The study of the large-scale structure, history, and future of the universe. Cosmology is about asking and answering questions about the "big picture" - the extent, origin, and fate of everything we know.

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1k views

How is dark energy consistent with conservation of mass and energy?

I initially thought that dark energy must in some way violate conservation of mass and energy since the component of the energy density of space that comes from dark energy is constant, and space is ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Does Expanding Universe conflict with the Thermodynamics 3rd Law?

I know that thermodynamics 3rd law states that if a system in equilibrium is at zero temperature, its entropy is minimum. Expansion of the universe made a transition from radiation dominated era ...
2
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3answers
144 views

Is the accelerated expansion of the universe consistent with conservation of energy? [duplicate]

If energy can neither be created nor destroyed, how come the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate? Where does this energy come from?
2
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3answers
184 views

Is it possible to detect if everyting in the Universe is changing size?

This may be a trivial question, but I cannot find a good answer to it. What would happen if the size of everything in the Universe is multiplied by some constant factor at the same time, let's say ...
2
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2answers
46 views

What is the process by which the density fluctuations that were detected in the CMB evolved into the first stars?

We can detect very slight fluctuations in the temperature (mass distribution) when the CMB was released (decoupling). It is believed that these fluctuations led to the first stars. However, these ...
0
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0answers
16 views

What is the most appropriate book to find out about cosmology? [duplicate]

I am looking of the best book to learn about cosmology,because i am a dummy as far cosmology is concerned!Can anyone suggest me a good book to understand everything related to cosmology and ...
0
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1answer
200 views

How come that an Infinite universe will collapse under gravity?

In this PSE post the issue is about the stability of an infinite universe under Newtonian gravity. Here I'will drop the Newtonian constraint because we know of the finite speed of interactions and I ...
3
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3answers
112 views

Is it valid to apply Einstein's Relativity to scenarios involving expansion of space?

IIs it valid to apply Einstein's Relativity to scenarios involving expansion of space? For a practical example of this: Is it legitimate to speak of distant red-shift galaxies as experiencing time ...
0
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0answers
40 views

Assuming the universe is finite, at some point, CMB should go away, right?

I'm not talking about gradual red-shifting, that happens slowly anyway, but with a universe of finite size, we should actually see Cosmic Background Radiation turn off in a sense, first at a point, ...
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2answers
51 views

Negative energy of universe

According to a little I have understood whatever we see in the universe is its postive energy and there is so an equal negative energy. Is this Negative energy the Dark energy? which is responsible ...
22
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4answers
3k views

Is space “real”, or is it some sort of accepted postulate?

What is space? It seems to be everywhere in the equations of physics, as some sort of postulate or hidden hypothesis. We also have a direct experience of it, but is it "real"? The fact that we ...
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1answer
213 views
+50

Is dark energy around a black hole locally curved?

The repartition of dark energy in the vacuum is homogeneous all over the universe. The diagram below represents space with a black hole in the middle. The square is divided in small unit squares. If ...
4
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1answer
143 views

Probability of spontaneous Boltzmann brain formation

I was reading through: http://www.scottaaronson.com/papers/giqtm3.pdf But I can't make sense of page 61 discussing Boltzmann brains. Specifically the fact that it says: But the problem is worse. ...
0
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1answer
95 views

Is there any paper analyzing the validity of Relativity in expanding space? [duplicate]

Big Bang models result from applying Relativity equations to expanding space; however, as Einstein noted, Relativity was not established in expanding space. A basic question arises: is Relativity ...
0
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0answers
39 views

The “Big-Freeze”, laws of physics and empty space

We currently have data, that suggests the universe will end up in a Big-Freeze. My questions are: Will the laws of physics break down, when the last black hole disintegrates? If so, why? And how long, ...
2
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2answers
157 views

Books on cosmology

I am a 14 year old who is independently studying physics. I finished the book: Spacetime and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativity by Sean Carroll. I am specifically interested in cosmology, ...
4
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1answer
47 views

Long rod in an expanding universe

Suppose you have a metal rod, of vast length, floating in space. From it's center-of-mass reference frame it is assumed to be at rest with respect to the CMB. The rod will have some degree of ...
6
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1answer
91 views

In a random direction, am I more likely to find a dwarf or giant galaxy?

First a couple of disclaimers: My title explains the idea of my question, but I will pose it slightly differently to make it less subjective. This ends up being in the style of a homework exercise ...
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0answers
43 views

Difference between Gunn Peterson trough and the Lyman Alpha Forest? Cosmological implications?

I'm having difficulty understanding the full implications of the Lyman alpha forest and its use in cosmology. My understanding is this: we detect features in the Intergalactic Medium (IGM) by very ...
1
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2answers
192 views

Cosmic event horizon changes over time

The cosmic event horizon is the comoving distance beyond which the light signal from distant galaxy can never reach us. With dark matter, the event horizon converges to a finite value so does it mean ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Is the age of the universe different for different people located at different points in the Universe? [duplicate]

From Earth we say that the age of the universe is 14.5 billion years ago because that is how far we are able to see. But since we are probably not the center of the universe, wouldn't some one many ...
-1
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1answer
46 views

Even the universe is infinite, it could keep expanding? [on hold]

the study showed Cantor, that there are infinite types, the universe would be expanding as well as the possibility of Stephen Hawking. http://phys.org/news/2015-02-big-quantum-equation-universe.html
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0answers
27 views

How do we know the expansion of the universe is “of space” and not “in space” or “into space” or another less intuitive arrangement?

How do we know the expansion of the universe is "of space" and not "in space" or "into space" or another less intuitive arrangement? For example, what implicit and explicit assumptions underlie the ...
0
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0answers
15 views

CMB parameter, what's the meaning of the matter power spectrum normalization sigma_8?

Most CMB experiments like WMAP and Planck include a certain cosmological parameter called $\sigma_8$. My understanding is that normalization of the matter power spectrum is not a theoretical ...
2
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1answer
419 views

Light coming from distant galaxies

Some of the distant galaxies appear to be receding from us faster than the speed of light due to stretch of the space between us and those galaxies. By an analogy with the ant on a rope paradox, the ...
2
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5answers
167 views

Is it possible that galaxies' redshift is caused by something else than the expansion of space?

I was thinking that maybe photons loss energy naturally when they travel great distances. Or maybe the mass of all matter is increasing over time and therefore photons emitted in the past are ...
0
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3answers
58 views

Can we tell the difference types of recession? [duplicate]

Because of the the Hubble red shift pattern, Cosmologist generally assume that space is expanding. They assume this is a fact because of the observed redshifts and GR says it can be so. But how can we ...
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1answer
65 views

How can the universe by infinite when it has known start and finite time since? [duplicate]

Just watched the 'How Big is the Universe?' TV program and it indicated that the universe is believed to be infinite in size. They used an approach involving measuring the internal angles of ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Is the Big Bang instant considered a beginning of all the coordinates of our universe? [duplicate]

Is the Big Bang instant considered a beginning of all the coordinates of our universe? If we consider the BB to be the Beginning of of our universe, can we call this the Origin of all of the 3 ...
-1
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2answers
122 views

Tired light red shift hypothisis

Have there been any recent attempts to falsify the tired light hypothesis alternative to the Doppler shift explanation for the red shift, or is it simply ignored like the pilot wave quantum mechanical ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Power spectrum calculation in Weinberg's cosmology

In Weinberg's Cosmology, on page 412 eq. 8.1.42 he provides the power spectrum as; $$P(k)=\frac{4(2\pi)^3 N^2 C^2(\Omega_\Lambda / \Omega_M)}{25 \Omega_M^2H_0^4 ...
-3
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2answers
38 views

How tall is the universe?

Let's suppose that I am on a spaceship in low-earth orbit, if I rise my spaceship higher and higher and hover it upwards forever, will there ever come a point where I just can't get up any further or ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Are we really sure that the Universe is accelerating into the expansion? [closed]

The magnitude-redshift plots of Type Ia supernova told us that the rate of expansion of Universe is accelerating. From that we concluded that the Universe's expansion is accelerating. Thus we assigned ...
7
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1answer
173 views

Pressure and density using a general Lagrangian

Given a lagrangian of a form: \begin{equation}\mathcal{L}=f(\phi,\partial_{\mu}\phi\partial^{\mu}\phi)\end{equation} where $f$ is a function, I need to derive pressure and density in a FLRW universe ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Can the Universe avoid eternal heat death through quantum-generated “Big Bang”? [closed]

I got the feeling that most of the scenarios about the fate of the Universe end with the Universe in ever-expanding maximum entropy state. And after (big integer number) of years quantum ...
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0answers
48 views

The resemblance between Big Bang models and Ptolemy model is a coincidence or may trace a common cause? [closed]

Although not usually mentioned, there are unquestionable resemblances between standard cosmological models (BB models) and the geocentric model of Hipparchus/Ptolemy (P model), namely: 1 - stars have ...
4
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1answer
122 views

Is inflation theory really dead?

I know the title is little bit challenging but maybe most of you heard about the last BICEP2 paper on February. As I have read about it here and here. My understanding is, BICEP2 results released on ...
-2
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1answer
52 views

What lies at the very edge of the expanding universe? [duplicate]

We all know that the universe is expanding at an accelerated rate and it might appear much like a soap bubble. That is where the phrase dark energy whose essence is unknown and which is thought to ...
0
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0answers
31 views

Big Freeze or Heat Death?

I can't seem to find this on the Internet.... Which is most likely to occur to "end" the universe, the big freeze scenario? Or the heat death scenario? P.s. When, if it does at all, will the ...
0
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0answers
23 views

About a *center of the universe* [duplicate]

I understand that the history of our universe began with an explosion - the Big Bang. Now, I saw a comment in some old post, that "the universe has no center". Is that true? If there was initially a ...
1
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0answers
25 views

On the probability of the existence of a similar observable universe

Let's assume a standard ($\Lambda$CDM + some simple inflation model) cosmology in an infinite universe. Really it doesn't matter much what cosmology we take, just that we're considering an infinite ...
1
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1answer
96 views

Do Quantum Fluctuations happen evenly through universe?

I was wondering if Quantum Fluctuations are completely unpredictable, but do our observations tell us if these fluctuations happen evenly through space or are there regions where more quantum ...
2
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2answers
83 views

Harvesting hydrogen from a star

I've been thinking about what highly technologically advanced civilisations would do once their energy requirements become comparable to the total output of a star, and how such activity could be ...
10
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2answers
120 views

Is quantum uncertainty a function of how matter is distributed in the universe?

As an outcome of his PhD thesis work, Richard Feynman and John Wheeler wrote a series of papers on how the kickback on an electron as it emits a photon can be modeled accurately as the result of an ...
0
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0answers
45 views

What does string theory and loop quantum gravity say about the Planck Epoch and anything before the Big Bang?

General Relativity is known to commit suicide exuberantly at the planck epoch, and is unable to say anything further, whereas string theory and loop quantum gravity breathe well under these ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Can accelerating universe avoid Big Bang?

Expansion of our universe is accelerating. This means that it was expanding less rapidly in the past. Is in accordance with the laws of physics a model of accelerating universe in which the rate of ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Upper Limit of the Hubble Parameter right after Inflation

When I take the FLRW equation $$H_{(t)}=H_0\cdot\sqrt{\Omega_R\cdot a_{(t)}^{-4}+\Omega_M\cdot a_{(t)}^{-3}+\Omega_K\cdot a_{(t)}^{-2}+\Omega_{\Lambda}}$$ and calculate the value of the ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Did spacetime curve infinitely about 13.7 billion years ago? [duplicate]

GR/Big Bang Model implies that there was a singularity about 13 billion years ago, in which all the matter and energy along with the observable universe (or perhaps, the entire universe) was ...
81
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3answers
13k views

How come some people are claiming that the Big Bang never happened?

A news story is going viral on social media networks claiming that two physicists have found a way to eliminate the Big Bang singularity, or in layman's terms (as claimed by many sensationalist news ...
2
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4answers
164 views

The fainter the star, the further away it is?

If a star appears to be very faint, would it imply that it's really far away or that it's luminosity is minimum?