Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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4answers
655 views

Classical mechanics and the speed of a train-mosquito collision, when perfectly rigid bodies

This is all under the assumption that they are perfectly rigid bodies: A train is moving at 300m/s. A mosquito is moving directly towards it, head-on, at 4m/s. When the mosquito and the train ...
0
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1answer
130 views

How to get energy of collision if you know force of gravity of an object($m \rightarrow F=mg$)?

How to get energy of collision if you know force of gravity of an object($m \rightarrow F=mg$)? You get energy of collision by kinetic energy $E_k= \frac{1}{2}mv^2$, but if you use just force of ...
18
votes
6answers
22k views

Is two cars colliding at 50mph the same as one car colliding into a wall at 100 mph?

I was watching a youtube video the other day where an economist said that he challenged his physics professor on this question back when he was in school. His professor said each scenario is the same, ...
0
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2answers
910 views

Elastic Collision And Momentum

The question I am working on is, "Two blocks are free to slide along the friction-less wooden track shown below. The block of mass $m_1 = 4.98~kg$ is released from the position shown, at height $h = ...
0
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1answer
227 views

Analysis of the impulse of 2 colliding carts under the effect of magnetic repulsion

Hi there! I have a question about an experiment that was conducted. It is related to momentum. 2 carts were put on a track on opposite sides. They were then propelled towards one another at ...
1
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1answer
259 views

Momentum And A Car Collision

I am studying an example problem, concerning the very topic mentioned in the title. In this example problem, a car has a head-on collision with the wall; the initial and final velocity are known, as ...
0
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1answer
107 views

A Decrease In Momentum?

The specifics of a question I am working on are, "After a 0.280-kg rubber ball is dropped from a height of 1.80 m, it bounces off a concrete floor and rebounds to a height of 1.45 m." Why doesn't the ...
0
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1answer
781 views

What is the linear momentum of an inelastic and elastic collision?

The arrows in the figure represent the linear momentum of two balls before they collide. If the collision is perfectly inelastic, find the linear momentum after the collision. If the collision is ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Could we use particle colliders as fusion generators?

So I know the basic gist is that fusion power's main issue is sustaining the fusion. I also know that there are two methods. The Torus method and the laser method. The torus magnetically contains ...
1
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2answers
3k views

Inelastic collision and conservation of linear and angular momentum

Is it possible for two spheres (a & b) to have an inelastic collision with BOTH the total linear and angular momentum preserved? I'm doing some physics simulation of some spheres attracting each ...
2
votes
2answers
360 views

Why can't collisions be elastic?

I understand that in inelastic collisions thermal energy is given out, but why does that happen? Why can't they simply rebound without giving off energy? Also, why in some collisions more heat is ...
3
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1answer
481 views

Simple 2D Vehicle collision physics

I'm trying to create a simplified GTA 2 clone to learn. I'm onto vehicle collisions physics. The basic idea I would say is, To apply force F determined by vehicle A's position and velocity onto point ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Newton's 3rd Law: How can I break things?

If I punch a wooden board hard enough and it breaks in two, has the board still exerted a force of equal magnitude on my fist? When the board breaks in two due to my force, the halves have a ...
0
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3answers
253 views

Interaction between a Pair of Particles

We consider a particle, A receiving energy from a second one,particle B in a one dimensional collision. $$E^2=p^2+m_0^2$$ $$EdE=pdp$$ For particle A: $$E_AdE_A=p_Adp_A{\;\;\;\;\;\;}(1)$$ For ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Simulation of broken object

I was thinking and the following question came out: how an object that is falling is simulated once it hits the ground? Specifically, I would like to understand how one would be able to simulate the ...
0
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1answer
357 views

Collision problem: Finding the final speed of the collider

A particle of mass $M$ moving in a straight line with speed $v$ collides with a stationary particle of the same mass. In the center of mass coordinate system, the first particle is deflected by ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Scattering problem: Converting the two-body lab frame problem into a one-body center-of-mass frame problem

I'm reading the section on scattering in Goldstein's Classical Mechanics, and I have a rather basic question about this. It says that scattering in the laboratory is a two-body problem because of ...
1
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1answer
288 views

Inelastic Collision and incident angle

This problem is puzzling me. Scenario 1: A certain sphere is having an innelastic collision with a plane of a very large mass. Let the angle between the sphere's velocity and the surface be 90 ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Is Joule heating only between charged particles?

The Wikipedia page for Joule heating explains "It is now known that Joule heating is caused by interactions between the moving particles that form the current (usually, but not always, electrons) and ...
2
votes
3answers
437 views

The theory of moon creation when a Mars size planet hit Earth

As we know the predominant theory where does the moon come from is that a Mars size planet hit the earth and took a chunk out of it which eventually materialized into moon. My question is that if a ...
0
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1answer
93 views

Future of colliders and technical limitations

Are there any technical limitations (theoretical or technological) that prevent quark based colliders? ie. Colliding two quarks together.
1
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2answers
183 views

Unexpected potential energy increase during Tic-Tac drop

I dropped a Tic-Tac: (no worries, it happened before), and I noticed as it bounced on the floor that it would first jump 20 cm high, and at the next bounce for instance 50 cm high. Shouldn't it ...
7
votes
1answer
729 views

Anti-Matter for Neutrons

The anti-particle corresponding to a proton or an electron is a particle with an equal mass, but an opposite charge. So what is the anti-particle corresponding to a neutron (which does not possess a ...
1
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2answers
4k views

Why does a ball bounce?

If an object is acted on by equal and opposite forces then it will be in equilibrium, and it's acceleration or velocity (and so direction as well) will not be changed. So when a ball bounces, it ...
3
votes
1answer
395 views

What is the function of the top point of a bouncing ball?

A ball is thrown away as parallel to x axis from M(0,h) point with speed V . After each jumping on x axis , it can reach half of previous height as shown in the figure.(Assume that no any air ...
1
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1answer
211 views

Could ions emitted by an ion thruster represent any realistic danger?

As ion thurster designs improve, the ions emitted could have a velocity (relative to the spacecraft) of well above 10^5 or even 10^6 m/s. It the likelihood of any such ions ever hitting a human ...
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1answer
219 views

Mathematical question on Collisions [closed]

A 2.5kg ball travelling with a speed of 7.5m/s makes an elastic collision with another ball of ...
1
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2answers
383 views

Explain these graphs of rotation and velocity of pucks on air hockey board

I've been tasked to do a simple experiment on the elasticity of collisions. For this experiment I used two "pucks" (very light circular metal pieces of certain height but hollow) and a table that ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Finding force exerted in an Inelastic Collision

I did a lab today in Physics in which we launched ball from a spring loaded cannon directly into a pendulum that captured the ball, held it, and swung upwards with it (representing a totally inelastic ...
0
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1answer
124 views

Bullet fired at a series of partitions

Imagine a bullet fired at a series of partitions stacked one after the other. Given that the bullet looses half its velocity in crossing each partition, velocity of the same is a geometric ...
2
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2answers
4k views

What are all the equations we use to calculate how bounces work?

I mean, what is the object's final displacement, or the function that describes the object's height over time (see [1]) of an object thrown by a height $h$ with a speed of $\vec{v_0}$, a mass of $m$, ...
0
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1answer
389 views

Friction + Bouncing of an Object against an Elastic Wall

I am trying to create the formula for applying a bouncing effect to an element which is already slowing down by friction. At the moment I have an element which moves in one dimension at speed "S" and ...
0
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2answers
2k views

Two objects exert forces on each other, will the reactions affect them?

Two objects go in against each other, and then they collide, will object 1, exerting force 1, necessarily get on it a reaction equal in magnitude and opposite in direction? EDIT:- In my book it only ...
2
votes
3answers
536 views

Train crash: are these situations alike? [duplicate]

I was just wondering... I believe that if a car travelling 50 miles per hour crashes into a wall, the result should be the same as crashing to another car also travelling 50 miles per hour (but in the ...
1
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2answers
3k views

Calculating Impact Velocity Given Displacement and Acceleration

Assume a car has hit a wall in a right angled collision and the front bumper has been displaced 9 cm. The resulting impact is 25g. Also, it is evident by skid marks that the car braked for 5m with ...
2
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0answers
432 views

kinetic energy in collisions [closed]

We were hoping you could help us understand collision energy. Vehicle $ A $ is driving West at $35\space mph$ and weighs $ 1437 \space kg$. Vehicle $ B $ is driving North at $35\space mph$ and weighs ...
5
votes
1answer
545 views

What's worse, a full frontal impact or an impact at an offset?

Modern car designs have a crumple zone that absorbs most of the impact in a collision, and a strong "safety cell" in the passenger compartment that protects the passengers. These designs are put to ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What causes destruction in car crash?

Suppose a car crashes at a speed $v$ against a wall and comes to a stop. Now if the car crashes at $2v$, does that mean it suffers twice as much destruction, if that can be objectively measured? If ...
0
votes
1answer
719 views

How to calculate the coefficient of restitution for 2 bodies?

I have 2 rigid bodies (from different materials) in a collision. As you know I should have the coefficient of restitution value to get the velocities after collision. What is the information/values ...
0
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1answer
32 views

How much energy should I give into each particle in this equation:

I am trying to recreate the results of an article (membrane simulation) and I have the following line: Both particles have the same soft radius, $U_{rep} (r)/\epsilon = \text{exp}\left\{ -20 ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Conservation of Momentum/Energy collision Problem

I'm working on a physics problem in preparation for the MCAT and there's this particular problem that's troubling me. I don't know if it's a bad question or if I'm not understanding some sort of ...
1
vote
0answers
119 views

Calculating collisions in realtime - dealing with a delay in time [closed]

I wasn't sure in which stackexchange to post this, since the questions deals with a lot of different topics. I've posted it first at stackoverflow, but I've been redirected here... Suppose: You're ...
5
votes
4answers
768 views

Physics Paradox about Newtons Second Law $F=ma$

I randomly thought of this- I'm surprised it took me so long to think of it, and I'm SURE I'm making a simple oversight of something completely trivial, but here it goes. (Im only in high school ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Elastic Collision with objects of the same mass

I understand this is a homework problem. I don't expect anyone to do my homework for me, but help me understand what I am doing wrong. The problem goes: Two shuffleboard disks of equal mass, one ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Where can I find the equations for “quasi” elastic collisions?

Yes, you all talk about neutrinos and spins, but I came out with this basic s**t :D All of us learnt the basic equations of collisions, elastic (everything bounces and energy remains the same), or ...
13
votes
3answers
842 views

Can two spaceships go fast enough to pass straight through each other?

Probability of interaction between two particles tends to wane with increasing energy. Technically, the cross section of most interactions falls off with increasing velocity. $$\sigma(v) \propto ...
4
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1answer
1k views

What phrases describe collisions with coefficients of restitution less than zero or greater than one?

The coefficient of restitution describes the elasticity of a collision: 1 = perfectly elastic, kinetic energy is conserved 0 = perfectly inelastic, the objects move at the same speed post impact ...
4
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3answers
411 views

Only Head On collision?

Let us consider two spheres A and B. Suppose they are interacting with each other (In broad sense one can say they are colliding). Let for the time being refer to "striking by coming in contact as ...
1
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0answers
231 views

How to calculate the resulting velocitys and rotation speed after two concave polygons collide in 2d

so I've been searching google for how to do this, but all anyone seems to care about is collision detection =p, and no results come close to teaching me how to calculate 2d elastic collision between ...
9
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5answers
5k views

The Time That 2 Masses Will Collide Due To Newtonian Gravity

My friend and I have been wracking our heads with this one for the past 3 hours... We have 2 point masses, $m$ and $M$ in a perfect world separated by radius r. Starting from rest, they both begin to ...