Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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Hamiltonian function for classical hard-sphere elastic collision

I'm trying to find the Hamiltonian function for a system consisting of a single particle in one dimension colliding elastically with a wall at $x = 0$. Everything I've read on the topic (e.g. this ...
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181 views

Baryonic density in collision experiments

Does anyone know any way of estimating the net baryon density in collision experiments, e.g. in LHC, RHIC, or the upcoming ones at GSI-FAIR? I have comes across many hand-waving arguments, sample - ...
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248 views

Modelling an Inelastic Collision

I've attempted to model the inelastic collision between a moving mass and a large stationary object, e.g. dropping an ball on the floor, for analysing the approximate kinematics and heat dissipation ...
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42 views

Can a projectile moving at supersonic velocities leave a silhouette in whatever it hits?

I was recently reading this, and Floris's answer confirmed my knowledge that the information of an collision travels at the speed of sound. While I was thinking about that, my mind wandered and I ...
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205 views

Trying to make a realistic simulation of 'breaks' (Pool)

I'm working on a 2D pool simulation project right now, and I'm trying to create good looking physics that are also performant. After collisions are detected, I update the velocities of the balls. So ...
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86 views

Relativity addition and signs

I have just covered a very brief module on special relativity as a part of my physics course. I have also done some extra reading mostly; Morrin's Classical Mechanics. While I found the book really ...
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220 views

Collision of Discs and Snooker Kicks

I woke up this morning thinking about spinning discs. Could someone verify whether my reasoning below is correct? Problem 1 Suppose have two identical uniform discs constrained to move in a plane. ...
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103 views

Lennard-Jones induced pseudo-molecules

It can be shown that the Lennard-Jones potential - which describes the interaction between particles in non-ideal gases - gives rise to pseudo-molecules: after a triple "collision" of three ...
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107 views

How to formally write down the Boltzmann equation?

Can someone write down the Boltzmann equation, not neglecting any of the variables of the involved functions and integrals? Specifically, how to concisely capture the "primed" variables in a sensible ...
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50 views

How to write down the detailed balance (microreversed) amplitude

I know that time-reversal of a reaction and the detailed balance (microreversed, or reciprocal) reaction are different. Textbooks on scattering theory explain how to relate the S-matrix elements of a ...
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22 views

Does inelastic collision mean the colliding particles have to necessarily stick?

In a case when particle 1 is moving vertically upwards and particle 2 if moving horizontally and they collide perfectly inelastically, why would the particles stick ? Since inelastic collision means ...
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53 views

Collision symmetry and measuring the asymmetry in the Drell-Yan process

I saw a talk the other day about an asymmetry in the Drell-Yan process caused by CP-violation: Apparently one way this can be measured (ATLAS is doing this) is to collide protons and observe the ...
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45 views

Books on collision probability and collision processes

Are there any books specifically on collision processes between atoms and molecules and collision probability? I would like to get an overview of the factors that determine collision probability ...
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131 views

2d pool collision with rotational motion

I'm trying to calculate two 2d disks' collision with rotational motion. The collision is perfectly elastic: the sum of translational and rotational energy is conserved. In the instant of the collision ...
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103 views

Nucleon-nucleon collision density

Can someone help me derive expression for nucleon-nucleon collision density as a function of transverse plane coordinates (ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions) using Wood-Saxon nuclear densities( ...
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39 views

Trouble evaluating an integral arising from particle collision

Assume we have two charged particles colliding. He have particle 1 with mass $m_1$, charge $Z_1 \cdot e$ which travels in $x$-Direction passing by a STATIONARY particle 2 (mass $m_2$, charge $Z_2 ...
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145 views

Matrix element approximation

In the formula for the decay width of $\Upsilon(4S)$ to B-mesons from $\text{e}^+\text{e}^-$ collisions: $$\Gamma_{\Upsilon(4S)\to B\bar{B}}=\frac{\left|\underline{P}_B \right|}{8\pi ...
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270 views

How to calculate the resulting velocitys and rotation speed after two concave polygons collide in 2d

so I've been searching google for how to do this, but all anyone seems to care about is collision detection =p, and no results come close to teaching me how to calculate 2d elastic collision between ...
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48 views

Electron positron collision producing mesons

An electron of an energy 9 GeV and a positron of energy E collide to produce a $B^0$ and anti-$B^0$ meson, each with a mass of 5.3 GeV. What is the minimum positron energy required to produce the ...
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21 views

Does final velocity after collision depends only on temperature change

An inelastic collision causes translational kinetic energy to be transferred into vibrational kinetic energy. Total kinetic energy is conserved. We measure the decrease in translational kinetic energy ...
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23 views

Plastic deformation energy dissipation due to inelastic collision

I have been attempting to determine an analytical expression for the coefficient of restitution (or any similar collision parameter) for an inelastic collision. So far, I've looked at Hertzian contact ...
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38 views

Elastic Collision of Infinitely Large Body and an Infinitely Small Body

So I guess this is a somewhat conceptual question. There are two bodies, one with a mass $m$ that is so light it is massless and at rest so $v_{_i1} = 0$ And the other with mass $M$ that is almost ...
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36 views

kinetic energy of flowing fluid

When a quantity of fluid (let's say equal to volumetric flow rate Litre/s) collides during a second with an object, do all the molecules of this quantity collides with it? I am asking this question ...
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8 views

Discrepancy of capture from 2p+1 state to 2p(+-1)

In the (nlm) characterization of hydrogenic orbitals. Consider the collisions H+ + H(2p+1) ---> H(2p-1) + H+ H+ + H(2p+1) ---> H(2p+1) + H+ where an electron capture has ocurred. Should the ...
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61 views

Glancing collision question

Can someone explain the energy loss in a glancing collision to me? And how this compares with head-on collisions. I know head-on collisions are when objects rebound on straight line paths that ...
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14 views

Are the effects of faraday's law of induction worth considering in this experiment?

In my intro to physics lab at uni, we did an experiment where we were supposed to measure the amount of kinetic energy and momentum before and after collisions between two carts. For some reason, ...
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37 views

two sphere collision, distribution of KE

If we have two glass balls of exact same mass and size. We tape to the first one a very little piece of titanium facing the other sphere and we collide the two spheres at the same speed. The question ...
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294 views

How do I derive the formula of coefficient of restitution?

I have learnt in collision mechanics about the term Coefficient of restitution, $\mathrm{e=\frac{v_{2f}-v_{1f}}{v_{1i}-v_{2i}}}$. But the sad part is that, in my book only the formula is there. My ...
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35 views

Impact Time in Impulses

Impact time is said to be a key determinant in determining how much force is exerted upon a body. Because the impulse required to stop a falling block is the same regardless of what type of flooring ...
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11 views

Precisely calculate velocities after collision of convex objects

I am writing a simple physics engine, and I'm now trying to calculate the post-collision velocities of two colliding, convex objects. I know the coefficient of restitution, but most of the math that ...
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17 views

Issues determining velocity in a totally elastic collision

A block of mass $M_1$ is attached by string to a support. The block is raised to a height and released. It then strikes a block of mass $M_2$ on a frictionless surface. Find the velocity of block ...
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27 views

Star collision observation

What would these scenarios look like in real world? I mean, what the result would be?: 2 stars (not necessarily same mass) will collide "side by side", like in, they originally were traveling ...
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52 views

One extra conservation equation or angle relation for a relativistic collision

Edit: It seems that the derivation for the center of momentum frame was incorrect, due to the fact that the center of momentum velocity changes after the collision. This is also true for the ...
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51 views

Coefficient Of Restitution of Two Balls With Different Elasticities

In a computer program, I need to simulate the collision of two balls with different elasticity values given between 0.0-1.0. I looked for a formula to derive restitution coefficient from elasticity ...
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42 views

Simple question relating to physics prac reports

I am writing a physics practical report relating to the elasticity of materials relating to their momentum in a collision. I have values for the elasticities that are all within 2% of each other but I ...
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65 views

During perfectly elastic collision of two objects $A$ and $B$, how much is the initial speed of object $A$ affecting the force applied to $A$ itself?

I got stuck in what seemed to be an easy problem. If two bodies $A$ and $B$ collide perfectly elastically and head-on what is the equation that gives us the forces applied to $A$ and $B$, given a ...
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48 views

Centrality analogue in proton-proton collision

If we look at ion-ion collisions one can represent most observables as a function of centrality (0-5% centrality class event etc.). Is there any possibility to introduce centrality analogue in ...
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107 views

What is the relationship between the Young's modulus of a material and the elasticity of a free fall collision

I'm coding a 2D physics simulator based around the Newtonian physics principles with some alterations due to computation limits and I am at the stage of creating a collision event between a planetary ...
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42 views

Ideal Bullet Block

What if in the experiment by Veritasium Bullet Block Explained, we used an ideal block and bullet, so that the collision is perfect elastic, and the bullet doesn't stick to the block after hitting it? ...
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80 views

Hitting the center of percussion

I have a couple of questions about the CP The formula is : $$b=\frac{L^2}{12A}$$ where b is the distance from CoG, therefore if L = 1 (and M = 12), the distance from the center of gravity be ...
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282 views

Two cars colliding with different speeds

If I have one car travelling at 30 m/s and another travelling at 10 m/s both weighing the same amount, why is it that the car travelling 10 m/s would have more damage? According to Newton's third law ...
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267 views

Experiment to verify a spring constant

In my high school physics class, I had students do a Hooke's Law lab to measure an unknown spring constant. Once we compared everyone's data we came up with a class value for $k$ of 253 N/m. We then ...
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231 views

Speed of a magnet

What is the speed of two magnets during the congruent moment of their attraction? Theoretically, could a large enough magnet attract a significantly smaller magnet at near the speed of light? In ...
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121 views

Collision force calculation with no future knowledge

For a personal project, I am attempting to write a fairly realistic collision simulator (for relatively large objects, not quantum stuff). As I was consulting my physics textbook and various online ...
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151 views

Transfer Equation between two oscillating pendulum collision

How to model the energy transfer equation between two oscilators colliding? For example two pendulum oscilating at frequency $f_1$ and $f_2$ and they transfer energy during colision.
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61 views

Collision between 2d circle and flat surface

First of all I want to preface this post by saying that I am absolutely terrible at maths, my level of geometry equals being able to discern a circle from a rectangle but that's about it, as for ...
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503 views

Relativistic elastic head-on collision: The momentum just reverses direction

Consider a relativistic elastic head-on collision between a projectile, with mass $m_a$ and velocity $\mathbf{v}_a$, and a stationary target of mass $m_b$. Here "head-on" means that the two particles ...
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68 views

How close together must air molecules be to bounce off one another?

When, say $\text{N}_2$, is in the wild, it regularly collides with other $\text{N}_2$. I assume these collisions happen as, having become sufficiently close, the atomic electrons are repelled from ...
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134 views

Light bodies at high speeds behave like heavy objects when recorded by a high speed camera

This is potentially a very dumb question, but recently I was looking at some slow motion footage of bullets hitting stuff and I realized something interesting. One of the clips showed two metal ...
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313 views

when water falls to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the energy go?

When water falls from some height to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the initial potential energy go? Sound, heat, surface tension, or motion of the earth?