A measure of the rate at which electric charge is transported (especially through a circuit), it has units of charge/time.

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25 views

At what distance is lightning dangerous for someone lying down?

My 8 yo child told me that they learned at school that they should lay down flat on the ground in case of lightning. I told him that the more correct position is crouching down with feet together, but ...
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1answer
48 views

How do the electrons know the route?

I've learnt in classroom that the requirements for electrical current to flow in a circuit are as follows: there must be a closed conducting path between negative and positive terminals there must ...
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16 views

Find magnitude of the net magnetic field at points A, B, and C between two parallel wires [on hold]

I've been having a lot of problems with this problem. Been working on it for over to an hour and nothing. I've been using amphere's law but I think I'm getting r wrong, here's one of my most recent ...
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1answer
16 views

When I put 2 electrodes into a electrical conductive solution, does the volume of the solution around the electrodes have biological effect?

Media these days give me a common sense that it is able to hurt someone if they step on a wet floor with a electric cord dipped in, several movies have this scene.However, I wonder if I set up an ...
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11 views

How much charge per unit time passes with the Josephson current

I wonder how does the simple defintion of a current $I = \frac{dQ}{dt}$, i.e. charge per unit time which passes through some area, is applied to the Josephson effect. If I have a Josephson junction ...
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18 views

Resolution to a hotly debated question: Which is more dangerous to humans, amps or volts? [duplicate]

Many times I have heard many a self-reputed wise internet sage quote, " 'Tis the amps that kill.' I really don't think so, at least, I don't think that applies all the time. Shouldn't volts be just ...
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2answers
46 views

What is the voltage of an average carpet static shock? Can you make it lethal?

I think I heard somewhere that it was in the thousands of volts, but it had extremely, extremely low amps. Could you somehow transform the current to make it larger or something? Or does the equation ...
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1answer
30 views

Is electric current a scalar quantity?

According to the definition of a Scalar quantity that i have read in class 9 is that ''those quantities which has only magnitude but no direction is known as a scalar quantity''.....But in class 10 i ...
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0answers
167 views

JEE MAIN 2015 Question. Electromagnetism [closed]

Two coaxial solenoids of different radii carry current I in the same direction. Let F1 be the magnetic force on the inner solenoid due to the outer one and F2 be the magnetic force on the outer ...
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13 views

How does the phase of an alternating current change when flowing through a multi-layered material?

I have questions regarding the properties of the alternating electrical current in the following imaginary experiment: There is an AC (sinusoidal wave with frequency $f = 5\ \mathrm{Hz}$). I would ...
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0answers
14 views

If we study an electric wire under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), what will be the effect of the current on the microstructure or image?

If we study an electric wire under SEM, what will be the effect of the current on the microstructure or on the image obtained from SEM? I will elaborate it a bit more: if we change the current in ...
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1answer
23 views

self inductance basic example: meaning of current flow AFTER opening circuit

while studying self-inductiance, I got into a tricky point... Consider this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0IVJaXO_0XA (minute 13.00). At this moment, opening of the R-L circuit is ...
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1answer
52 views

Wheatstone bridge intuition - and the potential divider

I am having trouble understanding the working of a Wheatstone bridge. I am looking for an intuitive understanding of the process. Basically, I would like to have the following questions answered: ...
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0answers
9 views

Induced-EMF in a parallel circuit, vs a series circuit?

I wanted to know the difference between the induced-EMF in a series circuit layout, vs a parallel circuit layout. In a series the current would stay the same,however, the induced-EMF would increase? ...
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2answers
49 views

Is there no electric field inside a conductor?

I came across this statement while studying electric currents and I am confused: "There is no electric field inside a conductor. Hence no current can flow through it". Is there a fallacy in this ...
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1answer
52 views

Magnetic field and electric field induce one another forever [duplicate]

A changing electric field produces magnetic field and vice versa. Does that mean that this process will carry on forever? Think of a circuit with a capacitor. The magnetic field due to the current at ...
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1answer
15 views

According to the Kirchhoff's law, what's the ratio between currents in output branches of a node?

How the current distribute in branches of a node in a circuit? Is it randomly? Can it be zero in an output branch when all branches have ~same physical features? For example, suppose the current as ...
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0answers
10 views

Drift velocity in Silicon wafer

I have been asked the following question in a problem sheet: A $100mm$ diameter, $0.5mm$ thick silicon wafer at room temperature has a charge carrier density of $1.5×10^{10} cm^{-3}$. A potential ...
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1answer
37 views

Why is it possible to define a potential difference in a wire that carries a steady current?

My book introduces $\nabla\times E = 0$ as the condition for an electrostatic field, which is what makes it possible to define a potential difference between two points. As far as my present ...
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1answer
51 views

Right hand rule confusion

I have a question that I am trying to figure out: Two long parallel wires placed side-by-side on a horizontal table carry identical size currents in opposite directions. The wire on your right ...
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2answers
44 views

How does Ohm's law relate to transferring energy?

Potential difference = Current x Resistance where Resistance is a constant. Walking through a circuit I have 1 battery, a wire and 2 components. I start of with 6 volts at the battery and after the ...
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5answers
5k views

If the Earth is a good conductor of electricity, why don't people get electrocuted every time they touch the Earth?

Since the Earth is a good conductor of electricity, is it safe to assume that any charge that flows down to the Earth must be redistributed into the Earth in and along all directions? Does this also ...
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1answer
117 views

Using a circuit to make a magnetic balance to weigh objects

I understand that this is a homework question, but I am learning about magnetic fields and things like that and this certainly wasn't covered in the material, so my question is more about the actual ...
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44 views

magnetic field due to current in a wire using Biot-Savart's law

I am learning about Biot-Savart's law to calculate the magnetic field due to the electric current in a wire. ...
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14 views

How much is the gain of this Op Amp? [migrated]

I have a circuit like this. I want to calculate the gain of this circuit. If there is no R4 then it is easy to calculate.But now I have a problem. If I have a input current I=0.5A, then what is the ...
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36 views

How does non-constant conductivity change surface charge on a wire?

Current density is equal to conductivity times electric field. Therefore flux through a cross section of a wire is equal to current over conductivity. Current has to be constant along a wire. This ...
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5answers
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How does insulating footwear prevent an electric shock?

The reason I have always heard to explain the reduction of electric shock when we wear insulating footwear goes as follows: When electricity passes from our body to the ground, an electric circuit ...
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1answer
35 views

Ampere's law, do I include the electric field causing the current?

Let's say I have a long, straight wire with a time varying current, $I$ through it. Now if I take a circular Amperian path around this loop wire (and concentric with it) there is both a current $I$ ...
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2answers
68 views

Classical Hall effect when current has neutral charge

Suppose I have a current of both negative and positive charges(I know that there is also current from only negative and only positive charges,I'm not confused) along an infinite wire of square ...
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1answer
89 views

How is the current equation calculated from Ginzburg-Landau (GL) free energy?

In the Ginzburg-Landau theory, we can get the current expression from GL free energy: $$F = \int dV \left \{\alpha |\psi|^2 + \frac{\beta}{2}|\psi|^4 + \frac{1}{2m^*} \mid (\frac{\hbar}{i}\nabla - ...
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27 views

Plotting the Graph of $1/I$ on the Y axis against R What does this represent? [duplicate]

What does the gradient, the intercepts represent, what is the equation of my line, and how do I use this information to calculate emf?
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227 views

Graph of 1/Current on Y, and R on X axis. What does the intercept represent?

1/I on the Y axis, and Resistance on X. Gradient represents 1/V. Am I right in thinking that the intercept is representative of the Emf of the supply? As I believe the equation would be 1/I=R/V+C, ...
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157 views

Electric current $j^{\mu}$ in standard QED vs. scalar QED

The expression for the 4-current $j^{\mu}$ in standard QED is $$ e\bar{\Psi}\gamma^\mu\Psi $$ and $$ \frac{e}{2 i}(\psi^\dagger D^\mu \psi - (D^\mu \psi)^\dagger \psi) $$ in scalar QED. I ...
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3answers
52 views

Current flow in a copper wire

How does current flow in a copper wire? If it passes through the transfer of electrons, then why does a copper wire still exist, even after losing electrons which are the fundamental particles that ...
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1answer
172 views

How does the equation $1/I = r/E +R/E$ relate to $ y=mx+c$? [duplicate]

I have a graph of $1/$current against resistance, which is a straight line of positive gradient. I know that the gradient represents $1/V$ but I can't work out how the equation $1/I= r/E + R/E$ ...
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2answers
37 views

Why does potential drop exist?

I'm sorry that the question is likely to sound stupid but I just can't seem to be able to wrap my head around it. I think I am a bit comfortable with the mathematical idea of it but I still can't ...
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2answers
1k views

What does the gradient of a graph of 1/current against resistance graph represent?

I did an experiment to investigate how current varied with changing resistance and plotted my results on a graph of 1/current against resistance.The graph is a straight line showing $1/I$ to be ...
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0answers
41 views

Free charge density and current in an ohmic material

I have come across what seems a paradox -or at least an exotic conclusion- regarding current conduction in an ohmic material. It is well known that free charge density can only be zero on an ohmic ...
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2answers
65 views

Why can't I connection the anode of a battery to the cathode of an other battery and get a current flowing?

If I touch the anode of a battery or connect the anode the the cathode of an other battery, none (or rather: a very small current) flows between those two. If I instead connect the connect the anode ...
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1answer
40 views

Probability flux: spatial variation of the phase equal to momentum?

We can write any wave function as $$\psi(\vec x, t) = \sqrt{\rho(\vec x,t)}\exp{\left[\frac{iS(\vec x,t)}{\hbar}\right]}$$ for $S$ real and $\rho >0$. Here we interpret $\rho$ as the probability ...
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2answers
67 views

Does the speed of electrons depend on energy?

I would like to know whether the speed of an electron depends on energy. If yes then in a circuit when electrons flow out of a resistor the energy decreases by a considerable amount, leading to the ...
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0answers
19 views

Flow of alternating current in an ac circuit [duplicate]

I know that it the frequency of an alternating current is 50Hz.It changes its polarity 50 times. So in a circuit does the polarity gets changed these many times. It seems that it is well applicable in ...
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0answers
14 views

Current flow in a polarized capcitor

What is a polarized capacitor? I have learned that in a polarized capacitor, the negative lead must be connected to the negative terminal of the battery and so the positive. But my doubt is that if ...
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2answers
44 views

Finding current density?

I found (from here) that current density can be found with the formula: $$\vec j= \frac{dI}{ds} \vec a$$ where $s$ is the cross sectional area centred on the point we are considering and with a ...
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0answers
11 views

Magnetic field generated by wires with magnetic cores

Describe the magnetic field generated by alternating current as it passes through a wire's special core of tiny, metal-coated, cylindrical rare earth magnets? Examples of real-world consequences of ...
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1answer
76 views

Is the passive reference configuration different from the conventional direction of current?

Is the passive reference configuration different from the conventional direction of current? According to the passive reference configuration, current enters the positive polarity of voltage, while ...
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1answer
148 views

Forces on a wire moving in a magnetic field?

When a wire is placed inside a magnetic field and current starts to flow in that wire, that wire experiences the Lorentz force = $IL \times B$ and beings to move. Aside from induced motional - ...
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1answer
318 views

What proved Conventional sense wrong?

What fact proved for the first time that the conventional sense of current was wrong? And when it did happen? As a corollary of this question, why do we say that electrons have negative charge? Is it ...
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0answers
14 views

What causes a larger (longer) electrical arc when using a tesla coil

So, I really don't know much about this subject, if any at all, but I'd like to do a project on it. I've done some testing with my tesla coil and there appears to be a trend such that a larger ...
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1answer
32 views

What does an induced emf do to a loop of varying current?

I know that the magnetic flux through a loop in space is proportional to the current such that $\Phi=LI$. Therefore a change in magnetic flux will produce an emf, so $\mathscr{E}=-L\dfrac{dI}{dt}$. ...