transport mechanism involving bulk motion of a medium

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1answer
26 views

Is there a difference between solid-to-fluid convection and fluid-to-fluid convection?

I found an online calculator relating to convective heat transfer, but the calculator's description says it's for heat transfer between a solid surface and a moving fluid. However, the definitions ...
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0answers
13 views

Extension of the advection diffusion equation with diffusion perpendicular to the flow

Assume you model particle flow in fluid in a cylinder by an advection-diffusion equation, thus taking into account both diffusion and bulk flow. What would happen to the model if you would, at some ...
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1answer
19 views

When does heat conduction become convection?

Okay, I have a hard time wrapping my head around something, I think, pretty basic. For a little hobby project of mine I was making a fermentation-box for beer brewing allowing me to accurately ...
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1answer
39 views

flat plate isoflux convection - how to calculate temperature

I am an engineer trying to design a simple 1D program for evaluating the temperatures of a multi-layer heatsink that includes convection and radiation heat transfer from the external surface. For a ...
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2answers
38 views

Hot Object In a Cooler Space [closed]

How would you calculate the heat given by an object that is hotter than its surroundings? I know there's Newton's Cooling Law, but what about any heat given off by radiation? Are these additive ...
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1answer
49 views

Time dependent heating of a conductor

I have a conductor that's being heated with current. I want to know the temperature of the conductor Steady state soultion is: ...
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0answers
51 views

Heat transfer through convection in human body

How does the heat transfer takes place in human body through convection in these two situations. 1) when environment temperature is less than body core temperature($37^0C)$, say it is around $25^0C$. ...
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1answer
70 views

Convective heat transfer

At y = 0 It is said that the heat is transferred by conduction because the fluid has a velocity equal to 0 (no-slip conditions). But the temperature of the fluid for y=0 is equal to Ts(temperature ...
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0answers
36 views

How can I get the boundary and initial conditions of the convection–diffusion equation consistant?

I want to solve the 1D convection–diffusion equation. The boundary conditions are a flux in from the bottom and a flux out on the top. Furthermore I want no concentration inside at the beginning. I ...
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2answers
85 views

Heat loss via convection

Suppose I have a glass container (trough) and I want to heat the water inside. I put it on a hot plate. Now, even though the hot plate is at $110\,^{\circ}C$, the liquid only reaches $50\,^{\circ}C$. ...
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1answer
333 views

Convective boundary condition

Consider a fluid over a sheet which is placed horizontally along the x-axis. The lower face of the sheet is in contact with another fluid at temperature $T_f$ ( it is heating the sheet). The sheet is ...
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0answers
143 views

Numerical Solution of the Propagation-Dispersion equation

I have asked this question on Computational Science and also on Mathoverflow, but no satisfactory answers so far. I thought maybe the physics community could shed some insight on the issue. I am ...
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2answers
37 views

Is air infiltration a type of convective heat transfer (convection)

I have a building / physics question... A major source of heat loss in homes and buildings is infiltration through cracks (warm air from inside seeping out). Wondering if this falls in the category ...
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0answers
36 views

Forced convection: temperature gradient in conical pipe

My situation involves a conical pipe of known dimensions and material composition. Warmer-than-ambient air is added to the small end at a steady, known flow rate. I'm hoping for a way to estimate ...
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0answers
61 views

Heat flow through a pipe

I have a pipe, in which a cooling medium flows through it. I would like to know the temperature of the cooling medium at different lengths of the pipe. Is there an equation to relate the length and ...
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1answer
1k views

Why does a match go out if you hold it so the flame is up?

I have noticed something which may have been noticed already: take a match, and light it, then hold it so that the flame is directly above your hand. The flame will eventually go out. My guess as to ...
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0answers
19 views

Why is the boundary layer thinner on the outside of an outer wall versus the wall inside the house

The convection on the outer suface of the outer wall of a house is larger, because outside a house it's more windy compared to inside. More wind means more turbulence which leads to more transfer of ...
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0answers
12 views

Vertical wall at 3 different temperatures - do the same natural convection coefficient correlations apply?

I have an vertical enclosure that consists of 3 shelves, each with its own temperature and are thermally isolated from each other. We will call the shelves A, B, and C with A being the base shelf. The ...
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0answers
42 views

How complex is an energy balance for this problem?

Let's say I have an enclosed room in the shape of a box with forced airflow on the outer walls at an ambient temperature. Each end of the room (forward and rear) has a vent that ducts in warm air to ...
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2answers
377 views

How does the sun's surface conduct thermal energy from the convective zone to the corona?

How does the surface of the photosphere conduct thermal energy from the convective zone to the corona, while remaining at such a relatively low temperature itself? It seems odd to me that the ...
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3answers
1k views

Is heat from a stovetop, transfered through convection, radiation or conduction?

It doesn't appear to be convection, as there are no moving objects (or are there); probably not radiation (?), so it is conduction? I really don't know much about heat transfer and thermodynamics, ...
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1answer
83 views

Series of parallel thermal resistance connection for this enclosure?

Let's say that I have an 2D enclosure in the shape of a pyramid with unequal areas for the faces and I am looking to determine in the inside air temperature. The parameters I know are the outer and ...
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1answer
101 views

Why Benard cells are usually hexagonal?

Solution of equations of convection (hydrodynamics equations in Boussinesq approximation) involves existence of convective cells, so-called Benard cells. They are represented by superposition of ...
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4answers
7k views

What is the exact difference between diffusion, convection and advection?

I have tried to explore the information but still not very clear on the exact difference between diffusion, convection and advection. Can anyone help me out to clear my concept?
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1answer
52 views

When I'm in a warm room how much of the warmth I feel is due to radiation from surfaces?

Say I'm in a room heated to 23C, once the temperature is in balance all the objects will also be 23C and radiating heat towards me. How much of the warmth I feel is due to this radiation, and how much ...
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3answers
74 views

Photon walk in stars with convection

I'm having trouble figuring this out. I've read, that when photons are created via nuclear processes inside a star, it can take about 1 million years for photons to actually reach the surface of a ...
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1answer
525 views

Heat transfer between the bulk of the fluid inside the pipe and the pipe external surface

In an article from Wikipedia about heat transfer coefficients in the section Combining heat transfer coefficients there is an equation which describes the rate of heat transfer between the bulk of the ...
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1answer
376 views

Rate of Temperature Change due to Heat addition

I might be wrong but I will give a little background leading to my question. I am trying to calculate the heat generation in the advection-diffusion equation for heat generation due to friction by ...
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2answers
103 views

How stable are Benard Cells when the thermal gradient begins decreasing?

I've found lots of information on the formation of Benard Cells and convection currents but very little information about what happens to the self-organized structures when the energy gradient being ...
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0answers
221 views

What is the minimum volume in which, for a given temperature difference $\Delta T$, natural convection would occur?

I'm trying to figure out if convection will occur in a plastic bottle slice and what length of slice would be optimal to achieve high R value transparent insulation on the cheap. The bottle slice is ...
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1answer
1k views

Will a liquid boil quicker if it is stirred versus if it is not stirred

Will the whole liquid boil quicker on a stove-top if it stirred versus if not stirred? What should be the frequency of stirring to get to boiling point quickly? please explain your hypotheses with ...
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0answers
31 views

Vanishing viscosity in eqn. of heat transfer for free convection: on what argument?

In Landau's and Lifshitz' Fluid Mechanics on the derivation of the equation of heat transfer for free convection p. 218, they write In the thermal conduction equation (50.2), the viscosity term ...
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1answer
117 views

At what gap width between two plates does convection not occur?

Does the Grashof number lead to the answer? The Wikipedia article (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grashof_number) yields an equation for vertical plates $$Gr_L = \frac{g\beta(T_s-T_\infty ...
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4answers
221 views

Convective heat transfer coeficient equation

I am attempting to model a situation, in which a sphere of some material of identifiable thermal properties is receiving heat at a constant rate. And that material is coming into equilibrium with the ...
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1answer
416 views

How does the windchill factor exist above 98.6 degrees?

As I understand it, the explanation of the windchill factor goes like this: Your body is warmer than the air around it, therefore it loses a certain amount of heat to the air. This warms up the ...
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1answer
405 views

How hot does the upstairs need to be before it will heat the basement through convection?

During the winter we keep the basement door closed so that the cold air from upstairs won't flow into the basement. Then we heat the basement and the upstairs gets heated partially by conduction ...
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2answers
352 views

Which temperature to evaluate fluid properties in pipe?

I am always confused about which temperature to evaluate fluid properties at. Let's say I have a helical pipe and I know the inlet temperature, outlet temperature, and surface temperature and the ...
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0answers
398 views

Determine pipe outlet temperature without length?

Let's say I am flowing a fluid through a pipe that has a constant surface temperature. Is it possible to determine the heat flux on the inner surface without knowing the pipe's length when the only ...
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4answers
6k views

Improving our homemade hot tub design? [closed]

My brother and I built a wood burning, convection based, thermal circulating hot-tub. (With and oxyacetylene torch, lots of 1.5" pipe, a brake drum, and a thirty year old jacuzzi). Our design is ...
2
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4answers
585 views

Boiling Order (Thermodynamics) [closed]

Three pots made of the same material are placed one inside the other and all pots are filled with water to the same level. If heat is applied to the bottom of the outermost pot what will be the ...
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3answers
6k views

Realistic calculation of heat loss for pipe

Good day everyone, I am new on this site and I hope to find here help, since I am not going anywhere with the literature I have found. I try to calculate realistically the heat loss of a hot, ...
74
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12answers
23k views

Why are radiators always placed under windows?

I don't know if anyone else has noticed this but in most buildings and most rooms, radiators are predominantly placed under a window. Now, in my eyes, that is the worst place to put them; hot air ...
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0answers
118 views

Fluid mechanics Grashoff number

When I derived the Grashof number (for natural convection at a vertical plate) starting with the ratio of buoyancy forces to viscous forces, I realized that I had set the Reynolds number to 1 (ie I ...
2
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1answer
157 views

How can I predict the convective updraft speed above a stove element?

I want to know the rate at which air will ascend above a stove element. Is there some relationship between ambient air temperature, element temperature, and speed of the resulting updraft? If ...
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1answer
1k views

Is the convective heat coefficient always dependent on heat flux and delta T?

I'm having a difficult discussion with a colleague because I'm running heat flow simulations for a small heater (5 mm^2 area), and I insist that if we're going to run more electrical power through the ...
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2answers
987 views

Why do we feel a sudden chill?

When we are in a room, especially in some old houses, we feel this sudden rush of cold air. How does a strong air current arise and pass away so quickly?(lasts for about a second) I know air-currents ...
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1answer
187 views

Heat Sink Design-Choice of Material [closed]

I am currently designing a heat sink for OPA 549. Among the many considerations, for example, the choice of material, the geometry of heat sink, the design of fins and all the parameters that come ...
3
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2answers
664 views

Why do some air-conditioned stores blast you with jets of air as you enter?

I went to a grocery store on a hot day that was very well air-conditioned, and I noticed as I went through the open entrance that there seemed to be a very powerful downward air current right at the ...
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1answer
1k views

Do metals generally lose more heat by convection than non-metals?

I've been experimenting with radiative cooling lately and in my mind convection is always an enemy (especially forced convection since the modules are outdoors). Looking at Newton's law of cooling, ...
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1answer
108 views

Can convection cells evolve in stably stratified fluid?

Assume stably stratified fluid but not in equilibrium, e.g. with non-constant temperature gradient for example. Can convection cells be present? Typical example of convection cells is Rayleigh–Bénard ...