Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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Need for acceleration in particle-antiparticle annihilation? [closed]

If an electron and positron are accelerated towards each other, at distances quite far away, there wouldn't be any significant electrostatic attraction, hence they need to be accelerated. But when ...
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3answers
101 views

Object falls and hits ground - which forces are involved to change its momentum?

When an object falls and hits the ground - which forces are involved to change its momentum? Should $m\vec{g}$ be taken into account of the forces that were involved in the change of momentum?
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97 views

Playing catch in space?

I was thinking about this on the bus (exam this week :P). What would happen if two people played catch in outer space? Lets say person A and B are in space at rest, A throws a mass m at B, what ...
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5answers
179 views

Relation between the conservation of Energy and the conservation of Momentum?

I just learn about the momentum and it conservative attribute in a closed and isolate system and there is something I don't understand when I relate it to the conservation of the energy Considering ...
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746 views

Does the coefficient of restitution matter in a collision?

Suppose two particles are colliding. Let initial velocities be $u_1$ and $u_2$ .Their final velocities are $v_1$ and $v_2$. Now $u_1$ and $u_2$ are known. By intuition I can understand that $v_1$ and ...
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113 views

Properties of an object whose collision with Earth would completely disintegrate Earth

This picture got me thinking, whether such collision would be possible, and would it really look like that from the moon. What would be the properties (mass, size, velocity etc.) of an object, whose ...
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3answers
520 views

Collision of two balls [duplicate]

Two balls, with masses $m_1$ and $m_2$ are falling from the heigh $h$. All the collisions are perfectly elastic. Do not consider the size of the balls. $m_1 < m_2$ and lighter ball is on the top. ...
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59 views

Something about collision [closed]

A sphere P of mass m, travelling with speed $u$, makes a head-on collision with a stationary sphere Q also of mass m. After the collision, the velocities of P and Q are $v_1$ and $v_2$ ...
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Two objects exert forces on each other, will the reactions affect them?

Two objects go in against each other, and then they collide, will object 1, exerting force 1, necessarily get on it a reaction equal in magnitude and opposite in direction? EDIT:- In my book it only ...
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21 views

coulomb collision

I was reading an article by N. Bohr and came upon the following problem (the following wording is actually taken from a book by Thompson - Conduction of Electricity Through Gases): Let $M_1, M_2$ ...
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42 views

If one object, moving at a constant speed collides with another object - which is at rest - how much force has been applied?

This is one question for which an answer doesn't really make intuitive sense. In elementary school, we learn F=ma, but where's the "a" in a collision such as this? Edit: Plus, there has to be a force ...
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38 views

Collsion in 2D, find angle and final momentum

Suppose that the collision is completely inelastic. Disregard friction as the surface is smooth. Suppose that one is in the direction of $(1,0)$ and the other $(0,1)$. Is the final momentum the ...
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73 views

Does elementary particle emit photon?

Charged particles are accelerated by the magnetic field in a particle collider before allowed to smash together at specific location where the detectors are housed. My question is do the ...
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2answers
110 views

Two balls travelling at different speeds collide in two referentials

In a referential R1, one ball B1 travels at 100 m/s and hits and another identitcal ball B2 that travels at 50 m/s in the same direction. Assuming the material in which the balls are made is such that ...
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1answer
85 views

Linear Momentum Based Problem [closed]

A ball moving along a straight line collides elastically with another stationary ball of the same mass. At the moment of collision the angle between the straight line passing through the centres of ...
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2answers
231 views

Conservation of Momentum: Perfectly Elastic Collision, Example Problem

I am a middle school science teacher. I'm a little rusty on my physics knowledge, and I came across a question that I feel like I should be able to solve, but it also feels like there is a piece of ...
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172 views

Question on the negativity of the coefficient of restitution

I was trying to solve a Mechanics question on Momentum. Here is the question : Two small smooth spheres A and B have equal radii and have masses m and km respectively. They are moving in a ...
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534 views

A spring with two masses in an inelastic collision

An ideal spring is attached to a wall, and the other end is attached to a mass $m$. The spring is initially compressed a distance $x$. After it is released, the mass collides with another mass $2m$ ...
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360 views

Calculating velocity change after impact?

Let's say there is no gravity here and objects won't crush. We have 2 rocks with $m=10\text{ kg}$. First rock has velocity $v_1=0\text{ m/s}$ and second $v_2=10\text{ m/s}$ (flying in leftward ...
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2answers
47 views

Capturing Energy from a Positron-Electron Collision

According to the book Physics of the Impossible, the catastrophic collision between a electron and a positron yields an output of 1.02 MeV. Assuming you have an isotope like $^{22}\text{Na}$, which is ...
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1answer
65 views

absorption length of thermal neutrons in a medium

My book states that $$N(x)=N_0\cdot e^{n\cdot \sigma \cdot x}$$ for $n$ absorbing particles per volume element with a cross section $\sigma$. Can somebody explain where this comes from?
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137 views

How do you make a collision more elastic?

Currently, as described in this question, collisions cannot be elastic. However, is there a way to make a collision more elastic? Background: We're working on a project right now involving high ...
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88 views

Bullet: Piercing vs. Deflection

I am trying to create a simulation where a projectile (imagine a bullet) is fired at a surface of some kind. When it collides with the surface, I need to figure out what happens between the bullet and ...
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2answers
773 views

Two balls falling one above the other [closed]

Two balls, first with the mass $m_1$ and the second with the mass $m_2$ are falling from the heigh $h$. Suppose all the collisions are perfectly elastic and do not consider the size of the balls. $m_1 ...
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2answers
808 views

Simple conservation of momentum and frame of reference problem

I'm making a very simple physics engine based on momentum, and I'm solving what response to use for a collision from each involved object's frame of reference. However, something about how I'm ...
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Calculating force of impact

Since $\text{force = mass}\times\text{acceleration}$, is it right to say that an object traveling at a high constant velocity (zero acceleration), exerts zero force upon impact with a stationary ...
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1k views

Elastic Collision And Momentum

The question I am working on is, "Two blocks are free to slide along the friction-less wooden track shown below. The block of mass $m_1 = 4.98~kg$ is released from the position shown, at height $h = ...
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1answer
125 views

A Decrease In Momentum?

The specifics of a question I am working on are, "After a 0.280-kg rubber ball is dropped from a height of 1.80 m, it bounces off a concrete floor and rebounds to a height of 1.45 m." Why doesn't the ...
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2answers
793 views

How to calculate the coefficient of restitution for 2 bodies?

I have 2 rigid bodies (from different materials) in a collision. As you know I should have the coefficient of restitution value to get the velocities after collision. What is the information/values ...
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1answer
648 views

How are these balls reflected after they hit each other? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Physics of simple collisions I have 2 photos of the balls, one before the collision and one after the collision. They do a elastic collision. I want to know how is the ...
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1answer
57 views

Newton's law of restitution

Newton's law of restitution. Could someone tell me what the easiest form of this law to use is? I usually try to use e=(v(2)-v(1))/(u(1)-u(2)). Does the law also work if I don't know the direction of ...
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54 views

Do inelastic or elastic collisions have any effect on a large bodies movement (like the Earth)

Recently read a question regarding the temperature of the CMB & one of the comments got me thinking... From what I understand, collisions between subatomic particles and objects out in ...
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52 views

Can we generate electric current by injecting electrons into a copper panel

Suppose I take a vacuum tube and accelerate electrons in it by electric fields then collide it on a copper plate. Will the electrons then go inside it and generate an electric current by putting a ...
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89 views

Equations for a collision between two particles

Say I have two particles on a 2D plane, they have a x and y coordinate, a x and y velocity, a mass, a coefficient of restitution and a coefficient of friction. What formulae would I need to determine ...
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1answer
36 views

Definition of a symbol $s_{NN}$ appearing in particle physics

What is the meaning of $s_{NN}$ in particle physics? See e.g. here http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/thesis/karabowicz_phd_thesis.pdf page 18 in the pdf. What is its relation to energy? I ...
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1answer
60 views

How to calculate the deceleration of two trains moving with the same velocity? [closed]

Two trains travelling on the same track are approaching each other with equal speeds of 40m/s. The drivers of the train begin to decelerate simultaneously when they are just 2km apart. If the ...
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3answers
73 views

Why doesn't an object that collides with one that is at rest just do a 180?

Newton's third law says "for every action, there's an equal and opposite reaction." So why is it, say, that when a pool/billiards ball hits the wall of the table, the ball doesn't just turn around?
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77 views

Domain of different types of collision?

Can anyone tell me why elastic collision occur between atomic particles? inelastic collision occur between ordinary objects? perfectly inelastic collision occur during shooting? ...
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67 views

Why does accounting for direction give the wrong result for a bouncing ball?

This a conservation of momentum problem, gathered from an old textbook. I thought it would be simple, but I seem to be goofing up somewhere in my basic conceptual understanding. PROBLEM: A 1.0 kg ...
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1answer
159 views

Having problem in understanding the coefficient of restitution

Newton discovered that the relative velocity of separation of the two bodies after the collision is always proportional to relative velocity of approach before collision. The proportionality ...
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1answer
144 views

Help with equations for deflecting an asteroid

This is a homework assignment, but not the physics part. I have to write a python script to simulate the size of a warhead required to deflect an asteroid (parameters inputted by user) that is on a ...
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2answers
112 views

Ballistic Pendulum Demo Problem

I have a question about the following problem: I got the solution $v=\frac{M+m}{m} \sqrt{2gh}$. But my real question is in the following picture: In the above slide, how can you derive ...
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1answer
40 views

Collision of a heavy charged particle with an electron at rest - Deduction

When I was studying Nuclear Physics I saw this formula about interaction of radiation with matter. The book mentioned that when considering a elastic collision of a heavy charged particle of mass $M$ ...
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1answer
251 views

Bullet hits block. Show that linear momentum is not conserved [closed]

"..." First, we will familiarize us with a collision between a homogeneous beam of length, $L$, mass $M$ attached with a frictionless hinge in point $O$ at one of the endpoints of the beam. The ...
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1answer
151 views

Angular momentum of two rotating spheres

I am trying to calculate an instantaneous merger of two rotating spheres into one. Two spheres each rotating around their own axis of rotation (which are generally not aligned) and moving relative to ...
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1answer
1k views

Loss of kinetic energy in inelastic collision [duplicate]

I know that momentum and energy are always conserved in collisions, but if we have a perfectly inelastic collision in which an object sticks to another object $m_1 v_1 + m_2 v_2 = (m_1+m_2)v_{12}$, ...
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1answer
144 views

Relative Velocities and Conservation of Kinetic Energy

An object of mass m moves with velocity $v$ towards a stationary object of same mass. Impact is an elastic collision. $v_1$ is the velocity after impact of the mass originally moving $v_2$ is the ...
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68 views

Distribution of Kinetic energy after an Impact

How does the huge amount of kinetic energy of some fast object like a meteor or rocket etc. gets distributed into various kinds of energy like kinetic, sound, light etc after making an impact with ...
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1answer
674 views

How can I calculate the time until collision?

I'm programming a 1 dimensional physics simulator in python. How do I calculate the amount of time until two particle points that are traveling towards eachother collide? I am using the equation: ...
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1answer
473 views

effect of object mass in coeficient of restitution

I know the coefficient of restitution depends on the velocity before and after the impact of a bouncing ball. How does the mass affect it. Can't figure it out. v ...