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Carrier charge density [on hold]

A conductor has increasing cross sectional area. Will the carrier charge density change? And will the drift velocity change according to change in magnitude of carrier charge density or will it ...
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2answers
16 views

combination of cells

There are m*n identical cells of emf E and internal resistance r connected in parallel rows. This combination of cells is connected across an external resistance R. For what arrangement of the ...
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4answers
65 views

What happens in a circuit, when the wire and the battery are superconducting. And shorted

When a wire with no resistance is connected to the terminals of an ideal battery, will a current exist in the circuit? If a capacitor is added to the circuit, will it be charged by the battery or will ...
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2answers
71 views

How to get conserved currents of a theory which are not Noether currents?

In the first SuSy lecture last week following theory of two real scalar fields has been considered as a first example: $$\mathcal{L}=(\partial_\mu \phi_1)^2/2+(\partial_\mu ...
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1answer
35 views

Circuits and Power

"The diagram below represents a simple circuit composed of 5 identical light bulbs and 2 flashlight batteries. Which bulb (or bulbs) would you expect to be the brightest? a) V only b) V and W ...
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3answers
112 views

If the current is increased, is there more charge flowing or is it moving quicker?

Problem Current is the amount of charge that is flowing through a component per unit of time. For a given voltage, Ohm's law tells us that if we increase the resistance, then the current must ...
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1answer
43 views

Lightning on my Car

Could anyone clarify to me the following: Lightning gives off high current when it hits a car/vehicle, and since the electrical components of the car is grounded on the chassis, are there ...
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1answer
17 views

Current when the slide wire attains a constant velocity

In a slide wire generator, when the slide wire attains a final constant velocity, is the current in the circuit 0? It does not make sense if it is 0 as the area keeps increasing, allowing more flux ...
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1answer
16 views

Back EMF & Current, how can we make I stable?

Lets assume we have a wire that has $10V$ across and $1$ $Amp$ flowing, now if this conductor is introduced to a changing magnetic field, $-EMF$ is induced, can we control our voltage to increase it ...
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2answers
43 views

Why does holding an electrical switch in between on and off states cause sparks?

If air is a bad conductor, then why do sparks develop when an electrical switch is held in between on and off states? Why are sparks generated when cables carrying heavy electric current are brought ...
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1answer
20 views

Lamination on a conductor?

How can lamination help reduce eddy currents? I understood that it reduces them, by making their circulation incomplete, or something like that. Can anyone explain this please?
2
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1answer
66 views

Why does overclocking a CPU cause it to generate more heat?

It seems odd to me that overclocking a CPU causes it to consume more energy. The amount of energy flowing through the CPU should be related to the average number of 'gates' (or transistors) that ...
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1answer
24 views

Can electrons coincidentally flow along a circuit to cause current?

My understanding of circuits which are not supplied an e.m.f. is that the electrons randomly just flow about in random directions, and since there's so many of them, probability dictates that any ...
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0answers
12 views

sensitive scale & resistance of analog current meter

Does the resistance of an analog current meter increase or decrease when it is set to a more sensitive scale (lower range)?
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0answers
10 views

How does a potentiometer work? [migrated]

A lot of places where I've read about potentiometers either go into so much detail or they're so superficial that I don't understand the actual concept behind it. How would you easily explain to me ...
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1answer
30 views

The shape of the graph of the equation: V= -rI + E

I have recently collected data (for a school experiment) in order to measure the EMF and the internal resistance of a solar cell. The data complied with the equation: $V = -rI + E$, i.e. the voltage ...
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0answers
30 views

What would the graph between P (power) and i (current) look like if the graph between V (potential difference) and i is parabolic?

The answer is same... That us the graph between P and I will also be a parabola.... Similar to the graph between V and I. But how? Can anyone explain through mathematical approach ? I used ...
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1answer
43 views

Equation for magnetic field due to a current in straight wire [closed]

How can I derive the expression for the magnetic field due to a long straight current carrying wire using the Biot-Savart law? The final expression should be: ...
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1answer
33 views

What is a “reference current”

Excuse me, I m not a physicist I am currently reading a paper about optimization on minimizing electrical energy in electrical vehicles. The paper talks about a "reference current" in a current ...
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5answers
81 views

How does series circuit differ from parallel circuit?

Why does same current $I$ flow in the series circuit but it isn't the case with resistors in parallels?
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1answer
43 views

Surface current and current density

Hello I want to know when I am asked to find the surface current density and the space current density what should I do? Also what is the difference between the surface and space current? Can the ...
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0answers
29 views

How to deal with $\vec{j}\cdot\vec{A}$ or $\rho A^2$ interaction when utilizing Kubo formula? Gauge invariance?

If there exist electromagnetic fields in solids, electrons can feel interactions like $\vec{j} \cdot \vec{A}$ or $\rho A^2$ (these are not regarded as perturbations). But these are not gauge ...
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1answer
64 views

Induced current and Ohm's law

I am trying to explain this problem: A circular conducting loop composed of N turns of wire has a radius of r and a total resistance of R. Perpendicular to the plane of the loop is a magnetic ...
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0answers
24 views

Drift velocity of electrons in a superconducting loop

Do electrons travel at the Fermi velocity in a superconducting loop? For metals the Fermi velocity seems to be around $10^6$ m/s. So would electrons (in a Cooper pair) travel around the loop at this ...
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1answer
54 views

Current vs Voltage Drive for Loudspeakers [closed]

Please see this article: here I don't know enough EMFT to comment on this but I am working on other tasks for a wireless speaker system prototype called "Busker's Friend". Completing my Schaum's ...
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1answer
51 views

What happens when you pass a current through a coil made of a ferromagnetic substance?

I know when you pass a current through a length of copper coil or a solenoid, there is the induction of a magnetic flux. But what of the coil made of the ferromagnetic material, the permanent type ...
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2answers
44 views

Voltage Drop and Charge Flow

I am hoping someone can help me with understanding voltage drop and charge flow. Here is what I think I know. The voltage drop through a circuit must equal the voltage of the battery source, and ...
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3answers
51 views

What is Conductance?

What is conductance? I am being said that conductance is inverse of resistance?I do know that resistance is the opposition to the flow of current but do not get conductance? I do know that:it is ...
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2answers
90 views

Intuition behind Faraday's Law?

Faraday's Law seems more like an observation than an explanation. Sure, a changing magnetic current causes emf, but why? How does a changing magnetic field cause electrons to move in the direction of ...
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0answers
22 views

How does displacement current come about? [duplicate]

I know that displacement current is due to time-varying electric field and its not an electric current. But then, is it charge that is actually being displaced?
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4answers
59 views

Wrong positioned Ampere-meter and Voltmeter [closed]

I'm dealing with a problem here and even that I'm trying to solve it i can't It says: In what figures the voltmeter and ampere-meter are wrong positioned? I think that all the the others are ...
2
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2answers
111 views

Why does welding produce UV light?

Looking directly at a welder is dangerous because large amounts of UV light is produced. What makes this light? Is it electrons from the current that excites metal atoms, and these atoms sends out UV ...
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1answer
42 views

The effects of reversing the leads of an ammeter

I was playing around with a battery, an ammeter, and a light bulb. The ammeter originally read 1.99 A, but after reversing the leads going into and out of the ammeter the ammeter read -1.98A. I know ...
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2answers
86 views

What is drift velocity? And how to find the equation for it? [closed]

What is drift velocity? And why in some books it is expressed as drift speed and not drift velocity?Are these different ? Does it mean that the electron will have extra velocity opposite to the ...
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3answers
235 views

Resistance at Ohm's Law

Today I learnt about Ohm's Law(I had some basic knowledge earlier).When I came home I searched in the internet and found that at Ohm's Law, resistance should not change because then the circuit will ...
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2answers
60 views

Explain the microscopic nature of Electric current?

Explain the microscopic nature of Electric current?i.e What is is average current and Instantaneous current? A microscopic view what really happens?
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3answers
52 views

Electric Power $P$

In my textbook there are 2 formulas for electric power: $$\begin{array}{cccr} P &=& E/t &\hspace{10pt} (1) \\ P &=& VI. &\hspace{10pt} (2) \end{array}$$ What is the ...
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1answer
72 views

Ampere's Law and Wires?

For a current carrying wire, the magnetic field $B$ is given by: $$B = \frac{u_oI}{2\pi r}$$ Is this only valid for a cylindrical wire?
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1answer
54 views

Electric shock from a frayed wire

Let's say it's a laptop charger not connected to a laptop, and it is frayed near the tip. I am guessing about 20Volts runs through that area. Now if a person touches a bit of plastic below the frayed ...
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1answer
65 views

Is it possible to use induction ampermeter to measure power consumption of electric water heater and dryer?

I hope this practical question is not OT and not too trivial for this forum. I am renting an apartment in a duplex with a shared water heater and dryer. Turns out, both water heater and the dryer are ...
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1answer
47 views

Is powered delivered to an Incandescent light bulb changing with time? [duplicate]

Initially, when the current starts flowing the temperature of the filament is less and thus resistance is less. So, more current flows through the bulb and the power delivered to the bulb is more. As, ...
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1answer
114 views

Electric current in quantum mechanics?

Quick question: I want to find an expression for the (electric) current density of an electron, in quantum mechanics. Either a single electron or a general charge distribution $\rho$. Classically ...
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0answers
25 views

Influence of a Capacitance Matrix of a voltage measurment

I am having a problem in understanding how in a multiconductor system the Capacitance Matrix influences the measure of voltage between two electrodes. In the case that interest me we have 4 ...
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3answers
82 views

electron flow in capacitor with dielectric

if I make a circuit with a battery and a capacitor (with a dielectric inside), how it is possible to get a current in the circuit? If electrons go from one pole of the battery and they arrive to one ...
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2answers
135 views

Will I get a shock when I try to use my hair-dryer under water?

Occasionally people get killed in their bathtubs by having an electrical device such as a hair-dryer take the bath with them - in movies. It seems to be a common belief that this is realistic, even ...
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0answers
35 views

Would a $50\: \mathrm{Hz}$ spinning magnetic plate in front of a human generate harmful current?

We know that spinning magnetic plate will generate current inside any wire. so if we stand before 50Hz spinning magnetic plate, then, does that 50Hz spinning magnetic plate in front of us (human body ...
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1answer
151 views

Does a current-carrying wire running through the centre of a solenoid experience force?

Imagine looking at a solenoid from above. Current passing is through it in a clockwise direction. The direction of the field lines therefore is towards the bottom of the solenoid. Now pass a straight ...
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1answer
48 views

Earthing or nothing

Sometimes, mostly in winter, when somebody touches the tap it passes current (especially when the hands are soaked in water or soap water). I read 3-4 years back in physics book that the tap circuit ...
0
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1answer
326 views

Does displacement current exist after the capacitor gets fully charged?

The displacement current is due to changing electric field. Since, after the capacitor gets fully charged there is no changing electric field there is no displacement current.(capacitor connected to a ...
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3answers
103 views

Charge signs in current

I've had recently an argument with my friend about different charge carriers in an electric current. Suppose that electrons and holes are moving in the same direction. It effectively means we have ...