Cosmological inflation refers to an era of expansion that lasted for approximately $10^{-34}$ seconds, during which the universe expanded by a factor of approximately $10^26$ in every direction. This is different from ordinary space expansion and from the acceleration in expansion we experience now ...

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Neutrinos born before inflation

What would happen, if there was (hypothetically, for any reason) a very large number of neutrinos+antineutrinos before the inflation period. They probably dont like to annihilate too much. I would ...
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Power spectrum calculation for simple inflaton potential

I am trying to obtain an expression for the power spectrum $\Delta (k)$ of cosmological perturbations, see for example eqn (148) from the following TASI lectures. Right now, I would like to use the ...
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Why does the $\Lambda\mathrm{CDM}$ model end up a cold de Sitter space?

If space-time is expanding at $a(t)=e^{Ht}$, you plug acceleration into the Hawking-Unruh temperature equation, solve for time, and get the cosmic horizon at the Planck temperature within about $4.4 ...
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Structure formation: growth of density perturbations in sub-horizon vs super-horizon scales

I've always had difficulty visualizing how sub-horizon scales work versus super-horizon scales. Inflation causes perturbations due to quantum fluctuations. These are under-densities and ...
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Acceleration of Space Time and Event horizon

Is there a neat formula for the distance of the cosmic event horizon in relation to a uniform acceleration of space time?
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32 views

How much has the universe expanded in total from the onset of inflation until today?

Starting from the onset of inflation, through inflation, reheating, radiation domination, matter domination, the transition toward dark energy domination all the way to today, how many e-folds of ...
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Gravity and the Speed of Light

Let's assume that I am on an airplane that is at about 4,000 altitude and now let's also assume that I am standing on one of the wings with a light torch, if I point the light torch below to the ...
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17 views

Schwarzschild radius after inflation [duplicate]

Update and refinement of previous question. At the beginning (Big Bang) if there was parhaps a singlarity as such GR, Quantum theory breaks down and we do not really know what happens. that's why I ...
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39 views

What does inflationary theory explain which quantum entanglement cannot?

Introduction This is an honest question... I don't study inflationary theory extensively (This is an understatement) but I am lost as to why it was developed in the first place. Here is why: ...
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89 views

Why is space (almost) flat? Is it because masses are approximately homogeneously distributed? [duplicate]

The question I have is: Why is space (almost perfectly) flat in our neighbourhood? (I am disregarding the deviations due to the sun and the planets.) Is it correct to say that space is (almost) flat ...
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45 views

Is the size of the universe directly related to its temperature? [duplicate]

The universe was at its hottest when it was at its smallest. As the universe expands, it gets cooler. Is the expansion of the universe the direct cause the cooling? I suppose it would be more clear ...
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90 views

How can the universe by infinite when it has known start and finite time since? [duplicate]

Just watched the 'How Big is the Universe?' TV program and it indicated that the universe is believed to be infinite in size. They used an approach involving measuring the internal angles of ...
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40 views

Inflation as simply expansion of “previous space time”?

Suppose space-time is expanding at an ever accelerating rate now, and supposing it continues doing so in the future, won't our universe at some point in the far far distant future look exactly like it ...
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61 views

Big Freeze or Heat Death?

I can't seem to find this on the Internet.... Which is most likely to occur to "end" the universe, the big freeze scenario? Or the heat death scenario? P.s. When, if it does at all, will the ...
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138 views

Is inflation theory really dead?

I know the title is little bit challenging but maybe most of you heard about the last BICEP2 paper on February. As I have read about it here and here. My understanding is, BICEP2 results released on ...
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27 views

Upper Limit of the Hubble Parameter right after Inflation

When I take the FLRW equation $$H_{(t)}=H_0\cdot\sqrt{\Omega_R\cdot a_{(t)}^{-4}+\Omega_M\cdot a_{(t)}^{-3}+\Omega_K\cdot a_{(t)}^{-2}+\Omega_{\Lambda}}$$ and calculate the value of the ...
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Klein Gordon equation in de-sitter spacetime with time dependent Hubble parameter

If i try to solve Klein-Gordon equation for a scalar field in de-sitter background, the usual method is to transform to conformal spacetime : $$ds^2 = -dt^2 + e^{Ht}\bf{dx}^2$$ $$=>ds^2 = ...
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47 views

Can we embed 2+1 space-time of GR in a 3 Dimensional Euclidean space?

Wikipedia says that inflation is the exponential expansion of space in the early universe.I'm trying to have a physical picture of this.Given that I can't visualize 3+1 pseudoriemannian manifolds,I'm ...
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37 views

Flatness and Kinetic Energy

Why the curvature parameter can be interpreted as the difference between the average potential energy and the average kinetic energy of a region of space? Curvature ...
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120 views

The Big Crunch and perceived entropy

I'm aware of the Big Crunch theory, that once at capacity, the universe may collapse in on itself. Hawking once theorized that time may go backwards during this crunch. So, that got me thinking: how ...
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549 views

The status of the BICEP2 'discovery' after Planck 2014

The tumultous period after the original announcement that the BICEP2 experiment had supposedly detected strong evidence of cosmological inflation in the form of B-mode polarization in the cosmic ...
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How is the Horizon Problem really a problem?

I always thought the uniformity in the temperature of the CMB was supposed to be expected, since it's a much more probable initial condition for the universe. I finally found someone explaining what I ...
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308 views

How does inflation relate to spontaneous matter creation?

According to Inflation for Beginners, ... quantum physics allows the entire Universe to appear, in this supercompact form, out of nothing at all, as a cosmic free lunch. The idea that the Universe ...
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61 views

Does inflation predict a closed universe?

I read somewhere that both a closed and a finite flat universe would have zero total energy in General Relativity (On the Zero-Energy Universe). But the best evidence shows that the universe is flat ...
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entropy-infomartion correlation at preliminary universe?

according to the theory of cosmic inflation after Alan Guth, the information should have travelled 100 times the speed of light at the very beginning after the big bang. -when we talk about ...
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Can the inflaton be detected? Does it interact with the other fields?

In a recent article it is claimed that dark energy can actually be a new manifestation of the inflaton field at electroweak scales. This subject is pretty far from my area of expertise (if there is ...
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How far has a 13.7 billion year old photon travelled

I've read that the size of the observable Universe is thought to be around ~46 billion light years, and that the light we see from the most distant galaxies were emitted ~13.7 billion years ago as a ...
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88 views

Is there any limit on movement of space itself?

According to special relativity, c is the maximum speed at which all matter and information in the universe can travel. [IN SPACE] But the inflationary hypothesis says the space itself expanded ...
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189 views

What caused the expansion of the universe to slow down after the inflationary epoch?

As everyone knows, when the big bang happened, the universe expanded at an unbelievable rate and this was called the inflationary epoch (or more popularly cosmological inflation) which lasted for ...
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145 views

Is the Universe still believed to be flat?

I have read a handful of old articles from mid 2013 expressing that the Universe may, in fact, be curved. http://www.nature.com/news/universe-may-be-curved-not-flat-1.13776 ...
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What prevented the early universe to become a black hole before inflation? [duplicate]

I am an ignoramus on this subject, and I assume that these statements quoted from wikipedia are more or less accurate:(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflaton) 1) Prior to the expansion period, the ...
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27 views

primordial perturbations

According to cosmic inflation, primordial perturbations are adiabatic. As in, the fractional number density of all types of particles is the same, n_baryons = n_photons etc. But what would it mean if ...
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119 views

What does the “size of the universe” mean if the Universe is infinite?

There are questions that may seem to be similar to this one, but I've yet to find an answer. I have come to understand that a flat universe, that is to say a curverature of $k=0$ which means that ...
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How long did it take for the universe to become 1 one light year?

Given the density, pressure and other cosmological parameters. At this point we're not even thinking of time... But would this have occurred during or post Inflation? Could this be the Expansion ...
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FRW metric and its validity througout the age of the universe

Why do we think that the FRW metric should be valid throughout the entire history of the universe?
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44 views

Are there other places to look for the gravitational wave, other than space?

The recent BICEP2 announcements about the existence of gravity waves made the news, and made a big pitch for cosmic inflation, in the process they also claimed to detect the existence of gravitational ...
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How do we know that space expanded with speed faster that a speed of light during big-bang inflation?

How do we know that space expanded faster than a speed of light in inflation? I have read this Phys.SE question, and it says that limit for faster than a speed of light is for matter and waves only. I ...
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Is the Big Bang defined as before or after Inflation?

Is the Big Bang defined as before or after Inflation? Seems like a simple enough question to answer right? And if just yesterday I were to encounter this, I'd have given a definite answer. But I've ...
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263 views

Negative Energy in Inflation Theory (Low/Zero Energy Universe)

I've been reading Max Tegmark's book: Our Mathematical Universe. It's very interesting, but I wanted to know more about one particular thing. The book simplifies things and I know inflation theories ...
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Why doesn't the light from galaxies appear stretched? [duplicate]

Maybe it's my ignorance of astrophysics/cosmology, but I have been wondering this: Why do galaxies not appear stretched when we observe them? Assuming a galaxy that we observe is 100,000 light years ...
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Why the initial spectrum of perturbation of inflation must be Gaussian?

Why the initial spectrum of perturbation of inflation must be Gaussian? I heared it was because of Central Limit theorem. But I don't know how use this theorem explicitly in this question to get this ...
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What's the difference between correlation functions and S-matrix, and between in-in formalism (or “closed time path formalism”) and in-out formalism?

I was reading the "in-in" formalism (or "closed time path formalism" used in condensed matter physics) in cosmology created by Schwinger in 1961, and there is a saying: "they care about correlation ...
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128 views

How did the universe get so big so fast? [duplicate]

The universe started at the big bang around 15 billion years ago. The universe is now at least 92 billion light-years in diameter. Together, don't these mean that the universe, at some time in the ...
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131 views

Does expanding space cost energy?

Does the cosmic inflation reduce the energy density (inversely) proportional to the volume, or does the inflation "cost" energy? Is space itself "something" created at the expense of energy?
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65 views

Number of Stars vs Value of Omega (Crtitical Density of the Universe)

I may be badly mixing things up here. If I am, please kindly correct me. As I understand it, if the universe was too dense at the start of the big bang, it would have collapsed back in on itself. Too ...
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42 views

How do inflationary models predict the generation of gravitational waves during the inflationary period?

Recent results from the BICEP2 experiment have produced a lot of talk about the primordial gravitational waves produced during the inflationary period. I would like to have some explanation about how ...
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54 views

Attractive higgs force and inflation

Inflation was the extreme accelerating expansion of the universe, see here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflation_(cosmology) It worked in a similar way to dark energy but was so strong it would ...
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36 views

Is the expansion accelerating or decelerating? [duplicate]

I have already asked this on Astronomy.SE but I couldn't understand the answer there. According to Hubble's Law, the farther a galaxy is, the farther it is moving away. But do we take into account ...
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Sign of Hubble slow-roll parameters

Given the Hubble slow-roll parameters $\epsilon=-\frac{\dot{H}}{H^{2}}$ and $\eta=\frac{\dot{\epsilon}}{H\epsilon}$, can they assume negative values? For inflation to occurr they are required to be ...
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Units and missing constants in quintessence expressions?

In cosmology, quintessence is an alternative to the cosmological constant. In this approach (described here), we consider a scalar field $\phi$ and its self-interacting potential $V\left(\phi\right)$ ...