A measure of the rate at which electric charge is transported (especially through a circuit), it has units of charge/time.

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28 views

If steady current flows in a metallic conductor of non uniform cross section area then why is current constant? [duplicate]

If area is not uniform then how can current be constant? What happens to current density, electric field, drift speed? Are they constant?
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2answers
30 views

Why does current density changes but not current? [closed]

let us assume that we have a conductor with a specified resistance ( case 1 ) and a normal conductor ( case 2 ) as shown in the figure , and now we apply an external electric field with a battery on ...
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0answers
32 views

Electric field due to a current carrying loop

I want to know how I can calculate the radiated electric field in the far zone of the loop. Knowing that the loop is in center at the origin of a x-y plane Knowing that the loop as a time-harmonic ...
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1answer
41 views

Electric field along a wire and load

I have referred to many books and all of them apply loss in potential across a resistor only in case of circuits. However, the electric field is present in the whole conductor. Hence the electrons ...
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2answers
1k views

A confusion in ohms law $V = IR$

ohms law clearly states that potential difference is directly proportional to the current flowing through the wire or V directly proportional to I ______(i) so the formula which is ...
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1answer
162 views

What is the amount of charge density in a metal wire for the electron's which are involved in current flow?

According to the question Why is charge = nALe n is the charge density (number of electrons per unit volume). Which of the electrons in a metal wire are involved in current flow? Only the unbounded to ...
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0answers
515 views

Graph of 1/Current on Y, and R on X axis. What does the intercept represent?

1/I on the Y axis, and Resistance on X. Gradient represents 1/V. Am I right in thinking that the intercept is representative of the Emf of the supply? As I believe the equation would be 1/I=R/V+C, ...
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3answers
89 views

If we consider the electric field to act upon charges with a force, how does it stay in line with Newton's laws?

This should be a relatively simple question. Let's say we have a constant electric field $\textbf{E}$ in a conductor. The electric current density would then be $$\textbf{j}=\rho \textbf{v}$$ where ...
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1answer
58 views

Electro magnetic Wave? [duplicate]

I understand the fact that a static charge produces an electric field around it. I accept the fact(without questioning) that a moving charge produces a magnetic field. Question 1 : If a moving ...
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3answers
608 views

Should the term Watt's Law be used for $P = IV$?

I'm revising some electrical curriculum for a technical training program. In the curriculum students have to calculate values using Ohm's law and the equation $$\text{Power = Current * Voltage}$$ ...
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0answers
90 views

Why is there no induced current in this loop? [closed]

This problem comes from Barron's SAT Subject Test Physics book. A loop of wire and a bar magnet are moving relative to one another. Which motion in the diagrams shown below will NOT induce a ...
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0answers
10 views

Measure a current from a charged surface caused by charge separation

I have separated a charge in an electric field like here (http://elektroniktutor.oszkim.de/grundlagen/gr_pict/coulomb5.gif) and I put the metal out of the field. The charge density on the surface of ...
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1answer
38 views

Why is current shared in a parallel circuit but not a series circuit?

Electricity test coming up. It's not clear to me why current is shared in a parallel circuit but not a series circuit.
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2answers
29 views

Semi conductors (holes and electrons)

The following relation is mentioned in my text book for semiconductors in thermal equilibrium. $$n_e ×n_h = n_i^2$$ $n_e$ stands for the number of electrons. $n_h$ stands for the number of holes. ...
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2answers
1k views

Relativistic drift velocity of electrons in a superconductor?

Is there a formula for the effective speed of electron currents inside superconductors? The formula for normal conductors is: $$ V = \frac{I}{nAq}$$ I wonder if there are any changes to this ...
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0answers
22 views

Modeling the working of a transformer by pushing magnet into a coil

Let me go step-by-step. First I will outline a simple transformer. There are two circuits next to each other (not touching). One is an electromagnet set-up (with AC supply) and the other has a ...
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1answer
748 views

Child-Langmuir space charge law for non-zero cathode potential (non-zero initial electron velocity)

I'm trying to reconcile some conflicting results that I've found in publications that address the idea of the current in a vacuum diode in the case where the cathode has a non-zero potential, in other ...
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1answer
32 views

Will moving a magnet through cupped hands change the nerve signals through the hand?

Basically nerve signals are electric impulses travelling from the brain to body parts. What would happen if we move a magnet through cupped hands. Would it somehow interfere with the current of the ...
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1answer
40 views

Is the electric field in the wires of the parallel circuit always the same and how that affects current?

When we connect two resistors connected in parallel with a battery, it creates an electric field through this wire. well, my question here: Is the electric field in the main wire is the same as the ...
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1answer
300 views

Fringing effect of electric current

We know the what is the fringing effect of electric field in capacitor, of magnetic field in some in some solenoid or magnetic field in through joint of some metal. But is there is something similar ...
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1answer
45 views

Voltage and Current

I know that as voltage increases, current increases by $V=IR$, but I really find some difficulty in understanding this at the atomic level (what happens with the electrons inside that wire). I ...
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1answer
45 views

Does current in a part of a wire create magnetic field at any other part of the same wire?

Let there be a circular-shaped wire - a ring in which there exists a steady current. It creates magnetic field around the wire. This can be evaluated by Biot-Savart Law. As shown in the fig., ...
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2answers
5k views

How does an electric field come inside a conducting wire inside the circuit? [duplicate]

This has been a really great confusion for me now .... Many places I have read in books that when a potential difference is applied across the ends of a wire a constant electric field is generated ...
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1answer
67 views

What is the physical meaning of $\overline{\Psi} \Psi$ in the Dirac current's “Gordon Decomposition”?

When writing the Dirac (charge) current out in a way that resembles the (charge) current in the Pauli/Schrödinger theories, one obtains the following: $ j^\mu = -\frac{\mathrm{i} e\hbar}{2m} \left[ ...
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42 views

Magnetic field outside the solenoid

I found solution to problem 257 from "300 Creative Physics problems" hard to understand. In that problem we have very long solenoid with coil wounded in one layer. Data such as: density of turns, ...
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1answer
34 views

Current from Middle Battery in a Two-looped Circuit

With this question, as with many tutorials of similar questions I’ve found online, my textbook only mentions three currents: $I_1$, which flows through the left loop from and to the 19 V battery, ...
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1answer
148 views

What empirical evidence is there for displacement current?

I wonder what more or less direct measurements of the displacement current exist. I know that the existence of em waves demonstrates its existence, though somewhat indirectly. I also know that there ...
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1answer
34 views

Current through resistors crossing each other [closed]

Calculate the current shown by the ammeter A in the given circuit. I've searched the internet but didn't know how to search for it. Please help
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1answer
35 views

Current and misplaced switch [closed]

I know this is a very noob question, but i just can't help it. Anyways,here is pretty simple circuit Now after the circuit is changed this way, why is the current going to be infinitely high?? I ...
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2answers
686 views

Electric power for current density

The electric power produced by a current $I\in\mathbb{R}^+$ and a voltage $V\in\mathbb{R}^+$ is $$ P = IV. $$ Now the current is given as an (alternating) current density ...
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2answers
42 views

Voltage and Current in an Electromagnet

I'm having a little bit of trouble with electromagnets. I know that a magnetic field is induced by current flowing through a conductor, but what role does voltage play? Does it have an effect on the ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Representation of AC through vector

Is there any difference if we use rms value or peak value of sinusoidal wave of AC in phasor (vector representation)? i.e for the length of vector we are allowed to chose one of these,is there any ...
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0answers
14 views

Angular current in torus

I'm trying to find the magnetic field due to a torus anywhere in space. I'm approximating it as a circular current loop. What I'm having a hard time with is the current in the theta direction, that ...
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1answer
23 views

Show that the electric dipole term vanishes for a particular current

I'm interested to show that given a ring with radius a where there's a current $I_0 \cos \omega t$ ($I_0$ is a constant) there is no radiation due to the electric dipole term (appearing in the ...
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1answer
63 views

Finding the force between parallel currents using the formula of magnetic pressure

Let there be two parallel current-carrying infinitely-long wires separated by $d$ carrying currents $i_1$ & $i_2$ respectively in the same direction. In order to find the force on an ...
3
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2answers
95 views

How can a sheet carrying current get affected by its own magnetic field?

I was reading ' Change in B at a current sheet ' in Electricity & Magnetism by Edward M Purcell. this is the concerned excerpt: Consider a square portion of the sheet, $1~\text{m}$ on a side. ...
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0answers
37 views

What were the experiments performed that lead to ohm's Law

How was the relationship of $V=IR$ first developed? What were the experiments that were preformed that lead to Ohm's Law? I understand that they had devices during George Ohm's time to measure current ...
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19 views

Analogy of Faraday Cage?

Can we think that an ideal conductor is a friction less space for electrons since under influence of electric field they create an exactly opposing field and produce shielding effect ?If so then how ...
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0answers
22 views

Resistance used to get maximum illumination with proper security

In which way a resistance is to be connected with a bulb labelled 120V-60W when it is connected with 220V DC source so that maximum illumination with proper security is maintained? What is the ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Current in a short circuit [duplicate]

Well,if theoretically we say the value of a resistor is zero then will there be any heat dissipation across the resistor(because heat is produced only when there's a resistance to the flow of ...
0
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4answers
90 views

How could a current passing through a resistance create a voltage as predicted by Ohm's Law?

I have a question about the classic relation $V = RI.$ I know that is the voltage that creates the electrostatic force. But I do not understand how, in a circuit with just a current source and a ...
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2answers
35 views

Will current flow entirely through zero resistance if possible to do so?

I am trying to understand how current splits at nodes. I know that if two paths are available, each with R > 0, a current divider is used to find the split ratio. But what if one of the paths has R = ...
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0answers
17 views

Finding the magnetic field of an arbitrary arrangement of current-carrying wires

For an arbitrary arrangement of current-carrying wire, I am trying to show that the Taylor expansion around $\vec{r} =0$ of a magnetic field $\vec{B}(\vec{r})$ is given by \begin{align} ...
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1answer
21 views

Electrons and ionization in an electric current [closed]

Conductors have free electrons to roam, but is that equivalent to continuous ionization of atoms in a conductor, say when an electric current is running through?
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0answers
19 views

What is the general proof that the torque acting on an irregular current carrying loop in an uniform magnetic field is only dependent on area?

How do you prove that the torque acting on an irregular current carrying loop in an uniform magnetic field in the plane of loop = $I \vec{A} \times \vec{B}$ Where, $ \vec{A}$ = Area vector of the ...
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1answer
30 views

Induced EMF dependent on terminal wire connection?

Figure(a): When a conductor moving inside magnetic field, of a given length at a certain velocity the induced EMF is: $$\epsilon = vBL$$ However, what if we changed the position where the bottom ...
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1answer
45 views

How to calculate resistivity of ring [closed]

Q: In a resistance experiment, a gold ring was connected into a circuit as a resistor. The connections touched on diametrically opposite points on the circular ring. Its diameter is 2cm, and the ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Electricity from lightning

According to the internet, a lightning strike contains about 5 billion joules or 5 GJ. How was this calculated? Another thing: Once the lightning strike a metal grounded rod, a current will flow. ...
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2answers
2k views

How does capacitors provide initial high voltage for a motor?

While observing the water pump in my house I could see a huge capacitor connected to it. My father told me that it is to provide a high voltage of 440 V during the start-up process. But, how does a ...
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2answers
62 views

Does voltage always cause current?

I'm wondering if the following statement is fully correct: Voltage causes current through a closed circuit, but through an inductor it is the change in current that causes a voltage. Obviously ...