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2answers
171 views

Coriolis force in free fall: Directions?

Inspired by this Phys.SE question, Coriolis force in free fall, I have to ask: Why does the Coriolis force act in the east-direction? I would say, if I jump from a high distance and look at the ...
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4answers
2k views

How much does the Earth's rotation affect a golf ball?

When launching rockets into space, they start straight but begin to lean, I assume due to the Earth's rotation. For something on a much smaller scale, such as a golf tee, is there a measurable ...
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3answers
59 views

Direction of deflection of Coriolis force on Earth

I'm a bit confused about Coriolis force direction on Earth. The observed deflection is to the right in the northern emisphere and to the left in the southern one. But what about an observer in the ...
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2answers
22 views

Angular momentum conservation and constant velocity as explanations of fictitious deviations in non inertial frames [closed]

I'm confused about situations involving rotating frames in which the angular momentum is conserved and the initial velocity does not change. I'll make an example. Take a rotating carousel (constant ...
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1answer
34 views

Coriolis object deflection and conservation of angular momenutum

I'm trying to understan kinematic inertial explanation of the apparent deviation of objects due to fictitious forces in rotating Earth. Take an object moving from the equator northwards, or ...
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3answers
152 views

Coriolis force and conservation of angular momentum

I'm trying to understand the relations between the existance of Coriolis force and the conservation of angular momentum. I found this example on Morin, which confuses me. A carousel rotates ...
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1answer
21 views

Deviation of free falling objects (Coriolis effect) using conservation of angular momentum

I read this pdf damtp.cam.ac.uk/user/stcs/courses/dynamics/lecturenotes/section4.pdf on non inertial frame, in particular I have a question on the deviation of free falling object due to Coriolis ...
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1answer
162 views

Coriolis Effect vs airplane

So, if I build a highway from north pole towards equator and sit in a car, speed pretty fast towards it, I should feel force with the Earths rotation due to the different rotation speeds of this ...
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2answers
71 views

The two causes for the factor 2 in Coriolis effect

While reading this document on Coriolis effect http://empslocal.ex.ac.uk/people/staff/gv219/classics.d/Persson98.pdf, I saw the followig sentence Two kinematic effects each contribute half of the ...
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1answer
27 views

Effect of Coriolis force

Is Coriolis force fictitious in an inertial frame or not? If so can it be mathematically deduced using an inertial frame as reference?
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1answer
14k views

Derivation of the centrifugal and coriolis force

I was wondering how easily these two pseudo-forces can be derived mathematically in order to exhibit a clear physical meaning. How would you proceed?
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3answers
50 views

Physical interpretation of Coriolis terms in acceleration

Consider a reference frame which is rotating (for example on a carousel) and a steady inertial frame, with the same origin. $\vec{r}=\vec{r'}$ $\vec{v}=\vec{v'}+\vec{\Omega}\times\vec{r'}$ ...
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0answers
49 views

From coriolis force, cyclone goes wrong direction

note, comment below (BowlOfRed) asked for more detail, so this is more a re-write than an edit. In an idealised weather system, there can be a high pressure area, and a low pressure, and air goes ...
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0answers
607 views

What is the relationship between Coriolis forces and Angular momentum?

Recently I did an assignment about helicopters, and during the oral exam we talked about Coriolis forces. I know where it comes from, and I've seen the derivation: Example In the case of helicopters, ...
3
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1answer
644 views

Coriolis deflection:- is it 4 times if the object is thrown up, compared to a drop? [closed]

A particle is thrown up vertically with initial speed, reaches a maximum height and falls back to ground. Show that the Coriolis deflection when it again reaches the ground is opposite in ...
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0answers
59 views

Man on a rotating platform [closed]

A platform rotates in counterclockwise with angular velocity w. A man walks from the center of the platform to the border with constant radial velocity v' wrt the platform. $\mu_s$ is the ...
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2answers
2k views

How do I experience Earth's movement?

We are told that Earth is spinning on its axis at 1037 mph— something that we don't usually feel because of the environment that moves with us as well. Is there any experiment with which we can know ...
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0answers
67 views

Why do icebergs move perpendicular to the wind?

I know it has to do with to Coriolis force and the Ekman layer but I didn't really understand the explanation. From Wikipedia: "Ekman transport, part of Ekman motion theory first investigated in ...
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7answers
3k views

If I toss a coin, vertically, on the surface of Mars, will it land back in my hand?

When I toss a coin in Mars, is the planets atmosphere rare enough that I'd rotate with the planet (at its angular velocity), but not the coin?
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2answers
63 views

Would there be a “freefall zone” in the centre of a centrifugal artificial gravity?

In the novel Schismatrix, Bruce Sterling writes about people living on the inside of rotating cylinders (similar to Larry Niven's Ringworld and Iain M. Banks' Orbitals, but the atmosphere extends ...
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1answer
652 views

If a bullet is fired vertically upwards, when it comes back does it fall to the same spot? [duplicate]

What I'm basically asking is that if a body is projected with sufficiently high velocity so that it doesn't escape from the earth's gravitational field but reaches an appreciable height with respect ...
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1answer
41 views

Does Earth rotation effect planes? [duplicate]

What about the supposed aiming modifications when firing a weapon? According to my research, when firing a weapon you are supposed to aim a little to the right when firing northwards and to the left ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Is the Coriolis acceleration formula just an approximation?

The Coriolis acceleration given in textbooks is: $a_{cor} = -2\omega v$ When trying to understand the derivation, it seems as though this is just an approximation. And to illustrate this I give a ...
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1answer
68 views

Deflection of a freely falling body

Why Coriolis force acts on a freely falling body on earth as it is not in contact of earth surface? if a body being in contact of earth surface will suffer Coriolis force for earth's rotation but in ...
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0answers
13 views

Deflection of a freely falling object [duplicate]

why Coriolis force acts on a freely falling body on earth as it is not in contact of earth surface? if a body being in contact of earth surface will suffer Coriolis force for earth's rotation if an ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Does Coriolis force effect a particle that has only a tangential velocity in a rotating frame?

Imagine a disc rotating at an angular velocity $\omega$, a particle on the disc which is attached to the disc so its also rotating at an angular velocity $\omega$. Now the particle has tangential ...
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1answer
29 views

Relative magnitudes of pressure gradient force and Coriolis force at midlatitudes

In the midlatitudes, both Coriolis and pressure gradient forces are present in the atmosphere. Can a statement be made about which one of the two forces is bigger in this region?
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1answer
62 views

Explaining Coriolis force with vectors

Can Coriolis force and deflection of wind patterns towards their right in northern hemisphere and towards left in southern hemisphere be explained with the help of vectors?I have tried but could not ...
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1answer
47 views
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0answers
63 views

Would the ball hit the ground?

After lunch I normally take the stairs to my office at the fifth floor. The staircase is open in the middle and you can see right to the ground at level -2 (or -1, that doesn't matter too much) and ...
0
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2answers
297 views

Rotation of earth and helicopter [closed]

If in a helicopter, you have an altitude and you maintain that altitude without any motion will you revolve around earth in 24 hours due to coriolis effect as helicopter unlike airplanes is not ...
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1answer
98 views

How does Foucault's pendulum work in a place other than the poles?

I find it easy to understand how Foucault's pendulum works at the poles, the pendulum oscillates in a fixed plane and we, along with the earth, rotate around it. So it appears that the pendulum's ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Are the arms of a hurricane along wind direction?

Within any tropical hurricane satellite photo we see a typical swirl pattern of clouds. Are the arms of clouds we see aligned on the winds vector field? Or are they on the contrary perpendiculars to ...
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1answer
117 views

Coriolis force: why is pole-to-equator air flow eastly?

I have little knowledge in fluid dynamics, so this may be naive. But I have a question while reading a textbook about the Coriolis force, by which the rotation of the earth from west to east changes ...
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0answers
117 views

Orbital elevators and the Coriolis effect

Consider an orbital elevator simply modelled as a large mass in geostationary orbit (altitude approx 36,000km) around the Earth, connected to a point on the equator via a strong, light, likely ...
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3answers
464 views

Coriolis force on bullet vs airplane

Why do airplanes experience negligible Coriolis force while bullets experience the Coriolis force in long range shooting, even though the mass of airplane is much bigger than a bullet?
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1answer
94 views

Relative acceleration of two planets orbiting a star

Let us suppose we know the radii and periods of two planets' circular orbits around a star -say Earth, Venus and the Sun-, which allows us to calculate the planets' centripetal acceleration, ...
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1answer
361 views

Resemblance between Coriolis force and magnetic part of Lorentz force

If we interchange velocity with charge and omega that is rotation of a system with $B$, magnetic field, we get the same thing. Is there any deeper meaning to this same mathematical form?
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1answer
150 views

Rotation and fictitious forces

A bug eats through an apple and forms a vertical, infinitesimally thin canal parallel to the vertical diameter at a distance $\frac{R}{2}$ from the center. The apple rotates at angular velocity around ...
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3answers
1k views

Intuition and difference between centrifugal force & Coriolis force?

My book says that when a frame rotates uniformly, pseudo/fictitious force must be taken to count. This is centrifugal force. Also, while Googling, I found another pseudo force Coriolis force. ...
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2answers
137 views

Derivation of velocities in the Coriolis force

In Fitzpatrick's Newtonian Dynamics book on the Coriolis force, he states \begin{align} v_{x'}&\simeq V_0\cos\theta-2\Omega t V_0\sin\lambda~\sin\theta \tag{433}\\ ...
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1answer
57 views

How would we explain meteorological phenomena in an inertial reference frame?

The Coriolis effect is used to explain the formation of typhoons, hurricanes, and cyclones and other phenomena where we take the Earth as a rotating reference frame. How could we explain this ...
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1answer
205 views

Could use Coriolis force to build a compass?

Is it possible to measure the Coriolis force in some helpful way to build a compass?
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0answers
98 views

Two referential frames. An ant is moving on a uniformly rotating disk and appears not to be moving relative to the disk [closed]

They want us to find the Coriolis and centripetal acceleration. My problem is drawing the referential. Because, there are 2 referential frames. The inertial one would be the disk right, with 3 axes, ...
2
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1answer
167 views

Does an externally driven Foucault pendulum really demonstrate the rotation of the Earth?

There's a Foucault pendulum at my school. It's a 105 kg ball suspended from the ceiling with a 20.73 m wire (source in French). There seems to be a driving mechanism on top, where the wire is ...
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1answer
849 views

Which hemisphere am I on?

Inspired by this answer to a question on Puzzling.SE (which contains the old but wrong idea that the Coriolis force determines the direction in which a bathroom vortex rotates, and also an approach ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Erosion effect from Coriolis force in a South-to-North water channel?

Imagine we could build a channel (like those cool ones in some countries) but very, very long, parallel to a meridian (ie South-North direction).. The channel would contain water, which would ...
1
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1answer
225 views

Coriolis effect misunderstanding

My wife asked me what the Coriolis Effect was, so I did some research. I think I get it now but I'm surprised at the number of "explanations" people have uploaded that actually seem wrong. This one is ...
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2answers
739 views

Is there an intuitive explanation for the Southward force caused by the Coriolis Effect on rotating spheres?

From the Coriolis Effect article on Wikipedia, the following with regard to the Coriolis Effect on a rotating sphere: By setting vn = 0, it can be seen immediately that (for positive φ and ω) a ...
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4answers
611 views

Why would the apple fall under the tree?

Here is an extremely naive question: Why would the apple fall under the tree? I am puzzled by this, because the conventional answer that the gravity between the apple and the earth pulling apple down ...