Cosmological inflation refers to an era of expansion that lasted for approximately $10^{-34}$ seconds, during which the universe expanded by a factor of approximately $10^26$ in every direction. This is different from ordinary space expansion and from the acceleration in expansion we experience now ...

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Never ending inflation

There are a lot of different models of inflation in cosmology, with plenty of different features and issues. I read that the problem with some models is that they introduce a never-ending inflation, ...
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195 views

How can bubble universes collide in eternal inflation?

In eternal inflation, how can bubble universes collide if the space between them is exponentially stretching and moving them further and further away?
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272 views

Does the Cosmic Microwave Background obey $\sigma T^4$?

The fact that the CMB has a temperature of 2.7 degrees Kelvin is well publicized, but I have a harder time finding a measure of the wattage per unit area. The Wikipedia article on the CMB is totally ...
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114 views

Time diffeomorphisms breaking in inflation

I am currently working on the topic of inflation. It seems that at the stage of inflation, the universe can be described as a de Sitter space. In such a space, all spacetime diffeomorphisms are ...
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515 views

Additional merits to Wetterich's “Universe without expansion” compared to standard cosmological redshift interpretation?

A recent news item in Nature promotes Wetterich's preprint "A Universe without expansion". All sounds very exciting but hard to judge for non-experts. As I understand from the Nature's article, the ...
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319 views

What does string theory say about the metric expansion?

Specifically, what happens to those small intertwined hidden dimensions? Do those expand too?
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169 views

What would be the effect on gravity if space expanded at > $c$?

If space were to expand at > $c$ (as in inflation) would that mean gravity would no longer have any effect on the curvature of space, since gravity can only propagate at $c$?
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113 views

How can contracting dimensions lead to cosmological inflation?

Using the Kasner metric, given by $$ ds^2 = -dt^2 + \sum_{j=1}^D t^{2p_j}(dx^j) $$ it is possible to not only describe the cosmological expansion of some space directions (the ones with positive ...
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2answers
86 views

Spread and direction of the cosmic background radiation

Something I can never understand is that where the cosmic background radiation spreads? If I know well, the cosmic background radiation is actually the light of the Big Bang. If it happened exactly ...
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145 views

Causal structure of the inflationary multiverse

In the multiverse as it is described by eternal inflation, it is not clear to me what is its causal structure and in particular if the bubble-universes are causally connected. We start from a ...
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131 views

Cosmic Inflation: Lower Expansion Rate with than without?

When I read the Cosmic Inflation diagram at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Horizonte_inflacionario.svg which I rotated to make it readable: where the Hubbleradius, and therefore also the ...
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544 views

Inflation and scalar spectral index

I've been reading that the results from the Planck satellite constrain a number called the "scalar spectral index" to be 0.96 rather than 1 at the 5-sigma level. This is supposed to be big news, but ...
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180 views

Acceleration in the rate of expanansion of the universe due to weakening gravity?

Could the acceleration in the rate of expansion of the universe be due to the weakening of gravitational forces, as the distance between objects continues to increase?
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119 views

How can dynamics be reversible if inflation-style baby universe spawning is allowed?

I just finished readying Sean Carroll's book, "From Eternity to Here", and have a question about reversibility and inflation: Assume inflation allows random quantum fluctuations to produce high ...
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252 views

Inflation and string theory in general relativity

How can we relate inflation and string theory? We study some inflationary cosmological model or some string cosmological model under some specific assumptions or conditions. Is their any relation or ...
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2answers
318 views

What is the speed of acceleration of the inflation of the universe?

Is the inflation speed of the universe accelerating or is it a constant speed of expansion proportional to distance between objects.
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1answer
86 views

Tensor perturbation inflation

During inflation the metric is de-Sitter so $dt^2-d\underline{X}^2 $. I know that the eqn.motion governing GW's from inflation (tensor perturbations) is $$2H\dot{h}+\ddot{h}-\nabla^{2}_{i}h~=~0,$$ ...
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218 views

Observable (in principle) signal of a bubble collision in eternal inflation

Assuming a scenario of eternal inflation with a lot of "bubble universes" expanding, Lenny Susskind explains here that a potential signal of a collision of our universe with another bubble could be a ...
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55 views

Hybrid Inflation and Supergravity

Is it necessary to add a constant term in the superpotential of hybrid inflation within supergravity in order to cancel SUSY vacuum energy at the end of inflation?
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50 views

Is Inflation modelled by a field?

If Inflation is modelled by a field - is this a classical field or a quantum field? If classical are there good reasons not to quantise it? What are the implications of such a quantisation?
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41 views

Is the redshift of ancient stars less than constant linear expansion predicts?

When accelerated expansion of universe was discovered, the astronomers used redshift of ancient stars. Say if star is 10 billion years in the past, then it should be moving faster than star from 5 ...
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59 views

The definition of $f_{NL}$ and transfer function

To me there seems to be quite a few different definitions of $f_{NL}$ in cosmology and I would like to know if or how they are equivalent. Let me cite at least 3 such, One can see the equation 6.71 ...
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73 views

$f_{NL}$ non-Gaussianity in cosmology

In the context of cosmology, what is meant by "..arbitrary quadratic non-Gaussianity i.e non-Gaussianity that is described to leading order by a 3-point function.."? (.."quadratic non-Gaussianity" ...
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375 views

Question on inflation

I have two particular questions regarding the inflationary scenario. They are: 1.) What is the physical origin of the inflaton field? 2.) Why has the potential of the inflation field its particular ...
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85 views

Cosmic bubble collision

I'm reading this review right now. The claim seems to be that when you have an expanding "false vacuum", finite size bubbles form due to phase transition (cause by finite action instantons) (which, in ...
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260 views

Question on inflation as a phase transition

I have just finished watching the following video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=beQ9fZ0jVdE where Laughlin, Gross and some students discuss e.g. about inflation. The following question is risen: Is ...
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1k views

How does an inflationary universe solve the Flatness Problem, Horizon Problem and Monopole Problem? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the evidence for Inflation of the early universe? I am reading some public science books on inflationary universe, e.g. The Inflationary Universe by A. Guth. ...
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Is eternal inflation and the multiverse compatible with causal patch complementarity?

The argument for eternal inflation is we have some patch of metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant, and so it expands exponentially a la de Sitter. Most of the patch decays to something ...
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324 views

Curvature, Omega, the Flatness problem, and the evolving shape of the universe

I'm a little confused by this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flatness_problem Which seems to imply the universe is more curved now than it was soon after the Big Bang. Look at the graph on the right ...
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117 views

Can decompactification explain the inflation of the early universe?

I've just reread chapter 11 of this book where it is explained among other things, that our four dimensional universe could be unstable concerning a decompactification transition, since potential ...
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170 views

Does anisotropic expansion of the universe imply quintaessence?

a Recent paper establishes under solid grounds anisotropy in the expansion acceleration rate in the universe. My question is very simple: can this anomaly be explained entirely in terms of a ...
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341 views

Why does the homogeneity of the universe require inflation?

They say inflation must have occured because the universe is very homogeneous. Otherwise, how could one part of the universe reach the same temperature as another when the distance between the parts ...
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413 views

How does universal inflation fit with the Planck length?

If the universe is undergoing inflation, and there is a minimum scale that things can exist at (the Planck length), does that mean that new Planck-sized domains have to be continuously popping into ...
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406 views

Undergraduate-friendly reading material on the multiverse?

I'll be teaching a seminar for first-year undergraduates next year. The idea of my university's first-year seminar program is to expose students to exciting ideas and important texts in a somewhat ...
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118 views

false vacuum original paper

I'm trying to track down the origin of the False Vacuum paradigm. Is it Coleman and de Luccia's "Gravitational Effects on and of Vacuum Decay" ...
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Is it really true that slow-roll inflation is incompatible with string theory?

In this blog post, Motl claimed that slow-roll inflation is incompatible with string theory. Is that really true, and why do people think so?
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Could dark energy be powered by force particles that obey quantum mechanics?

From what (little) I know about physics, I understand that the universe is expanding due to dark energy, and I understand that no one quite understands it yet. I also understand that the cosmic ...
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256 views

Is the FRW metric describing the shape of the universe or the shape of the expansion applied to the universe?

Is it (the output, i.e, spherical, flat, hyperbolic) describing the physical shape of the universe and its curvature at any given instance of time or is it describing the shape of the expansion ...
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335 views

Could the unobservable universe have curvature (be spherical)?

What prevents the unobservable universe from being a continuously enlarging sphere due to the inflating bubble universes? Our observable universe being close to flat could support such a scenario?
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Is eternal inflation Lorentz invariant?

Start without general relativity. Consider a metastable vacuum over good ol'-fashioned Minkowski space. It decays. A bubble forms and the domain wall expands. The domain wall is timelike, and ...
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290 views

Can cosmic inflation be explained by matter antimatter reactions?

The big bang theory proposes that equal amounts of matter and antimatter were created in the beginning. Shortly afterwards most of it annihilated. Could that have produced enough energy to drive ...
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The multiverse of eternal inflation

I don't have a clear picture of what is "by definition" the multiverse appearing in the models of eternal inflation. A long time ago I heard that it is a quantum state, but in the cosmology books I ...
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91 views

Why is the thomson cross section constant over cosmological time?

In all astrophysical calculations I'm aware of, the thomson cross-section (for electron scattering) is taken as a constant in time, why is this the case? I have only weak experience in cosmology and ...
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377 views

How fast was the universe expanding during the inflationary period?

Compared to how fast it is expanding in the post-inflationary period (now)
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500 views

How did the energy/entropy/volume/pressure/temperature relationship exist at the Big Bang and how did it evolve thereafter?

According to the current Big Bang with inflation cosmological model? I was under the mistaken impression that there was very low volume, very high temperature/pressure, very low entropy and the Big ...
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167 views

Supermassive Black Holes = expansion origin?

(Sorry, couldn't resist the title) An article on Physics Today brings news that there is a new record for largest black hole (not) seen in space, some 300 million light-years away. It hints at ...
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95 views

What would be the effects of an inflating universe?

If our universe is inflating, which means it is getting bigger and bigger in size, and every thing it consists of is also enlarging, in a special way such that the mass of the universe remains ...
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285 views

String theory landscape and false vacua

What is the multiverse of string theory? I always thought it would be from brane cosmology where there's chances for multiple collisions of the branes that can make a universe. So this "multiverse" ...
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231 views

Why is Hawking's No Boundary condition described in terms of an instanton if there's no tunneling?

Regarding his take about combining No Boundary proposal with inflation theory (Hawking and Turok), he talks about the "pea instanton". To my very limited understanding I thought instantons were only ...
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334 views

Why does inflation (the inflaton field) push Omega down closer to zero (flatten the universe)?

I know that in our particular case the inflaton field expanded the volume of the universe while simultaneously maintaining a mass-energy density close to the critical density all the while, thus the ...