Subdiscipline of theoretical physics which consists in the study of physics problems using numerical algorithms. PLEASE NOTE that questions about computational methods and/or programming are OFF-TOPIC on Physics.SE.

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95 views

The number of mean free paths which a particle traverses is independent of the material traversed

This is a manual from a Monte Carlo physics manual: Computing the occurrence of a process Can anyone tell me why the number of mean free paths of a particle is independent of the material which it ...
4
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1answer
504 views

Industry application of computational quantum mechanics?

I was wondering if anybody knew of an industry application of computational quantum mechanics. For example, the efficient placement of circuit elements on a PCB is in part motivated by classical FDTD ...
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0answers
65 views

numerical investigation of stability [closed]

I am trying to find the required specifications of an paul RF trap, in which a proton can be confined.(trap dimensions,voltage frequency and amplitude used, etc). I have to solve the equations of ...
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2answers
228 views

How can one determine at which distance the Lennard-Jones potential reaches a given value?

My question is fairly simple, but I do need clarification on how to get the inverse of the Lennard-Jones potential V(x). I am working with the following expression: $$ V(x) = e\times[(R/x)^{12} ...
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1answer
383 views

Magnetic field of permanent magnet [closed]

Hi I am looking for some code to (computationally) calculate the magnetic field of a rectangular permanent magnet in 3D space. Preferably I could edit it to add in my own dimensions. Does anyone know ...
2
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1answer
550 views

Lennard Jones liquid vapour phase transition

I am trying to generate a phase diagram of pressure versus temperature in a NPT ensemble using molecular dynamics method. I am using the Lennard Jones potential with 108 particles and Berendsen ...
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1answer
111 views

Parameter determining argon phase

Currently I am working a molecular simulation to determine phases of an argon NPT ensemble using Lennard Jones potential. Mainly I use the radial distribution function to determine solid, liquid, or ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Mutual Interaction of $N$-Particles in a Cartesian Plane

I am making a simulation of $N$-Particles in a cartesian plane and need help with understanding the basics. At anytime, in my particle system, I will have $N$ number of particles. I am treating the ...
4
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1answer
165 views

Using the monte carlo method to compute the magnetic field of a curent carrying loop

I have written a program in cpp that computes the magnetic field at a point from a current carrying loop. It uses the biot savart law and the monte carlo technique to carry out the integral. The ...
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1answer
133 views

Strange Behavior in Spring Computer Model

To learn more about oscillatory motion which I am learning about in my high school physics class, I have created a computer model of a damped spring where the damping force is proportional to ...
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1answer
272 views

Help: 3D visualization of magnetic field around moving point charge

The diagrams I'm able to find online only show the concentric field lines in the particle's plane, perpendicular to the motion, which of course generalizes to the cylindrical shape around a conductor. ...
2
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2answers
252 views

Computational Science involve programming? [closed]

I read what is computational science in Wikipedia but the explanation and understanding are not very clear. So, I could you please give a simple example computational science project and what all ...
2
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4answers
239 views

Computer Science Modeling of Physical World

I am curious what efforts have been made to date to define virtual computer worlds based on the physics we know in the real world? I think it would be awesome to say start off with an atom defining ...
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2answers
257 views

Where does Computer Science background students fit in Theoretical Physics [closed]

I am basically an Electronics student - background in computer science (that's where I want to work). I applied for an internship in USA in a research institute where the group is focused in ...
0
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1answer
146 views

Reference-request: Computational science and physics [closed]

I'm interested in the following question: Is Nature computable at it's most fundamental level? Can anyone suggest any works (books, papers / articles, reviews) related to the above question? ...
2
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2answers
205 views

numerical formulation of Dirac equation plus electromagnetic field

I have the following equations describing the electron field in a (classic) electromagnetic field: $$ c\left(\alpha _i\right.{\cdot (P - q(A + A_b) + \beta mc) \psi = E \psi } $$ where $A_b$ is ...
3
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3answers
326 views

Can a wavefunction be solved to any arbitrary precision, given enough computer time?

I learned that the wavefunction for the hydrogen atom can be solved analytically (we did the derivation in class), but that for more complicated atoms it is "impossible" to solve and that only ...
8
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0answers
358 views

Intuition for when the replica trick should work and why it works

I am a graduate student in mathematics working in probability (without a very good background in physics honestly) and I've started to see arguments based on computations derived from the replica ...
3
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2answers
531 views

Can I use imaginary time propagation for many-body problems?

There are various ways to numerically find the ground state energy and wavefunction of a many-body Hamiltonian. You can diagonalize the Hamiltonian and pick out the lowest eigenstate, or you use ...
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2answers
165 views

Why are Markov chains better than naive algorithm for Random picking?

I have a question about the problem of coming up with a random distribution of non-overlapping coins in a given two dimensional space. I don't understand why using the random sequential adsorption ...
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3answers
680 views

Calculate kinematics of body movement from the set of spatial coordinates

Short intro I have a set of 3D (x,y,z) spatial coordinates of arm movement obtained using motion capture system. The example set of such coordinates looks like this (rounded up): ...
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2answers
928 views

How do I integrate the Poisson equation to determine the electric potential along a particular direction (e.g., $z$)?

This question is a sequel of sorts to my earlier (resolved) question about a recent paper. In the paper, the authors performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of parallel-plate supercapacitors, ...
2
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1answer
393 views

How is acceleration computed in the leap-frog algorithm in computer simulations of particles?

I am reading the book Computer Simulation of Liquids by Allen and Tildesley (here is another link). On page 80, the authors describe the leap-frog algorithm, which is used extensively in molecular ...
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2answers
344 views

How do you simulate chiral gauge theories on a computer?

David Tong and Lubos Motl have argued that our universe can't possibly be a digital computer simulation because chiral gauge theories can't be discretized, and the Standard Model is a chiral gauge ...
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2answers
247 views

How to decide convergence of the ensemble average in a Monte Carlo process

I am simulating electromagnetic scattering off a rough surface. The usual process is to do a Monte Carlo simulation, which is briefly described as follows. Generate a randomly rough surface, and ...
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0answers
300 views

fun computational physics projects [closed]

I want to learn how to code in Java and am in need of some cool computational physics projects that would provide motivation to do so. I was wondering if you guys could list some medium-level ...
5
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2answers
318 views

In condensed matter simulations, how is particle number density computed in practice?

I have been reading a recent paper. In it, the authors performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of parallel-plate supercapacitors, in which liquid resides between the parallel-plate electrodes. ...
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4answers
2k views

Why is the canonical ($NVT$) ensemble often used for (classical) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations?

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation is a common approach to the (classical) many-body problem. It relies on integration of Newton's equations of motion to simulate the trajectories of many (e.g., ...
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3answers
438 views

Adding rotation to internal coordinates

I'm optimizing the geometry of a system composed of several interacting masses (a molecule). The energy of the system depends on the relative position of the masses, and all velocities are zero. In a ...
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0answers
41 views

bond energies database [closed]

I’m looking for a public database of bond energies of biochemical compounds. Do you know about any? Otherwise, which is the standard computational methodology to calculate them? Any references would ...
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0answers
667 views

Calculating semi-major axis of binary stars from velocity, position and mass

I'm trying to calculate the 'instantaneous' semi-major axis of a binary system with two equal (known) mass stars for an $N$-body simulation. I know their velocities and positions at a given time, but ...
5
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0answers
503 views

Interpretation of Stiffness Matrix and Mass Matrix in Finite Element Method

I would like to have a general interpretation of the coefficients of the stiffness matrix that appears in FEM. For instance if we are solving a linear elasticity problem and we modelize the relation ...
2
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0answers
426 views

Comparison of different ab-initio codes

One may find on the web a lot of different computational packages to perform "ab-initio" calculations of electron structure of the solids. Usually, the documentation is not quite transparent about the ...
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0answers
83 views

References for circular restricted 3 body problem?

Does anyone know of any good references for the CR3BP -- the circular restricted 3 body problem? Emphasizing on real-life applications, and interpretation of the numerical solutions? Thank you. There ...
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0answers
200 views

Modeling the trajectory of a particle in an Electric field [closed]

[This problem has been resolved, sorry for posting in the wrong forum!] (I was trying to model the trajectory of a particle in an electric field.)
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1answer
339 views

Does the universe follow a general physical and computational principle of evolution?

Evolution is a principle in biology, whereby organisms evolve their ability to replicate and multiply in numbers over successive generations. From a computational point of view, the organisms employ a ...
3
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2answers
564 views

Implementing simple atom model using density functional theory (DFT)

I am trying to write computer code which will find the energy and density function for an atom with $Z$ protons and $N$ electrons. I am working in 1D for simplicity and would like to make the overall ...
5
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1answer
230 views

What equation describes the electrostatic potential in these circumstances?

I have a solver for Poisson's equation and it works nicely. It uses finite differences. It works in the presence of multiple dielectrics. It also solves the Poisson Boltzmann equation. That is, fixed ...
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1answer
274 views

Boundary condition for water waves generation

I am trying to model water wave propagation in 2D with CFD. What would be a suitable boundary condition to generate the waves on the left boundary? Currently I vary the fraction of water above the ...
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1answer
523 views

Calculating Kramers-Kronig using Mathematica

First of all, I know there is a Mathematica group in beta, but I don't think the problem of the following is directly a Mathematica issue. I am trying to calculate the change of the refractive index ...
3
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2answers
746 views

Can cellular automata be reconcilied with quantum mechanics?

CAs are deterministic representations of the universe, which, according to the Bell's inequality are not entirely accurate. Cells interact "locally" (only with the closest neighbours), while quantum ...
3
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1answer
101 views

buiding circuits from color superconductors

caveat: the sort of exotic matter engineering in here is currently beyond the reach of our technology, but, that having been said: Has their been any research on building models of these sorts of ...
4
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3answers
617 views

Nanorobots. What stops us from producing them yet?

If we can already predicts accuratelly motion on molecular levels, what stops us from developing small robots to, for instance, navigate through our blood vessels looking for cancerous cells and ...
10
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1answer
125 views

Consideration of static atomic displacements in electronic structure calculations

I am hoping to discuss some details of electronic structure calculations. I am not an expert on this topic, so please forgive any abuse of terminology. It is my understanding that first principles ...
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0answers
114 views

Calculating collisions in realtime - dealing with a delay in time [closed]

I wasn't sure in which stackexchange to post this, since the questions deals with a lot of different topics. I've posted it first at stackoverflow, but I've been redirected here... Suppose: You're ...
1
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1answer
242 views

Numerical algorithms to generate a random wavefunction from a thermal ensemble

I am seeking an algorithm to generate a random wavefunction = $\sum {c_i |\varphi _i\rangle }$ from a thermal ensemble, whose density matrix $\rho \sim e^{-\beta H}$, without the need to diagonalize ...
2
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1answer
17k views

How Does force relate to velocity

I had originally asked this question on math overflow and it was suggested that I ask it here. So I know that a force will change the magnitude of velocity if it is at an angle other that 90 degrees. ...
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3answers
748 views

Non-computable numbers in Physics

It is known that there are real numbers that can't be calculated (non-computable numbers). Quite probably that some physical phenomena (it is possible still undetected) depend on this numbers. Whether ...
4
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1answer
340 views

Numeric method to calculate the charge distribution on a conducting surface?

If I have an arbitrary (closed?) conducting surface and a nearby charge density, is there a simple numeric way of computing the induced charge distribution on the surface?
2
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0answers
169 views

Detailed procedures of numerical calculations in lattice models [closed]

I am looking for a reference to show me a detailed procedure of numerical calculation of a physical quantity of a lattice. I have knowledge of the physics part and I am able to find it. My problem ...