transport mechanism involving bulk motion of a medium

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
23 views

Series of parallel thermal resistance connection for this enclosure?

Let's say that I have an 2D enclosure in the shape of a pyramid with unequal areas for the faces and I am looking to determine in the inside air temperature. The parameters I know are the outer and ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Why Benard cells are usually hexagonal?

Solution of equations of convection (hydrodynamics equations in Boussinesq approximation) involves existence of convective cells, so-called Benard cells. They are represented by superposition of ...
4
votes
3answers
94 views

What is the exact difference between diffusion, convection and advection?

I have tried to explore the information but still not very clear on the exact difference between diffusion, convection and advection. Can anyone help me out to clear my concept?
2
votes
1answer
36 views

When I'm in a warm room how much of the warmth I feel is due to radiation from surfaces?

Say I'm in a room heated to 23C, once the temperature is in balance all the objects will also be 23C and radiating heat towards me. How much of the warmth I feel is due to this radiation, and how much ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Heat sink simulation with a fan

I am trying to solve this problem using advection-diffusion model and finite element method for solving it due to the complex geometry. Basically the problem i'm trying to solve using OpenFOAM is see ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Photon walk in stars with convection

I'm having trouble figuring this out. I've read, that when photons are created via nuclear processes inside a star, it can take about 1 million years for photons to actually reach the surface of a ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Heat transfer between the bulk of the fluid inside the pipe and the pipe external surface

In an article from Wikipedia about heat transfer coefficients in the section Combining heat transfer coefficients there is an equation which describes the rate of heat transfer between the bulk of the ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Rate of Temperature Change due to Heat addition

I might be wrong but I will give a little background leading to my question. I am trying to calculate the heat generation in the advection-diffusion equation for heat generation due to friction by ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

How stable are Benard Cells when the thermal gradient begins decreasing?

I've found lots of information on the formation of Benard Cells and convection currents but very little information about what happens to the self-organized structures when the energy gradient being ...
0
votes
0answers
185 views

What is the minimum volume in which, for a given temperature difference $\Delta T$, natural convection would occur?

I'm trying to figure out if convection will occur in a plastic bottle slice and what length of slice would be optimal to achieve high R value transparent insulation on the cheap. The bottle slice is ...
1
vote
1answer
325 views

Will a liquid boil quicker if it is stirred versus if it is not stirred

Will the whole liquid boil quicker on a stove-top if it stirred versus if not stirred? What should be the frequency of stirring to get to boiling point quickly? please explain your hypotheses with ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Vanishing viscosity in eqn. of heat transfer for free convection: on what argument?

In Landau's and Lifshitz' Fluid Mechanics on the derivation of the equation of heat transfer for free convection p. 218, they write In the thermal conduction equation (50.2), the viscosity term ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

At what gap width between two plates does convection not occur?

Does the Grashof number lead to the answer? The Wikipedia article (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grashof_number) yields an equation for vertical plates $$Gr_L = \frac{g\beta(T_s-T_\infty ...
1
vote
3answers
134 views

Convective heat transfer coeficient equation

I am attempting to model a situation, in which a sphere of some material of identifiable thermal properties is receiving heat at a constant rate. And that material is coming into equilibrium with the ...
6
votes
1answer
321 views

How does the windchill factor exist above 98.6 degrees?

As I understand it, the explanation of the windchill factor goes like this: Your body is warmer than the air around it, therefore it loses a certain amount of heat to the air. This warms up the ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

How hot does the upstairs need to be before it will heat the basement through convection?

During the winter we keep the basement door closed so that the cold air from upstairs won't flow into the basement. Then we heat the basement and the upstairs gets heated partially by conduction ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Does transverse flow always assist in mixed convection?

I am dealing with both natural convection and transverse forced convection over a flat plate. There are 4 different situations: Upward-facing cold plate Downward facing cold plate Upward facing hot ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Poseuille number for flat channel?

For a flat channel with fully developed flow, the Poseuille number when using the hydraulic diameter is $$Po=C_fRe_{D_{H}}=24$$ But when using 2b as the length scale, the Poseuille number is ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Which temperature to evaluate fluid properties in pipe?

I am always confused about which temperature to evaluate fluid properties at. Let's say I have a helical pipe and I know the inlet temperature, outlet temperature, and surface temperature and the ...
0
votes
0answers
201 views

Determine pipe outlet temperature without length?

Let's say I am flowing a fluid through a pipe that has a constant surface temperature. Is it possible to determine the heat flux on the inner surface without knowing the pipe's length when the only ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Improving our homemade hot tub design?

My brother and I built a wood burning, convection based, thermal circulating hot-tub. (With and oxyacetylene torch, lots of 1.5" pipe, a brake drum, and a thirty year old jacuzzi). Our design is ...
2
votes
4answers
558 views

Boiling Order (Thermodynamics) [closed]

Three pots made of the same material are placed one inside the other and all pots are filled with water to the same level. If heat is applied to the bottom of the outermost pot what will be the ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Realistic calculation of heat loss for pipe

Good day everyone, I am new on this site and I hope to find here help, since I am not going anywhere with the literature I have found. I try to calculate realistically the heat loss of a hot, ...
66
votes
12answers
15k views

Why are radiators always placed under windows?

I don't know if anyone else has noticed this but in most buildings and most rooms, radiators are predominantly placed under a window. Now, in my eyes, that is the worst place to put them; hot air ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Fluid mechanics Grashoff number

When I derived the Grashof number (for natural convection at a vertical plate) starting with the ratio of buoyancy forces to viscous forces, I realized that I had set the Reynolds number to 1 (ie I ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

How can I predict the convective updraft speed above a stove element?

I want to know the rate at which air will ascend above a stove element. Is there some relationship between ambient air temperature, element temperature, and speed of the resulting updraft? If ...
1
vote
1answer
610 views

Is the convective heat coefficient always dependent on heat flux and delta T?

I'm having a difficult discussion with a colleague because I'm running heat flow simulations for a small heater (5 mm^2 area), and I insist that if we're going to run more electrical power through the ...
0
votes
2answers
644 views

Why do we feel a sudden chill?

When we are in a room, especially in some old houses, we feel this sudden rush of cold air. How does a strong air current arise and pass away so quickly?(lasts for about a second) I know air-currents ...
-1
votes
1answer
147 views

Heat Sink Design-Choice of Material [closed]

I am currently designing a heat sink for OPA 549. Among the many considerations, for example, the choice of material, the geometry of heat sink, the design of fins and all the parameters that come ...
3
votes
2answers
356 views

Why do some air-conditioned stores blast you with jets of air as you enter?

I went to a grocery store on a hot day that was very well air-conditioned, and I noticed as I went through the open entrance that there seemed to be a very powerful downward air current right at the ...
1
vote
1answer
844 views

Do metals generally lose more heat by convection than non-metals?

I've been experimenting with radiative cooling lately and in my mind convection is always an enemy (especially forced convection since the modules are outdoors). Looking at Newton's law of cooling, ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Can convection cells evolve in stably stratified fluid?

Assume stably stratified fluid but not in equilibrium, e.g. with non-constant temperature gradient for example. Can convection cells be present? Typical example of convection cells is Rayleigh–Bénard ...
1
vote
1answer
386 views

What happens to pipe outlet temperature here?

I have a fluid flowing through a pipe in the ocean and there is heat transfer from the ocean to the fluid in the pipe. I prepared a simulation and the results show that if I increase the mass flow ...
6
votes
2answers
373 views

Is it cheaper to boil water on high gas heat or low gas heat?

Assume my time value is \$0. High gas heat adds more energy per second to the water but the pot may absorb the heat less efficiently, or maybe the shape of the flame is less good, or for other reasons ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What's the physical difference between a convective heater and an infrared heater?

Could someone please explain why there are 2 types of space heaters-- one that is convective and one that is infrared? Why does the first one not radiate and why does the second one not heat the air? ...
3
votes
1answer
327 views

Rayleigh-Benard Convection

I found this nice paper about RB convection. However I am confused by what is going on page 6. In particular why we are suddenly using Helmholtz equation to find spatially periodic solutions. Aren't ...
0
votes
2answers
10k views

What is the characteristic length of a cylinder

I have a cold cylinder that is submerged in hot water and I need to find the convective heat transfer coefficient. I can do the whole process but I am stuck finding the characteristic length. I found ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Boussinesq approximation for the Navier Stokes' equation - discrepancy

In the Navier Stokes' equation: $\rho_0 \left( \frac{\partial v}{\partial t} + v \cdot \nabla v\right) = -\nabla p + \mu \nabla^2 v + \hat{f}$ I included the temperature variation of density as ...
8
votes
3answers
402 views

What is the microscopic picture for warm air rising?

The usual explanation for warm fluids rising past cooler ones is that the warmer fluid has a lower density. I'm trying to understand what this looks like at a molecular scale. The density seems to ...
14
votes
2answers
25k views

What exactly is the difference between advection and convection?

After reading Wikipedia articles on advection and convection, I still cannot determine whether there is a consensus on a difference between these two terms. Sometimes, the term convection seems to ...
1
vote
1answer
587 views

How would I calculate the convection coefficient in transient convection?

So I have faced a problem dealing with transient conduction and I need a little help with the problem solving concepts. I need to determine how long it would take to reach the final temperature but I ...
2
votes
2answers
235 views

How would I go about solving this transient convection problem if the mean fluid temperature is constantly changing?

Let's say I have a ceramic slab on a conveyor belt that is initially at $450\,^{\circ}\mathrm{C}$ and there is air being blown over it at a speed of $35 \frac{m}{s}$ with an ambient temperature of ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Bifurcation of convection of fluid in container, when adding temperature

I once read a paper, in which: a fluid in a container was heated from below, after reaching temperature $T_1$, a circular motion (convection) was clearly distinguishable, in form of cylinder, after ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is oil a poor conductor of heat?

Why is oil a poor conductor of heat? Does it help in insulation?
1
vote
1answer
405 views

Per unit area, is there more heat transfer through the open top of a mug or the side walls?

I had a mug of hot coffee cool too rapidly for my liking the other day, which made me wonder what was the greater contributor to heat loss for a typical open-top ceramic mug: the open top, the walls, ...
9
votes
3answers
36k views

What exactly is the difference between radiation and convection?

Okay, so everywhere I've read, I hear the main difference is the requirement of a medium. But for example, if you take the case of heat 'radiating' from a red-hot iron, isn't that actually convection ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Finding electric power generated using heat transfer

I'm working through an example I have been given to study. Suppose I have a 2m X 4m photovoltaic panel on my roof that is irradiated with a solar flux of $G_s = 700W/m^2$. Given: $\alpha_s = 0.83$ ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

Convective and Diffusive terms in Navier Stokes Equations

My question has 2 parts: I just followed the derivation of Navier Stokes (for Control Volume CFD analysis) and was able to understand most parts. However, the book I use (by Versteeg) does not ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

How does smoke move in the air and how can I direct it so it will go to a place I want it to go?

Let's assume a close room with 1-2 people who only one of them smoking cigarette. What is the equation describe the smoking spreading? is it diffusion? what are the parameters is so? Is there a ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

In what situations do I use the characteristic length of a fin to find the surface area?

So I'm learning about fins in heat transfer and it seems that there are two separate formulas for the surface area of a rectangular fin of length L, width w and thickness t. The fin is attached to a ...