The study of physical properties condensed phases of matter, including solids and liquids.

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Griffiths phase

What are Griffiths effects in the context of condensed matter physics? From a cursory examination of the literature I've gathered the following: it seems that ordered systems have a "clean" critical ...
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115 views

What papers detail the early research on heavy fermion superconductors?

Can someone point me to the papers detailing when/where/how heavy fermion superconductors were first synthesized, tested and documented?
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579 views

Thomas-Fermi approximation and the dielectric function (+ small bit on graphene)

1) With the dielectric function, which is a function of wavenumber and frequency,how is it possible to take the limit of either to zero without changing the other one? I thought that frequency and ...
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216 views

Many faces of linear response theory

I have seen two forms of linear response: One is in the calculation of susceptibilities using Green functions. The other is in the evaluation of response currents, say, London current of a ...
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2k views

What's the differences among the concepts: binding energy, cohesive energy and formation energy?

In the papers about first principles (or ab initio) calculations, there are three energies which are often calculated: "binding energy", "cohesive energy" and "formation energy". Their meanings are ...
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491 views

Has BCS Cooper pair condensate been observed in experiment?

Feshbach resonance in s-wave scattering states a BCS Cooper pair condensation at B-field just above the resonance where the scattering length a <0. Just wondering if the condensation has been ...
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964 views

Why are Topological Superconductors hard to make?

Topological insulators (TI) have already been made in lab. Topological superconductors (TSC), being close cousins of TI, seem harder to make. Why is that? It seems that materials in connection with ...
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642 views

vacuum level alignment

When two materials are connected like the case in heterojunctions, we always firstly align the so called vacuum level[1], and then decide the relative position of other energy levels like conductance ...
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285 views

Why is the spinor wave function of graphene what it is?

Why is the spinor wave function of graphene $[e^{-i\theta/2}, e^{i\theta/2}]$? Could it be $[e^{-i\theta/}, 1]$?
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58 views

Orbital momentum and spin transfer through gauge mediator

I study the jellium model: conduction electrons free except for their mutual repulsion. We have the following vertex: ...
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569 views

Realization of Witten-type topological quantum field theory in condensed matter physics

It is well-known that some exotic phases in condensed matter physics are described by Schwarz-type TQFTs, such as Chern-Simons theory of quantum Hall states. My question is whether there are condensed ...
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68 views

heavy nuclei surface exposed to positron gas

Suppose there is a material with heavy nuclei attached on its surface, presumably binded by the outer shell electrons. Now, the surface is exposed to a cold positron gas, which annihilates against ...
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298 views

Where does Computer Science background students fit in Theoretical Physics [closed]

I am basically an Electronics student - background in computer science (that's where I want to work). I applied for an internship in USA in a research institute where the group is focused in ...
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686 views

Feynman diagrams and Hartree-Fock

I am puzzled by some lines I read in Mattuck's book on Feynman diagrams in many-body problems ( http://www.amazon.com/Feynman-Diagrams-Many-Body-Problem-Physics/dp/0486670473 ) Page 21 (1.14) for ...
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95 views

Could someone introduce books or reviews on electron-electron interaction to me? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Books for Condensed Matter Physics Could someone introduce books or reviews on electron-electron interaction to me? Especially its effects on screening and transport?
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257 views

Is it possible to make statements about bosonic/fermionic systems by taking the limit $\theta\to \pi$ or $\theta\to 0$, of an anyonic system?

One might naïvely write the (anti-)commutation relations for bosonic/fermionic ladder operators as limits $$ \delta_{k,\ell} = \bigl[ \hat{b}_{k}, \hat{b}_{\ell}^\dagger \bigr] = ...
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1answer
84 views

Ultracold atoms and General theory of Relativty

I am looking for good reviews for the subject of Ultracold atoms and it's application in test of General theory of relativity. I am planning to pick up this topic as a semester project, can somebody ...
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1answer
139 views

Inelastic Scattering and coherent scatterng

Another Scattering Question So I have this Bravais Lattice of sites R vibrating with some normal mode with a small displacement amplitude $u_o$, some wave vector k and some frequency $\omega$. We can ...
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140 views

limits of diamond anvils for high pressure research

in this wikipedia article regarding diamond anvils, it mentions that the pressure peaks roughly at 300 GPa. My question is why is this so? is the diamond crystal structure collapsing if higher ...
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240 views

Inhomogeneous Effective Mass in a 2D Lattice

Consider a tight-binding square lattice in 2D. This lattice has two different nearest neighbor tunneling rates along the x and y directions; call them $J_{x}$ and $J_{y}$. All longer range tunneling ...
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130 views

Wave function of IQH and FQH electrons

What are the wave functions of the ground state of Integer Quantum Hall (IQH) and Fractional Quantum Hall (FQH) electrons?
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1answer
336 views

What is nonlocal resistance?

We are first taught to calculate local resistance, where current and voltage are on the same part of the material. But many experiments measure nonlocal resistance, where current and voltage are ...
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1answer
185 views

Nonlocal Transport in the Quantum Spin Hall State

It has been reported that nonlocal Transport in the can be realized in topological insulator. Why non-local transport through edge channels has the potential application for low-power information ...
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1answer
197 views

What's the difference between background field and dynamical gauge field?

Dynamical gauge fields are assumed to be able to respond to sources. What's the difference in the Lagrangians between a background field and a dynamical field?
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1answer
227 views

Reference for understanding characteristic length and time scales in a system (in particular electronic transport)

I am working on the transport properties of two dimensional electron gas in semiconductor heterostructures and am interested in the characteristic length and time scales of the system like elastic ...
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1answer
318 views

Edge channels in Quantum Hall effect

Why is the value of Hall conductance directly proportional to the number of edge channels in the sample?
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1answer
117 views

1D Acoustical Relations beyond nearest neighbor couplings

Consider some 1D Lattice of atoms with nth neighbor coupling of strength k_{n}. I'm looking for the dispersion relation for acoustical phonons under these conditions. I start with the Lagrangian, ...
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1answer
1k views

Looking for a complete review of the BEC-BCS crossover

I'm looking for comprehensive review of the BEC-BCS crossover, both from a theoretical point of view, and from a experimental one. Even something at textbook level, but exhaustive, would be OK, but I ...
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1answer
549 views

The Hendriks-Teller Model

So I am working on understanding the Hendriks-Teller model of 1D disorder. So the way I understand it is the following. You have a random smattering of particles. Each mass is separated by some unit ...
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179 views

Are the electrons in a quantum hall edge state entangled?

I am reading the paper on Quantum Energy Teleportation by Yusa, Izumida and Hotta(This article), and it seems that they are assuming that the quantum hall edge state is a quantum correlated state, ...
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1answer
272 views

How to measure Projective Symmetry Group in spin liquid?

Quasiparticles in spin liquid will no longer be the representation of symmetry group. So when group elements act on quasiparticles, there will be some phase factor. For example, in $\pi$ flux state, ...
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85 views

Understanding Resonance States in Condensed Matter

What exactly is a resonance state? My understanding so far is that a resonant state appears as a large spike in the DOS of a material due to an adsorbed impurity or vacancy in the lattice and that ...
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489 views

What does the term liquid mean in condensed matter physics?

In condensed matter physics, people always say quantum liquid or spin liquid. What does liquid mean?
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256 views

$Z_2 $ topological index in spin liquid

What is $Z_2 $ topological index in spin liquid system? How to understand its physical picture in condensed matter?
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762 views

Can I use imaginary time propagation for many-body problems?

There are various ways to numerically find the ground state energy and wavefunction of a many-body Hamiltonian. You can diagonalize the Hamiltonian and pick out the lowest eigenstate, or you use ...
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630 views

What is topological degeneracy in condensed matter physics?

What is topological degeneracy in strongly correlated systems such as FQH? What is the difference between topological degeneracy and ordinary degeneracy? Why is topological degeneracy important for ...
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1answer
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Weak Anti-Localization

On Wikipedia (pretty much the only place I can find an explanation of what weak anti-localization actually is) it is explained as: In a system with spin-orbit coupling the spin of a carrier is ...
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232 views

Is Fractional quantum Hall effect proof that leptons are composite particles?

The fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) is a physical phenomenon in which the Hall conductance of 2D electrons shows precisely quantised plateaus at fractional values. Should this be considered ...
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189 views

what to use for mass in a 2D FEM simulation

I am trying to find the energy of a wave travelling through a solid material in a 2D Finite Element Method (FEM) - Simulation. As a general approach I would try to use $E_{kin}=\frac{1}{2}mv^2$ at ...
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What happens when we cut objects?

What is the role of the molecular bonds in the process of cutting something? What is the role of the Pauli exclusion principle, responsible for the "hardness" of matter? Moreover, is all the energy ...
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190 views

Why are topological solitons present in some phases for lattice models?

Over a spatial continuum, it is easy to see why some topological solitons like vortices and monopoles have to be stable. For similar reasons, Skyrmions also have to be stable, with a conserved ...
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1answer
464 views

Matrix element in quantum mechanics

This is about a matrix element of a second quantized operator. Consider the operator $$ U=\sum_{\alpha\beta}U_{\alpha\beta}c^{+}_{\alpha}c_{\beta} $$ Something strange emerges if we calculate again ...
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695 views

Topological Order and Entanglement

I have a question about entanglement in condensed matter physics. It seems that topological order origins from long range entanglement, but what is long range entanglement? It is the same as long ...
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204 views

Is quantum Hall current density local? (${\bf j}({\bf r}) = \sigma_H {\bf \hat n \times E}({\bf r}) $)

The good old Ohm's law $${\bf j}({\bf r}) = \sigma_O {\bf E}({\bf r})$$ if translated into words would be "the local current density is proportional to a local electric field." In a quantum Hall ...
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137 views

Crystal magnetic response only skin deep?

The Hamiltonian for a single electron in a magnetic field reads $$H=\left(\frac{{\bf p}^{2}}{2m_{e}}+q_{e}\phi\right)+\mu_{B}\left({\bf \hat{L}}+g{\bf \hat{S}}\right)\cdot{\bf ...
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Can water be magnetized?

This may be a stupid question, so feel free to shoot it down. Assuming all atoms have a magnetic moment, I would assume the water molecule too would have a resultant magnetic moment; ergo, it may be ...
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3answers
168 views

How to incorporate effects of gravity in a many-electron system?

In the weak interaction limit, behaviors of electrons can still be described by a 1-partitcle equation with a modified mass, where the change in mass can be understood as effects of other neighboring ...
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In heterojunction problem, how to align the energy band in presence of bias voltage

For example, SiO$_2$ barrier embeded between Fe magnet and 2-dimensional-electron-gas such as Si. How to align the energy bands of the three materials when an electric field is perpendicular to the ...
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2answers
458 views

Boundary conditions for crystals

As students on solid state physics, we are all taught to use the periodic boundary condition, taking 1D as an example: $\psi(x)=\psi(x+L)$ where $L$ is the length of the 1D crystal. My question is: ...