studying physics at University and struggling with the problem mentioned, it's on a past paper I'm trying to do. I have calculated the B field on axis as (sorry don't know how to format ...
1
vote
3answers
195 views

Intuition/derivation behind the probability current definition

The definition is: $${\bf{j}} = \frac{\hbar}{2mi} (\psi^* \nabla \psi - \psi \nabla \psi^*)$$ However: Where ever I have looked, the above "pops out of nowhere". I was wondering how can I obtain ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Force between two current carrying parallel wires, multiple proof? [closed]

Having two current carrying (currents $I'$ and $I$) wires of length $a$ parallel to the $z$-axis, one with end points $(0,0,0)$ and $(0,0,a)$ and one from $(a,0,0)$ to $(a,0,a)$, I'm looking for the ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Current and magnetism [closed]

When the current in 2 parallel wires flows in same direction they attract each other.Shouldn't the electrons travelling in opposite direction should also repel ?
1
vote
1answer
112 views

What exactly is three phase power? [closed]

What is three phase power? How does it differ from normal AC current?