Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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Work-Energy theorem vs conservation of mechanical energy? [closed]

Bodies A and B are moving in the same direction in a straight line with constant velocities on a frictionless surface. the mass and the velocity of A are: 2kg and 10m/s. The mass and the velocity ...
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56 views

Is change in kinetic energy invariant?

Consider the inelastic collision between two bodies. This question follows on from this: Is the coefficient of restitution frame independent and energy conservation?. One of the answers to this ...
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60 views

Modeling a collision phenomenon [closed]

I have a single water droplet (d~3 mm) which collides with a solid particle (d~2 mm) with a relative velocity around 10 m/s. After collision, particle rips the droplet and goes through it. Therefore, ...
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88 views

In a CMCS 2-body system, why does the speed of the particles after collision stay the same?

A particle $m_1$ is traveling with velocity $v$ toward a stationary particle $m_2$. The velocity of the center of mass is given as $v_c=\frac{m_1}{m_1+m_2}v$. Changing to a moving coordinate system, ...
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45 views

Elastic Collision [closed]

A cube has a side length of 20 cm. An atom in the gas moves around the cube as shown. It continually bounces off the four lateral walls of the cube. The atom has a mass of 6.6×10−27 kg. Because of the ...
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32 views

Collision (work energy and power) [closed]

A ball is allowed to fall from rest on a horizontal floor from a height of 10m If there is 20% loss of energy due to impact then after one impact ball will go upto?
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35 views

Books on collision probability and collision processes

Are there any books specifically on collision processes between atoms and molecules and collision probability? I would like to get an overview of the factors that determine collision probability ...
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62 views

Collision Resolution System Adding Velocity Into System

In my 2-dimensional physics simulation, I have a rectangular rigid body 'a' with infinite mass (the floor), and a rectangular rigid body 'b' with finite mass above it turned at a slight angle. When ...
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57 views

Throwing ball against oily/slippery wall

I would like to know whether a ball bounces back normally if you throw it against an oily wall. Like a wall watered down with oil. Basically I want to know if it will actually slip before bouncing ...
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125 views

Bullet entering target [duplicate]

I've been given this question: A bullet entering a target with an initial velocity of $ u $ loses $\frac {u}{n}$ of its velocity after penetrating a distance $ a $ into the target; how much ...
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139 views

Collision of Discs and Snooker Kicks

I woke up this morning thinking about spinning discs. Could someone verify whether my reasoning below is correct? Problem 1 Suppose have two identical uniform discs constrained to move in a plane. ...
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97 views

2d pool collision with rotational motion

I'm trying to calculate two 2d disks' collision with rotational motion. The collision is perfectly elastic: the sum of translational and rotational energy is conserved. In the instant of the collision ...
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67 views

Which body position causes the least amount of negative acceleration? [closed]

Let's say you are in the air 500 meters above flat land and you have no parachute. Which pose - forming a sphere or spreading all extremities to make yourself as wide as possible or other - is the ...
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1answer
112 views

How to apply conservation of angular momentum with a shock? [closed]

I got this tricky question, need help. A uniform rod of mass $M$ and length $L$ is attached to an axis at its top, a bullet with mass $m$ traveling at speed $U$ (horizontal) hits the rod at $2L/3$ ...
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1answer
221 views

Electron and photon collision

So electron moving left ($v_{initial}=0.8c$) collides into photon going right. After the collision electron is moving to right ($v_{after}=0.6c$) and the photon is moving to left. What is the ...
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1answer
117 views

Asteroid collision debris calculation

I wonder how to determine the directions, in which the collision debris is launched when 2 asteroids collide. I am aware of: m1*v1 + m2*v2 = m*v = m3*v3 + m4*v4 + m5*v5 + ... and this works just fine ...
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139 views

what happens during collision at molecular level?

When two massive bodies collide we treat them simply by their mass interactions with momentum and energy conservations. Down at the molecular level it must be more like a field particle collision for ...
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91 views

Nucleon-nucleon collision density

Can someone help me derive expression for nucleon-nucleon collision density as a function of transverse plane coordinates (ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions) using Wood-Saxon nuclear densities( ...
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1answer
43 views

Decrease in Intensity [closed]

A beam of particles pass through a target made of thin foil of a very small thickness $\Delta x$ having $N$ particles per unit volume. Let the collision cross section be $\sigma$ . If the intensity of ...
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33 views

Trouble evaluating an integral arising from particle collision

Assume we have two charged particles colliding. He have particle 1 with mass $m_1$, charge $Z_1 \cdot e$ which travels in $x$-Direction passing by a STATIONARY particle 2 (mass $m_2$, charge $Z_2 ...
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117 views

Matrix element approximation

In the formula for the decay width of $\Upsilon(4S)$ to B-mesons from $\text{e}^+\text{e}^-$ collisions: $$\Gamma_{\Upsilon(4S)\to B\bar{B}}=\frac{\left|\underline{P}_B \right|}{8\pi ...
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94 views

Mean value of the force in a collision problem

I have the following problem: A point with mass $m$ and speed $v$ collides with a fixed obstacle and penetrates it, stopping in a space $\Delta x$. Calculate $\Delta t $. I understand the way my ...
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123 views

Calculating collisions in realtime - dealing with a delay in time [closed]

I wasn't sure in which stackexchange to post this, since the questions deals with a lot of different topics. I've posted it first at stackoverflow, but I've been redirected here... Suppose: You're ...
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249 views

How to calculate the resulting velocitys and rotation speed after two concave polygons collide in 2d

so I've been searching google for how to do this, but all anyone seems to care about is collision detection =p, and no results come close to teaching me how to calculate 2d elastic collision between ...
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3k views

Calculating Impact Velocity Given Displacement and Acceleration

Assume a car has hit a wall in a right angled collision and the front bumper has been displaced 9 cm. The resulting impact is 25g. Also, it is evident by skid marks that the car braked for 5m with ...
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87 views

How is a ballistic pendulum affected by two objects with different mass?

Imagine that bullet A (made of lead) has twice the mass of bullet B It is shot at the same muzzle velocity as bullet B onto a ballistic pendulum; all other initial variables are the same: size and ...
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79 views

How to find out how far a ball will travel after it's 3rd bounce?

Suppose I drop a ball from a height $H$ above a flat ground, how can I determine how far it will have traveled by the time the ball hits the ground for the 3rd time $L=x$?. I know how to calculate ...
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94 views

How can the bodies attain same velocities during the max. deformation during collision?

My book writes: Collision between two bodies is almost similar to the case where there is a spring between the two colliding bodies. At the instant they come into contact , the rear ball has a ...
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1answer
437 views

Can a photon survive a collision? If so, is it at rest during the process?

Background Irving Kaplan, in Article 6.7: The Compton Effect of Nuclear Physics (2nd Ed.) explains the Compton effect as follows: Compton (1923) was able to show that when a beam of ...
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218 views

How can counting the number of cracks in glass tell you about the speed of impact? [closed]

A recent article, Counting cracks in glass gives speed of projectile (Andrew Grant, Science News, May 1 2013) indicates that the number of cracks in a broken glass can tell you information about the ...
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486 views

Which parameter determines how much the 'recoil' or force applied by an object hurts?

Another question from my textbook, directly following after this question: 2 identical bullets are fired, on from a lighter rifle and one from a heavier one, with the same amount of force. Which ...
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3answers
531 views

Couldn't we measure electrons with good enough technology? [duplicate]

I am a bit confused about the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle - just read about it in How to Teach Physics to Your Dog, by Chad Orzel. He states that the reason electrons can't be measured is ...
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73 views

Object falls and hits ground - which forces are involved to change its momentum?

When an object falls and hits the ground - which forces are involved to change its momentum? Should $m\vec{g}$ be taken into account of the forces that were involved in the change of momentum?
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198 views

Is there such a thing as instantly stopping?

I'm sorry if this is a stupid question, but I've never taken a physics class and I was curious about something. But anyway, my question is, is there such a thing as instantly stopping? For example, if ...
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1answer
129 views

Need for acceleration in particle-antiparticle annihilation? [closed]

If an electron and positron are accelerated towards each other, at distances quite far away, there wouldn't be any significant electrostatic attraction, hence they need to be accelerated. But when ...
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75 views

Playing catch in space?

I was thinking about this on the bus (exam this week :P). What would happen if two people played catch in outer space? Lets say person A and B are in space at rest, A throws a mass m at B, what ...
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451 views

Does the coefficient of restitution matter in a collision?

Suppose two particles are colliding. Let initial velocities be $u_1$ and $u_2$ .Their final velocities are $v_1$ and $v_2$. Now $u_1$ and $u_2$ are known. By intuition I can understand that $v_1$ and ...
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78 views

Where did the energy of the charge go?

Suppose there is a positron and an electron, and they both collide, and we get $E=2mc^2$ of energy from the collision. Now, the charge also got vanished. Now suppose, I create neutrinos from the ...
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412 views

Collision of two balls [duplicate]

Two balls, with masses $m_1$ and $m_2$ are falling from the heigh $h$. All the collisions are perfectly elastic. Do not consider the size of the balls. $m_1 < m_2$ and lighter ball is on the top. ...
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59 views

Something about collision [closed]

A sphere P of mass m, travelling with speed $u$, makes a head-on collision with a stationary sphere Q also of mass m. After the collision, the velocities of P and Q are $v_1$ and $v_2$ ...
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2k views

Two objects exert forces on each other, will the reactions affect them?

Two objects go in against each other, and then they collide, will object 1, exerting force 1, necessarily get on it a reaction equal in magnitude and opposite in direction? EDIT:- In my book it only ...
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98 views

Two balls travelling at different speeds collide in two referentials

In a referential R1, one ball B1 travels at 100 m/s and hits and another identitcal ball B2 that travels at 50 m/s in the same direction. Assuming the material in which the balls are made is such that ...
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2answers
95 views

Conservation of Momentum: Perfectly Elastic Collision, Example Problem

I am a middle school science teacher. I'm a little rusty on my physics knowledge, and I came across a question that I feel like I should be able to solve, but it also feels like there is a piece of ...
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103 views

Question on the negativity of the coefficient of restitution

I was trying to solve a Mechanics question on Momentum. Here is the question : Two small smooth spheres A and B have equal radii and have masses m and km respectively. They are moving in a ...
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392 views

A spring with two masses in an inelastic collision

An ideal spring is attached to a wall, and the other end is attached to a mass $m$. The spring is initially compressed a distance $x$. After it is released, the mass collides with another mass $2m$ ...
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304 views

Calculating velocity change after impact?

Let's say there is no gravity here and objects won't crush. We have 2 rocks with $m=10\text{ kg}$. First rock has velocity $v_1=0\text{ m/s}$ and second $v_2=10\text{ m/s}$ (flying in leftward ...
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41 views

Capturing Energy from a Positron-Electron Collision

According to the book Physics of the Impossible, the catastrophic collision between a electron and a positron yields an output of 1.02 MeV. Assuming you have an isotope like $^{22}\text{Na}$, which is ...
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61 views

absorption length of thermal neutrons in a medium

My book states that $$N(x)=N_0\cdot e^{n\cdot \sigma \cdot x}$$ for $n$ absorbing particles per volume element with a cross section $\sigma$. Can somebody explain where this comes from?
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How do you make a collision more elastic?

Currently, as described in this question, collisions cannot be elastic. However, is there a way to make a collision more elastic? Background: We're working on a project right now involving high ...
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83 views

Bullet: Piercing vs. Deflection

I am trying to create a simulation where a projectile (imagine a bullet) is fired at a surface of some kind. When it collides with the surface, I need to figure out what happens between the bullet and ...