A measure of the rate at which electric charge is transported (especially through a circuit), it has units of charge/time.

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2answers
52 views

Current due to External Electric Field

Assume a conductor in a rectangle shape for simplicity. Now, if I only choose one side of this rectangle having length L, and apply external electrical field ∑ only to it(along with the wire), what ...
0
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1answer
21 views

Damping of motion of a conductor [closed]

The motion of a conductor is damped when allowed to oscillate between magnetic pole pieces. Two questions:- How is the damping force produced by eddy current? Why eddy current is undesirable in ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Why is finding the RMS current from a superimposed dc and ac signal the same as the pythagorean theorem?

Suppose two currents of value $a$ (from dc source) and $b\sin(\omega t)$ (from ac source) are superimposed. We want to know the effective RMS current. By taking the average of the square of $a + ...
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1answer
68 views

Induced current in open circuit and closed circuit

In a closed circuit, electric current is induced so as to oppose the changing magnetic flux as per conservation of energy. However, in open circuit, emf is induced across its ends. How it is related ...
3
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2answers
98 views

How does DC current work in Cathodic Protection?

I have been trying to understand how does the DC current contirbute to the Cathodic Protection,but it doesn't seem very clear to me. I know that its a way to protect pipelines from corroding and that ...
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0answers
55 views

Is this the reason why a circuit with no components (except wire) would discharge the battery faster?

I read that if I simply connect two ends of a battery it would discharge really quick and it would last longer if the circuit contained e.g. a light bulb. I wondered why is this happening and my ...
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0answers
70 views

How is ampere defined for alternating current?

Both alternating current and direct current are measured in ampere. But how is ampere defined for alternating current? It cannot be defined from two mutual attraction of two parallel wires carrying ac ...
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0answers
8 views

debris removal by electrification

Often during the lifetime of equipment, there is debris or residue accumulation on surface of, for example nozzles. This material accumulation can be quite strong. What kind of forces are they ...
1
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1answer
72 views

Electromagnetic radiation from AC circuit?

Is it possible that an AC circuit emit electromagnetic radiation? I have read somewhere that due to change in polarity of the current continuously, electron oscillates in SHM at a mean position. ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Change in magnetic field region reduces overall voltage due to change in resistance?

Consider the following diagrams: Diagram(1): A large conductive slab($C$) with resistance ($R$) and region with magnetic field($B$), the conductor moves to the right as indicated with ($v$). ...
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1answer
194 views

relationship between voltage and current

I know that this question had been asked many times but I think it will be a new info in Ohm’s law: $$R = V/I$$ So Voltage is directly proportional to Current In Electric Power’s law: $$P = ...
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0answers
44 views

What is the role of the Cowling, Pedersen and Hall resistivities (or conductivities) in plasma physics?

The current density $\vec{j}$ can be computed as $\vec{j} = \vec{\vec{\sigma}} \vec{E}$, where $\vec{\vec{\sigma}}$ is the conductivity tensor and $\vec{E}$ is the electric field. This conductivity ...
2
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2answers
187 views

Showing that the magnetic field inside an infinite current carrying cylinder is zero

I'm doing some self studying of introductory physics, and was working a question from a textbook that has several parts. The first few parts asked me to show that the magnetic field of an infinite ...
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0answers
21 views

Voltmeter across two loops

If one terminal of a voltmeter is connected to a closed loop with current and the other to an open loop, will there be a reading? Theoretically, there is a potential difference across the terminals, ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Finding the magnetic field due to a current carrying field at a point within the circumference

This is a question me and my friend were wondering about. How can one calculate the magnetic field due to a current carrying loop at a point in the area enclosed by the loop. For example, at point P ...
0
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2answers
35 views

Time constant for this RC circuit

Well one problem boiled down to the following RC ciruit- $C_1$ was initially charged with $q_o$ and I thought after closing switch connecting $C_1$ and $C_2$ the maximum current discharging will be ...
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1answer
101 views

Two Current Carrying Loops: Multiple Choice Question

I'm studying some simple multiple choice questions from an old test in electrostatics and I have some trouble intuitively grasping this question. I hope someone can explain the solution! Two current ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Why does the axle need to be rotated in a turbine generator?

Inside a turbine a wire rotates between the poles of a magnet, i.e. rotating inside the magnetic field, so that the field forces the electrons in the wire to move and generate current. But why does ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Electron Flow Notion

I would like to ask something that bothers me. A lot of us know of the electron flow notion, which it is the technical representation of how the electron charge really flows, starting from the ...
1
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1answer
242 views

Which power equation to use: $P = I^2 * R$ or $P = V^2 / R$?

Given are ideal max voltage $V = 200\;\mathrm{V}$ and max current $I = 5\;\mathrm{A}$. Therefore: ideal resistance is $$R = \frac VI = \frac{200 \;\mathrm{V}}{5\;\mathrm{A}} = 40 ...
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3answers
44 views

About the flow of current

Generally it is said that current is due to the flow of electrons; how can we make this claim? I mean, generally we say the atom contains a nucleus which consists protons (positively charged ...
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2answers
1k views

How can be the neutral wire at 0 volts when current flowing through it?

Voltage is potential difference, and current flows because of voltage. So if the voltage is zero, how can current flow through the neutral wire.
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1answer
63 views

Eddy Currents – Tubes with slits

When a magnet falls down a tube, eddy currents form and flow around the tube, perpendicular to the direction in which the magnet falls. However, when there is a vertical slit in the tube, are ...
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0answers
51 views

Current flow direction, based off the equipotential line?

From the following diagram: Given the wires are only connected to a certain portion of the conductor, will current flow all around the conductor? Or only throughout the equipotential line(diagram ...
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1answer
21 views

Does doping and size determine the characteristics of a semi-conductor?

Does the maximum voltage and current that a semiconductor can withstand (without being damaged) depend upon the size and doping of the semiconductor? If so, then please explain, 1.What is the reason ...
0
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2answers
336 views

Rate of flow of electrons in a simple circuit, given the current? [closed]

I have this question: The correct answer is C. I understand that the flow of electrons should be from Y to X because electrons flow opposite to "conventional current", which is from positive to ...
0
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1answer
117 views

Difference in induced current, when magnetic field “span” is reduced?

A conductor of known volume $(V)$ passes a uniform magnetic field$(B)$with a constant velocity $(v)$ the conductor is a source of induced EMF, a power source to a circuit. The induced EMF can be ...
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1answer
41 views

Spin-resolved current [closed]

What is spin-revolved current? Is it the spin current?
0
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1answer
52 views

Current Electricity

If $$ \frac{dQ}{dt} = I $$ and if an accelerated current produces E.M. waves (radiation), does that mean $d^2Q/dt^2$ (second derivative of a charge w.r.t. time) will give me the magnitude of the wave ...
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1answer
62 views

What happens if I have a square conducting wire being permeated by a magnetic field and the field suddenly disappears?

Suppose there is a square conducting wire in a magnetic field. The two vertical branches will have the same emf, and the two horizontal branches will have 0 emf, resulting in a net emf of zero and ...
0
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1answer
290 views

How does a bulb light up when it's connected in a circuit with an uncharged capacitor and a cell?

Since there is a capacitor, isn't it an incomplete circuit? How does the current flow across the dielectric medium? If a bulb was connected to a cell alone and if there was a break in the wires of the ...
0
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1answer
115 views

Can electromagnets repel?

So I saw a video here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzXRFp0DDrU (See the full video first) I don't understand that how is the electromagnet repelling things in the second half of the video? Also ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Show that the electric dipole term vanishes for a particular current

I'm interested to show that given a ring with radius a where there's a current $I_0 \cos \omega t$ ($I_0$ is a constant) there is no radiation due to the electric dipole term (appearing in the ...
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0answers
13 views

Current pass through different branch of network [duplicate]

How current knows that resistance in any branch of network is law show that more proportion of it pass through that branch?
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2answers
140 views

Electrical resistivity: the effect of adding electrons

Consider a copper wire of fixed length and cross-sectional area, and apply an electric field to the wire induced by a fixed potential difference $V$ across the two endpoints of the wire. By Ohm's law, ...
0
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4answers
419 views

How power lines use high voltages with a low current?

I've read that power lines use high voltages and low currents to reduce power loss due to resistance. Looking at the formula for power - P = VI So to increase P, you increase V rather than I for ...
2
votes
3answers
778 views

Proof for Resistance is directly proportional to length and inversely proportional to the area of cross-section?

I have heard that Resistance is directly proportional to length and inversely proportional to area of cross-section. Can someone give me a practical explanation for this?
4
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1answer
143 views

What empirical evidence is there for displacement current?

I wonder what more or less direct measurements of the displacement current exist. I know that the existence of em waves demonstrates its existence, though somewhat indirectly. I also know that there ...
8
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5answers
4k views

How can one derive the Ohm's Law?

I am looking for the derivation of the Ohm's Law i.e., V is directly proportional to I. Can someone help me with it?
3
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1answer
71 views

Would a solenoid move if a magnet went through it?

If you were to have a solenoid (0 current) floating still in space, and shot a magnet through it, would the solenoid move, or would it only create a DC current (what if it has a closed/open circuit)? ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Can current be stopped using magnetic field?

Is it possible to stop a current "running" through wire only by using a magnetic field around the wire?
1
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1answer
80 views

What is the defintion of a current-current diagram?

Right now I am facing some Feynman diagram calculations and in the instructions I am reading the phrase current-current diagram appears quite often so I wanted to know: What is the definition of a ...
0
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2answers
162 views

Induced EMF, additive to conductor's closed circuit?

Assume the following conductor, with current flowing, powered from a source $S$: Now, I've introduced a magnetic field($B) to the conductor covering a small area of it like so: The change in ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Why is Ampere not a derived SI unit? [duplicate]

From my understanding, Ampere is amount of elementary charge per time. So, you should be able to derive it from mol, which is amount, and seconds, which is time. My question: Why is Ampere a base ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Gravitomagnetic railgun

Would a gravitomagnetic analogue of a railgun work as expected, in theory? Consider replacing the electric currents on each rail with mass currents. Then place a mass between the rails, moving with ...
0
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2answers
184 views

Current on both sides of a capacitor

When a capacitor is connected to a DC circuit, what ensures that the current on both sides of the capacitor is the same? When charges arrive at one end of the capacitor they stop moving; presumably ...
1
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3answers
93 views

Why is $\nabla \cdot \vec{J} = 0$ where $J$ is the current density?

This is quoted from Purcell's Electricity & Magnetism: ...if charge forever pours out of, or into, a fixed volume, the charge density inside must grow infinite, unless some compensating charge ...
2
votes
3answers
52 views

Why is resistance across a load the V per I rather than the V per Q?

There is a load that resists the flow of electrons. This causes a voltage drop, meaning it creates a potential difference between the 2 sides of itself. This property, a load creating a voltage drop, ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Will the current flow from the battery?

I am just trying to find out if the current enters into the positive terminal of the battery (if there is a battery with bigger emf ) will it get charged and charge will be stored and current will ...
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votes
2answers
55 views

Doubt on resistor circuit [closed]

How are we able to flip the triangular resistor to the opposite breaking its connection with the lower 2r resistor?