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2
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3answers
58 views

Intuition and difference between centrifugal force & Coriolis force?

My book says that when a frame rotates uniformly, pseudo/fictitious force must be taken to count. This is centrifugal force. Also, while Googling, I found another pseudo force Coriolis force. ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Derivation of velocities in the Coriolis force

In Fitzpatrick's Newtonian Dynamics book on the Coriolis force, he states \begin{align} v_{x'}&\simeq V_0\cos\theta-2\Omega t V_0\sin\lambda~\sin\theta \tag{433}\\ ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

How would we explain meteorological phenomena in an inertial reference frame?

The Coriolis effect is used to explain the formation of typhoons, hurricanes, and cyclones and other phenomena where we take the Earth as a rotating reference frame. How could we explain this ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Could use Coriolis force to build a compass?

Is it possible to measure the Coriolis force in some helpful way to build a compass?
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0answers
36 views

Two referential frames. An ant is moving on a uniformly rotating disk and appears not to be moving relative to the disk [closed]

They want us to find the Coriolis and centripetal acceleration. My problem is drawing the referential. Because, there are 2 referential frames. The inertial one would be the disk right, with 3 axes, ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Does an externally driven Foucault pendulum really demonstrate the rotation of the Earth?

There's a Foucault pendulum at my school. It's a 105 kg ball suspended from the ceiling with a 20.73 m wire (source in French). There seems to be a driving mechanism on top, where the wire is ...
12
votes
1answer
749 views

Which hemisphere am I on?

Inspired by this answer to a question on Puzzling.SE (which contains the old but wrong idea that the Coriolis force determines the direction in which a bathroom vortex rotates, and also an approach ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Coriolis effect misunderstanding

My wife asked me what the Coriolis Effect was, so I did some research. I think I get it now but I'm surprised at the number of "explanations" people have uploaded that actually seem wrong. This one is ...
0
votes
0answers
188 views

Coriolis deflection:- is it 4 times if the object is thrown up, compared to a drop?

A particle is thrown up vertically with initial speed, reaches a maximum height and falls back to ground. Show that the Coriolis deflection when it again reaches the ground is opposite in ...
2
votes
4answers
214 views

Why would the apple fall under the tree?

Here is an extremely naive question: Why would the apple fall under the tree? I am puzzled by this, because the conventional answer that the gravity between the apple and the earth pulling apple down ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Erosion effect from Coriolis force in a South-to-North water channel?

Imagine we could build a channel (like those cool ones in some countries) but very, very long, parallel to a meridian (ie South-North direction).. The channel would contain water, which would ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

What is the relationship between Coriolis forces and Angular momentum?

Recently I did an assignment about helicopters, and during the oral exam we talked about Coriolis forces. I know where it comes from, and I've seen the derivation: Example In the case of helicopters, ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does the coriolis effect dissapear at the equator?

I'm studying from the book "Classical Mechanics" by Goldstein and from a coursebook my Professor provided me. In the coursebook, it says that "the Coriolis effect disappears at the equator (Where ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

If and how are the Coriolis force and gravitation related?

I recently got into a discussion whether and how the Coriolis force/effect is related to gravitation. Is gravitation involved in the Coriolis force? If so, how could that be explained?
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Rotation and fictitious forces

A bug eats through an apple and forms a vertical, infinitesimally thin canal parallel to the vertical diameter at a distance $\frac{R}{2}$ from the center. The apple rotates at angular velocity around ...
0
votes
1answer
191 views

Coriolis Force in a Merry go Round

Suppose there is a person standing in a Merry go Round, which is rotating at a constant angular velocity $\vec \omega$. He experiences, of course, a centripetal acceleration $\vec a_{cen}$ and has ...
1
vote
1answer
412 views

Coriolis Acceleration and Latitude?

We had a lecture on the Coriolis effect today and I am very very confused, this is the first time I've heard of it as such. Anyway, I know that Coriolis acceleration is calculated by $\vec{a} = -2 ...
3
votes
2answers
55 views

Does Coriolis effect affect snowing?

Right now, outside is snowing. No matter what window I look from, the snow constantly for last few hours tends to fall to the right close to the window, and to the left close to the building across ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Will a laser beam be affected by the Coriolis Force?

Electronic aiming systems use automated rangefinders that can sometimes be based on lasers. Obviously a projectile itself will be subject to the Coriolis Force (among others) and deviate from its ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Horizontal force on elevator?

I would like to ask the following: If an observer travels up or down in an elevator on earth, does he experience a horizontal force due to earth's rotation?
1
vote
1answer
226 views

Equations of motion of particle mass on parabolic surface

Given a parabolic surface $$ Z = \frac{\Omega^2}{2g}\left(X^2 + Y^2\right)$$ My textbook (Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, 2nd ed, p.50) states: "Provided that the paraboloid is ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

How much does the Earth's rotation affect a golf ball?

When launching rockets into space, they start straight but begin to lean, I assume due to the Earth's rotation. For something on a much smaller scale, such as a golf tee, is there a measurable ...
6
votes
2answers
551 views

Confusion with derivation of fictitious forces

I read the mathematical derivation of fictitious forces on Wikipedia and I'm having trouble understanding it. I went on a few other sites looking for a better derivation, but they're all basically the ...
-5
votes
1answer
204 views

What are the physics behind the Coriolis effect? [closed]

What causes the Coriolis effect?
2
votes
3answers
177 views

Could we use the coriolis effect to travel

Given a platform that is floating independent of Earth's gravity, would it be possible to put a platform over the equator and over the day, would the Earth rotate from under it allowing you to travel ...
2
votes
3answers
204 views

Flushing water-Is it related to Coriolis force? [duplicate]

There are videos and articles on the internet which demonstrate that water flows down a flush clockwise in Northern Hemisphere and anti-clockwise in Southern Hemisphere. Here are a couple of links ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

What happens at the end of Coriolis Deflection

Consider we launch a cannonball due south from a point at 45 degrees latitude in the Northern Hemisphere (e.g the point defined with the co-ordinate system on this diagram). The cannonball travels for ...
6
votes
2answers
466 views

Is there an intuitive explanation for the Southward force caused by the Coriolis Effect on rotating spheres?

From the Coriolis Effect article on Wikipedia, the following with regard to the Coriolis Effect on a rotating sphere: By setting vn = 0, it can be seen immediately that (for positive φ and ω) a ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Coriolis force in free fall

Does the coriolis force has any measurable effect in free fall from large heights? Take for example the sky diving experiment by F. Baumgartner who started from a height of about 40 km above New ...
2
votes
3answers
451 views

Coriolis Effect and the Space Shuttle

The Coriolis effect is a well-known phenomenum, important in meteorology and ocean current forecasting. In addition to location (latitude), it depends on velocity and duration. I assume that ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Hurricanes and bathtubs

Why do hurricane winds rotate? I know it´s about Coriolis force but how can I be quantitative? My problem is that I can´t imagine the direction velocity of wind and the angle with earth angular ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

Equation of Motion in a Non-Inertial (Rotating) Frame

Let me preface my question by informing you this is for an assignment, so I would rather not have explicit answers but rather be given guidance in arriving at the correct solution. The question is ...
30
votes
4answers
6k views

Why can't we feel the Earth turning?

The Earth turns with a very high velocity, around its own axis and around the Sun. So why can't we feel that it's turning, but we can still feel earthquake.
1
vote
1answer
297 views

Artificial Gravity - Spinning Station Questions II

In an answer to Artificial Gravity - Spinning Station Questions Vintage wrote: A theoretical space station of radius 900 meters, doing a complete rotation every 60 seconds (in order to generate ...
14
votes
8answers
2k views

Why there's a whirl when you drain the bathtub?

At first I thought it's because of Coriolis, but then someone told me that at the bathtub scale that's not the predominant force in this phenomenon.
4
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2answers
2k views

“Artificial gravity” on a rotating space stations

There have been a lot of sci-fi shows recently using the "rotating space station" explanation for gravity on space stations. After watching these videos: ...
7
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5answers
1k views

Coriolis effect on Tsunami

The Japanese tsunami, moving at about 700 km/h, affected areas as distant as Chile's coast, 20 hours after the earthquake. How does the Coriolis force affect tsunami? Also, I saw an image of a boat ...
6
votes
1answer
759 views

The Coriolis force bending a railway

Suppose a very long railway line goes from South Africa to Sweden, and then it's decided to move the entire railway line, sliding it 1 km to the north (leaving aside the difficulty of moving and ...
11
votes
3answers
695 views

Which direction will Coriolis forces deflect a bubble?

If I throw a ball straight up, it deflects slightly to the west due to Coriolis forces. If instead I watch a bubble float up in water, is the bubble deflected west, east, or neither? I think the ...
10
votes
1answer
7k views

Derivation of the centrifugal and coriolis force

I was wondering how easily these two pseudo-forces can be derived mathematically in order to exhibit a clear physical meaning. How would you proceed?
16
votes
3answers
732 views

How to show that the Coriolis effect is irrelevant for the whirl/vortex in the sink/bathtub?

There is a common myth that water flowing out from a sink should rotate in direction governed by on which hemisphere we are; this is shown false in many household experiments, but how to show it ...