The study of physical properties condensed phases of matter, including solids and liquids.

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Why does a bucket of Water weigh more than a bucket of Air?

Given the numerous chemical compounds found in dry air [compressed into a liquid] of a given volume [lets say $22.4$ L for simplicities sake] whose atomic weights far surpass that of water alone ...
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54 views

What is the meaning of inflection points in the dispersion relation inside the first Brillouin zone?

I have a question regarding the $E$ vs $k$ curve in the first Brillouin zone. Why does the curve have an inflection point at some value of $k$ in the curve? How does it physically support it?
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476 views

Is there a sound theoretical argument against inner-shell induced nuclear chain reactions?

There is a claim often made about cold fusion, that it is excluded theoretically. The main theoretical argument is that electronic energies are too low to overcome the Coulomb barrier, since d-d ...
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30 views

A small contradiction between periodic boundary condition and first Brilliouin zone

In condensed matter, one usually considers Bloch states inside the first Brilliouin zone, which, for 1d system with lattice constant $a$, is $-\pi/a<k<\pi/a$. But the basis of this, Bloch ...
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46 views

Good introduction to many-body Green's function via path integral formulation?

Can anyone kindly provide any information on valuable references or books on this topic? It appears to be prevalent in 90s papers on High-Tc superconductivity or quantum Hall effect, especially in a ...
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35 views

List of experimental band gap

does anyone know where one can find a list, database, book of experimental bandgap values of semiconductors? Is there such a collection? Or do I need to scour papers one at a time to get the values?
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70 views

Band gaps: are they at the centre or at the edge of the Brillouin zone?

Reading about electronic band structures, I came across the following: Band gaps open at the edges of the Brillouin zone (BZ), since that is where the Bragg scattering occurs. I am slightly ...
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316 views

What is the meaning of Non-Relativistic theory in Condensed Matter Physics?

I an attempt to evade the Goldstone Theorem, it is argued in Gilbert and Klein and Lee's paper that in a non-relativistic field there exists a preferred direction which can be used to evade ...
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51 views

Point group symmetries and unit cell

I was wondering if the unit cell (of a given lattice) had to have every point group symmetries of the lattice it defines ? I guess there is no unique way to define a unit cell and that it may not have ...
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256 views

What is parafermion in condensed matter physics?

Recently, parafermion becomes hot in condensed matter physics (1:Nature Communications, 4, 1348 (2013),[2]:Phys. Rev. X, 2, 041002 (2012), [3]:Phys. Rev. B, 86, 195126 (2012),[4]:Phys. Rev. B,87, ...
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61 views

Variational principle

In the LMTO method, the interstitial region is approximated by plane waves and the muffin tin region of the potential by solutions to the radial Schrodinger equation. In using the variational method ...
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156 views

How to understand topological order at finite temperature?

I have heard that in 2+1D, there are no topological order in finite temperature. Topological entanglement entropy $\gamma$ is zero except in zero temperature. However, we still observe some features ...
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49 views

How much merit is there in the heuristic argument of bulk-edge relation for topological insulators?

Take 2D quantum hall insulator for example. The typical argument goes like this: We have a Hamiltonian that has translation symmetry in both directions on a infinite lattice, and we assign a integer ...
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45 views

Introduction and overview of Condensed Matter Physics [duplicate]

Is there any book that provides an overview of Condensed Matter Physics? I have had a course in QM and statistical physics and some. I dont know anything about this field, so is there a readable ...
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205 views

Numerical problem in solving the Bogoliubov de Gennes equations- methods to solve?

I am trying to solve an assignment on solving the Bogoliubov de Gennes equations self-consistently in Matlab. BdG equations in 1-Dimension are as follows:- $$\left(\begin{array}{cc} ...
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27 views

Quantum Hall Effect Dark Matter Detector?

Has anyone used a Quantum Hall effect detector to detect dark matter? I was looking at the following animation on wikipedia: ...
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17 views

Can the short-time dynamics of an open quantum system be approximately unitary?

Considering the physics of an open quantum system described by a Hamiltonian $H=H_S+H_E+H_{SE}$, where the subscript $S$ refers to the system of interest, $E$ to the environment and $SE$ to the ...
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40 views

Does the Fermi sea have plane waves, or wave packets?

Consider a zero-temperature, one-dimensional crystal with allowed electron momenta $k_n = \frac{2\pi n}{L}$. Question: Which is the more correct way to think about the Fermi sea? Sharp plane ...
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29 views

How to deal with $\vec{j}\cdot\vec{A}$ or $\rho A^2$ interaction when utilizing Kubo formula? Gauge invariance?

If there exist electromagnetic fields in solids, electrons can feel interactions like $\vec{j} \cdot \vec{A}$ or $\rho A^2$ (these are not regarded as perturbations). But these are not gauge ...
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58 views

Significance of magnetic translation operator defined in fractional QHE's description

What is the significance of the magnetic translation operator used in describing the Fractional Quantum hall effect? I was following Anthony Leggett's lecture video in which he defines these operators ...
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16 views

Is there a way to quantify how similar a polycrystal should behave to a single crystal?

So in solid state classes we learned about phenomena like band structure and others arising from a periodic potential. Then we get to doing actual experiment and find out that materials being single ...
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74 views

String-net models on non-trivalent lattices

I have just started reading about string net models. The following aspect wasn't entirely clear to me: String net models are most naturally defined on trivalent networks, that is to say networks ...
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116 views

Bogoliubov transformation with a slight twist

Given a Hamiltonian of the form $H=\sum_k \begin{pmatrix}a_k^\dagger & b_k^\dagger \end{pmatrix} \begin{pmatrix}\omega_0 & \Omega f_k \\ \Omega f_k^* & \omega_0\end{pmatrix} ...
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56 views

Is there a wave function for anyons?

People talk about anyons a lot. But i have never seen an anyon wave function. I suspect that there is no such thing as a wave function for anyons. I mean, anyons are not generalizations of bosons ...
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86 views

Why is there a Majorana zero mode in the $\pi$ flux core of the p+ip superconductor?

In this review paper (http://arxiv.org/pdf/1202.1293.pdf), the author shows that threading a $\pi$ flux through a 2D $p_x+ip_y$ superconductor will trap a Majorana zero mode at the flux center. The ...
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105 views

Is non-relativistic quantum field theory equivalent with quantum mechanics?

Related post Can we "trivialize" the equivalence between canonical quantization of fields and second quantization of particles? Some books of many-body physics, e.g. A.L.Fetter and ...
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35 views

Fractional quantum number induced in a soliton profile

It has been known there is fractional quantum number induced in a soliton profile, such as this Jeffrey Goldstone and Frank Wilczek paper and many works of Jackiw. For example the electric charge ...
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160 views

Dispersion Relation (e vs. k) clarification (crystal momentum or electron momentum)

If we get the dispersion relation from the Fourier transform of the lattice vectors then how do we get electrons information? Specifically, for the $k=0$ point of the graph, does this mean the ...
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63 views

about orthogonal catastrophe

I am reading Wen's book, QFT of many-body systems ( @Xiao-Gang Wen ). I am a little confused about the orthogonal catastrophe introduced in Chap.5. Below Eq.(5.1.6), it is stated that ``the influence ...
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139 views

Why are free electrons free?

This is what I understand so far: in a conductor, the ions have a weak pull on the valence electrons. So when an electric field is applied, the free electrons are able to easily move about. Makes ...
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152 views

Topology and Majorana bound states

I'm working at the moment on Majorana Bound states and their topological properties. Now I have a question about it. The Altland-Zirnbauer symmetry classes says us how many topological different ...
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67 views

Bogoliubov - de Gennes Hamiltonian and Zeeman energy

For my system I can write down the Hamiltonian in this form: $$ H = \begin{pmatrix} \epsilon_{1\downarrow}-\mu_{B}B & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & \epsilon_{2\uparrow}+\mu_{B}B & 0 & 0 \\ ...
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122 views

Does the projected spin state of the $d+id$ mean-field Hamiltonian on a triangular lattice has time-reversal(TR) symmetry?

Consider the following $d+id$ mean-field Hamiltonian for a spin-1/2 model on a triangular lattice $$H=\sum_{<ij>}(\psi_i^\dagger\chi_{ij}\psi_j+H.c.)$$, with $\chi_{ij}=\begin{pmatrix} 0 & ...
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34 views

Difference between RPA and generalized RPA

The random phase approximation (RPA) is an approximation method in condensed matter physics and in nuclear physics. What is the difference between RPA and generalized RPA?
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114 views

confusion in discrete transform to solve kronig penney matrix equation in fourier space

I have a periodic potential $$V(x) =\sum_{K}e^{iKx}V_{K} =\sum_{n}e^{\iota2\pi nx/a}V_{n} $$ where $K =\frac{2\pi n}a$ is the reciprocal lattice vector and $a$ is the lattice constant and $n =\pm ...
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51 views

Chiral Landau's fermi liquid theory in 3+1D

In standard LFL theory, the effect mass of quasiparticle is different from the composite Fermion's mass. It seems that this is no longer true in Chiral case (e.g. a finite density system with ...
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48 views

physical intuition behind quasi-bound state formation in feshbach resonance

In Feshbach resonance, by scattering theory formalism it is found that the resonance in cross-section happens when bound state energy of the closed channel is near to the scattering state energy of ...
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13 views

relating the AB transition temperature in a superfluid with different coherence lengths

i have two sets of data. one leads to a value for the transition temperature from the A phase superlfuid to B phase. This was performed in a thin slab, which was too thin to observe the A-B ...
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1answer
137 views

Difference between Wigner crystal state and fractional quantum Hall (FQH) state

Wigner crystal and FQH effect are both due to strong electron-electron interaction under magnetic field. As we know, Landau's symmetry-breaking cannot be used to describe FQH state. But can it be used ...
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29 views

how is feshbach resonance potential term physically produced?

In Feshbach resonance model, a 2*2 potential term with space dependent diagonal and non-diagonal terms is written $\left(\begin{array}{cc} V_{11}(\mathbf{r}) & V_{12}(\mathbf{r})\\ ...
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117 views

How to determine the orientation of the massive Dirac Hamiltonian?

In the calculation of the Chern number within a 2D lattice model, let's take the Haldane model for example, the Chern number$=\pm1$ has 2 contributions coming from 2 Dirac points described by ...
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2answers
103 views

How to derive the Aharanov-Bohm effect result?

In the derivations of the Aharonov-Bohm phase, it is directly mentioned that due to the introduction of the vector potential $A$, an extra phase is introduced into the wavefunction for case $A\neq0$ ...
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37 views

Are there new states of matter at ultrahigh temperatures and densities?

Under extreme energetic conditions, matter undergoes a series of transitions, and atoms break down into their smallest constituent parts. Those parts are elementary particles called quarks and ...
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56 views

Cellular structure in solid phase detonations

For gaseous and liquid detonations, the detonation propagates by the energy released at the triple-points which form a cellular structure. This structure is traced using a soot foil during ...
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1answer
129 views

What are qubits made of in Wen's string-net theory?

In Prof. Xiaogang Wen's theory, photons and electrons are described as quasi-particles appeared as a result of the existence of the string-net liquid, which is the topological order of the qubits that ...
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20 views

Theorem of inclusion in the disordered Bose-Hubbard model

In a paper by V. Gurarie et al. , the theorem of inclusion is used to prove that there is no direct phase transition between Mott insulator and spuerfluid in presence of disorder. In Fig. 2 of that ...
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305 views

How to understand the emergent special relativity in the superfluid?

The superfluid vacuum theory was proposed to understand some features of the vacuum (aether) from the emergence point of view. Although made up of non-relativistic atoms, the low-energy excitations of ...
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91 views

How are superconductors discovered?

How do scientists discover superconductors? Do they test properties of every material available on Earth? Or do they do something mathematically?
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149 views

If you suddenly move a piece of metal, will that disturb the free electron density?

If we have a hollow pipe sitting at rest filled with gas and we moved the pipe suddenly along its length to the right, then the gas density will be momentarily higher near the rear of the pipe and ...
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130 views

A conceptual question about Green's function's treatment of interaction

Here we have electron gas and some other stuff. We expand the Hamiltonian to the 1st order of one single harmonic oscillator's displacement $\vec{u}$. Its equilibrium position is at the origin. Then ...