The study of the large-scale structure, history, and future of the universe. Cosmology is about asking and answering questions about the "big picture" - the extent, origin, and fate of everything we know.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
0answers
33 views

Non-local cosmology

Does anyone know what exactly non-local cosmology mean? Does it have anything to do with the scale we are dealing with or is it just the idea of objects interacting with each other despite having very ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

What happens to spacetime in a universe with no clocks?

For example, in the far future when all matter has been absorbed into BHs which have evaporated leaving only photons.
0
votes
2answers
246 views

What would have been the story of the Universe if there was no mechanism to produce massive fundamental baryonic particles? [duplicate]

Thanks for those of you who took their time answering my problem but it seems that there is a misunderstanding between us. Most answers are based on the assumption of Electroweak symmetry breaking ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Could the uncertainty principle create matter in the Universe?

According to quantum mechanics we have the uncertainty principle: $$\Delta E \ \Delta t \geq \frac{\hbar}{2}$$ Near the beginning of the Universe $\Delta t$ is very small and therefore $\Delta E$ is ...
0
votes
3answers
145 views

Is time unidirectional because of 4th spatial dimension? [closed]

We heard about an expanding universe. Consider an expanding sphere. Consider the surface of the sphere as our 3 dimensional universe. Can time dimension be the radius $R$ of this sphere? And because ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

How Can a Singularity contain different things? [closed]

According to the Big Bang model, space and everything in it was squeezed into a infinitely small point which subsequently expanded. But if everything is squeezed into a point of zero size than there ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Does the Universe spin? [duplicate]

Maybe it's a stupid question, so I will delete it if it will receive too many down votes but.. I was wondering about the Universe, and the fact that We know it's expanding; We don't know if it has ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Calculating the redshift in cosmological constant dominated universe

How can the redshift be found when $\rho_m = \rho_\Lambda$ and when the cosmological constant begins to dominate from matter? Given that $\Omega_M \approx 0.3$ and $\Omega_\Lambda \approx0.7$ . I've ...
-1
votes
1answer
69 views

Wouldn't it take an infinite amount of time to create an infinite universe? [duplicate]

I have heard many people say that the universe is possible infinite. But, if it takes time and energy to create bodies such as planets and stars and the universe has only existed for 13.7 billion ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Does the expansion of the Universe into a higher dimensional space imply that 4-D objects are real?

It is my understanding that objects in the Universe are not just getting farther apart but space itself is expanding and so in some real sense, higher-dimensional geometry is "real" -- if so, on a ...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

Rotational axes of galaxies

The spiral shape is a preferred form for galaxies due to angular momentum, and the axis of rotation indicates a locally preferable orientation for the angular momentum. Why do galaxies in Hubble ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Questions about how the curvature of universe is described with a single number

I often read of physics talking about "the" curvature of the universe, giving it some letter $K$, and claiming that we have seen that $K = 0$ within such and such certainty. I have three questions: ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Don't rulers expand at the same rate as the universe they measure? [duplicate]

If you placed a giant ruler between the sun and our nearest star for example, wouldn't the divisions on the ruler expand at the same rate as the universe - therefore maintaining a constant distance? ...
2
votes
4answers
75 views

Structure formation: Galaxies as different entities and stars as groups

Why do stars exist in groups like galaxies rather than individual stars, and why do galaxies exist as different entities without continuity and with large intergalactic spaces?
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Standing wave on a circle [closed]

Suppose that we have a standing wave on a circle. I heard that by gradually increasing the radius of the circle, the wavelength will also increase to keep the standing wave. Is it right? If yes, ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Merging and Splitting of Black Holes [duplicate]

We know that two black holes can merge to form a single black hole with the release of vast amounts of energy. Can the reverse happen? That is can it happen that large energy is supplied to a black ...
0
votes
3answers
95 views

How is Space-Time produced? [closed]

The parable of the ant walking on the surface of a balloon tells us that as the balloon expands, more of surface is created, hence more place for the ant to walk. Space-Time is also in the same ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Is there energy density arising from expansion velocity?

I'm taking a first course in cosmology, and I'm having a conflict of intuitions when it comes to the relative motion of objects arising from the growth of the scale factor. Intuition 1: The growth of ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Number of e-foldings in cosmological inflationary theory

It seems that in a lot of lecture courses and notes, including mine and those online, seem to state that the number of e-foldings required is of the order of 50-60. Perhaps I'm looking in the wrong ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Should Anti de Sitter Universe collapse exponentially? (n0)

The de Sitter Universe is described by the Friedmann equation with $k=0$, $\rho=0$ and a positive cosmological constant $\Lambda$: $$\Big(\frac{\dot{a}}{a}\Big)^2=\frac{\Lambda c^2}{3}$$ The ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

The angular diameter distance for a radiation dominated universe

I'm attempting to work out the angular diameter distance for a radiation dominated universe, with $k=0$ and $\Lambda=0$. I have gotten myself to this point: $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Is the cosmological horizon expanding faster than space itself?

I read that the rate of expansion of the universe is still a mystery. But if it's actually decelerating, wouldn't it mean that our cosmological horizon is expanding faster than space, and that one day ...
-2
votes
1answer
41 views

Does our Universe reside in the smallest particle? [closed]

I do not know where to ask this question in the first place, but I think here would be a start. Is there a possibility that if we go inside the smallest particle (which we have not discovered yet; ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Hydrogen in a glass of water

One of the great Sagan quotes is that we are made of star stuff - meaning the atoms in our bodies were formed from stellar nucleosynthesis. However, what about the hydrogen in a glass of water? Would ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

black hole and depressions in space time fabric [duplicate]

black holes are considered to be formed when a very heavy mass makes a hole in space fabric.But a mass does not exert force on its own,it has been compared to a stone kept on rubber sheet and after a ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Scale factor of the universe

Do we impose that the scale factor $a(t)$ of the Universe is a continuous function? Or there is a physical meaning? Usually in physics we define functions to be continuous, such as the velocity of a ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What are the roles of pre-heating and re-heating in inflation?

During inflation, the universe is thought to have cooled by a "factor of 100,000 or so" The abstract of this paper mentions 'preheating' as playing a role in particle production. Is this 'preheating' ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

My question is about big bang theory [closed]

Oh srry my english is weak i am only 11 years old but i love physics my question was accourding to maxwell and enistien nothing can go faster than light and if we give an object enough energy to move ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

A question relating to the Higgs boson scalar field

Just wondering. The potential for the Higgs boson is given by: $$ V(\varphi)=\lambda(\varphi^{2}-v^{2})^{2} $$ where $v≃$ 246 GeV is the vacuum expectation value required to explain mass in the ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Slow-roll approximation for potential $V=\frac{1}{2}m^{2}\varphi^{2}$

I'm attempting to derive a solution to the slow-roll approximation for a scalar potential of the form $V=\frac{1}{2}m^{2}\varphi^{2}$. For the solution for $a(t)$ I will start by taking the slow-roll ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Cosmology: equation of motion for a scalar field in conformal time [closed]

So, I've derived the equation of motion for a scalar field in "normal" time, $t$: $$ \ddot{\phi}+3H\dot{\phi}+\frac{dV(\phi)}{d\phi} $$ Then, using the expressions for the scalar field density, ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

How is the universe flat?

I have real trouble visualising what is meant by the descriptor 'flat' when referred to the shape of the observable universe. Which one of the below is more accurate? a) It is flat in a 2D way, like ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Why doesn't the cosmological constant cause black holes to form?

The cosmological constant acts as matter with positive energy but negative pressure. Then a region $R$ should have energy $E\sim \Lambda r^3$. On the other hand, we know that the energy for a black ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

How can we say time began at big bang?

I have seen many times scientists refer to time when Big Bang took place and space and time born out of singularity. 'Beginning of Time' is a very misleading statement,because process of beginning ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What are “the background equations” in cosmology?

We're currently working on perturbations within cosmology. There is something I have not heard before which has cropped up, that is: a reference to the term "the background equations". Are these just ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Rate of expansion of universe during big bang [duplicate]

We say big bang was the explosion not in the space but of the space itself that took place in a fraction of seconds. Speaking practically, we say the universe has no edge and is infinite. If the ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Redshift Versus Luminosity

I understand that there is a relation between the proper distance of a cosmic object and its "measurable" redshift, i.e. once you know the value of the redshift parameter z, then you actually know how ...
4
votes
5answers
172 views

Is the universe bounded?

As I understand it nobody can pinpoint an objective "center" of the universe nor "where" the Big Bang happened. It seems the observable universe is limited by our event horizon at some 14 billion ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

continuum hypothesis in interstellar medium

I am reading some research papers on the model proposed to describe e.g. the interstellar medium. The interstellar medium, which is very rarefied, but its governing equations are based on the ...
7
votes
1answer
111 views

Gravity with more than one metric tensor

As weird as it sounds, yes, there are gravity theories with more than one metric tensor. This is called bimetric gravity. My question to those who have encountered bimetric gravity before: a) ...
6
votes
2answers
105 views

Scanning the universe - edit: expanding or shrinking

I know that this may sound as a very basic question, but how come that we can detect CMB radiation, light or gravitational waves from the big-bang era? Shouldn't this radiation has overtaken us a ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Did the universe have a temperature during inflation?

I've heard it said that inflation was not an equilibrium process. But I've also heard it said that during inflation, the temperature of the universe was much cooler than before or after. If the ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Quadrupole and Multipoles in Physics

I am a little confused over the notion of quadrupole and higher moments in physics in general. The first time I saw it was in electromagnetism, when we did multipole expansion to analyze higher ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Why relativity doesn't rule out Inflation theory? [duplicate]

Nothing can go faster than the speed of light, then how at the time of inflation space expanded faster than the speed of light? Clearly universe had already begun at the start (10−36 seconds) of ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Gravitational wave of Big bang? [duplicate]

Questions about the g-wave caused by the big bang: 1)was there a g-wave produced? 2) when will it reach us? 3) will it be too weak for us to detect(atleast now?)?
3
votes
3answers
159 views

Large gravitational waves

The recently detected gravitational wave at LIGO were extremely small - requiring a $1 billion interferometer to even detect its presence as it passes Earth. The gravitational constant G is small: ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What are the implications of the LIGO results in reference to our current Cosmological models?

I was looking for some explicit information on the implications of the LIGO results or probing eras prior to the or near to the Big Bang singularity. So, my question is therefore, what, if any, are ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Is there a truly stationary frame of reference? (part deux) [duplicate]

I wonder if the belief that there is no truly stationary frame of reference is really true. Here's my thinking, please poke holes in it and/or mock me :) As we understand it, before the big bang the ...
5
votes
3answers
223 views

How would we estimate, ahead of time, “the chances” of LIGO spotting black holes colliding in the period that it has been operating? [duplicate]

Can anyone summarize calculations that have been done about the theoretical probability of a detectable black hole collision happening in the observable universe within the time that LIGO has been ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Could the universe be a bubble in a larger mass?

I was reading this article which explains that Einstein originally thought about incorporating dark energy into relativity. It explains that dark energy is the thing that keeps pushing the universe ...