This is a tag for color confinement.

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9
votes
1answer
73 views

Could the universe have non-vanishing net colour charge?

I've heard that the strong force doesn't decrease in strength with increasing distance, and that's why quarks must be confined within hadrons. But could there be, say, a single quark out there, so ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

What does it mean that there is no mathematical proof for confinement?

I see this all the time* that there still doesn't exist a mathematical proof for confinement. What does this really mean and how would a sketch of a proof look like? What I mean by that second ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Are “confinement” and “asymptotic freedom” two sides of the same coin?

On Wikipedia it says that the two peculiar properties of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) are: confinement and asymptotic freedom. Asymptotic freedom is the idea that at low energies we cannot use ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Could quarks be free in higher-dimensional space than 3D?

Reading this answer, I now wonder: if quarks are confined by $r^2$ potential, could their potential allow infinite motion in higher-dimensional space? To understand why I thought this might be ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Is quark electric charge also confined?

Since we will (maybe) never observe free quarks which has fraction charge, is it logically correct to say that the fraction (1/2,2/3 etc) electric charge is also confined. I.e. the charges that we do ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

What makes the quarks stay inside the proton?

Inside a single proton for example, what is the force(s) that keeps the quarks together? Why don't they leave the proton? If they do, how does that even happen? And maybe an additional sub question: ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

A naive question on the Quantum Hall Effect(QHE) and the confinement in gauge theory?

The non-interacting 2D lattice QH system is described by the Hamiltonian $H=\sum t_{ij}e^{iA_{ij}}c_i^\dagger c_j+H.c$ My confusion is: Does this imply that the $2D$ lattice QHE is described by the ...
4
votes
2answers
285 views

QCD in the non-perturbative regime

In the list of unsolved problems in physics. Confinement: the equations of QCD remain unsolved at energy scales relevant for describing atomic nuclei. How does QCD give rise to the physics of nuclei ...
-2
votes
1answer
248 views

Why strong and weak forces are short range? [closed]

Why are the strong and weak nuclear forces short range? Are quarks confined or welded together? Why are elementary particles confined at short range? Or is color confinement color welding? the ...
6
votes
1answer
167 views

Is there a non-technical way to understand why proving confinement is difficult?

As far as I understand, the basic reason why we are not able to solve QCD at low energies is because it is a strongly coupled quantum field theory, and a part from exceptional situations in simplified ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Topological Phases and Confinement

I recently attended a talk in which the speaker defined a topological phase as "A phase which has a gap above the ground state for bulk excitations in the thermodynamic limit." I am interested in what ...
11
votes
0answers
230 views

“S-duality” between confinement and the Higgs mechanism?

I feel picked by the second to last sentence in this answer to a question about what would happen if EM and QCD were spontaneously broken, which says "In fact, there is a sense in theoretical ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

Is there a critical order of the Abelian gauge theory in (2+1)D

In (2+1)D spacetime, it is known that the $U(1)$ gauge theory is always confined (according to Polyakov), while the $\mathbb{Z}_2$ gauge theory can support a deconfined phase. Now consider a generic ...
6
votes
2answers
308 views

How quark electric charge directly have been measured?

How quarks electric charge directly have been measured when quarks never directly observed in isolation? (Due to a phenomenon known as color confinement.)
6
votes
1answer
177 views

Is color confinement detected?

I'm a graduate student studying QFT. I'm quite interested that is color confinement detected or proved? (both directly and indirectly) Or it is just an assumption?
7
votes
2answers
601 views

About free quarks and confinement

I simply know that a single free quark does not exist. What is the reason that we can not get a free quark? If we can't get a free quark then what is single-top-quark?
3
votes
1answer
48 views

all multipolar terms of nuclear fields must be confined?

When usually speaking about QCD confinement, one refers to the fact that color charges over lengths above the hadron size are fully neutral, which implies that monopolar charges over an extended ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Weak isospin confinement?

According to the Wikipedia article on color confinement: The current theory is that confinement is due to the force-carrying gluons having color charge [...], i.e. because the gauge group is ...
2
votes
5answers
412 views

Could Quark model turn out to be false?

Quarks combine to form composite particles called hadrons, the most stable of which are protons and neutrons, the components of atomic nuclei. Due to a phenomenon known as color confinement, quarks ...