The study of the large-scale structure, history, and future of the universe. Cosmology is about asking and answering questions about the "big picture" - the extent, origin, and fate of everything we know.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
0answers
40 views

Is a terminal gravitational center to the universe possible?

The current consensus is that there is no evidence of, or no way to tell whether or not there is a center to the universe. Considering our observable universe is only a small portion of what we know ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Backwards in time?

A “Universe Today” article titled “Galaxies Are Moving Away From Us Faster than the Speed of Light” prompted the following question, which the author of the article was unable to answer: “Would such ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Could we recognize our galaxy by looking at it from a different place in the universe? [duplicate]

Suppose we're in an unknown place in the universe, only knowing that the Milky Way is somewhere is the sky (but of course, younger that it actually is, due to unknown distance light has to travel to ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Universe Expansion - Could galaxies be moving away from each other due to photon bombardment?

We know galaxies are moving apart from each other due to the ability to look at the color shift of those galaxies. The fact that galaxies are moving apart seems to be most-widely attributed to the ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

Is the Universe infinite or it's just expanding to infinity?

According to the WMAP data in the past years we can say that our universe is considered flat or at least nearly flat and we also know that flat universe is allowed to be both infinite or finite in ...
6
votes
3answers
263 views

Why does the FLRW metric assume constant curvature?

So the FLRW metric takes the following form in reduced-circumference polar coordinates. $$\mathrm ds^2 = -c^2 \mathrm dt^2 + a^2(t) \left(\frac{\mathrm dr^2}{1 - k\, r^2} + r^2 (\mathrm ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

If the Universe is expanding, how is that galaxies run into each other?

As the title says. If everything is moving outward, thrown by the Big Bang, how could two Galaxies end up with velocity vectors that run them into each other?
1
vote
1answer
50 views

According to some theories space is constantly expanding but at what granularity? [duplicate]

One idea from cosmology is that galaxies are all moving away from each other. Naively this could be taken to mean that they are expanding into something. Popularly this could be seen as them moving ...
3
votes
2answers
150 views

Why is “gravitational” red-shift neglected in galaxy and galaxy cluster scales?

The red-shift of the light of a star in a galaxy or that of a galaxy in a cluster of galaxies is generally interpreted as how fast the star or the galaxy is moving, i.e. it is interpreted in a purely ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Redshift of mass-dominant universe

What was the value of redshift z when matter started to dominate the universe? Is there any way to calculate it without knowing the time?
1
vote
0answers
52 views

The steady state theory, can it now be falsified on particle physics grounds, in addition to CMB data?

The steady state theory is no longer taken seriously by most physicists and the Big Bang theory is supported by an enormous amount of evidence, especially the CMB data. But from a quick scan through ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Has neutrino redshift been observed?

I understand that neutrinos are emitted when supernova explode. I presume that there are quite accurate models that predict the energies of those neutrinos at the time of emission. Has the phenomenon ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

de Sitter reviews?

I'm very interested in learning more about de Sitter and anti-de Sitter spaces and their applications in GR and cosmology. Can anyone recommend favorite review articles -- or, more likely, a series ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

What's between the branes?

So I'm doing my best to explain M Theory to some friends... Mind you, I'm no expert... When we finally got past the obstacle of more than three dimensions... which can be difficult for folks who ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

What is the temperature of the event horizon?

In a discussion with my son about absolute zero, we arrived at the conclusion that the event horizon might be the place to look, as it "absorbs?" all energy, including light. Found this in the ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Would those 'trapped' in a collapsing universe perceive space as expanding?

Let's say we have Uber Massif; a black hole so mindbogglingly huge, if you where to shrink the entire milkyway into a thimble Uber Massif would be the size of the milkyway. Those proportions need not ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Why can I always see a star? [duplicate]

Light moves along straight lines... Got it. So if the light from that faraway star is traveling in a straight line, and that beam is, considering the distaces involved, at best one or two photons ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Do sound waves travel before Big Bang?

So I was reading a Scientific American article about how the universe is spreading apart and how it is getting faster. But in the article there was something that baffled be and it was this "Sound ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Motion without matter

Suppose you have a vacuum spacetime with non zero cosmological constant then you can show that two test particles will move toward each other or apart depending on whether it is negative or positive ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Are the edges of a galaxy moving inwards?

Space is expanding, but as I understand it, galaxies are not since gravity keeps them together. If you think of space becoming bigger, your galaxies just become further apart. But taking the size of ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

Why is the expansion of universe continuously increasing? [closed]

If our universe is expanding and the concept of the multiverse is true, then why is the rate of the expansion of the universe increasing? Surely it must decrease?
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Does a rigid box of gas cool over cosmological timescales?

According to standard cosmology theory the physical momentum $p$ of both massive and massless particles decay like: $$p \propto \frac{1}{a(t)}$$ where $a(t)$ is the scale factor as function of ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Observer inside event horizon of an extremely large black hole [duplicate]

Imagine a very large black hole, with a mass equal to a large number of galaxies. Assume a space station is in orbit around the black hole some distance from the event horizon at a point A. An ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

If a metric has off diagonal terms, how can I calculate the tetrads?

If a metric has off diagonal terms, how can I calculate the tetrads? I need to calculate the Dirac gamma matrices in BTZ blackhole spacetime... $e^\mu_{(a)} e^\nu_{(b)} \eta^{ab} = g^{\mu\nu}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Evidence of possible tidal effects close to a gravitational wave emitting system

Currently we are attempting to detect gravitational wave emissions using the LIGO gravitational wave detection system (and similiar systems), by attempting to detect very weak gravitational waves ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Outer Space & Universe Expansion: [duplicate]

Experts agree that the stuff within the universe is moving farther apart from all the other stuff in the universe--much like the dots marked on the outside of a balloon that is being inflated. We ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Do observers at rest at different positions in a gravitational field see the Universe expand at different rates

If we consider observers at rest outside a Schwarzschild black hole, the amount of proper time elapsed in terms of coordinate time is given by $\Delta\tau=\sqrt\frac{r-1}{r}\Delta t$ (where r is ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Lifting an analogy of a pond to question signals at natural or artificial boundaries in space-time [closed]

I conjured up an idea to lift an analogy into the language of QFT and GR. I thought up the universe as a pond with a liquid. If we imagine a liquid poured into some pond (sort of bang and inflation ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

If the Universe is going to last infinitely long, what is the type of this infinity?

Let's say we've built a machine, that prints a sequence of all natural numbers from 0 to $\infty$. We "could" do this in a Universe with an infinite amount time (if we also make many other assumptions ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Did the early universe violate the 2nd law of thermodynamics? [duplicate]

If the universe started out isotropic and homogenous and of all fundamental particles then how could there now be any concentration of energy anywhere? If you say that nothing is really homogenous ...
-3
votes
1answer
64 views

It's a Hypothesis about the Beginning of the universe [closed]

Let's take a piece of paper and plot a couple of dots in it. If we shrink the paper infinitely, at some point it would reach a state of infinite density, that is; a Singularity. But even at that ...
5
votes
3answers
319 views

If the expansion of the Universe accelerates, why its horizon does not shrink?

In de Sitter (expanding) universe to which our universe asymptotically approaches, the higher the rate of space expansion, the smaller the radius of the cosmic horizon. Why then our universe is ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How was there an extra particle in the early universe?

According to theories.. In the early universe.. There were particles and anti-particles in equal number.. But there seems to be one extra particle against the number of anti-particles.. As the ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Interpretation of cosmological redshift

I was trying to understand why we cannot explain the observed redshift of distant galaxies using special relativity and I came upon this article by Davis and Lineweaver. Unfortunately when I arrive ...
8
votes
4answers
992 views

Does an object's redshift actually decrease with time?

I am trying to determine how an object's redshift (specifically, redshift due just to the expansion of the universe) changes in time. Starting with a definition of the Hubble parameter, $$H \equiv ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Phase-space average equal to the quantum mechanical average in the early universe

I was reading Mukhanov's book of cosmology http://www.amazon.com/Physical-Foundations-Cosmology-Viatcheslav-Mukhanov/dp/0521563984 , specifically about symmetry restoration in the early universe ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the interpretation of a wave function of the Universe in Hawking's no boundary proposal?

In the path integral formalism we have an in state $\Psi_{in}[\phi]$ and and out state and we find the amplitude for going from one to the other: $$\Delta[\Psi_{in},\Psi_{out}] = \int ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

What are the cosmological ramifications if we probabilise and continuify the order of differentiation in $F=\frac{d(mv)}{dt}$?

Newton's second law of motion states that $F=\frac{d(mv)}{dt}$. This is a first-order differential equation, in which the order of differentiation of momentum is 1. So we can write it ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Can the newly discovered mass of the neutrino explain in part, the missing matter [duplicate]

This question is related to the recent discovery of the neutrino mass 0.320 ± 0.081 eV/$c^2$. Could this account for at least some of the Dark Matter/Missing matter of the universe?
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How do Hubble Units work?

I'm reading through a document - Briel et al (1992) (pdf) - and I've come across Hubble units with which I'm not familiar. How do you interpret something like $$h^{1/2}_{50} \:\mathrm{cm}^{-3}$$ or ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Is entropy violated inside black holes and worm holes?

Do the laws of thermodynamics hold true everywhere in universe ? What about black holes and worm holes ?
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Primordial black hole mass [closed]

Use dimensional arguments to combine the fundamental constants $\hbar$, $c$ and $G$ to derive the least massive primordial black hole formed shortly after the big bang. I'm not sure how to combine ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Scale factor negative

Can the scale factor in a robertson-walker metric with k=0 (flat universe, with only matter, no cosmological constant or quintessence) depend on a polynomial function? For example: ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Could there be ways to form hypergiant stars, quasars or supermassive black holes at the beginning of the Dark Ages?

Original title: Heat loss in collapsing parcels of gas or weak plasma at the beginning (not the end) of the cosmological dark ages Star formation from collapsing parcels of primordial gas in the late ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

What type of observational constraints are there for reionization?

What type of observational evidence is used to constrain reionization? At what redshift?
2
votes
2answers
126 views

How fast does space/time travel?

It is said that before the big bang there was no before, as space/time was created in the big bang. The big bang creates a rapid expansion of space/time... so how fast is rapid?
-4
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the value of the Universe's acceleration? [closed]

Please read this http://www.researchgate.net/publication/282157370_VALUE_OF_THE_UNIVERSE%27S_ACCELERATION Your ideas are welcome.
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Can an electron in empty space to create electromagnetic radiation?

Is it possible in the empty space to create electromagnetic radiation from oscillations of the charges only of one kind - positive or negative? This question stems from the fact that all man-made ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Can we regard dark matter as a special fluid rather than individual particles?

If we assume that dark matter is an $N$-body system of sizeless and collisionless particles which only interact via newtonian gravity, do these huge quantity of particles manifest some collective ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

How fast are we moving when standing still? [duplicate]

The Earth rotates around itself and revolves around the Sun. Our solar system revolves around the center of our galaxy and our galaxy is moving in some way throughout the universe. If you took into ...